Journey in Life: 08/05/15

Wednesday, August 5, 2015

"Beyond question" nghĩa là gì?

Không nghi ngờ gì nữa, người da màu là công dân trọn vẹn và bình đẳng của nước Mỹ. Photo credit:

'Beyond question' có từ question là sự nghi ngờ; vì thế cụm từ này nghĩa là điều ai cũng biết (không nghi ngờ gì nữa) (something is so sure it cannot be questioned).

Ví dụ
The German midfielder's pedigree (dòng dõi, huyết thống) is beyond question but the 14 million pounds United paid for the 31-year-old will only represent a sound investment if they have signed the powerhouse he was at his peak - not the injury-plagued (vật lộn với chấn thương) player whose influence was on the wane (lu mờ, hết thời) at Bayern.

Jim Crow, a Democratic Party creation, was a shameful setback but it too was overcome and it is beyond question that in modern America blacks are full and equal citizens of the United States.

Those under assault are challenged to defend not only their territory but the basic assumptions of their way of life, their moral right to exist and to act in a manner that, until the challenge, had been treated as beyond question.

Phạm Hạnh

Beer 2Ku - 2 Cửa Nam

Ngày về 2015 Amsers, Toán Ams 94-97.

Bài trước: Trung Nguyên Cafe - 78 Yên Lãng

"Submerged tenth" nghĩa là gì?

Children in a remote Lao village near the border to Vietnam. Photo courtesy M M.

'Submerged tenth' có từ submerge là dìm, nhận chìm và tenth là một phần mười; vì thế cụm từ này nghĩa là tầng lớp cùng khổ trong xã hội.

Ví dụ
He talked about creating a social scheme for the ‘submerged tenth’. These were the poorest in society. He said they needed to be given skills and opportunities to get themselves out of poverty.

It had already established a city colony in Whitechapel, and its founder William Booth hoped that its rural counterpart would be the "second rung on the ladder" for "the submerged tenth" – "all and any who have been shipwrecked (bị đắm tàu) in life, character, or circumstances".

Tuberculosis (bệnh lao) was an omnipresent (có mặt ở khắp nơi) topic in textbooks on eugenics (thuyết ưu sinh). Typical was a chapter in Davenport’s Heredity (tính di truyền) in Relation to Eugenics (1911). He claimed that only the “submerged tenth” was vulnerable (dễ bị tổn thương). “The germs (vi trùng, mầm bệnh) are ubiquitous (có mặt ở khắp nơi),” he wrote. “Why do only 10 percent die from the attacks of this parasite (động vật ký sinh, kẻ ăn bám)? …It seems perfectly plain that death from tuberculosis is the result of infection added to natural and acquired (mắc phải) non-resistance. It is then highly undesirable that two persons with weak resistance should marry.…”

Phạm Hạnh

"Get down to bedrock" nghĩa là gì?

Bạn có muốn tìm hiểu căn nguyên bức tượng đá* này? Photo courtesy William Murphy.

'Get down to bedrock' có từ bed-rock là đá gốc, đá móng, nền tảng; vì thế cụm từ này nghĩa là tìm hiểu đến căn nguyên của sự việc (come to business, get down to brass tacks).

Ví dụ
The absence of democracy is seldom good news for women. Or, to get down to bedrock, if women can't vote for women, then they haven't got many weapons to fight with when they seek justice.

"If you take an A4 piece of paper and hold it up, how long does it take for that much (about 30cm) topsoil (tầng đất mặt, lớp đất cay) to be formed? Seven thousand years. If you get down to bedrock, it’s gone. The threat to our arable (trồng trọt được, canh tác được) land is critical," he says.

When you get down to bedrock, a great deal of liberal commentariat’s current confidence in the Democratic coalition’s durability rests on the assumption that the Republican Party will remain a mess — divided against itself along ideological lines, imprisoned by litmus tests (yếu tố quyết định, câu hỏi đặt ra cho một chính trị gia tiềm năng) and its own forms of identity unpopular, and wedded to an unpopular policy agenda.

Phạm Hạnh

* Merrion Square - Oscar Wilde by Danny Osborne.

To avoid confusion this is not the statue of Oscar. This nude is located in front of the Oscar Wilde statue.

Merrion Square is a Georgian square on the southside of Dublin city centre. It was laid out after 1762 and was largely complete by the beginning of the 19th century. It is considered one of Dublin's finest surviving squares. Three sides are lined with Georgian redbrick townhouses; the West side abuts the grounds of Leinster House, Government Buildings, the Natural History Museum and the National Gallery. The central railed-off garden is now a public park.

The park in the square was until recently officially named "Archbishop Ryan Park", after Dermot Ryan, the Catholic archbishop who transferred ownership to the city...