Journey in Life: 08/12/19

Monday, August 12, 2019

"The devil to pay" nghĩa là gì?

Ôi không, rắc rối to rồi :( Photo by: Ksenia Makagonova on Unsplash)

"The devil to pay" = con quỷ phải trả -> nghĩa là gặp rắc rối lớn, thường là kết quả của nhiều sự việc cụ thể xảy ra (hoặc không xảy ra)

Ví dụ
We get this one wrong all the time, since there isn't hell to pay, but rather the devil. When there was a bad situation (tình huống brewing, sailors (thủy thủ) would often say, "There's the devil to pay, and no pitch hot." Satan needn't worry about his accounts receivable, though, because the "devil" in this case was a particularly hard-to-reach seam of a sailing ship to be filled with tar (hắc ín), an exercise known as paying with hot pitch.

As soft as Mam-Maw was to them, the kids knew that if they messed up (làm rối tung mọi thứ), they'd have the devil to pay all over again. But, most importantly, those kids knew they were truly loved.

The inexorable (không thể lay chuyển) demand (nhu cầu) for new material to keep “feeding” the ever-hungry maws of our TV sets drives producers (nhà sản xuất) and directors (đạo diễn) crazy. Especially if you’re churning out episodes of a daily TV drama series, you have to tape dozens of sequences every working day just to be able to show something new—or else, there’ll be the devil to pay!

Ngọc Lân

"Tighten the purse strings" nghĩa là gì?

Phương châm sống: rẻ mới mua. Photo by Adli Wahid on Unsplash 

"Tighten the purse strings" = thắt chặt hầu bao -> tiết kiệm, tằn tiện, trái ngược với "loosen the purse strings" (nới lỏng hầu bao).

Ví dụ 
It announced the purse-strings are to be tightened further and more jobs will be cut. 

Times are extremely tough for Britain’s retailers (nhà bán lẻ) as Brexit considerations damage consumer confidence (tổn hại niềm tin người tiêu dùng) and cause them to tighten the pursestrings. 

Households living in landed property, where the owner has title (quyền sở hữu) to the land, who spent nearly 5 per cent more on average every year between 2008 and 2013, tightened the purse strings to just 0.2 per cent. 

As purse strings tighten across the UK amid warnings of a potential recession (suy thoái kinh tế tiềm ẩn) footfall mirrored (tiếng bước chân phản ánh) the closures, also posting its worst July since 2012; down 1.9% on last year. 

Thu Phương 

"Pay the price" nghĩa là gì?

Cái gì cũng có giá của nó, hành tỏi cũng vậy :) Photo by: MILKOVÍ on Unsplash

"Pay the price" = trả giá -> nghĩa là hứng chịu hậu quả gây ra do hành vi sai trái của bản thân.

Ví dụ
DON’T make young people pay the price for Brexit, Mhairi Black has urged (thúc giục) Boris Johnson on International Youth Day. First observed in 2000, the United Nations initiative serves to draw attention to issues affecting young people and this year focuses on the transformative power (sức mạnh biến đổi) of education.

A finance tsar has released a chilling (ớn lạnh) warning to Australia as the currency (tiền tệ) battle between America and China wipes more than $80 billion from ASX200. David Dollar, a former US Treasury diplomatic representative (đại diện ngoại giao) to China, said Australia will 'pay the price' amid the trade war between the world's two largest economies.

Writing in the September issue of Elle magazine, the actor adds: “Wicked women are just women who are tired of injustice (bất công) and abuse (xâm hại). Women who refuse (từ chối) to follow rules and codes they don’t believe are best for themselves or their families.” Her comments are laudable (đáng khen) but, as director of a human rights charity that supports those who pay the price of speaking truth to power, I know how little those words reflect (phản ánh) the reality of being persecuted (hành hạ) for standing up for what you believe in.

Ngọc Lân

"My writ runs" nghĩa là gì?

Chúa tể rừng xanh. Photo by Javier Virues-Ortega

"(One's) writ runs -> Ai đó có quyền, sự kiểm soát và ưu thế trước một vấn đề hoặc một sự việc.

Ví dụ
The municipality's chairperson PK Shyamala, a communist leader whose writ runs large in the area, is also accused of acting in vengeance (sự báo thù ai).

Ideally, dynasties should have no place in a republic where the common man’s writ runs large, but in India they have been instrumental in influencing the outcome of popular mandate (sự ủy trị) since the first general elections in 1951-52.

Writ relief is notoriously hard to get—90 percent of writ petitions are denied. But that, it turns out, is by design. In Omaha Indemnity Co. v. Superior Court, one of the seminal opinions on writ relief, Justice Arthur Gilbert explained “[w]rit relief, if it were granted at the drop of a hat, would interfere with an orderly administration of justice at the trial and appellate levels.” Too “lax” a view of the extraordinary nature of writs runs the “risk of fostering the delay of trials, vexing litigants (người kiện) and trial courts with multiple proceedings, and adding to the delay of judgment appeals pending in the appellate (chống án) court.”

Bin Kuan

"Feed his face" nghĩa là gì?

Thấy đồ ăn là sáng mắt. Photo by Sander Dalhuisen

"Feed/stuff (one's) face" = Cho ăn/ngập đồ ăn vào mặt ai -> Tham ăn, ăn nhiều và nhanh vô cùng.

Ví dụ
So remember that next time you sit down to dinner. When your dining partner complains that you really shouldn’t “wave food around the table” or “waggle potatoes in my face,” just tell them “I’m augmenting (làm tăng thêm) the social experience of dining,” before silently stuffing your face.

It’s definitely ‘grammable, and Chrystal from work will think you’re balling for sure, but what Chrystal won’t see is you legging it to a 7-Eleven afterwards to stuff your face with whatever you could find because you were so hungry.

Get ready to laugh and sing, squeal (thét lên) over cute baby animals, scream during rides, stuff your face, and cheer on professional rodeo riders during the 109th Northwest Washington Fair. The fair in Lynden opens Monday, Aug. 12, and runs through Saturday, Aug. 17.Leading the entertainment is comedian Larry the Cable Guy — real name Daniel Lawrence Whitney — and Rock & Roll Hall of Famers Cheap Trick.

Bin Kuan

"Fit for a king" nghĩa là gì?

Lâu đài vắng bóng nàng. Photo by Willian West

"Fit for a king" = Thích hợp cho một vị vua -> Những thứ tốt đẹp nhất, xa hoa và mẫu mực nhất thì xứng đáng cho ai có vị thế cao quý.

Ví dụ
Fit For a King is a Henry VIII sim where you can marry and execute everything.

So ready the bells of St. Basil’s and tell the Cossacks to take their finery (tính sang trọng) out of mothballs (viên băng phiến, bị loại bỏ ý kiến), as a restoration awaits. A March 15, 2025 Ides coronation (lễ đăng quang) would be one hundred and eight years to the day since the Czar was deposed. Too long to wait, for a people fit for a king.

Once upon a time, a British prince married a beautiful young lady in a wedding truly fit for a king and queen. In 1981, millions of people around the world tuned in to see Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer say “I do” in what was dubbed (được phong cho cái tên) “the wedding of the century.” The royal couple though did not live happily ever after and separated 11 years later.

Bin Kuan

"Draw my fire" nghĩa là gì?

Bỗng cảm thấy lạc lõng giữa dòng người. Photo by Vadim Sadovski

"Draw (someone's) fire" = Thu hút sự bùng cháy của ai, gây ra sự chỉ trích -> Làm cho ai đó trút hết sự tức giận, sự chỉ trích và sự phán xét vào mình để người khác/người quan trọng không phải gánh chịu. Nghe có vẻ hơi giống tự bản thân muốn làm bia đỡ đạn cho người khác ấy.

Ví dụ
The Hunt appeared to draw fire from Donald Trump, who told reporters on the White House lawn on Friday (9) that Hollywood’s films were “actually very dangerous for our country.” He did not mention The Hunt or any other film by name.

But I think it’s more about their class identity. In short, people love pet classes. There’s just something gratifying (làm phấn khích) about buffing (đánh bóng) up loyal animals or summons (triệu tập) and sending them out to kill for you while you kill in the background without drawing any fire yourself. FL4K’s skill tree seems to indicate he’ll play exactly like that, which sounds fantastic.

And Taleb’s name-calling can’t be taken in isolation as an indicator of character. By all accounts he is personable in other venues—friendly, generous, even humble. He says he finds Twitter combat fun, and one senses the belligerent (người tham chiến) social-media persona is consciously cultivated, a way for him to draw attention and put his authority in the service of society. In any case, he doesn’t punch down. By that standard, Lehmann should be flattered that he found her influential enough to draw fire.

Bin Kuan

Vì sao Trung Quốc thích họp hành vô bổ?

trên những chiếc ghế xa hoa,

Wendy Cutler - người đóng vai trò chính đàm phán với TQ khi họ muốn gia nhập WTO, nhớ lại những cuộc họp lúc 10h đêm, qua bao họp xã giao mà ở đó nhân viên ngồi "bị khóa" ở ghế bên dưới, sẽ rất thẹn thùng nếu đứng lên nói/nhắc sếp về các tactic đàm phán v.v...

thị trường ghế gỗ họp hành tăng đều trong suốt 20 năm qua, công ty đồ gỗ nội thất lớn cung cấp những chiếc ghế này, được thành lập năm 1956, không hề ngạc nhiên, thuộc thành ủy Bắc Kinh :)
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...It says something sobering about present-day China that sales of the armchairs used in horseshoe-shaped meeting rooms have risen steadily over the past 20 years. Surprisingly often, the armchairs used for such meetings are made by a single company, Tiantan (or Temple of Heaven) Furniture, founded in 1956 and owned by Beijing's city government. Business is good, says the firm.

The company traces the chairs' history back to imperial audiences granted during the Song Dynasty, almost a thousand years ago, when floor-mats and stools gave way to chairs. Running at up to $800 each, Tiantan's bestseller is known within the company as the "Jiang-style Armchair", because it was commissioned in the early 2000s by aides to the party leader and president of the day, Jiang Zemin. Patriotism (yêu nước) has helped expand the market for all sorts of traditional Chinese furniture, says Wang Shengli, a manager at Tiantan. In contrast: "In the 1980s, Western styles were more popular." Beyond that, there is the specific appeal of owning chairs fit for a vice-minister (thứ trưởng) or provincial party secretary (bí thư tỉnh ủy). Tiantan sells a lot to the government, but also to private businesses, hotels and wealthy individuals moved to imitate the look of Communist officials, in what Mr Wang calls a "follow-the-leaders" effect.

"Draggin' wagon" nghĩa là gì?

Chuyến hành trình tới phương xa. Photo by Anastasia Fomina

"Draggin' wagon" = Xe ngựa, xe chở những vật nặng -> Xe được chuẩn bị và tối ưu hóa cho cuộc đua kéo.

Ví dụ
Saturday, July 21. 8 a.m. Dairy goat show. 6 p.m. to Midnight Carnival and Armband Night. 7:30 p.m. Draggin' Wagon association truck pull.

When people think of wagons, they think of those cars moms are loading up for soccer Saturday or going grocery shopping in—but not this wagon. CarandDriver.com referred to this particular wagon as a "draggin' wagon." It has a monstrous (khổng lồ) 4.0-liter V8 with twin turbos and a healthy 603 horsepower (sức ngựa). This isn't just any station wagon. It also has different drive modes that the driver can select, including Race Mode and Drift Mode.

Yes, we certainly have and it’s always a good time. We were early on the Barrett-Jackson scene when it was just in Scottsdale. Craig Jackson has been a great friend for many years and he’s a true car guy. Latest car being... “adjusted,” is a 1951 Willys two-door station wagon. This one will have some surprises once the original F-head “Hurricane 6” is pulled and is replaced by something, ahem, more “potent.” Gonna be a “draggin’ wagon” in no uncertain terms.

Bin Kuan

Cuộc chiến của các công ty giao đồ ăn trực tuyến

năm 2018 tổng thị trường là 161 tỷ usd, dự đoán trị giá 1.000 tỷ usd vào năm 2023, nhưng không tasty tẹo nào đâu,

chia đôi rõ rệt: cựu binh có lợi nhuận và cty khởi nghiệp đốt tiền, 1 đằng thì phải tăng chi tiêu (mạnh cho) quảng cáo và hình thành mạng lưới giao hàng, 1 đằng thì trợ giá cho khách hàng (dẫn đến dung lượng thị trường thực ra có thể ảo, vì nếu giá tăng lên thì ko còn nhiều khách; alibaba còn dùng ele.me chịu lỗ để dẫn khách đến trang thương mại điện tử của họ),

hướng đi tới có thể là tổng điều phối, cung cấp thực phẩm cho các nhà hàng, có khi còn hình thành "nhà hàng ma" - chuẩn bị món chỉ để giao đi...
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...The food-delivery business can be split into two camps: mostly profitable veterans and loss-making newcomers. The veterans, founded at the start of the century, are led by publicly traded Grubhub in America, and Just Eat and Takeaway in Europe. The trio are collectively worth $18bn or so. They account for the largest share of the market, offering customers online access to restaurants that already have their own delivery services, such as pizza joints, sushi bars and Chinese restaurants. Their relatively simple business model, in which they take a cut of the bill from the restaurants, has enabled Grubhub and Just Eat to turn a profit for years. Takeaway makes money in its home market of the Netherlands.

The newbies, born more recently, have turned a once-tidy business into a food fight. They include listed firms such as Meituan of China and Delivery Hero of Germany, Uber Eats (part of Uber), Ele.me (owned by China's Alibaba), and privately held DoorDash, based in San Francisco, and Deliveroo, from London. For most of them, delivery is their core business, so they share their cut of the bill with riders as well as restaurants. This substantially broadens the market to restaurants offering everything from steak to Hawaiian poké bowls. But margins suffer. Funded largely by venture capital, they have thrown subsidies at customers, forcing their veteran rivals onto the defensive. To catch up, the veterans are investing in advertising and delivery networks—at a big cost. This week Grubhub and Just Eat reported slumping earnings, and Takeaway mounting losses, as they spent heavily to fend off the upstarts.

...Another is to provide cheaper meals by centrally supplying ingredients to restaurants, or building “ghost kitchens” that prepare food only for delivery.

"Give me a break" nghĩa là gì?

Sông có khúc người có lúc. Photo by Timur Romanov

"Give (one) a break" -> Cho ai đó giải lao, nghỉ ngơi sau khi yêu cầu họ làm một việc liên tục và rất mệt mỏi.

Ví dụ
My main goal was to go as long as I could and try to give the bullpen a break.

Join a sporting team, go to a book club or even just try a new hobby at home. Keeping yourself occupied might give your mind a break from over analysing every second of the relationship and remember what it’s like to just be happy.

Ultimately a dating app may be a great way to meet a new partner or some friends if you struggle with anxiety around social situations — even if you have to take it slow, turn it off sometimes to give yourself a break, or ask a friend to prompt you to make the first move. However, says Coduto, you need to put your own health first. "These apps come with goals attached to them, but that doesn't mean they're a guarantee, and you should be taking care of your own personal mental health before you try to engage with someone else," she says.

Bin Kuan

"Lurk around" nghĩa là gì?

Định nhòm con gái nhà ai vậy? Photo by  Fernando Rodrigues

"Lurk around" -> Lén lút, lượn lờ xung quanh đâu đó.

Ví dụ
“The paparazzi (các tay nhiếp ảnh của các tờ báo) used to follow us everywhere and lurk around like spooks (ma quỷ),” Tom told a UK newspaper.

Hackers looking to gain access to your Wi-Fi network don't necessarily have to lurk around your home or office, warns IBM X-Force Red.

Where HAS all the money gone? The truth is Baltimore can't account for millions while poverty is rampant and drugs, danger and yes, rats lurk around every corner of the 7th District, a DailyMail.com investigation reveals.

Inevitably, many cyberattacks (kẻ tấn công mạng) are simply down to human error, says Mr Attridge, with people too trusting with the information that they give away or the people and companies that they meet online. “Rather than treating the internet like a familiar, brightly lit high street, they need to look at it as more of an unknown alleyway (đường đi) where risk might lurk around the corner.”

Bin Kuan

"Off your trolley" nghĩa là gì?

Không điên rồ sao gọi là tuổi trẻ. Image by bungeeinternational from Pixabay

"Off your trolley"= không còn trên xe đẩy -> nghĩa là điên rồ, ngu ngốc.

Ví dụ
Are you off your trolley? You want to do bungee jumping off a cliff?

Tom Tyson described (mô tả) Freddie Starr as "nuts (dở hơi), off his trolley" and completely unpredictable (không thể đoán trước được).

YOU would be off your trolley to pass up this opportunity (cơ hội). Aldi is hiring (thuê) 800 apprentices (thợ học việc) across its stores and ten regional distribution centres (trung tâm phân phối của vùng).

There are a few secrets to her youthful (trẻ trung) appearance – one is her devotion (hết lòng) to Kundalini yoga. ‘I also don’t eat meat, or processed food (đồ ăn chế biến sẵn) and, of course, I don’t drink or smoke. ‘And I always take my make-up off – actually, even when I was high and drunk I’d take it off, no matter how off my trolley I was.

Bảo Ngọc

"Sell you down the river" nghĩa là gì?

Nô lệ vốn dĩ không có thân phận. Photo courtesy Max Hutchins 

"Sell one down the river" = bán một người xuống miền ở cuối sông -> bán đứng/ phản bội ai. Thành ngữ này xuất hiện trong thời có chế độ nô lệ ở Hoa Kỳ, điều khổ nhất đối với một người nô lệ là bị bán cho một chủ khác ở cuối sông Mississipi. Khi bị bán như vậy thì người nô lệ phải từ bỏ gia đình và làm việc ở chỗ mới cho đến chết, nên đây là điều không ai muốn. 

Ví dụ 
At the meeting, Cllr John Spanswick said it seemed like the four houses “were being sold down the river” for the benefit of Persimmon. 

She sells her husband down the river and in return gets washed clean of the multitude of sins (vô số tội lỗi) she willingly, nay, eagerly committed (tận tụy)? 

Labour was accused (bị buộc tội) of 'selling Scotland down the river for power' today after John McDonnell declared the party will not block a fresh independence referendum (cuộc trưng cầu dân ý độc lập mới) - in a naked pitch for a pact (hiệp ước) with the SNP. 

Yet a competing narrative (câu chuyện cạnh tranh) has stabilised itself during the same period in Brexit Britain: that Berlin will yield to its powerful car lobby (hành lang) to avoid a no-deal departure (hướng không thỏa thuận) and, if necessary, Germany will sell the Irish down the river to keep the British market open for Daimler, VW and BMW. 

Thu Phương 

"String you along" nghĩa là gì?

Tình yêu là chuyện 2 đứa, nhưng có đứa lại không biết đếm... Photo courtesy benediktine 

"String someone along" là khiến ai đó hướng sự chú ý vào mình/ khiến ai chờ đợi trong tình trạng không chắc chắn/ lừa dối ai. 

Ví dụ 
The star revealed that she was proposed to by a prince, and her motto is "try to string them along until you make up your mind (quyết định)" – but that wasn't even her best moment. 

You are not responsible for Tiffany's reactions to you. Be honest, be kind, but do not string her along unless you are willing to sincerely engage (chân thành giao ước) in a friendship with her (and possibly also rotate her tires). 

Speaking of trying to convince yourself everything is fine, Andy seems to think he’s in the majority on the Champions tribe (nhóm, lũ, bọn). He even thinks David is his closest ally (đồng minh thân cận nhất) despite all signs pointing to the contrary. David will continue to string him along, as David considers himself, Luke, John, and Daisy as the core four of the tribe. 

Thu Phương 

"Jump down your throat" nghĩa là gì?

Mẹ nói phải nghe, cấm cãi! Photo courtesy Jenni Summerall 

"Jump down one’s throat" = nhảy vào họng -> hét/ gào lên vì tức giận với ai.

Ví dụ 
I’m sure Texas fans are about to jump down my throat, but I don’t care. I’m here to tell the truth. I’m not here to make you feel better about your reality. 

Before we all jump down Powell’s throat to say that he’s nothing but a hater sipping on (uống ngụm nhỏ) a haterade (từ ghép giữa đồ uống và hater) compactor, I am going to be the first to jump out on a ledge (đá ngầm) and say that he makes some valid points. 

Before you jump down my throat for using hyperbole (cường điệu) or putting too much weight into a Week 1 non-conference game – hear me out. Bragging rights (quyền nói khoác) will obviously be on the line, as both sides will want to end the Denver era of the RMS on top. 

Thu Phương 

"Shoot off your mouth" nghĩa là gì?

Có gì lựa lời mà nói, đừng đưa mồm đi xa quá đà nhé. :D Photo by Timothy Dykes on Unsplash

"Shoot off one's mouth" là mạnh miệng, nói bừa bãi, không suy nghĩ, mở mồm ra là khẩu nghiệp. 

Ví dụ 
Bloomberg knocks Trump's rhetoric (lời hùng biện): He can't 'shoot off his mouth and say anything'. 

He cannot go and just have- shoot off his mouth and say anything, he's the president of the United States and he's not elected to run the Democrat (Đảng Dân chủ)- to the Republican Party (Đảng Cộng hòa) or the Democratic Party, he's represented- he- he's elected to run America, the American government. 

Parents need to think carefully before naming their children, yes, but the royal "we" have only one relevant responsibility (trách nhiệm liên quan) when it comes to people with unusual names -- or names we decide are unusual, since those are two different things -- which is: to think before shooting off our mouth cannons. 

Thu Phương 

"A tough spot" nghĩa là gì?

Ca này khó rồi :( Photo by: Waldemar Brandt on Unsplash

"A tough spot" = vị trí khó khăn -> nghĩa là trong tình huống đặc biệt khó khăn hoặc khó xử, không dễ dàng để thoát ra.

Ví dụ
Epps made plays in the run game and showed off his tackling (cản) ability. His versatility (linh hoạt) could give him a leg up. Benwikere is in a tough spot having to adapt (ứng biến) quickly. At the moment, we need to see much more to have a feeling of how this battle will shake out.

We understand the league's position (vị trí của giải đấu) as well, so we're in a tough spot. And we hope Antonio is back here soon, because he's exciting (hào hứng) to be around. I'm excited. I got some plays for him, I hope we can start calling them.

The Orioles are in a tough spot regarding pitching heading into Sunday's game. That's why they used Wilkerson to get the last four outs. Baltimore will have a doubleheader on Monday in New York against the Yankees, so manager (quản lý) Brandon Hyde is hoping for a long game from Wojciechowski on Sunday. That would help a badly over-taxed bullpen refresh for the doubleheader.

Ngọc Lân