Journey in Life: 10/20/19

Sunday, October 20, 2019

"Hammer home" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Product School on Unsplash

"Hammer (something) home" nghĩa là cố gắng làm rõ điều gì; diễn đạt điều gì rõ ràng và mạnh mẽ để ai đó hiểu hoặc nhận ra được.

Ví dụ
Brighton and Hove Albion fans were left heartbroken at full time at Villa Park as they watched Aston Villa's Matt Targett hammer home a last-gasp (thành công vào phút chót) winner in the Premier League.

It’s the last we hear of Johnson tonight, though. While slowthai’s made political conversation and discontent (sự bất bình) the focal point (điểm tập trung) of many of his shows this year, tonight he decides to hammer home the positives, instead.

For two decades, the annual Arts for All Gala has served as one of the largest fundraisers (hoạt động quyên góp tiền) for Arts for All Inc. This year, the group is striving (cố gắng) to hammer home the notion of “all” by letting the community know the group is open to everyone.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Hard luck" nghĩa là gì?

"As the twig is bent so is the tree inclined" nghĩa là gì?

Để trẻ có thói quen tốt từ nhỏ thì người lớn cũng phải là một tấm gương. Photo by Анна Рыжкова from Pexels 

"As the twig is bent, so is the tree inclined" hoặc "as the twig is bent, so grows the tree" = khi cành bị uốn cong, cây cũng nghiêng -> hành động của người trưởng thành được hình thành từ những hành vi học được từ nhỏ. Kiểu như khi 1 việc nào đó ta làm sai từ hồi còn bé, lúc lớn lên ta cũng sẽ làm sai. 

Ví dụ 
As the Alexander Pope quote from 1734 says: ‘Just as the twig is bent, the tree’s inclined.’ We can’t help but be influenced (bị ảnh hưởng) by our early life, especially the profoundly (sâu sắc) positive or negative experiences.” 

There’s not a building in Santa Cruz that was built strictly (chặt chẽ) according to plan or code, and they all evolve (tiến triển) with time and use. That’s why the first line — the essential intent (mục đích thiết yếu) of a project — is so important. As the twig is bent, so forever grows the tree. 

Of course, he didn't really mean it. But how could his son go down the sensible route (con đường đúng đắn) when he discovered his passion (đam mê)? He has watched his father do his thing, and as the twig is bent, so is the tree inclined. But nobody ever said that following your dream would be easy. 

Thu Phương

"Jungle out there" nghĩa là gì?

Nếu phát hiện dấu hiệu bạo lực gia đình, hãy ngăn chặn sớm nhất có thể. Photo by Kat Jayne from Pexels

"(It's) jungle out there" = rừng rậm quanh đây -> chỉ một nơi/ tình huống nhiều nguy hiểm. 

Ví dụ
Domestic Violence (bạo lực gia đình)! I know it’s a grim (kinh khủng) subject, but a subject we all need to know about. It’s a Jungle Out There! 

It is a jungle out there and the long suffering consumer is having to bear the brunt (gánh nặng) of a business sector that is out to profiteer (trục lợi) at all costs to the detriment (thiệt hại) of ordinary people. 

Because, you know, it’s a jungle out there. And to navigate (điều chỉnh) the Louisiana political jungle, you need money—lots of it—to buy the political equivalent of machetes (dao phát, dao rựa): campaign ads (chiến dịch quảng cáo). 

I am seeing several just about every morning as I make my way in the pre-dawn darkness. And they don't seem to be in any great hurry to get out of the way. These critters (sinh vật) seem to linger along (trực chờ) the road, just daring my to pass them by. I tell you it's a jungle out there. 

Thu Phương

"The tools of the trade" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Clem Onojeghuo on Unsplash

"The tools of the trade" = công cụ thương mại -> nghĩa là những công cụ, việc làm cho một công việc cụ thể.

Ví dụ
The reality is that we are multi-million dollar businesses. We are not big enough to act like a Bank of America, ergo we are a perfect target for something that, frankly, most high school students are learning how to work and manipulate (vận dụng). And the tools of the trade are readily (sẵn sàng) accessible on the internet.

Newly hired instructor Matt English, a construction industry veteran (cựu chiến binh) with roots in carpentry (thợ mộc) dating back to the ’80s, has been working to prepare his 107 students to learn the ins-and-outs of basic carpentry — despite the fact that the tools of the trade have yet to arrive.

Bennie wants to open his own commercial cleaning company some day and he’s now being taught the tools of the trade. Equally important, he’s being treated with respect and dignity (phẩm giá) by every CWS counselor he works with.

Ngọc Lân

"Half a mind" nghĩa là gì?

Thôi để mai tập. Photo courtesy: R.M.Allen

"Half a mind" = một nửa tâm trí -> có ý định làm việc gì đó nhưng cùng lúc lại không muốn làm; do dự, lưỡng lự, phân vân.

Ví dụ
I have half a mind to tell her what I really think of her.

While I don’t believe the Democratic primary is between Gabbard and Clinton, I do half a mind to register as a Democrat just so I can caucus (họp kín) for Gabbard in February.

I'm sitting here now trying to decide what to do. She and I never discussed this dinner being my treat (bữa tối do tôi thanh toán/mời/bao), and this is the place she suggested. I have half a mind to separate the checks (hóa đơn), pay mine and leave her info on her check for the restaurant to sort out. Technically she dined and dashed (ăn xong rồi bỏ đi, không thanh toán).

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Hale and hearty" nghĩa là gì?

Deuterostome nghĩa là gì?

Photo credit ©UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

Deuterostome nghĩa là miệng thứ sinh, hậu khẩu.

Ví dụ
The discovery (phát hiện, khám phá) in China of 540 million-year-old Saccorhytus coronaries (hình vành) fossils (hóa thạch)—creatures (động vật) with a gaping mouth flanked by eight small openings—may represent the earliest known deuterostome, scientists reported today (January 30) in Nature.

To explore the genetic underpinnings of these features, and to better understand the evolution of the deuterostomes, the authors performed high-definition genomic sequencing of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (also known as the Japanese sea cucumber), covering about 92% of its estimated 880 megabases of DNA, including more than 30,000 genes.

Deuterostomes constitute a superphylum (phân loại trên phạm vi siêu lớn, siêu ngành) of animals, which includes myriad (mười nghìn, vạn, vô số) groups, from humans to starfish (sao biển). “All deuterostomes had a common ancestor (tổ tiên chung), and we think that is what we are looking at here,” coauthor Simon Conway Morris, an evolutionary paleobiologist (nhà nghiên cứu sinh học tiền sử) at the University of Cambridge, said in a press release. “These findings suggest that a key step in deuterostome evolution was the development of lateral openings that subsequently were co-opted as pharyngeal (họng, hầu) gills (mang (cá), yếm (gà)).”

Humans are deuterostomes, which means that when they develop in the womb the anus forms before any other opening. Which basically means at one point you were nothing but an asshole. Some people never develop beyond this stage. :)))

Phạm Hạnh

Tôi là sếp nữ nên bị nhân viên phân biệt đối xử

có lẽ vậy,

nghiên cứu mới với 2.700 nhân viên, khi được khen thì không sao, nhưng khi bị phê bình thì, nếu là sếp nữ, tác động sẽ lớn gấp đôi (ảnh hưởng xấu tới mức độ thỏa mãn công việc và đánh giá tầm quan trọng của nhiệm vụ) đối với nhân viên,
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Do workers discriminate against female bosses?


I hire 2,700 workers for a transcription job, randomly assigning the gender of their (fictitious) manager and provision of performance feedback. While praise from a manager has no effect, criticism negatively impacts workers’ job satisfaction and perception of the task’s importance. When female managers, rather than male, deliver this feedback, the negative effects double in magnitude. Having a critical female manager does not affect effort provision but it does lower workers’ interest in working for the firm in the future. These findings hold for both female and male workers. I show that results are consistent with gendered expectations of feedback among workers. By contrast, I find no evidence for the role of either attention discrimination or implicit gender bias.