Journey in Life: October 2020

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Friday, October 30, 2020

"The lap of luxury" nghĩa là gì?

"The lap of luxury" -> nghĩa là sống trong điều kiện giàu sang, xa hoa.

Ví dụ
Their values don’t align (ngang hàng) with your values. They are living in the lap of luxury while you are wallowing (đầm mình) in the pits of despair. The are wealthy while you struggle to make a dollar out of fifteen cents. Your anger explodes into intense rage, usually against someone in you community.

Businessmen and women, who used to travel shorter distances by flights, are now opting (thích) to drive or to be driven rather than take a flight. The younger generation is more aspiring and more willing to spend their money. Many youngsters aspire (tham vọng) to get into the lap of luxury. We opened bookings (đặt hàng) for the Audi Q2 only on October 3, but have received over 100 bookings.

Build your own pool and swim in the lap of luxury. The local lido (bể bơi công cộng) is out. So why not make a splash in your own backyard with a private pool? Splashing out £50,000 on a heated outdoor pool might sound like an extravagance (phung phí), but David Cameron is only going with the flow at his £1.5 million Cotswolds home.

As Coppola’s latest adventure begins, we see Felix, who has made his millions as an art dealer, in the lap of luxury with a chauffeured (tài xế) Mercedes, first-class hotels and sensational (kỳ lạ) magic in his persona (tính cách).

Ngọc Lân

Không hề giấu diếm

phát thanh viên truyền hình dọa... giết thị trưởng vì lộ chuyện nhắn tin hẹn hò giữa hai người...
An inappropriate relationship (mối quan hệ không đúng đắn) between a news anchor (phát thanh viên truyền hình) and the married mayor (thị trưởng) of Anchorage, Alaska is blowing up both their careers. Anchor Maria Athens shot a bizarre (kỳ lạ, kỳ quặc) promo for her Facebook page accusing (buộc tội) Mayor Ethan Berkowitz of being a pedophile (kẻ ấu dâm). Athens also left him a voicemail that ended with her threatening to kill him and his wife. The mayor said he had an inappropriate texting relationship with Athens, but denied her other claims. Police found no evidence of Athens' claims against Berkowitz.

Có một việc thôi

có một việc để chính phủ làm thôi,

đừng can thiệp vào lựa chọn cá nhân của người dân, chấm dứt "phong tỏa"...
Here’s a response to a recent comment by Thomas Hutchison:

Mr. Hutchison:
Commenting on a blog post in which I link to several essays that argue against covid-19 lockdowns, you write “All have good points, but all seem to fall short in not being specific enough about what to have done/to do instead.”

With respect, to oppose the lockdowns is to endorse leaving individuals free to choose their own levels of prevention (ngăn ngừa, ngăn chặn), both for themselves and their loved ones. Individuals differ in their risk preferences (ưa thích rủi ro), in their and their loved-ones’ vulnerabilities (dễ tổn thương), and in many other personal and family circumstances that require the making of trade-offs – trade-offs that will and should be made differently by differently situated people. Therefore, to criticize those who oppose government-imposed lockdowns for not specifying “what to have done/to do instead” is to miss the point entirely.

There is no one set of specific actions to be done. There is, instead, a range of different responses that is as wide and open-ended as is the vast range of differences among individuals. Or, put differently, there is one specific thing for government to do: get the hell out of the way of individual choice and initiative. Immediately end the lockdowns, grand and petit, as well as all threats and prospects of such. This course of action is the one that the authors of the pieces to which I linked call for wisely – and specifically.

Donald J. Boudreaux
Professor of Economics

Hãy đánh giá đúng

ko phải những thành tựu kinh tế chỉ có người giàu hưởng (như truyền thông hay nói), mà người nghèo mới là người thắng cuộc lớn nhất,

ở các nước giàu, giờ ko phải đói ăn đói mặc nữa, kể cả người nghèo, có lo là lo những vấn đề của "thế giới thứ nhất", như béo phì hay netflix chẳng có gì hay để xem...
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from page six of the print version of Art Carden’s and Deirdre Nansen McCloskey’s superb lead essay for the September/October 2020 Cato Policy Report – an essay  (tiểu luận) (“How the Bourgeois Deal Enriched the World”) that is excerpted (đoạn trích) from their forthcoming book (for which I have already placed my order at Amazon, and encourage you to place yours), Leave Me Alone and I’ll Make You Rich):

It would be cold comfort (sự an ủi ít ỏi) if the gains since 1800, or 1960, had gone to the rich, as you hear claimed every day. But the poor have been the big winners. The great economist Joseph Schumpeter described “the capitalist achievement” in his 1942 book, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy: “Queen Elizabeth owned silk stockings (vớ dài bằng lụa). The capitalist achievement does not typically consist in providing more silk stockings for queens but in bringing them within the reach of factory girls in return for steadily decreasing amounts of effort.” Marie Antoinette is supposed to have said, when told that the peasants had no bread, “Let them eat cake” (well, “brioche,” but same difference.) In rich countries now, people worry about different problems. All of us, even the poor, have too much bread. We eat too much cake. We are on our way to a world in which everyone has “first‐​world” problems such as bulging waistlines, cluttered closets, and nothing good to watch on Netflix.

"Fall into your lap" nghĩa là gì?

"Fall into your lap" = rơi vào lòng -> nghĩa là tự dưng đạt được điều gì, không cần cố gắng.

Ví dụ
In essence, changing - or 'spoofing' - your location with an app such as a VPN will open up a world of new cities and streets for you to virtually (gần như) explore. Let's face it... what are the chances that there's a Lucario just loitering (lảng vảng) in your location? And a Mewtwo is hardly just going to fall into your lap.

When it comes to building a strong and successful business, this isn’t something that’s likely to just fall into your lap. Rather, you have to be proactive (chủ động giải quyết khó khăn) in going after what you want, and these three top tips are designed to help you do that. Put them into action today to create an enterprise (sự nghiệp) that goes from strength to strength.

Risk-takers know that success isn’t going to fall into your lap. Sometimes you have to hunt (săn tìm) for it. And in that chase, opportunities arise, those best waves, if you like, that may never have been found if they had waited.

You shouldn’t wait for signs (dấu hiệu) of child identity (nhận dạng) theft to fall into your lap, though—especially if you’re estranged from the child’s other parent or have a family member you think could be capable of such a crime. 

Ngọc Lân

Thursday, October 29, 2020

"A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Clay Banks on Unsplash

"A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything" nghĩa là người không có lập trường sẽ ngả theo bất kỳ điều gì. 

Ví dụ
I just feel like that’s completely unacceptable because your silence is your violence. Malcolm X once said that ‘A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything’ and I feel like this is the time where if people say they care about black people and that they are for the movement, they need to show it and definitely verbalize (phát biểu thành lời) it.

First-year Ashley Sha held a sign with a quote from Malcom X: “A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything.” She said Coleman’s emotional speech was particularly impactful (ảnh hưởng) for her. “Just him speaking and showing his emotions,” she said. 

Definitely support the players. Would also support them if they boycotted (tẩy chay) the league. "A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything"

“A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything”, said Malcolm X. The quote simply means if you aren’t committed to a thought or idea, you will be an easy victim of distraction (quẫn trí). It seems with today’s society, distractions are almost impossible to get rid of (vứt bỏ).

Ngọc Lân

"Have your name in lights" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Quick PS on Unsplash

"Have one's name in lights" = có tên trong ánh sáng -> nghĩa là nổi tiếng nhờ các hoạt động nghệ thuật.

Ví dụ
Have your name in lights with a $200 donation (ủng hộ) to sponsor a hole! A sign will be on display with your name or your company’s name, and will be mentioned in the brochure (and the WS Blog as well!).

''We haven't done too badly for a couple of immigrants (nhập cư),'' Roy told the New York Times in 1989 as they performed in the city. ''When two guys come from Germany with absolutely nothing, it's a great thing to have your name in lights at the Radio City Music Hall, don't you think?''

I can assure you that if you were a teacher, fireman, politician the good ole boys of the RCMP would have your name in lights for all to see. Why is it when it is one of their own screw ups that they get protected. Even if you are a bad mountie, you still get protection.

We’ve heard all of his accomplishments, but no one so far has mentioned the Robert Aldrich I knew, the humanitarian (nhân đạo). He was always kind, and thoughtful regardless of who you were. You didn’t have to be a big name, you didn’t need have your name in lights, but he treated everyone on a humanistic level.

Ngọc Lân

"Can count on the fingers of one hand" nghĩa là gì?

"Can count on the fingers of one hand" = (hãn hữu) đếm trên đầu ngón tay -> nghĩa là điều hiếm khi xảy ra. 

Ví dụ
And you can’t “scratch the surface of American life without coming in contact (liên hệ) with” race, says the multiple Emmy winner. “I can count on the fingers of one hand the number of my films that are not about race.”

Stressing that in 27 years of practice, she can count on the fingers of one hand the number of people who have wanted to speed up the end to their lives, Margarida Alvarenga stressed that what concerned her much more was the fact that in Portugal right now not only is there ‘non-existent’ access to primary healthcare (because of the pandemic), there is also very limited access to palliative (tạm thời) care.

I hope you’ll listen to it, because you can count on the fingers of one hand the number of Vatican ‘experts’ prepared to do some digging that might embarrass (làm bẽ mặt) Pope Francis.

I can count on the fingers of one hand how many comets (sao chổi) we've had that have been this impressive. I mean, I have seen a lot of comets, but there's only a couple that have outshone (chiếu sáng) this in my entire lifetime.

Ngọc Lân

"It fits like a ring on the finger" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Alex Lee

"It fits like a ring on the finger" = vừa như ngón tay đeo nhẫn -> nghĩa là vừa khít.

Ví dụ
“Can’t get enough of this overlay. Each candle is adjusted to reflect the percentage drop not price. And it fits like a ring on the finger.”

The Evora GT is a car you wear, not drive. It fits like a ring on the finger, reacting to the road seemingly as a response to your intent instead of physical input. It is the closest you can get to riding a motorcycle without actually getting on one. That sense of vehicular freedom and dogged impracticality are very nearly the same. 

MJF tells the crowd they were all off-key. Before he gets started, he points out that Sammy has his Inner Circle jacket now. Sammy doesn't want to put it on. Jericho insists. Sammy puts it on, and it's way too large. MJF says it fits like a ring on the finger and calls Sammy "little buddy."

Ka Tina

"It fits like a glove" nghĩa là gì?

"It fits like a glove" = vừa như đeo găng tay -> nghĩa là vừa khít.

Ví dụ
"Love love love it!! It is so comfortable and it fits like a glove, I usually wear XL and it was a bit large on the top, but then again I’m smaller at the top than the bottom. The fabric is really thick and soft and when washed it didn’t shrink. I also wore it out instead of working out, very versatile (linh hoạt, nhiều mặt)."

“I heard ‘Michael from Mountain’ and couldn’t stand not to sing it,” Collins remembers. “That’s how it happens. A song grips you and you can’t imagine not singing it. You choose a song not only because you love it but also because it fits like a glove. It can be a good song and not fit you. Kris Kristofferson came over to my house and played ‘Me and Bobby McGee,’ and I didn’t like it. So he took it over to Janis Joplin and she liked it. The same thing happened when James Taylor played me ‘Fire and Rain.’”

I think that’s the instinctive appeal of Seligman’s formula to Western’s administration. It fits like a glove in its remaking of public education into for-profit business. “Leadership centres,” “stake-holders,” “learning outcomes,” the “Success Centre,” “knowledge mobilization”: all of these slogans belong to an institutional vision that risks contorting you into a thing instead of enlarging you as a person, where the aim is less to make you happy than to render you docile (ngoan ngoãn, dễ bảo).

Ka Tina

"Nobody has ever shed tears without seeing a coffin" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Paul Quispe

"Nobody has ever shed tears without seeing a coffin" -> nghĩa là chưa thấy quan tài chưa đổ lệ.

Ví dụ
Nobody has ever shed tears without seeing a coffin is the idiom reflecting on those who are not afraid of anything until they die.

Teenagers are hard to obey their parents' words. If so, school of life may teach them a big lesson like "Nobody has ever shed tears without seeing a coffin".

His son's a bad boy who did drop out of school (bỏ học) 2 years ago, he feels regretful for his past until being in the prison because of stealing stuff around. It's true that nobody has ever shed tears without seeing a coffin.

Ka Tina

“Every man has his mistakes” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by krakenimages

“Every man has his mistakes” = ai cũng đều mắc sai lầm -> nghĩa là không ai hoàn hảo cả.

Ví dụ
If a person’s complete background is to be judged, there will be no statues honoring people allowed to remain in Pittsburgh because every man has his mistakes.

Some of these questions are unanswerable. Some can be explained by the fact that the performers are human. Every man has his mistakes — even the Red Panda misses a catch now and then. But sometimes there are reasons that can be identified — and the problem hopefully corrected.

Both admit they don't always like what Trump says or how he says it. "I don't think it's something we can overlook. But again, I vote on principle and this conversation assumes every man has his mistakes," she said. De Wit feels Trump has been treated unfairly by Democrats and the media from day 1.

Ka Tina

Cơ chế phòng vệ của ong mật Nhật Bản

hơn 100 con bao quanh con ong xâm nhập, đập cánh liên tục khiến nhiệt độ lên tới 46 độ c, 50 độ c, và cô đặc khí co2, khiến con ông xâm nhập ko trụ được và die...
Wikipedia: Beekeepers (người nuôi ong) in Japan attempted to introduce western honey bees (Apis mellifera) for the sake of their high productivity. Western honey bees have no innate  (bẩm sinh) defense (phòng vệ) against the hornets (ong bắp cày), which can rapidly destroy their colonies.[3] Although a handful of Asian giant hornets can easily defeat the uncoordinated defenses of a western honey bee colony, the Japanese honey bee (Apis cerana japonica) has an effective strategy (chiến lược hiệu quả). When a hornet scout  (trinh sát, do thám) locates and approaches a Japanese honey bee hive, she emits  (tỏa ra, tiết ra) specific pheromonal hunting signals (dấu hiệu săn mồi). When the Japanese honey bees detect (phát hiện) these pheromones, 100 or so gather near the entrance of the nest and set up a trap, keeping the entrance open. This permits the hornet to enter the hive. As the hornet enters, a mob (đám đông) of hundreds of bees surrounds it in a ball, completely covering it and preventing it from reacting effectively. The bees violently vibrate their flight muscles in much the same way as they do to heat the hive in cold conditions. This raises the temperature in the ball to the critical temperature of 46 °C (115 °F). In addition, the exertions of the honey bees raise the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the ball. At that concentration of CO2, they can tolerate up to 50 °C (122 °F), but the hornet cannot survive the combination of high temperature and high carbon dioxide level.[45][46] Some honey bees do die along with the intruder (kẻ xâm nhập), much as happens when they attack (tấn công) other intruders with their stings (vòi), but by killing the hornet scout, they prevent it from summoning reinforcements (quân tiếp viện) that would wipe out the entire colony.[47]

Detailed research suggests this account of the behavior of the honey bees and a few species of hornets is incomplete and that the honey bees and the predators are developing strategies to avoid expensive and mutually unprofitable conflict. Instead, when honey bees detect scouting hornets, they transmit an “I see you” signal that commonly warns off the predator (thú săn mồi).[48]
By Takahashi – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, 

"Bitter pills may have blessed effects" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Halacious

"Bitter pills may have blessed effects" -> nghĩa là thuốc đắng dã tật.

Ví dụ
"Bitter pills may have blessed effects." This proverb perfectly narrates the tale of Bloemfontein Ladies and Banyana Banyana goalkeeper coach Sean Louw after a motorbike accident put an abrupt end to his dream of playing professional football. "I was going to school [Grey College in Bloemfontein] using my motorbike when a motorist skipped a stop sign and the car hit me. It was the end of me playing football. I was a goalkeeper at school, with high hopes of playing professionally,'' Louw reflected.

Essentially, trading for Kawhi would be the organization’s attempt at taking a shortcut to a championship. A trade would give Fizdale and his staff two stars to work with, but at the same time, it would hamper the front office’s ability to build around these two stars. It’s not as sexy as making a big splash this offseason, but staying the course is the best option for the Knicks. With a lottery pick this June—and likely another in 2019—the team has the chance to draft young, cost-controlled talent while simultaneously setting their sights on making a big splash in the summers of 2019 and 2020. When all is said and done, the Knicks probably won’t even have the opportunity to trade for Leonard. This may leave some fans unhappy, but bitter pills may have blessed effects.

Ka Tina

Đừng đổ lỗi cho kinh tế thị trường

hay chủ nghĩa tư bản vì sản sinh ra các hàng hóa tiêu dùng không lý tưởng, không chất lượng cao, không vì mục đích cao cả/cao thượng...,

cầu nào cung nấy...,

đổ lỗi vậy khác nào đổ lỗi cho bồi bàn vì khiến mình... béo phì...
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from page 277 of Israel Kirzner’s insightful (sâu sắc, sáng suốt) November 1980 lecture titled “The Morality of Capitalist Success,” as this lecture is reprinted in the 2019 collection of some of Kirzner’s papers (edited by Peter J. Boettke and Frédéric Sautet), Reflections on Ethics, Freedom, Welfare Economics, Policy, and the Legacy of Austrian Economics:

Defenders of capitalism are justifiably quick to reject (bác bỏ) criticisms (chỉ trích) of it which denounce (lên án, phản đối kịch liệt, lăng mạ) the many kinds of consumption goods (hàng hóa tiêu dùng) produced by capitalism that fall short of the ideals of high quality and noble (cao cả, cao thượng) purpose. The market system is not to be blamed, it is properly pointed out, for the crassness (sự thô bỉ) of tastes demonstrated by consumers. To blame the market for faithfully catering to these preferences, would be equivalent, to use George Stigler’s delightful metaphor, to blaming the waiter for obesity.

Sheldon Richman đã nói gì?

'phong tỏa' không làm kiệt quệ nền kinh tế, nó làm kiệt quệ 'những người đang vật lộn để sống'.
In two short Facebook posts Sheldon Richman conveys more insight and wisdom than is today found in any randomly chosen selection of 1,000,001 op-eds, columns, editorials, blogposts, tweets, and speeches.

How interesting that the people most worried about Trump’s authoritarian personality demand draconian government responses to the pandemic.

And here:

Hear! Hear!

Bài trước: Cứ tự nhiên

Cứ tự nhiên

nền kinh tế - không phải một cỗ máy - mà gồm hàng triệu người với động cơ khác nhau tùy thuộc vào sự thận trọng, dũng cảm, niềm tin, hy vọng của họ... và theo đuổi hằng hà sa số các dự án đa dạng,

cứ để diễn ra tự nhiên, đừng can thiệp...
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from page 103 of the May 9th, 2020, draft of the important monograph – forthcoming this month jointly from the Adam Smith Institute and AIER – by Deirdre N. McCloskey and Alberto Mingardi, The Myth of the Entrepreneurial State:

[T]he economy is composed of people, and is not a machine. It is like the English language, not like an English steam engine. The people are motivated in varying proportions by prudence, temperance, courage, justice, faith, hope, and love, with the corresponding vices. By way of such principles of motion, they pursue their endlessly diverse projects, knitting and model railroading…. Let them do it, laissez faire. Such an arrangement takes people to be liberated and equal and increasingly competent adults, as against the stolid (dửng dưng, lãnh đạm; lù đù, phản ứng chậm) peasants or helpless proletarians (người vô sản) of conservative or progressive theorizing since 1848.

Bài trước: Thực tế đi

"Losers are always in the wrong" nghĩa là gì?

"Losers are always in the wrong" = kẻ thua luôn sai lầm -> nghĩa là thắng là vua, thua là giặc.

Ví dụ
He said: ‘I don’t understand with the quality they have that they play this kind of football. I don’t understand that. But losers are always in the wrong. When I see players like Llorente, Koke, Saul… they could play proper football but they stand deep in their own half and have counter-attacks.

"Unfortunately, I feel for his pain," the Serb said. "He could have taken another stroke and or he could have glided into the wall and he chose the latter. The winner writes history and losers are always in the wrong no matter how good or bad it was."

Ka Tina

"Who drinks will drink again" nghĩa là gì?

"Who drinks will drink again" = đã uống rượu thì sẽ uống tiếp thôi -> nghĩa là chứng nào tật nấy.

Ví dụ
"Who drinks will drink again". A habit is a behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur subconsciously. It is a fixed way of thinking or feeling acquired through previous experience repeated over an extended time period.

In order to avoid "who drinks will drink again", replace your bad habit with a good habit. For example, if you bite your fingernails, having a pack of gum with you so that every time you think about biting your nails, you can pop a piece in your mouth. If you crack your knuckles (khớp đốt ngón tay) chronically, twiddle your thumbs or clasp your hands until the urge goes away.

Ka Tina

"It’s the first step that counts" nghĩa là gì?

"It’s the first step that counts" = bước đi đầu tiên rất quan trọng -> nghĩa là vạn sự khởi đầu nan.

Ví dụ
“Nothing and no one should stop you from living your dreams, even when you doubt yourself, always remember to try, because it’s the first step that counts.”

You’ll appreciate the author’s Oxford credentials when he writes that King John of England “was responsible for the murder” of his nephew, Prince Arthur of Brittany,which, Norwich adds, provided “Shakespeare with one of his most poignant (sầu thảm, đắng cay) scenes.” Far be it from me to question an esteemed viscount (tử tước), but I was startled to read that when St. Denis, third-century bishop of Paris, was beheaded, he “calmly picked up his severed head and walked several miles to the site of the abbey that bears hisname while preaching a sermon on repentance (sự ăn năn, hối lỗi).” No documentation, but in a slyfootnote, Norwich quotes Madame du Deffand: “It’s the first step that counts.”

Ka Tina

"He that knows nothing doubts nothing" nghĩa là gì?

"He that knows nothing doubts nothing" = không biết gì thì chẳng hoài nghi gì -> nghĩa là điếc không sợ súng.

Ví dụ
It's no use spending time with this dickhead guy. He that knows nothing doubts nothing.

He's incredibly stubborn (bướng) and stupid. He that knows nothing doubts nothing.

He that knows nothing doubts nothing. An empty head is easily filled with garbage. 

Ka Tina

"Good watch prevents misfortune" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Taylor Smith

"Good watch prevents misfortune" = theo dõi sát sao/cẩn trọng ngăn được rủi ro/bất hạnh -> nghĩa là cẩn tắc vô ưu.

Ví dụ
We need "good watch prevents misfortune". We can't just depend on the ministry to take measures.

Everyone has to have a good watch prevents misfortune. This is a challenging time for us as well. If people cooperate, we can take care of the situation.

“It is definitely a concern and one where we want people to be informed, to read labels and be good watch prevents misfortune." 

Ka Tina

"At the last count" nghĩa là gì?

"At the last count" -> nghĩa là theo như thông tin mới nhất.
Ví dụ
While the youth who initiated (khởi đầu) the protest to effect policy and institutional reforms have taken a backseat, hoodlums (du côn) now hold sway in many cities, with security operatives battling to contain the situation, which many have argued may lead to total anarchy if not halted. At the last count, over 60 persons have lost their lives in the protest, including 20 security operatives.

The Scottish Government has opened the purse strings to help those left in dire straits through coronavirus, proving that cash can be found when there is a genuine will (ý chí) for it. There were 1187 drug deaths at the last count and higher still are expected in the next figures.

“At the last count, we counted over 100 – I have to say we describe (miêu tả) them as ‘me too’ or copycat (bắt chước) brands – that have come into this premium mixer category,” he said.

Indeed, there were, at the last count, more than 600 tech hubs distributed across the continent, in countries as diverse as South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco, Ethiopia and Rwanda. In fact, Rwanda – where Mara smartphones are manufactured – recently partnered with China’s Alibaba to establish Africa’s first electronic world trade platform.

Ngọc Lân

"Swallow the anchor" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Harry Dona on Unsplash

"Swallow the anchor" = nuốt mỏ neo -> nghĩa là rời khỏi cuộc sống trên biển.
Ví dụ
Henry was born and raised in Ballyhack, Ireland. As a teenager, he left home for London where he went on to join the merchant (nhà buôn) navy which took him all over the world. Tyrone said: “My dad eventually met my mom Joan and decided to swallow the anchor and come ashore.”

He's survived three cat-nappings and 16 winters on board CSS Acadia, but now Erik the Red is set to swallow the anchor. Erik has served as rodent (chuột, loài gặm nhấm) control officer on the ship since 1998. It was a job he picked for himself when he was a stray kitten (mèo hoang), wandering the waterfront. "He came aboard as a stowaway (đi tàu lậu vé)," said Steven Read, shipkeeper for CSS Acadia.

My career for the foreseeable future will be at sea, I want to achieve the highest level of qualifications, which would be a Master Mariner. If I could do most of my time under sail on ships such as Picton Castle, I would be thrilled (rùng mình). But, I’m also open to trying commercial shipping or yachting. That’s one of the great things about a career in the Maritime world, there is such a variety of ships to sail. I’m well aware of the grueling (gian khổ) commitment (cam kết) that this life brings, so I’d forgive myself if I decided to “swallow the anchor” – aka lead a shore life. At the moment, though, I’m enjoying this path immensely.

Ngọc Lân 

Tôi cũng muốn tham gia

thanh niên 33 tuổi đang đứng chờ xe buýt ở new york thì nắp cống toác, rơi lọt thỏm xuống luôn...

Leonard Shoulders, 33, was waiting for a bus on Third Ave. near E. 183rd St. in Belmont Saturday afternoon when the concrete sidewalk suddenly cracked open and swallowed (nuốt chửng) him.

“As he was falling, he scraped (xây xát, xước, bị thương) his face, broke his arm and broke his leg. He couldn’t move, and the rats were crawling (bò, trườn) all over him. He didn’t scream, because he didn’t want the rats going into his mouth.”

Thực tế đi

covid-19: bệnh dịch "nguy hiểm" đến đâu, đều có thuốc chữa,

quyền lực chính phủ mở rộng (lấy cớ dịch bệnh), thì ko thuốc nào chữa được,
In my latest article for AIER I express genuine (thật thà, chân thành) mystification (bối rối, hoang mang, khó hiểu) at many people’s gullibility (tính khờ dại, cả tin) for the use of unprecedented (chưa từng có tiền lệ) government powers to combat Covid-19. A slice:

Why this faith? The proffered answer, of course, is that Covid-19 is unusually dangerous and, therefore, we have no choice but to put faith in government officials. This answer is bizarre, for it insists that we must now trust with unprecedented power people who regularly act in ways that prove them to be unworthy to hold lesser amounts of power. My head explodes….

Moving on, and without pausing to explore just what is meant here by “unusually,” let’s grant that Covid-19 is indeed unusually dangerous. But also unusually dangerous is arbitrary government power. Is it unreasonable for those of us who fear this power to require that proponents of lockdowns (phong tỏa) meet a higher standard of persuasion (thuyết phục) before we accede to the exercise of such power? Given that the initial spark for the lockdowns, at least in the United Kingdom and the United States, was Neil Ferguson’s suspect and widely criticized Imperial Model – a model, recall, offered by a man with an awful record of dramatically exaggerating the likely mortality rates of diseases – is it unreasonable to demand that much stronger evidence be offered before we turn silent as governments continue massively to interrupt (gián đoạn) normal life (đời sống thường ngày)?

If you’re tempted to answer these questions in the affirmative, recognize that there’s at least one important difference between pathogens (mầm bệnh, nguồn bệnh) and power – a difference that should be, but isn’t, taken into consideration by pro-lockdowners. The difference is this: Population immunity, either through a pathogen’s natural spread or through a vaccine, will at some point significantly reduce that pathogen’s danger; in contrast, for protection against government power there is no population immunity or vaccine. When such power expands, the ratchet effect documented by Robert Higgs ensures that that power remains more elevated and widespread than before.

Unlike pathogens, government power continues to nourish itself as it grows into an ever-greater danger. Quaking at the very thought of Covid while discounting the danger that lurks in the immense expansions of government power done in the name of fighting Covid is wholly unreasonable.

Biết đâu là điểm dừng

dự án đầu tư không hiệu quả, tư nhân sẽ phủi ngay, hạn chế lỗ vốn, còn nhà nước, cố chứng minh mình đúng, càng trợ cấp càng đốt thêm tiền thuế của dân thôi...
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from pages 73-74 of the 2016 Third Edition of James D. Gwartney’s, Richard L. Stroup’s, Dwight R. Lee’s, Tawni H. Ferrarini’s, and Joseph P. Calhoun’s excellent Common Sense Economics:

In a world of uncertainty (bất định), mistaken (sai lầm trong ý kiến) investments (khoản đầu tư) are a necessary price that must be paid (cái giá cần thiết phải trả) for with fruitful innovations in new technologies and products. Such counterproductive projects, however, must be recognized and brought to a halt. In a market economy, the capital market performs this function. If a firm continues to experience losses, eventually (cuối cùng, rốt cuộc) investors (nhà đầu tư) will terminate the project (dừng dự án) and stop wasting their money.

Given the pace of change and the diversity of entrepreneurial talent, the knowledge required for sound decision-making about the allocation of capital is far beyond the scope of any single leader, industrial planning committee, or government agency. Without a private capital market, there is no mechanism that can be counted on to consistently channel investment funds into wealth-creating projects.

Bài trước: Thật kiêu ngạo

Thật kiêu ngạo

mỗi người một phân công nhiệm vụ, một sở thích và tích lũy kiến thức khác nhau, dẫn hướng trong hoạt động đời sống hằng ngày,

thực tế rất phức tạp, một nhóm người ủng hộ "chính sách công nghiệp" không thể lường hết được,
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from page 170 of Roger Koppl’s important – and (I repeat) especially relevant – 2018 book Expert Failure; (the quotations within this quotation are from Alfred Schutz) (link added; original emphasis):

Each of us has a different place in the division of labor (phân công lao động). Therefore, each of us knows different things and has different sensibilities (độ nhạy) to events (sự kiện) around us. We have different stereotypes (mẫu sẵn, mẫu rập khuôn) and recipes to guide us in us in our daily lives. Each person’s “prevailing system of interests” determines which elements of his “stock of knowledge” are relevant to him.

DBx: Yep. This truth is another that is completely lost on proponents (người ủng hộ) not only of full-on socialism, but also of industrial policy (chính sách công nghiệp). Proponents of such schemes think, mistakenly, that reality is no more complex (phức tạp) than is the array of details that they have in their minds.

How childish (trẻ con). How foolish (ngớ ngẩn). How arrogant (kiêu ngạo).

Bài trước: Đừng nhầm lẫn

Wednesday, October 28, 2020

"Fruit of the poisonous tree" nghĩa là gì?

"Fruit of the poisonous tree" = trái của cây độc -> nghĩa là dấu vết/vết tích của hành động phi pháp. 

Ví dụ
The provision (điều khoản) tells us that evidence obtained and confiscated (tịch thu) on the occasion of such unreasonable searches and seizures is deemed polluted, stained or contaminated and should be excluded for being a fruit of the poisonous tree. Hence, it is inadmissible in evidence for any purpose in any proceeding.

There is a concept (khái niệm) in the law called “The Fruit of the Poisonous Tree,” whereby the government cannot pursue (theo đuổi) an illegal means to obtain a legal end. This is why evidence obtained illegally is inadmissible in a court. This is a Supreme Court precedent that goes back to and has been affirmed since 1920. 

Due to the illegality (tính bất hợp pháp) of the search, the appellate court ruled all the evidence “obtained as a result of that unlawful detention is fruit of the poisonous tree and must be suppressed.” The case was sent back to the trial court for further proceedings and a possible retrial (xử lại).

Rush said the evidence (bằng chứng) is the “fruit of the poisonous tree” and concluded that reliance on the search warrant affidavits (bản khai) was unreasonable, adding that “we are confident that apply the exclusionary rule here will deter similar reckless conduct in the future.”

Ngọc Lân

"Tree is known by its fruit" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Jon Sailer on Unsplash

"Tree is known by its fruit" = cây được biết đến là nhờ quả -> nghĩa là nhân cách, tính cách được đánh giá/nhìn nhận qua hành động. 

Ví dụ
‘A tree is known by its fruit; a man by his deeds (hành động). A good deed is never lost; he who sows (gieo) courtesy reaps (gặt) friendship, and he who plants kindness gathers love.’ Saint Basil. Mark James Bonin was born in Chesterton, Indiana on 28th December 1956, and died in Samoa in the South Pacific Region on 16th January 2020, aged 63 years. His parents were the late Robert and Patricia Bonin of Dune Acres, Indiana.

As Jesus said, a tree is known by its fruit. In the end, God will either by our Father or our Judge. It’s up to us to choose if we’re among (giữa) the sheep or the goats. Jesus stretched out His arms on the cross (thánh giá), forever welcoming sinners to come to Him to receive forgiveness and to have a heart transformation, literally a new nature.

For now, when people ask me what I think about Kanye’s new album and recent conversion, my answer will be, “Ask me in a year.” A tree is known by its fruit. And some trees take a little time to grow before you see the fruit.

They say ‘a tree is known by its fruit’ but nearly a quarter of respondents admitted to not knowing that a kumquat (quả quất) is even a fruit, with 12.5% believing it to be a yoga position! 3.8% thought it was an Australian marsupial (động vật có túi); another 3.8% thought it was a star constellation (chòm sao); and 2.9% of respondents actually thought it was a type of exercise squat!

Ngọc Lân

Không ai bị bắt là sao

cãi nhau khi chơi cờ vua -> bị đâm vào mông...

Sgt. Kenneth Jarrett said police were called to an apartment on Mohawk Court on the report of an assault after 5 a.m. Saturday.

The 51-year-old victim said he knew only the first name of the man who stabbed him, and refused to give police any more information.

"Fruit of the union" nghĩa là gì?

"Fruit of the union" có union là liên minh, liên hiệp -> cụm từ này nghĩa là con cái của hai người đã kết hôn hoặc sống chung như vợ chồng; nghĩa khác là kết quả/sản phẩm của cả hai bên phối hợp làm ra. 

Ví dụ
A decade ago the OpenStack Foundation was born, the fruit of the union between NASA and Rackspace Holding. The two organisations jointly (phối hợp) opened-up their codebase and gave it freely to all that wanted to make use of it. 

In January, Koenigsegg struck a joint-venture and investment deal with National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS). The Chinese electric car firm put in $171 million to take a 20 percent stake (cổ phiếu) in the Swedish supercar maker, and a 65 percent stake in a collaboration (hợp tác) to "develop a product for new and untapped segments (phân khúc)." One fruit of the union will be a less expensive supercar that uses Koenigsegg's "freevalve" camless (không trục cam) tech and could be carbon neutral.

Caro, a malbec-cabernet blend made in a collaboration between Bodegas Catena Zapata and Baron Eric de Rothschild of Château Lafite Rothschild, is one example of an Argentine Bordeaux-style wine. Another is Cheval des Andes, the fruit of the union of Terrazas de los Andes, another major name in Argentina, with Château Cheval Blanc, a premier grand cru (nho) wine from Saint-Émilion.

The fruit of the union between Zeus and Danae was a son named Perseus who Danae managed to hide from her father for some time. When Acrisius did find out about the birth of this child, he ordered the maid (tỳ nữ) to be killed and had Danae and Perseus enclosed in a shrine (hòm) and thrown into the sea.

Ngọc Lân

Con người của hành động

làm đổ nến khi đuổi gấu trúc nên... cháy rụi cả nhà :D

The fire occurred on West Evans Road north of Prosser on Sunday morning.

...a 38-year-old man was in the trailer when he became frustrated with (chán nản, thất vọng) a family of raccoons living under the house. the man accidentally knocked over a candle (nến) during the commotion (sự rối loạn; cuộc bạo động, cuộc khởi nghĩa) which started a fire.

Firefighters arrived on the scene to find the trailer home mostly engulfed in flames (nhận chìm trong biển lửa).

Bài trước: Có lẽ nào

"Lead you astray" nghĩa là gì?

Đi chỗ này "vui" lắm! Photo courtesy: Julian Knap

"Lead someone astray" có "astray" là chệch khỏi con đường hay hướng đúng = dẫn đi sai đường -> cụm từ này nghĩa là dẫn đi lầm đường, lạc lối.

Ví dụ
What the Liberal (Đảng Dân chủ) news media will not tell you is that Joe lied many times during the debate. Where was the fact check list that the paper normally runs after the presidential debate? I must have missed it. Don’t let the Liberal media lead you astray. Check out the true facts and come to your own conclusion, not what the Liberals want you to think.

Given the practicalities (tính thiết thực) of furnishing a workspace (budget, mainly, but also overhead fluorescent lighting and lack of window), I had a few priorities in mind: Source ambient (xung quanh) lighting, primarily one desk lamp and one floor lamp. Bring artwork from home to personalize the space. Select flexible pieces that can be used elsewhere in the office, if needed. And don’t let my champagne tastes lead me astray when picking out a bookshelf.

Of course Queen Barb, the leader of the Rock Trolls, is obviously in the wrong with her goal to turn all of the other music trolls into rock zombies. But protagonist Queen Poppy, leader of the Pop Trolls, is nearly as bad, spouting (nói dài dòng) rhetoric (lối nói hoa mỹ) about all trolls being the same while also declaring her music superior. Even Poppy's advisors lead her astray, with her father urging her to keep the various Troll tribes cocooned (bảo vệ an toàn) away from each other so that none of them will ever have to change, and Poppy's best friend Branch cautioning her to only trust members of her own community.

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Lead the way" nghĩa là gì?

"Lead the way" nghĩa là gì?

Theo tôi nào! Photo courtesy: Moweena Roessingh van Iterson

"Lead the way" = dẫn đường -> nghĩa là người hoặc tổ chức tiên phong, mở đường và đã thành công trong một lĩnh vực.

Ví dụ
“We are a country that can take action. We are a G20 country. We have the luxury of being a fairly wealthy country that can implement (thực hiện) measures and restrictions that are meaningful. I think if Canada really wants to lead the way, there is a lot more that can be done,” McCord said.

We recognise that net-zero targets can’t be achieved in isolation which is why CWG are partners in Supply Chain Sustainability School where I chair (chủ trì) the Climate Action Group. A net-zero future, by its definition, involves all of us, and places such as Canary Wharf that involve their whole community in this journey will lead the way.

These are only a few suggestions -- so much more can and should be done. Therefore, I would challenge us in higher education to lead the way in making sure mental health is an integral part (một phần không thể thiếu) of our diversity, equity (công bằng) and inclusion efforts. Because openness (cởi mở), dialogue and knowledge are core values that define our institutions, we are distinctly positioned to encourage conversation that can not only change lives but also save them.

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Quaking in your boots" nghĩa là gì?

Để giỏi giang hơn trong công việc

The will to win, the desire to succeed, the urge to reach your full potential... these are the keys that will unlock the door to personal excellence.

Ý chí chiến thắng, khát vọng thành công, sự thôi thúc phát huy hết khả năng ở bạn... đó là những yếu tố làm nên bậc kỳ tài.

Đừng nhầm lẫn

"chính sách công nghiệp" không phải khuyến nghị/đề xuất của nhà nước đâu, mà là 'mệnh lệnh' của nhà nước ép người dân đấy...
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from page 307 of Kristian Niemietz’s important 2019 book, Socialism: The Failed Idea That Never Dies:

Since economic activity cannot be coordinated by scarcity signals (tín hiệu khan hiếm) – i.e. market prices – the only substitute is command (mệnh lệnh) and control (kiểm soát). When people do not behave in the way economic planners want them to behave, the state needs to use force to make them comply (tuân thủ).

DBx: Do not overlook this reality: Industrial policy is not a series of recommendations that the state kindly offers to citizens. It is, instead, a set of commands that the state imposes (áp đặt) on its citizens. The state will enforce these commands against any and all who resist (kháng cự, chống đối) them, with violence if necessary. Government officials will cage you if you refuse to obey their orders. And if you resist this caging with sufficient stubbornness, these same government officials will see to it that you are killed.

So-called “industrial policy” is not sweet counseling. It is brute force.

If you trust Donald Trump and his lieutenants and lackeys (người hầu, đầy tớ; kẻ xu nịnh, kẻ khúm núm; tay sai) with such power, I pity you for your gullibility. Ditto if you trust with such power Joe Biden and his cronies and keepers. If you trust any human being with such power, you are a fool.

Unfortunately, the world is overpopulated with such fools.

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