Journey in Life: 09/28/20

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Monday, September 28, 2020

"Be left at the post" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Brett Jordan

"Be left at the post" = bị bỏ lại tại cột -> nghĩa là thất bại ngay từ khi bắt đầu cuộc chơi.

Ví dụ
Clifford was owned by Clifford Porter (who named him) and later Eugene Leigh and Robert L. Rose. He was trained by Charles H. Hughes, Leigh and Hall of Famer John W. Rogers. Clifford made his debut in September 1892 and won the only start he made that year as a 2-year-old. In his first start at age 3, Clifford was left at the post and finished out of the money.

As a 2-year-old, Man o’ War began his career with five consecutive wins before arriving at Saratoga in the summer of 1919. He made it six in a row with an easy victory in the United States Hotel Stakes before suffering the lone defeat of his career in the Sanford Memorial Stakes on Aug. 13. Man o’ War was left at the post in the Sanford ꟷ some reports said he was facing sideways or backwards ꟷ and fell well behind the field. He rallied furiously but finished second, less than a length behind the winner, Harry Payne Whitney’s Upset. The loss, however, did little to tarnish (vết nhơ) Man o’ War’s reputation (danh tiếng).

Ka Tina

“Be in at the finish” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Jan Starek

“Be in at the finish” -> nghĩa là có mặt, tham gia tại điểm kết thúc hoặc đỉnh điểm.

Ví dụ
'My sprint never really got started today. I was boxed in at the finish and couldn't open up. The legs weren't super either. I will shift my focus now to the team and supporting Tadej [Pogačar].

Like Dylan Bowman, the U.K.’s Harry Jones hovered in relative contact with the leaders for many of the race’s early kilometers. Bowman and Jones even looked to have teamed up for some time mid-race. On the long descent from the high country, though, the pair spread out and Jones settled into fourth position. France’s Lambert Santelli also had a strong race, like Bowman and Jones running a bit back from the lead but right around fifth position from very early on–and a position he’d be in at the finish.

JOKE DANCER can win the opener of the second day at Aintree, the Merseyrail Handicap Hurdle (1.45pm). Trainer Sue Smith and jockey Danny Cook will be eyeing glory with Vintage Clouds in the Randox Health Grand National on Saturday. And they may get a boost 24 hours before the big race in the opener on Ladies Day. Joke Dancer won at Newcastle but was a bit disappointing at Kelso last time. But he looks more than capable of making the frame in the competitive 2m4f contest and could come out on top. Paul Nicholls' Brio Conti - fourth in the Coral Cup at the Cheltenham Festival - should also be in at the finish

Ka Tina

"At latter Lammas" nghĩa là gì?

"At latter Lammas" có Lammas là ngày hội mùa (1/8 hằng năm) -> cụm từ này nghĩa là ngày không bao giờ tới.

Ví dụ
Cost of abandoned properties in Youngstown may pay at latter Lammas.

I wish I knew the answer to that question. I do believe—and sincerely hope—that community journalism will be around for a long time. That may be in print, digital or some other form that we have not even heard of yet. I hope the day comes at latter Lammas when there is no one left to watch over our local government officials and to fairly report the news and events of our local communities.

“I felt — and I think the other trustees felt the same way — that it’s most important to provide our officers with the equipment they need,” he said. “We couldn’t send them to a situation not being equipped properly.” Vlach added that he hopes the day will come at latter Lammas when the equipment will be put to use, but he believes it is important to prepare for the worst-case scenario (hoàn cảnh/tình huống tệ nhất).

Ka Tina

"A fool at 40 is a fool forever" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Rachel

"A fool at 40 is a fool forever" = 40 tuổi vẫn ngốc thì mãi ngốc -> nghĩa là người đến tuổi trung niên vẫn hành xử như con nít thì khó mà trưởng thành hơn.

Ví dụ
ANCIENT wisdom has it that a fool at 40 is a fool forever. It is my conviction that Zimbabweans will consign themselves to the pitiable (đáng thương) rank of if they do not get wised-up by the country’s 40th independence anniversary.

I have heard that life begins at 40 and a fool at 40 is a fool forever. It is safe to say that as individuals, we are expected to have amassed some basic life skills, experiences and also attained some degree of accomplishments needed for an enjoyable life before a certain age. But that is not how life works.

It is said that a fool at 40 is a fool forever, sadly this seems to be the part Nigeria is moving towards. Despite turning 40 19 years ago, Nigeria has not seemed to improve but surely this situation will not last forever as Nigeria can bounce back on track by averting the impending economic doom hovering over its head.

Ka Tina

"At rack and manger" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Obi Onyeador

"At rack and manger" = ngập trong máng ăn -> nghĩa là rất phung phí/hoang toàng.

Ví dụ
I’ve been given £10k towards a deposit (tiền đặt cọc, ký gửi) for my first home but much of my existing income goes on London rent. I don’t live at rack and manger but need to find extra savings. What advice would you give me on making that important first step onto the housing ladder?

Meanwhile, prosecutors (người khởi tố, bên nguyên) said in their filing Wednesday, Madoff live at rack and manger, using investor money to buy a $4.4 million Manhattan home, fund a $6.5 million loan for a home in Nantucket and to finance two yachts worth $11.5 million and the salaries of housekeepers and a personal boat captain (thuyền trưởng riêng).

“But you know, I’m not complaining about my band [being] in need of money, or whatever, because I have a bit of a financial cushion. I’m not a millionaire (triệu phú), but I’m pretty smart with my money. I don’t live at rack and manger. But there are younger bands who are just starting to do this thing for a living who have had to fly back from Europe on ludicrously (lố bịch) expensive tickets. And forget about all of the merch that they already printed, forget about the airline costs, forget about some of the hotel costs that they already paid deposits on. You pay this stuff out pretty well in advance if you want to reserve things.

Ka Tina

"At the outset" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Arisa Chattasa 

"At/from the outset (of something)" -> nghĩa là lúc bắt đầu/khởi đầu.

Ví dụ
Both Douyin and TikTok feed endless streams of short videos, each clip playing over and over until the user swipes up to watch the next one. At the outset, our two reporters do a lot of swiping, to do away with prank videos like this one.

“In a world turned upside down, this General Assembly Hall is among the strangest sights of all”, Mr. Guterres remarked at the outset. “The COVID-19 pandemic has changed our annual meeting beyond recognition. But it has made it more important than ever.” 

“At the outset of the pandemic, as people adjusted to stay-at-home orders and physical distancing mandates across a number of U.S. states, our early data suggested a significant decrease in lead volume,” Stacy Holden, industry principal and director at AppFolio, tells “However, after about six weeks, leasing activity largely rebounded to expected levels—there are geographic differences as the timing of the impacts of the pandemic vary, but people still want to move to places that meet their needs. In fact, one could argue that the experience of quarantining at home (cách ly tại nhà) for so many months has led many renters to seek out their next home, eager to get a change of scenery or something better suited for their new normal.”

Ka Tina

"Armed at all points" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Derek Thomson 

"Armed at all points" = được trang bị vũ khí ở mọi điểm -> nghĩa là được bảo vệ kỹ lưỡng hoặc sẵn sàng ứng phó/ứng biến.

Ví dụ
Russian and foreign journalists attended the opening ceremony of the Hugo Chavez street armed at all points – TV and photo cameras, microphones.

"A figure like your father, armed at all points." It's hard to tell if anyone recognizes this as a scene from Hamlet. The elevator audience stares straight ahead or concentrates on the changing floor numbers. Some fumble with their phones.

Tomoe had long black hair and a fair complexion (nước da đẹp), and her face was very lovely; moreover she was a fearless rider whom neither the fiercest horse nor the roughest ground could dismay (làm hết hồn, mất tinh thần), and so dexterously did she handle sword and bow that she was a match for a thousand warriors, and fit to meet either god or devil. Many times had she taken the field, armed at all points, and won matchless renown in encounters with the bravest captains, and so in this last fight [i.e. the Battle of Awazu in 1184], when all the others had been slain or had fled, among the last seven there rode Tomoe.

Ka Tina

"At fever pitch" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Jen Theodore

"At fever pitch" = ở mức phát sốt -> nghĩa là trong trạng thái rất phấn khích hoặc sôi nổi.

Ví dụ
Excitement for Napoli fans is at fever pitch following a strong pre-season return from Osimhen in friendly matches, and comments made by NFF President Amaju Pinnick tipping the wonderkid (thần đồng) to emulate (tranh đua, cạnh tranh) Diego Maradona’s impact in Southern Italy.

“Audiences will get a behind-the-scenes look at what happens when well-known Delawareans take their first crack at performing Shakespeare,” said David Stradley, producing artistic director. “The smack talk from our coaches is already at fever pitch as their actors get ready to compete and raise funds supporting our efforts to bring theater up and down the First State.”

“Oh yes, and of course the first thing was the question about what the Republicans did to Merrick Garland,” Burrus said. “Hypocrisy (đạo đức giả) will only get you so much traction in a political debate (tranh luận chính trị), it’s not going to dissuade (can ngăn) any voters. This has been going on for fifteen years at fever pitch, these horrible political battles over the filibuster (bọn giặc cướp) and previous nominees… this is going to make the Kavanaugh hearings look like a minor-league game… it’s going to be a woman, and if it’s someone like Amy Coney Barrett, the reason they decide to choose her is that she’ll be hard to impeach along the lines of Kavanaugh. They’ll figure out whatever they can.”

Ka Tina

"Out of touch" nghĩa là gì?

Tổng thống thứ 37 của Mỹ, Richard M. Nixon. Photo by Molly

"Out of touch" nghĩa là lạc hậu, lỗi thời, không hiểu vấn đề, không cập nhật thông tin mới, thiếu hiểu biết; thiếu cảm thông hoặc quan tâm.

Ví dụ
The recent letter writer who attacked Sen. Kamala Harris shows just how critically (trầm trọng) "out of touch" some Republicans are. The only items on the national agenda less sustainable (bền vững) than the 2017 tax cuts are the continued use of fossil fuels (nhiên liệu hóa thạch) and for-profit health insurance (bảo hiểm y tế).

“How could Nixon have won? Nobody I know voted for him.” That’s what Pauline Kael, a film critic (nhà phê bình) for The New Yorker, supposedly said after the 1972 election. Nixon had just won a landslide (thắng phiếu lớn) reelection, carrying 49 of 50 states, so Kael’s line became a symbol for the “out-of-touch liberals,” who looked down their noses on the “Silent Majority.” (nhóm Đa số im lặng là nhóm người không công khai ý kiến).

In addition, the transcripts (bản ghi chép) show that some of the FBI agents (đặc vụ) who prepared the reports were astonishingly (đáng kinh ngạc) out of touch. For example, in one of the first transcripts, made on May 15, 1970, Lake tells his wife "that Bill has decided he is going off (từ chức)." He was referring to fellow Kissinger aide (phụ tá) Bill Watts. The FBI transcriber, however, has written Secretary Rogers? in parentheses (trong ngoặc đơn) next to Bill. From there on in the conversation, references to Bill Watts are recorded in the transcript as ROGERS, as if the secretary of state (ngoại trưởng) were thinking of quitting and going into a business venture with Tony Lake.

Thu Phương

"Circular file" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Matthis Volquardsen from Pexels

"Circular file" hoặc "round file" nghĩa là thùng rác (loại để vứt giấy tờ).

Ví dụ
It would have to be addressed by Putin or KJU for him to receive a letter. Everything else gets thrown in the circular file.

Maybe this comes as a surprise to Trump, Johnson and Putin, but people have already put this Hunter Biden nonsense in the circular file. It's over. No one cares.

Oh you guys are so cool, pushing your latest political agenda (nghị trình chính trị) in game with ridiculous updates while bug reports get tossed into the circular file. You are the coolest and that's all that matters.

It was a particularly emotional period for Kissinger, and behind his back Haig had gone to Nixon to feign (giả vờ) concern for Kissinger's stability. "Haig came to see me," Nixon later recalled. "He expressed great concern about Dr. Kissinger's very emotional and very distraught (điên cuồng) reactions to the Cambodian actions." It would be best, Nixon decided, to shift responsibility for the wiretap program (chương trình nghe lén) to Haldeman. "Henry was spending a hell of a lot of time on these things," Nixon said in an interview for this book, "and I knew that Bob would not waste too much time before tossing the reports in the circular file."

Thu Phương

Cú huých để giảng viên đại học thêm yêu nghề

không phải cứ thu nhập cao là đóng góp cho xã hội cao,

ví dụ, nghề giáo chưa được xã hội đánh giá đúng,

nghiên cứu cho thấy, nếu thay một giáo viên ở mức 5% dưới đáy bằng một giáo viên trung bình thì thu nhập toàn dòng đời của các sinh viên một lớp tăng 250.000 usd,

hy vọng một ngày nào đó, xã hội sẽ phát triển để trả lương cho mọi người theo đúng đóng góp của họ cho lợi ích của tất cả những người khác...
Dear Dan,

Do people’s salaries tend to accurately reflect the value they contribute to society? Can we assume that if someone makes a lot of money, they are adding significantly more value than someone who makes only a little?

On the contrary, there are many people who create a lot of value and don’t get paid much, as well as many who create very little value and get paid well. One of the best examples of this mismatch is teachers. A paper by Raj Chetty and colleagues in the American Economic Review estimated how much of an impact teachers have on the future of the students in their classes.

They found that students with strong teachers are more likely to attend college, have higher lifetime salaries and are less likely to become pregnant as teenagers. They estimated that replacing a teacher in the bottom 5% with an average teacher would increase their students’ lifetime income by $250,000 per classroom. Yet obviously, teachers don’t make anywhere close to that figure. Maybe one day we will evolve as a society and base people’s salaries on their actual contribution to the common good.

Mất tiền vô lý khi đi khám

bác sĩ áp dụng, phạt tiền nếu lần sau lỡ hẹn khám, thì chỉ càng khiến lỡ hẹn nhiều hơn thôi (vì bệnh nhân cho rằng có thể nộp tiền để lỡ hẹn), và nếu bác sĩ (vì bất khả kháng) lỡ hẹn thì càng khiến bệnh nhân thêm bực...
Dear Dan,

During a recent doctor visit (đi khám bệnh chỗ bác sĩ), I was asked to sign an agreement (ký thỏa thuận) saying that if I missed a future appointment (lỡ hẹn lần tới) I would have to pay a $50 fee. I thought this was excessive and refused to sign (từ chối không ký). Does this kind of policy really get more people to show up for medical appointments?

Negative incentives—in other words, punishments (phạt) —are more complex (phức tạp) than they seem and can backfire (phản ứng ngược). One of my favorite studies on this topic is by the economists Uri Gneezy and Aldo Rustichini, who showed that when a day-care instituted a fine for late drop-offs, parents became even less likely to arrive on time. Instead of viewing the fine as a punishment, parents saw it as a way to pay for the right to be late, and they took advantage of this service without guilt.

In your case, I would expect to see a similar result: Patients might feel more entitled to miss appointments if they know they can pay a fee for it. In addition, the system will probably make patients even more furious when doctors are inevitably late, since it implies that the doctors think their own time is more valuable than that of their patients.

"All the world loves a lover" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Fadi Xd on Unsplash

"All the world loves a lover" = cả thế giới yêu người đang yêu -> nghĩa là ai cũng hạnh phúc khi thấy cặp đôi yêu nhau.

Ví dụ
Coronavirus Outbreak: Amid social distancing, India should shift the needle (kim chỉ) on importance of big, fat wedding, or even its low-carb version. All the world loves a lover, but folks, India loves anyone going into massive shaadi-related debt and anxiety, even in times of the coronavirus pandemic.

All the world loves a lover, and Rishi Kapoor was a great one. He smiled at his lady-love, danced around fountains (suối), and sang soulful songs. That he was capable of much more was evident in the roles he essayed in light-weight capers, heavy-handed social dramas, romantic comedies, soppy (sướt mướt, ủy mị) love stories.

Yes, all the world loves a lover. But you know what else the world loves? A party. This year, the Woolworth in Five Points South is hosting a Heaven & Hell Valentine’s Day bash equipped with themed cocktails.

All the world loves a lover, so the saying goes, and it applies even in the sometimes cynical (lời chỉ trích cay độc) world of fashion where passions run deep and language is colored purple (e.g., “That look is to die!”).  

Ngọc Lân

"Money makes the world go around" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: MChe Lee on Unsplash

"Money makes the world go around" = đồng tiền làm thế giới quay -> nghĩa là đồng tiền là thứ quan trọng/thiết yếu nhất đối với cuộc sống hằng ngày của con người và thế giới nói chung.

Ví dụ
It’s not only that the money makes the world go around but the US dollar is still the dominant (thống trị) currency that keeps the global economy going. This system is not going away any time soon.
There are many things that money can’t buy like manners morals (đạo đức) and integrity (chính trực). Money makes the world go around but it can’t slow down time. Spend your money on things you can buy and learn to be morally upright, it establishes integrity.

Money makes the world go around and these FinTech companies are leading the way in shaping how, where and when we can make our payments for goods and services, as well as keeping them secure and safe. 

Money makes the world go around, right? It also is the thing which makes stuff grow (phát triển). It is literally the water, sunshine, air, food, energy we all need to survive. 

Ngọc Lân

"He who laughs last, laughs longest" nghĩa là gì?

"He who laughs last, laughs longest" = người cười cuối cùng là nguời cười lâu nhất -> nghĩa là người kiểm soát được tình huống ở phút cuối là người thành công nhất, ngay cả khi những nguời khác ban đầu có vẻ có lợi thế hơn.

Ví dụ
The decline (suy tàn) of Valentino Rossi: “he who laughs last, laughs longest”. Are you really sure Vale has accepted this situation? A sad decline in a satellite team? There is something about this story that doesn’t convince (thuyết phục) me…

Research in the past has shown that those who can crack jokes are perceived to be intelligent by people and, more important, politicians who can take a joke on themselves are seen to be more likeable (dễ mến), says Pandey. Science has been doing its bit, but it is time politicians invested in humour (hài hước). After all, he who laughs last, laughs longest.

To which, one can only say: “This is precisely (chính xác) the Brexit you voted for, Colin.” A few weeks before his Amsterdam trip, Colin posted: “Brilliant weekend celebrating Brexit … Where are all the remoaning cyclists who were laughing at me months ago. He who laughs last laughs longest.”

And, whether or not Azerbaijan will de-occupy the occupied districts and Karabakh itself, this is beyond (vượt lên) any doubt. The first shot was made in 2016 and the next and final is in the making. I feel Armenians are laughing in their beard now, it is up to you but remember – he who laughs last , laughs longest.

Ngọc Lân

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