Journey in Life: 11/03/20

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Tuesday, November 3, 2020

“Laugh and grow fat” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Zach Lucero

“Laugh and grow fat” = cười và lớn nhanh -> nghĩa là một nụ cười bằng mười thang thuốc bổ.

Ví dụ
The proverb “laugh and grow fat” circulated widely in the 18th and 19th centuries and was usually intended as a recommendation. This link between fatness and health might seem odd to us today.

“Laugh and grow strong” will not injure anyone, although Jesuits and friends who wish Ignatius to be taken seriously do him no favors by promoting it. An undiscriminating reader lifted it from a life of Ignatius by the English poet Francis Thompson. The latter was being facetious when he reworked an old saying, “Laugh and grow fat,” to summarize advice that Ignatius had given to Jesuits.

Grand Masquerade at the rink. There will be a grand masquerade (dạ hội giả trang) at the Roller Skating Rink Saturday evening, Oct. 18, when “fun or skates” may be expected to an extent heretofore unknown. To “laugh and grow fat,” is an injunction that is in no danger of being practiced to excess and therefore all should embrace this opportunity to add to their avoirdupois (trọng lượng, sức nặng). Prizes, to be awarded by competent judges will be given as follows: Best lady character, $3.00; best gentlemen character, $3.00; best comic character, $2.00. Admission 25 cents; skates, 10 cents extra.

Ka Tina

"Recoil at the sight" nghĩa là gì?

"Recoil at the sight" có recoil là lùi lại, rút lui -> cụm từ này nghĩa là co rúm, thu mình lại (vì sợ).

Ví dụ
'Everywhere I went people would come up to me and then recoil at the sight of my skin which made me not want to leave the house. 'To this day, I have people in shops hesitant (ngần ngại) to take cash from me as they look at my hands and even ask if I have something contagious (lây truyền).

Laura stepped forward until she reached a clearing. She saw the snake there. Large, like in the stories. Scales (vảy rắn) as pale as moonlight. No, not scales. Feathers. Soft, downy feathers and a pair of wings. The snake opened its mouth, showing its teeth. It did not recoil at the sight of the flashlight and she realized it was blind.

Most people recoil at the sight of a wasp (ong bắp cày). But this fear of wasps, according to Holley, is somewhat unfounded. "They don't want anything to do with you," she said. "Stinging and attacking takes resources, and they don't have a lot of resources."

Many people recoil at the sight of insects and spiders, and we are culturally hardwired to regard them as being harmful. Some of you might get goosebumps (nổi da gà) and a chills down the spine (lạnh sống lưng) even thinking about them.

Ngọc Lân

"It's the thought that counts" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Omid Armin on Unsplash

"It's the thought that counts" -> nghĩa là cho dù hành động không được hoàn hảo nhưng mục đích, ý định là điều quan trọng nhất; có tấm lòng.
Ví dụ
With the hustle and bustle of the holiday season, it's hard to find time to sit down and really think about giving a meaningful (ý nghĩa) gift this year. After all, you're likely in the midst of your busiest quarter, trying to sell your products or services as gifts, as well. But, as they say, it's the thought that counts, and there are few gifts more thoughtful than The Book of Epiq People.
But, going the ‘it’s the thought that counts’ way, they are immensely (hết sức) pleased that the hotel decided to host the event despite the challenges; they had to pay their regards, they say. 

Although cotton exports to China only total AUD 800 million, not a massive number in the macroeconomic (kinh tế vĩ mô) scheme of things, they are 65% of the not so luck countries cotton exports. It’s the thought that counts, and other countries around the world with China as a critical market (i.e. everyone), may need to look at the definitions of pragmatism and ideology closely.

Never mind that Ransom predated Beloit joining the Midwest College Athletic Conference—now known as the MWC—by a dozen years. It’s the thought that counts, and DeGeorge said the standout Black three-sport athlete expressed the spirit of his school as well as anyone could today.

Ngọc Lân

"School of thought" nghĩa là gì?

"School of thought" -> nghĩa là 'trường phái tư tưởng'.

Ví dụ
 There has been a lot of political talk, and you might be feeling done, but one national personal finance expert says more political conversation should be happening when it comes to people’s money. It can be a sticky subject depending on who you ask. That’s because there is the school of thought that discipline (kỉ luật) is all it takes to be financially sound. 

A long time ago in cognitive (dựa trên kinh nghiệm) science, there was a debate between two schools of thought. One was led by Stephen Kosslyn, and he believed that when you manipulate visual images in your mind, what you have is an array (hãng ngũ) of pixels and you’re moving them around. The other school of thought was more in line with conventional AI. It said, “No, no, that’s nonsense. It’s hierarchical (có thứ bậc), structural descriptions. You have a symbolic structure in your mind, and that’s what you’re manipulating.”

There is a big stigma (vết nhơ) surrounding the Philadelphia 76ers star duo of Ben Simmons and Joel Embiid. There is a school of thought that the two of them can’t win together and they won’t be able to win a championship together despite their obvious success.

There is a school of thought, be it from Nate Silver or other analysts in the data world, which considers that pollsters (người thăm dò) aren’t doing enough, or are doing too much, to exclude those who have already voted from their polls, and in doing so risk producing phantom shifts in voting intention.

Ngọc Lân

Đấu giá không như trong phim

xem trên phim, những người đấu giá cạnh tranh nhau, người sau có thể nâng giá cao hơn, người cuối cùng giá cao nhất, nhiều cảm xúc, đó là đấu giá kiểu anh,

đấu giá nghệ thuật, vì người bán dự rằng những người đấu giá bỏ giá khác xa nhau, nên áp dụng 'đấu giá kín' để người thắng cuộc ko biết mình bỏ giá cao quá,
Dear Dan,

I recently attended my first art auction, but to my surprise it was nothing like in the movies—no raised paddles or emotional bidding wars. Instead, participants submitted private bids, and each lot went to the highest, with no chance for people to raise their bids. Why would an auction house use this method?

What you witnessed was a “sealed-bid auction,” where each person submits a bid in advance and no one knows what other people are bidding. This is less exciting than an “English auction,” where participants bid against each other and the last person willing to raise their bid gets the item and pays for it. These are just two of the many possible auction formats, and new ones keep being invented. This year’s Nobel Prize in economics went to Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson for their work on auctions.

Which auction format to use depends on the seller’s assumptions about how much buyers are willing to pay. If the seller expects the potential bidders to differ greatly in how much they will pay for an item, it’s advantageous to use a sealed-bid auction, since it keeps high bidders from discovering that they could have won the item for less. When potential bidders don’t know how much an item is potentially worth, an English auction will usually bring the highest price, because it allows bidders to establish the item’s value by learning from one another’s bids. As you discovered, the goal of the auction house isn’t to create the most exciting auction but to maximize sale prices.

Để học tiếng anh tốt

đừng để cuối tuần rồi mới học một buổi thật dài,

hãy học/thực hành chút ít mỗi ngày,

thỉnh thoảng bỏ một ngày trong tuần để xả hơi...
Dear Dan,

My wife is from the Netherlands, and we’ve talked about moving there someday. I’d like to start learning Dutch to prepare for this possibility, and I’ve bought some textbooks and recordings to help me practice. How should I approach the task? Is it better to study a small amount every day or to have longer sessions on the weekends?

Learning a new language is much harder for adults than for young children. It takes time and dedication (sự cống hiến, hiến dâng), but we can easily get discouraged when we feel we’re not making progress. My recommendation is to set yourself the goal of practicing every day, but allow yourself to skip one day each week. Research shows that building some “slack” (xả, trùng) into our goals helps them to seem more attainable (dễ đạt được). Just as important, it helps us not to feel like complete failures when we inevitably slip, making it easier to get back on schedule.

Để con trẻ cư xử đúng đắn trong lễ Halloween

muốn mỗi đứa một kẹo thôi, mà không tranh nhau, thì

đặt giỏ kẹo trước cái gương nhé, chúng sẽ tự soi mình...
Dear Dan,

For Halloween this year, we are going to leave a plastic jack-o-lantern full of wrapped treats on the doorstep along with a sign that says “Only one piece of candy per trick-or-treater, please.” Is there anything we can do to make sure children follow this rule?

You might be surprised to learn that this isn’t a new question. Back in the 1970s, a study tested if trick-or-treaters would take more candy from an unattended bowl than they were supposed to. Unsurprisingly, the answer was yes. But the researchers found that if they placed a mirror next to the bowl, children were less likely to take too much. Evidently, seeing ourselves increases our sense of self-awareness, which in turn leads to greater pressure to behave honestly. With that in mind, try adding a mirror to your Halloween display this year.

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