Journey in Life: 04/11/21

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Sunday, April 11, 2021

"Dial it back" nghĩa là gì?

Giảm bớt dùng đồ nhựa vì môi trường. Meritt Thomas on Unsplash

"Dial it back" -> nghĩa là giảm nhiệt, giảm độ căng thẳng, độ mạnh xuống.

Ví dụ
Although we didn’t get as much as we hoped for, we have enough to manage all of our channels, including our mass vax (vắc xin), the equity task force, the pharmacies (nhà thuốc), the hospitals, the local health departments. We just have to dial it back a little bit.

Globally, there are many who have understood this threat and have thus begun to incorporate (kết hợp) sustainable practices into their lives. Both individuals, as well as big companies who use nature’s energy and other resources on a larger scale, have started to dial it back.

Jones arrived at Augusta on Friday and by Monday afternoon he was finishing off his third practice round, but he expected to dial it back to nine holes a day before Thursday's opening tee shot.

The county, as well as residents, have had conversations about the plan for quite some time. “There needs to be a lot of work done on it and dial it back some, less restrictive, even some places where we’ve tried to make the ordinance (quy định) less restrictive than what we have now. It’s been misinterpreted (hiểu sai),” Paradise said.

Ngọc Lân

"The crux of the matter" nghĩa là gì?

Muốn mở được ở khóa, phải có chìa khóa. Photo by Maria Ziegler on Unsplash

"The crux of the matter" có crux là điểm chính, cái nút -> cụm từ này nghĩa là điểm then chốt của vấn đề.

Ví dụ 
We can talk about all the workforce development we want, but people can not afford to live and do business in the territory (lãnh thổ). That is the crux of the matter.

Now coming to the crux of the matter, the engine. We were always a fan of what the FZS-25 held at its heart. The unit is retained from the outgoing version displacing 249-cc and producing 20.5bhp and 20.1Nm of torque. 

"This order, in isolation, will not get at the crux of the matter, which is protecting essential workers who have to go to work," he said in a report from The Guardian, pointing out how the option to work from home is privilege (quyền), not yet a basic right. 

Thùy Dương

"Earn while you learn" nghĩa là gì?

Vitaly Taranov on Unsplash

"Earn while you learn" = đi làm mà có tiền -> nghĩa là được nhận lương dù đang trong quá trình học nghề.

Ví dụ
“We take pride (tự hào) in our service in the community, and the Earn While You Learn program is an amazing opportunity for New Haven residents who may be interested in a career in emergency medical services, healthcare, police, or fire,” said Mike Turcio, AMR’s manager of clinical services for Connecticut.

Crown Heights Career Hub, an innovative employment training program for the Anash community is launching a brand new "earn while you learn" program geared specifically for working Anash men.

The “earn while you learn” slogan is now appropriate (hợp lý) for Shore Up! Inc. According to a news release, the Community Action Agency recently received a $35,000 refunding grant from the PNC Foundation to help continue its Child Development Associate (CDA) Credentialing program.

Learn while you earn... And start taking a serious look at options, the investment vehicle that is driving stocks (chứng khoán) like Tesla and Apple to historically unprecedented highs. Lead by the anti-Wall Street options genius, Nic Chahine, Benzinga Options is seeing explosive (and often immediate) returns on his options trades.

Ngọc Lân

"Have a heart" nghĩa là gì?

"Have a heart" -> nghĩa là có tấm lòng, tốt bụng, từ bi.

Ví dụ 
Have a heart—I can't pay you back until next month.

Your sister has a migraine, so have a heart and turn down the TV.

Give me some help! If Anne had a heart, she'd volunteer to help us on the charity drive.

Mr. Paul is reserved (kín đáo, dè dặt), but he does have a heart under that stern (nghiêm nghị) exterior (vẻ ngoài).

Thùy Dương

"With all my heart" nghĩa là gì?

"With all (one's) heart" -> nghĩa là tình cảm chân thành, 'bằng cả trái tim'.

Ví dụ 
He loved his family with all his heart.

But that was the nature of her man – a no-nonsense type of husband who had devoted his life to supporting her in a tough job. And a man she loved with all her heart.

Vivvy reveals that her mission is to make everyone happy by singing and to accomplish that, she is striving to sing with all her heart. She also said her other goal is to stand on the main stage. 

The most important and number one thing about Milt was his love for his family. He was so proud of his three sons – Dave, Stephan and P.J. and their many accomplishments. He loved his six grandchildren with all his heart.

Thùy Dương

"Snail mail" nghĩa là gì?

Thư tay vẫn có phần nào truyền tải nhiều tỉnh cảm của người viết hơn so với thư điện tử bây giờ. Museums Victoria on Unsplash

"Snail mail" có snail là ốc sên -> cụm từ này nghĩa là thư gửi qua các cách truyền thống như đường bưu điện, thường rất lâu so với thư điện tử; thư viết tay.

Ví dụ
Between email, text messages, and social media, the internet has made it remarkably (xuất sắc) easy to stay connected with long-distance family and friends. Despite its efficiency, however, there's still something to be said for snail mail. The act of writing and receiving a tactile object is a precious (quý giá) exchange that can strengthen relationships near and far.

My family trademark (thương hiệu) is making cards for children. They love to get snail mail, especially a homemade card with their photo on the front. These are keepers, posted on refrigerator doors.

You can use snail mails to send information on the latest discounts (giảm giá) offered by your company. In most cases, your potential clients would be grateful for it. While you’re at it, consider including coupons that are exclusive to recipients of your direct mail campaigns.

You can think of it as a financial version of moving from the snail mail of post to zippy emails. John Thornhill thinks that Artificial Intelligence bias can be countered, if not erased, and suggests five ways to resist the embedded distortions that warp algorithms (thuật toán).

Ngọc Lân

"Down the hatch" nghĩa là gì?

Tới bến luôn! Photo courtesy: renata duailibi

"Down the hatch" có hatch là cửa hầm tàu thủy -> cụm từ này nghĩa là mời uống cạn ly rượu; trăm phần trăm!

Ví dụ
“Down the hatch!” he said, raising his mug.

Charlie was swirling (xoáy) it around the glass and Páidí had it straight down the hatch in two seconds.

With the promise of instant popularity… down the hatch goes the SQUIP with a swig of green Mountain Dew.

Let’s drink to the news that you’ve found the girl of your dreams and are going to marry and start a family. So let’s raise our glasses, old friend, drink up. Down the hatch!

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Get the drop on" nghĩa là gì?

"In inverted commas" nghĩa là gì?

Annie Spratt on Unsplash

"In inverted commas" = trong ngoặc kép -> nghĩa là điều vừa nói không hoàn toàn đúng, thích hợp; nói kháy.

Ví dụ
Barça have won big on Monday to certify (chứng nhận) passage to the EHF Champions League quarter finals. After winning a 12-point win in the ‘away’ leg (in inverted commas because both ties were played at the Palau Blaugrana), they defeated Norwegian side Elverum by an even greater margin of 20 points to power their way into the next round of the competition, where they’ll meet either Meshkov Brest of Belarus, or HC Motor of Ukraine.

I have been “with” the same man for two years – that's in inverted commas because most of it has been long distance. Now, thanks to Covid, he's back in the country for good, and we're thinking about moving in together a few months after being full-time in the same place.

YOUR campaign (chiến dịch) against care charges for people with dementia and the response this has provoked from the political parties, who are now competing about which will do most to address the issue ("Labour and Tories pledge to go further to abolish 'dementia tax'", The Herald, April 7) is to be welcomed. But to describe these charges as a tax, even in inverted commas, is both misleading and unfortunate.

Not all of Spain’s autonomies (tự trị) have made this document available yet, so write the words in inverted commas above in a search engine, plus the name of your region, ahead of your journey to see if it has been made available by then.

Ngọc Lân

"Look into her crystal ball" nghĩa là gì?

"Look into (one's) crystal ball" = nhìn vào quả cầu pha lê (thầy bói) -> nghĩa là dự đoán các sự kiện tương lai.

Ví dụ 
Yellen obliged Walsh's request to "look into her crystal ball again" to identify the potential for a slowdown.

Ask her to look into her crystal ball, and Kayla sees herself turning professional by 17, while still keeping her aspirations (khát vọng) of being a dentist on the table. She also has her sights on competing in an IAAF World Athletics Championships, the Super Bowl of track and field.

The next big date in the witch calendar is Halloween on October 31 when all souls return to the Earth and which may, or may not, coincide with Britain leaving the EU. Charlotte refused to look into her crystal ball to predict the outcome. She said: "What will be, will be. I'm fed up with Brexit."

Thùy Dương

"Clear as crystal" nghĩa là gì?

"Clear as crystal" = trong suốt như pha lê -> nghĩa là dễ nhìn, dễ hiểu.

Ví dụ 
The angel showed me the river of the water of life, flowing with water clear as crystal, continuously pouring out from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Life with healthy iron levels means that our body is abundant (dồi dào) with oxygen and our mind is clear as crystal. Just the thought gives us a burst of energy.

If we take a look into Akhil Akkineni's social media feed his love for the beaches and sunset is as clear as crystal. This beautiful sunset picture of Akhil Akkineni has peace written all over it.

Clear as crystal. This city favors only its council members. It is not "just" a sign. It is the principle and the integrity (thanh liêm) or lack thereof (của việc ấy) of this board. It’s time the people stand up and break this cycle. This is nothing to be proud of. Governments are to be just and fair. 

Thùy Dương

"Get the drop on" nghĩa là gì?

Hai chân sao nhanh bằng bốn chân! Photo courtesy: Mitch

"Get the drop on" -> nghĩa là dành được lợi thế trước đối thủ của mình, thường dùng trong chính trị hay thương mại. Cụm từ này bắt nguồn từ việc đấu súng cao bồi, người nào rút súng trước thì người kia phải hạ (drop) súng của mình.

Ví dụ
Jimmy Davis suspected Nick Chiaravalloti was going to somehow get the drop on him. The mayor had heard the chatter behind his back about how he was great for the ribbon cuttings but not for the fine points of deal-making, and while it may have suited that crust of guys in the establishment to have a guy in city hall who wasn’t manic (vui buồn thất thường) about details – Davis was more than just that, too.

From not getting Sam Wilson and Bucky Barnes to cooperate with him over their efforts to apprehend (bắt giữ) Karli Morgenthau, to getting badly beaten by the Dora Milaje of Black Panther fame when they came to haul Zemo back to Wakanda, Walker reached peak insecurity. He only caught one break in the episode: Zemo missed destroying one Super Soldier Serum vial when he got the drop on Karli, and after discovering said vial, Walker later injected himself with the formula.

Irony is one of gossip’s favourite vessels. Oscar Wilde, the patron saint of gossip, wrote in The Picture of Dorian Gray that “There is only one thing in the world worse than being talked about, and that is not being talked about.” This is the mantra (câu thần chú) that informs every celebrity’s career, whether they’ll admit it or not. It’s why I’ve been able to sustain a career as a celebrity gossip columnist (chuyên mục báo), snarking on celebrities, for 15 years. And now, it’s how my students got the drop on me, their professor, exposing me to myself — that the person who gossips and the persons she gossips about may not be all that different after all. My work here is done.

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Salt away" nghĩa là gì?

"A bodice-ripper" nghĩa là gì?

Thought Catalog on Unsplash
"A bodice-ripper" -> nghĩa là tiểu thuyết diễm tình đầy nhục dục.

Ví dụ
They bought assets here and there – a bible publisher, a bodice ripper/romance publisher from Canada, digital ad (quảng cáo) companies, UK radio, Australian regional newspapers and more of Foxtel in 2018.

THE STEREOTYPE (hình mẫu) of the bare-chested hunk persists, as has the picture of a frumpy  (lôi thôi) housewife reader, “wearing those puff paint sweatshirts and eating bon bons,” says Cuthbert. And the assumption that every novel is a bodice-ripper oozing regressive gender roles among all-white, all-straight lords and ladies. 

I'm late to the game. My first interaction (tương tác) with a romance novel didn’t go very well. I was a sophomore (năm hai) in high school and my friend’s roommate gave me a well-worn copy of a bodice ripper about two Regency era aristocrats falling in love with a Fabio lookalike on the cover.

Before the first season of Outlander aired, outlets (đài phát thanh phụ) like Vanity Fair wondered if the show had "what it takes to be more than just a bodice-ripper.” The implication (ngụ ý) was that while “women [were] already in the bag,” it was a “huge mistake” for the show to market itself to a female audience. Despite Outlander books having topped New York Times bestseller lists, apparently female interest is inherently too niche.

Ngọc Lân

Cảm ơn đã cho chúng tôi biết

các nhà khoa học cho gấu chạy thử trên máy chạy, và kết luận rằng nó cũng... không thích leo dốc :D

Scientists trained nine captive grizzly bears to walk and run on a special treadmill (máy chạy bộ) (usually used for horses) placed in a custom, sealed enclosure of steel and plastic. The research team had individual bears walk for about 6 minutes each at varying speeds and gradients (đường dốc, độ dốc) (i.e. inclines), keeping the animals motivated with a constant stream of apple slices (cho gấu ăn táo để khuyến khích). The sealed enclosure allowed the scientists to then measure how the bears’ oxygen consumption (hấp thụ oxy) differed as they strolled (đi tản bộ) on the exercise machine, giving a good measure of the animals’ metabolic rates (tốc độ trao đổi chất).

The team found that the most energy efficient walking speed for the bears was about 4.2 kilometers per hour (or about 2.7 mph), despite GPS data from bears in the wild showing that grizzlies usually only travel at about 0.6 meters per second—or a little less than a mile and a half per hour, which is about how fast humans walk. The GPS data also showed that wild grizzlies mostly stuck to trails with gentler gradients, probably to conserve energy. The findings were published in the Journal of Experimental Biology.

Researchers also found that bears are pretty bad at maintaining high speeds (rất kém trong việc duy trì tốc độ cao).

"Lower than a snake's belly" nghĩa là gì?

William Warby on Unsplash

"Lower than a snake's belly" = thấp hơn bụng con rắn -> nghĩa là người xấu, không trung thực, đạo đức kém.

Ví dụ
"I've done nearly 1,000 games - 500 in the Premier League - and I know that results are key to it. I have to take it and accept it, and not get too low with it. "I try not to read it because if I'm lower than a snake's belly, how am I going to expect a reaction (phản ứng) from the players?

Nineveh had sunk (chìm) lower than a snake’s belly in essential character, morality and human injustice. In essence, God said, “Jonah, fly away to Nineveh. They need My help. They are in trouble.” Instead of being the love dove from above that flew to Nineveh, Jonah flew from Nineveh. He got on a boat, paid the fare and went the opposite direction. The Bible says, “But Jonah rose up to flee to Tarshish (Spain) from the presence of the Lord.” 

“Everyone’s going to have bad days at this tournament (giải đấu) – that’s the beauty of it. You see Pacific, who was the team of the week after beating us but were lower than a snake’s belly after Thursday,” Wheeldon Jr. said.

Then came the hideous (ghê tởm) attack on MSNBC’s Joe Scarborough. I will not repeat the content, because it is “lower than a snake’s belly,” to quote my back hills of Kentucky grandfather. 

Ngọc Lân

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