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phim tài liệu People’s Republic of Desire về sự nổi danh các ngôi sao live-stream và đội ngũ fan 'loser' ở china...
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...Wu’s documentary explores the way in which hierarchies (tôn ti trật tự, hệ thống thứ bậc) that have developed in the world of live-streaming—between the stars, their rich patrons, and the masses of diaosi or “loser” fans—mirror inequalities (bất bình đẳng) in China’s offline economy.

“I feel like live-streaming is a mirror to a lot of people desires that are unmet in real life,’ Wu says. “A lot of the poor diaosi, they have no status in real life… If they are willing to spend just a little bit of money people will notice them. The live-streamers will notice them and call out their names.”

The term diaosi has been around for several years, used by young Chinese to mock (chế nhạo, chế giễu) themselves for not achieving the traditional markers of success, like having a home, well-paying job, or good-looking partner. Critics of the term note that it’s sometimes used by relatively well-off urban young people—rendering invisible (pdf) the masses of people who power China’s economy without fully sharing in the wealth that has resulted.

In the movie, the diaosi fan is represented by young men (and sometimes young women) who sleep five or six to a room, work in factories (công nhân nhà máy), make deliveries (giao hàng), or do other difficult and low-paying jobs. Eighteen-year-old Xiao Yong is an admirer of Big Li, a male idol featured in the documentary who appeals to fans “who want a male buddy,” says Wu. “He plays the camaraderie card.”

Bài trước: Vãi
Tags: china

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