Journey in Life: health

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Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Friday, January 1, 2021

Phân phối vaccines chống covid-19 như thế nào?

bằng xe đông lạnh vẫn thường để chở... tinh dịch bò nhé :)
The Covid-19 pandemic has seen many companies pivot to producing personal protective equipment, ventilators (máy thở), and masks (khẩu trang). Now the Indian bull semen (tinh dịch bò) industry is looking at whether its refrigerated supply network (chuỗi cung ứng đông lạnh)—known as the cold chain—can help with vaccine distribution efforts.

The Covid-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna need to be kept at extremely low temperatures due to their mRNA genetic material. The AstraZeneca vaccine needs to be kept cold, but not as cold the other two. The tropical temperatures that cover much of India create a challenge to the upcoming nationwide vaccination effort. It’s a logistical challenge the country’s bull semen industry is familiar with and wants to help solve.

Friday, December 11, 2020

Để ngủ ngon hơn trong đại dịch Covid-19

người dân làng ở campuchia không phải lo lắng mất ngủ vì đã dùng bù nhìn rơm để... đuổi corona virus :D

Ek Chan’s two scarecrows, known locally as “Ting Mong”, guard the gate of her house (canh cổng) in Kandal province near the capital Phnom Penh, giving her peace of mind (an tâm).

The practice has existed for more than a century in some Cambodian villages, where residents like 64-year-old Ek Chan trust their ability to fend off evil spirits and disease.

Bài trước: Cẩn thận nôn

Friday, November 27, 2020

Cẩn thận nôn

cảnh sát ý dùng siêu xe Lamborghini Huracan để chở thận (được hiến tặng) trên quãng đường gần 500km chỉ mất 2 tiếng...
In what may be one of the most Italian things that has ever happened, the Italian State Police rushed a donor kidney from Padua to Rome for a transplant in a Lamborghini Huracan. Last week’s journey is around 300 miles, but with the help of a specially-outfitted supercar, the police made it happen in just about two hours at an average speed of 143 mph—and that’s a journey that normally takes around six.

Yes, the Italian Police own a Lamborghini and use it as a regular ol’ patrol vehicle most of the time. It’s outfitted with lights, a police computer, and other equipment for traffic stops and arrests. That said, though, the machine isn’t exactly ideal for the day-to-day (where, exactly, do you intend to put someone that you’ve arrested?). It’s still cool as hell for these more extreme circumstances, though.

But for this specific instance, the frunk came in handy. The police force turned it into a refrigerated compartment for organ transport or the delivery of other temperature-sensitive medical supplies.

Tuesday, November 24, 2020

Những ai là người hùng chống Covid-19?

những anh chàng "củ khoai tây lười" nằm dài trên ghế bành và xem phim trong nhà, ko đi đâu/ko làm gì hết á...
The short video begins with an elderly man recalling his "service" to the nation back in the day when he was a budding young student "in the winter of 2020, when the whole country's eyes were on us.''

"I had just turned 22 and was studying engineering," the narrator continues, "when the second wave hit.

"At this age, you want to party, study, get to know people, go for drinks with friends…Yet fate had different plans for us. "

The scene then switches to the narrator as a young man, accompanied by dramatic music: "An invisible danger threatened everything we believed in.

"Suddenly the fate of this country lay in our hands," he says. "So, we mustered all our courage and did what was expected of us, the only right thing.

"We did nothing. Absolutely nothing. Being as lazy (lười) as raccoons (gấu trúc),'' he says in a serious tone.

Tuesday, November 17, 2020

Chưa chắc đã hạnh phúc hơn

nghiên cứu mới nói những người thường xuyên ăn ớt sống lâu hơn...

Chilli eaters may have a “significantly reduced risk of dying from cardiovascular disease (bệnh tim mạch) or cancer (ung thư)”, according to preliminary research which will be presented this week at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2020.

While previous research has found consuming chillies has an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer and blood-glucose regulating effect due to capsaicin – which gives chilli its characteristic hot taste, the study is the first large scale effort to compare reported consumption of chilli with disease mortality (tỉ lệ tử vong).

Bài trước: Cố làm gì

Sunday, November 15, 2020

60 tuổi vẫn chạy bộ

thường đến những sinh nhật quan trọng, như bắt đầu một thập kỷ mới, muốn tìm những điều mới lạ hay thách thức mới,

-> chạy bộ là tốt rồi, còn hơn... đi ngoại tình :D
Dear Dan,

I’m about to turn 60, and I’ve noticed that lately I’ve been doing things that are out of character for me. Last month I even signed up for a 5K race, even though I’ve never been a runner. Do you think this could be some kind of avoidance mechanism, so I won’t have to think about my big birthday?

We get older every day, yet some birthdays carry more weight than others. Researchers have found that at the start of a new decade of life, people tend to search for new sources of meaning. Often this means taking on new challenges or doing other things that break their normal pattern of life, such as having an extramarital affair (tình dục ngoài hôn nhân). So all things considered, running a 5K race sounds like one of the most positive ways you can respond to turning 60.

Friday, November 13, 2020

Xin đừng hoài nghi

Covid-19 dường như không hoàn toàn bắt nguồn từ Vũ Hán vào cuối năm 2019, mà có thể là từ Vân Nam năm 2012, từ một hang dơi ẩm ướt. Ba người thợ mỏ đã chết vào dịp đó. Từ 2012 đến 2019 thì chủng virus này đã tiến hoá nhiều lắm rồi...
The coronavirus may not have originated at a Wuhan wet market last year but 1,000 miles away in 2012 — deep in a Chinese mineshaft where workers came down with a mysterious, pneumonia-like illness after being exposed to bats.

Virologist Jonathan Latham and molecular biologist Allison Wilson, both of the non-profit Bioscience Resource Project in Ithaca, arrived at their finding after translating a 66-page master’s thesis from the Chinese medical doctor who treated the miners and sent their tissue samples to the Wuhan Institute of Virology for testing.

Bài trước: Ngại chết

Ngại chết

đi lại bằng thang máy trong thời kỳ dịch bệnh covid-19...
When the American Medical Association moved its headquarters to a famous Chicago skyscraper (tòa nhà chọc trời) in 2013, the floor-to-ceiling views from the 47th-floor conference space (không gian hội thảo) were a spectacular (ngoạn mục) selling point (điểm bán).

But now, those glimpses (cái nhìn thoáng qua, ý niệm lờ mờ) of the Chicago River at the Ludwig Mies van der Rohe-designed landmark, now known as AMA Plaza, come with a trade-off: navigating the elevator in the time of COVID-19.

Once the epitome (hình ảnh thu nhỏ, ví dụ hoàn hảo) of efficiency for moving masses of people quickly to where they needed to go, the elevator is the antithesis (phép đối chọi, phản đề, tương phản) of social distancing (giãn cách xã hội) and a risk-multiplying bottleneck (điểm nghẽn). As America begins to open up, the newest conundrum (câu đố, câu hỏi hóc búa) for employers in cities is how to safely transport people in elevators and manage the crowd of people waiting for them.

If office tower workers want to stay safe, elevator experts think they have advice, some practical, some not: Stay in your corner (đứng trong góc), face the walls (quay mặt vào tường) and carry toothpicks (for pushing the buttons; dùng bàn chải đánh răng bấm thang máy). Not only have those experts gone back to studying mathematical models for moving people, but they are also creating technology like ultraviolet-light disinfection (tẩy uế) tools and voice-activated panels.

Bài trước: Cố làm gì

Saturday, November 7, 2020

Cố làm gì

nghiên cứu năm 2016 cho thấy, dù ăn và tập theo chế độ đúng như 20-30 năm trước, thì thanh niên ngày nay vẫn 10% béo hơn so với thanh niên ngày xưa...

có thể do "phơi nhiễm" với nhiều hóa chất gây tăng cân, sử dụng thuốc kê đơn nhiều hơn...
...First, people are exposed to more chemicals that might be weight-gain inducing. Pesticides (thuốc trừ sâu), flame retardants, and the substances in food packaging (đóng gói thực phẩm) might all be altering our hormonal processes and tweaking the way our bodies put on and maintain weight.

Second, the use of prescription drugs (thuốc kê đơn) has risen dramatically since the ‘70s and ‘80s. Prozac, the first blockbuster SSRI, came out in 1988. Antidepressants are now one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in the U.S., and many of them have been linked to weight gain.

Finally, Kuk and the other study authors think that the microbiomes of Americans might have somehow changed between the 1980s and now. It’s well known that some types of gut bacteria make a person more prone to weight gain and obesity. Americans are eating more meat than they were a few decades ago, and many animal products are treated with hormones and antibiotics in order to promote growth. All that meat might be changing gut bacteria in ways that are subtle, at first, but add up over time. Kuk believes the proliferation of artificial sweeteners could also be playing a role.

Bài trước: Nơi cuối cùng

Monday, October 26, 2020

Không có niềm vui nào bằng niềm vui của các nhà khoa học

điều khiển robot trong... lỗ đít :D

In a world’s first, a team of scientists at Purdue University built a tiny microrobot that can be operated inside a colon (ruột kết) of a living animal.

The goal is to one day allow such Lilliputian machines to deliver drug (đưa thuốc) payloads (trọng tải) to different parts of a patient’s body, greatly enhancing their effects (hiệu ứng, tác dụng) and applications.

The robot itself is only as wide as a few human hairs and navigates (lái tàu đi khắp (biển, sông...)) its colon environment by essentially doing back flips. The movement allows it to traverse “rough terrain,” or in this case, the colons of live anesthetized (gây tê, gây mê) mice (chuột) and colons excised from pigs.

Bài trước: Nơi cuối cùng

Nơi cuối cùng

các nhà khoa học tìm thấy cơ quan mới ở não bộ...
Scientists have found a previously undiscovered (trước đây chưa được khám phá) organ deep inside the human head, where the nasal (thuộc mũi) passages meet the back of the throat. Yes, the news is an extraordinary-sounding surprise, but the researchers say the discovery is likely a fourth pair of salivary glands (tuyến nước bọt)—not a second brain or transistor radio. If the findings are confirmed, this will be the first discovery of a new human organ in around 300 years.

Keen-eyed viewers may recognize that specific location as the major place where COVID-19 swabs are taken, but the new study from the Netherlands came from a different angle, so to speak. While studying patient scans, the scientists identified the almost-hidden fourth salivary glands as the cause of a rough side effect from radiology treatment of cancers.

Thursday, October 22, 2020

Không ổn rồi

trẻ em uống sữa công thức qua chai nhựa đang nuốt hàng triệu hạt vi nhựa mỗi ngày...
Bottle-fed babies are swallowing millions of microplastic particles a day, according to research described as a “milestone” in the understanding of human exposure to tiny plastics.

Scientists found that the recommended high-temperature (nhiệt độ cao) process for sterilising (khử trùng) plastic bottles (chai nhựa) and preparing formula milk (sữa công thức) caused bottles to shed (rơi, tung ra, tỏa ra) millions of microplastics and trillions of even smaller nanoplastics.

The polypropylene bottles tested make up 82% of the world market, with glass bottles being the main alternative. Polypropylene is one of the most commonly used plastics and preliminary tests by the scientists found kettles and food containers also produced millions of microplastics per litre of liquid.

Microplastics in the environment (vi nhựa trong môi trường) were already known to contaminate (làm ô nhiễm) human food and drink (thức ăn và đồ uống của con người), but the study shows that food preparation in plastic containers (chuẩn bị thức ăn trong đồ chứa bằng nhựa) can lead to exposure (phơi bày, phơi nhiễm) thousands of times higher (cao hơn hàng nghìn lần).

Bài trước: Thật đáng sợ

Thật đáng sợ

ô nhiễm không khí gây ra cái chết của nửa triệu trẻ em trên toàn cầu...
Air pollution (ô nhiễm không khí) last year (năm ngoái) caused (gây ra) the premature death (chết yểu) of nearly half a million babies in their first month of life, with most of the infants (đứa bé còn ẵm ngửa, đứa bé dưới 7 tuổi) being in the developing world, data shows.

Exposure (phơi bày, phơi nhiễm) to airborne pollutants (chất gây ô nhiễm (do xe cộ, động cơ.. thải ra)) is harmful also for babies in the womb (tử cung). It can cause a premature birth or low birth weight. Both of these factors are associated with higher infant mortality (tỷ lệ tử vong cao hơn ở trẻ em).

Nearly two-thirds of the 500,000 deaths of infants documented were associated with indoor (trong nhà) air pollution, particularly arising from solid fuels such as charcoal (than củi), wood, and animal dung (phân động vật) for cooking (nấu nướng).

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

Nhóm máu nào có sức đề kháng tốt nhất?

có giá cao nhất thì dễ trả lời hơn, 

là máu của những người đã bị nhiễm Covid-19 (và đã khỏi) bởi trong đó có antibodies có thể dùng để điều chế thuốc chống SARS-CoV-2 cho những người bệnh khác, nhé,

liệu pháp monoclonal antibodies này rất đắt, giá từ vài chục đến vài trăm ngàn USD cho một người bệnh. Vậy nên một số sinh viên (nghèo) ở Idaho cố tình bị lây Covid-19 để đi bán máu; hat tip to Giang Le,

BYU-Idaho issued a statement Monday, saying administrators (giáo vụ, quản lý) are "deeply troubled" about students intentionally (cố tình) exposing (phơi nhiễm) themselves or others to COVID-19, with the hope of getting the disease so they can be paid for plasma that contains COVID-19 antibodies (kháng thể).

The university says it "condemns (lên án, chê trách, quy tội) this behavior" and is "activity seeking evidence of any such conduct" among its students.

..."The contraction and spread of COVID-19 is not a light matter. Reckless (khinh suất) disregard  (bất chấp, coi nhẹ) for health and safety will inevitably lead to additional illness and loss of life in our community... We urge all members of the campus community to act respectfully and responsibly by observing all public health and university protocols and placing the well-being of others above personal benefit or convenience," the statement reads.

Bài trước: Đừng tin ai

Thursday, October 8, 2020

Đừng tin ai

bà lão 80 tuổi lập kỷ lục đạp xe, rồi bị buộc tội... dùng doping...

...Nearly a year ago, Gicquel, an 80-year-old grandmother, therapist (nhà trị liệu) and avid cyclist from California, set a world record (kỷ lục thế giới) for her age group at the 2019 USA Cycling Masters Track National Championships. She had been a regular on the medal podium at masters cycling events for years and was thrilled with her latest achievement.

But because a record was involved, Gicquel was subject to drug testing. She failed the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency's urine test (thử nước tiểu), which set off a year-long legal battle and raised questions about whether prescription medication (thuốc điều trị kê đơn) that Gicquel had used for years enhanced her performance on the track.

"It's been a roller-coaster ride emotionally," she told The Washington Post in an email, "fraught with anxiety (lo lắng, bất an), some depression (trầm cảm), and disbelief (sự hoài nghi) that they wanted to believe I was doping, rather than just trying to live."

Sunday, October 4, 2020

Để chống dịch Covid-19 hiệu quả

đó là trả tiền cho người dân để họ tiêm vắc-xin, ở mỹ là 1.000 usd/người,
...According to data collected by Opportunity Insights, a research group based at Harvard, consumer spending (chi tiêu dùng) has fallen the most in high-income (thu nhập cao) ZIP codes. But those with high incomes have experienced almost no fall in employment (không bị mất việc). They are spending less not by necessity but by choice (tiêu thụ ít do lựa chọn).

Paradoxically (nghịch lý thay), this behavior may be helping to drive the stock market (thị trường chứng khoán) higher (tăng điểm). When income isn’t spent, it is saved. Over the last four months, the personal saving rate (tỷ lệ tiết kiệm cá nhân) has reached its highest levels on record. An increase in saving makes more dollars available for lending to borrowers and thereby reduces interest rates (giảm lãi suất). Since January, the yield on 10-year inflation-adjusted bonds has fallen more than 100 basis points. As the return on fixed-income assets declines, expected cash flows from owning stock become relatively more attractive, and stock prices rise.

...No vaccine will be 100 percent effective, which means that getting vaccinated won’t be sufficient to protect yourself from the virus. But if enough people get vaccinated, society will develop herd immunity (miễn nhiễm cộng đồng). With widespread, even if imperfect, vaccination, the virus won’t be able to spread. No one knows for sure, but experts believe that 70 to 90 percent of the population will need to be vaccinated.

Immunology, meet economics. One of the first principles of economics — perhaps the most important — is that people respond to incentives. Applying this principle to the case at hand, Mr. Litan recommends that the government pay $1,000 to whoever gets the vaccine. With a large enough incentive, most Americans are likely to get vaccinated.

Wednesday, September 30, 2020

Covid-19 có đáng sợ không?

nếu sợ quá, thì chui vào quan tài và hò hét để quên đi nhé :D

Customers this weekend in Tokyo can lie in a 2-metre (6 1/2-foot) windowed box, listening to a horror story, watching actors perform and getting poked with fake hands and squirted with water (bắn nước).

"The pandemic is stressful, and we hope people can get a bit of relief by having a good scream," said Kenta Iwana, coordinator of production company Kowagarasetai - "Scare Squad" - which is putting on the 15-minute shows.

As Japan experiences a COVID-19 upswing - with 1,034 infections of the new coronavirus on Friday - Iwana, 25, is scrambling to find work (xoay xở  tìm việc) for his actors, who normally perform at venues such as theme parks (công viên chủ đề).

Không cần Boganic nữa rồi

con người sớm có khả năng 'gan tự mọc' trong cơ thể
Scientists have grown a liver (gan) in the lymph (bạch huyết) nodes (cục u, bướu cứng) of a pig and hope it could allow humans to grow their own replacement organs (cơ quan thay thế) in future. 

Livers have the ability to naturally regenerate (tự tái tạo), and a sliver of the filtration (sự lọc, cách lọc) organ – if transplanted – can grow to full-size and become fully-functioning. 

It is believed the lymph nodes provide a sanctuary (nơi trốn tránh, nơi ẩn náu) for healthy liver cells, allowing them to slowly multiply and blossom into an 'auxiliary organ'. 

Trials in pigs shows that when the main organ was beleaguered with disease and began failing, the animal remained healthy because the auxiliary organ took over. 

Bài trước: Có gì đó sai sai

Có gì đó sai sai

kfc bỏ câu khẩu hiệu "liếm tay ngon lắm" rồi (vì dịch covid-19)...

Several months after health officials (giới chức y tế) recommended everyone stop touching their faces to help stop the spread of coronavirus, KFC said Monday that the 64-year-old slogan "doesn't feel quite right."

"We find ourselves in a unique situation (tình huống đặc biệt) — having an iconic slogan (khẩu hiệu mang tính biểu tượng) that doesn't quite fit in the current environment," said Catherine Tan-Gillespie, global chief marketing officer at KFC in a statement. The menu isn't changing and the company said the slogan will return when the "time is right."

To be clear, Monday's announcement is a marketing campaign. A clever one, perhaps, with good intentions baked into it ... but a marketing campaign nonetheless.

Bài trước: Dude

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