Journey in Life: word
Showing posts with label word. Show all posts
Showing posts with label word. Show all posts

Tuesday, July 3, 2018

"Big dick energy" nghĩa là gì?

= đường hoàng, tự tin, phóng khoáng, tràn đầy năng lượng... như thể có một cái CUTO.
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Big dick energy – you know it when you see it. Not physically – well, not necessarily. It’s an attitude (thái độ). A swagger (dáng điệu nghênh ngang, vênh váo; vẻ đường hoàng tự tin, vẻ phóng khoáng; vẻ bảnh bao, lịch sự). A vibe (sự rung cảm, cảm xúc).

BDE has always been with us, even if we haven’t the phrase to describe it: it’s charisma (uy tín; đức tính gây được lòng tin; sức thu hút/hấp dẫn của người lãnh đạo) and confidence (tự tin), coupled with the ability to almost instantly make other people feel good. In some ways, it’s the opposite of toxic (độc) masculinity (tính chất đàn ông, nam tính).

The Cut described it as “a certain gait (dáng đi, bước đi của ngựa) – sort of like you’ve got a massive dick (cái cu/chim) swinging (lủng lẳng) around – but also a twinkle (tia lấp lánh trong mắt) in the eye, like if you look right at that twinkle you can see a dick swinging in the eye.”

...It will be a great day when the female equivalent is a thing: let’s call it Powerful Vagina  (âm đạo) Energy. When women are celebrated for their feminine power, and when all those beta men out there get recognised for their awesome PVE.

Bài trước: Em ạ nữ tiến sĩ

Saturday, June 30, 2018

"Breast wheel" nghĩa là gì?

chuẩn breast wheel... Photo courtesy micadew.

'Breast wheel' là guồng nước đầu nguồn, guồng nước lòng suối (a waterwheel onto which the water is led at about axle height and which acts partly by impulse and partly by the weight of the descending water in the buckets).

Ví dụ
There have been some changes since the old days. The mill’s gone from an overdraft wheel system to a breast wheel. And the main wheel is no longer powered by the flow of Rock Creek, whose waters are too unreliable: anemic one day, overpowering the next. Instead, buttons are pushed and switches are thrown to release city water. That’s right: Peirce Mill is run by a giant tap. Because the water is chlorinated, it can’t be released into the creek. So it’s a closed loop, recirculated to power the wheel.

From the storehouses we passed into the factory, and there we were first led to see the huge water-wheel which drives the powerful machinery that is required in the various processes. A large door opened on the site of the wheel-pit, and we stood within a few feet of an immense breast-wheel, 50 feet in diameter, said to be the largest in the world; we could well believe it, as we saw its vast dark beams dripping with cool water drops, and revolving heavily before us, with an appearance of irresistible force which was wholly new.

Phạm Hạnh

Friday, June 29, 2018

"Pig iron" nghĩa là gì?

Power can turn you into a pig. Photo courtesy Ralf Steinberger.

'Pig iron' = crude iron as first obtained from a smelting furnace, in the form of oblong blocks -> nghĩa là gang, mẻ kim loại.

Ví dụ
Brazilian pig iron export prices remained unchanged this week, but rumors of shipments being booked at lower prices have started to be heard.

We believe the increased competitiveness may prompt Chinese steelmakers to boost merchant pig iron (MPI) imports in times when local pig iron/hot metal production slows down.

Buyers in the US, the largest global consumer of merchant pig iron, started to restock in mid-May, when scrap prices became clear for May. All cargoes were booked at $405-410 per tonne cfr from CIS and Brazilian suppliers.

Following a month-long market consultation, the European and CIS pig iron prices have been amended to include manganese content in the pig iron. Payment terms and minimum order size have been revised in line with current market conditions.

Phạm Hạnh

Thursday, June 28, 2018

"Mutatis mutandis" nghĩa là gì?

mối nguy cho xã hội tự do... Photo courtesy zeitfaenger.at.

'Mutatis mutandis', trong phân tích kinh tế/luật pháp, nghĩa là 'cho phép những thứ khác thay đổi tương ứng' hoặc 'những thay đổi cần thiết đã được thực hiện' ((used when comparing two or more cases or situations) making necessary alterations while not affecting the main point at issue).

Ví dụ
what is true of undergraduate teaching in England is equally true, mutatis mutandis, of American graduate schools.

He argues that “The tech giants are menacing democracy, privacy, and competition” and asks: “Can they be housebroken?” Thus, the successful exponents of Agile are becoming so dominant in the marketplace that they are now emerging as a threat to a free society, in the much same way, mutatis mutandis, that the big industrial companies of the late 19th Century (rail, oil, steel) became a threat to society and had to be broken up the trust-busters like President Theodore Roosevelt.

In the mid-1960s fewer than 10 per cent of Cambridge undergraduates were female. But opening the doors to women didn’t solve the question of inequality; it simply posed it anew. As Helen McCarthy observed in reviewing Malkiel’s book, parity of numbers masks continuing structural inequalities, manifest, for instance, in the lower share of firsts at Oxbridge, and persistent under-representation in student leadership positions. The same analysis applies, mutatis mutandis, to schools. As a recent Economist article made clear, the advantages of boys’ schools going co-ed seem to accrue exclusively to the boys. In fact, boys benefit in direct proportion to the number of girls in a class. For the girls, on the other hand, the educational advantages remain elusive.

Phạm Hạnh

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

"Ceteris paribus" nghĩa là gì?

sẽ còn giảm sâu... Photo courtesy Richard Patterson.

'Ceteris paribus', trong phân tích kinh tế, nghĩa là 'tất cả những thứ khác bằng nhau' hoặc 'giữ các yếu tố khác không thay đổi' ("all other things being equal" or "other things held constant" or "all else unchanged".)

Ví dụ
In our sensitivity analysis, every US$5/bbl increase in crude oil prices would reduce our earnings forecast by 18.5% for FY18, ceteris paribus.

Most coins are in red again as the recovery momentum proved to be too weak to take prices above critical resistance levels. While no one knows for sure when this bear market hit the bottom, ceteris paribus, we will continue hitting new lows for the foreseeable future. Bitcoin is changing hands at $6,080, down 2.4% on daily basis.

Earnings of a company comprise equity and have a high holding cost. If there are no investment opportunities, why not pay higher dividends? In a ceteris paribus regulatory environment, corporates will retain just sufficient cash for their working capital and short-term investment requirements. Long-term investment capital will be raised when the requirement arises. The balance of earnings will be paid out as dividends, which can then be consumed or invested by the shareholder as he or she sees fit. But we tax companies at 28% of earnings and a further 20% on dividends paid. The incentive to hoard cash for unknown long-term investment requirements lies in the desire to avoid the dividend tax, despite the higher holding cost of equity capital.

Phạm Hạnh

Saturday, June 23, 2018

"Mission creep" nghĩa là gì?

chiến tranh thương mại không hồi kết... Photo courtesy ruperto miller.

'Mission creep' có từ mission là sứ mệnh, nhiệm vụ, creep là sự dão (vì nhiệt...) -> từ này nghĩa là sự thay đổi dần dần các mục tiêu trong quá trình của một chiến dịch quân sự, thường dẫn đến một kế hoạch dài hạn không có kế hoạch (a gradual shift in objectives during the course of a military campaign, often resulting in an unplanned long-term commitment); 'sứ mệnh lan rộng'.

Ví dụ
Mission Creep - Chinese Trade Skirmishes (cuộc chạm trán) Lead to Visa Retaliation (trả đũa) on June 11.

With asset managers under more pressure to take environmental, social and governance issues into account in their investment decisions, the danger of mission creep is growing exponentially. Belik's call to arms is a clear example. The outrage at Facebook's cavalier (kỵ sĩ; người khéo chiều phụ nữ, người khéo nịnh đầm) attitude to user data is justified. But it’s the role of government and regulators, not asset managers, to tame  (thuần hóa) the excesses of modern capitalism.

Organizations, especially the fire service, are good at increasing the demands on their people and equipment. However, the fire service isn’t good at reducing demands because of budget and personnel constraints. Over time, this leads to “mission creep,” a term first used by the military to describe the process where an organization’s mission expands far beyond what was originally intended. A good example of fire service mission creep is the way many fire departments have taken on the obligation of emergency medical services (EMS). Over the course of a generation, the fire/EMS mission has exploded.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

"Shrinking violet" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Yann Cœuru.

'Shrinking violet' nghĩa là người nhút nhát, người hay xấu hổ, người bẽn lẽn (an exaggeratedly shy person).

Ví dụ
Dua Lipa proves she's no shrinking violet in plunging purple metallic gown (áo dài, áo choàng) at Billboard Music Awards.

Seth MacFarlane has not exactly been a shrinking violet over the years when it comes to scrutinizing (xem xét kỹ, nghiên cứu cẩn thận) his own home network, Fox.

It is safe to say that Russia defender Ilya Kutepov is no shrinking violet and he has proven that with a fiery press conference in which he took aim at everyone from Luis Suarez to Mohamed Salah.

He had his own electrical business which was successful and also worked the doors in Bray, which sometimes drew him into physical confrontations (đối đầu, chạm trán). In that he was also fearless and was known in the Bray area to be no shrinking violet.

Phạm Hạnh

Saturday, June 16, 2018

"Breeches part" nghĩa là gì?

Nell Gwynn -- a long-time mistress of King Charles II of England and Scotland. Photo courtesy David Holt.

'Breeches part/role' nghĩa là vai đàn ông do đàn bà đóng ((also pants role or trouser role, travesti or "Hosenrolle") is a role in which an actress appears in male clothing).

Ví dụ
As Nell Gwynn, a renowned actress of the times, known for her “breeches part” (playing the part of a boy), Nell Gwynn was also known for her beauty and her flair for comedy.

The database shows only around a tenth of the 251 professional shows listed for the current panto season have female “principal boys” – known as the “breeches part” – a far lower proportion than in previous years.

Stepping into a breeches part, in the context of a classic play, can be liberating for the actor as well as the character. In George Farquhar’s “The Recruiting Officer,” opening in previews on June 22, Brennan plays Silvia, a stout-hearted young country girl who spends most of the play pretending to be a guy named Jack Wilful.

Phạm Hạnh

Thursday, June 14, 2018

"Pulley block" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Matti Mattila.

'Pulley block' nghĩa là ròng rọc.

Ví dụ
The repetitious work of these machines suggested in turn the first experiments in mass production based on interchangeable parts (clocks, guns, gun carriages, pulley blocks, locks, hardware, furniture).

This substitution of machine for men had consequences, as Winchester demonstrates with the pulley block. Pulley blocks were the devices that sailing ships used to manipulate the rigging, trimming, raising, and lowering of the sails.

Artefacts from a slave ship wrecked off South Africa are due to be unveiled in Cape Town. They are thought to be the first objects to be recovered from a slave ship that went down while it was transporting people. Archaeologists hope the objects will help scholars, as well as be a memorial to all those caught up in the trade. Millions of Africans were transported as part of the trans-Atlantic slave trade and many died on the journey. Remnants from shackles, iron bars used as ballast for the ship and a wooden pulley block will be shown for the first time at Cape Town's Iziko Slave Lodge museum on Tuesday.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

"Fence mending" nghĩa là gì?

how do you mend a broken heart? Photo courtesy marc falardeau.

'Fence mending' nghĩa là hòa giải với một người hay nhóm người nào đó (the action of making peace with a person or group).

Ví dụ
Whether Skelly is in cabinet (nội các) or not, Mayor Fred Eisenberger has some fence mending to do with the city's lone voice in government.

State-run newspapers in Vietnam and China reported in recent days that senior military officials from the two countries would hold a fence-mending gathering along a border (biên giới) where their militaries (quân đội) fought a brief but bloody war (chiến tranh đẫm máu) in 1979.

He urged him and other party leaders to immediately initiate a fence-mending move to pacify all the aggrieved and unite all the existing caucuses (họp chi bộ) within the party for the dream to reclaim Ekiti from the Peoples Democratic Party(PDP) to come to fruition.

Now, a fence-mending South Korean President, Moon Jae-in has increased hopes that the North can be brought into the fold and that relations can be relaxed, if not normalized. Additionally, U.S. President Trump seems, at least for the moment, to be interested in making some sort of deal among the interested parties. Notwithstanding some wild diplomatic (and decidedly undiplomatic) turns in the story, the leaders of North Korea and United States will hold a summit on June 12, 2018.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Dog-eat-dog nghĩa là gì?

đừng chia tay nhau vì... chó. Photo courtesy Tani DeBoucher.

Dog-eat-dog nghĩa là cấu xé lẫn nhau (vì quyền lợi...), tàn sát lẫn nhau ((a situation) characterized by ruthless behavior and competition).

Ví dụ
John Mullane says that the new Munster Hurling Championship format suits the province and is going to be "dog eat dog".

American politics have fallen into a dog-eat-dog cycle where we're either biting or being bitten. Maybe it's time for more cats.

It’s a dog-eat-dog dating world out there as 86 percent of dog owners would break up (chia tay) with their significant other if they weren’t into their pup, according to new research.

As you can imagine, its dog-eat-dog for charities (từ thiện) in Reading, we just don't have the professional staff and funding to compete with the others, which is why the café is absolutely (tuyệt đối, hoàn toàn, vô điều kiện) paramount (tối cao, tột bực, hết sức) for the survival (sống sót, tồn tại) of our charity.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Dog-eared nghĩa là gì?

The complexity of the mind, and the cosmos with which it is inextricably and mysteriously bound up. Photo courtesy Quinn Dombrowski.

Dog-eared = the corner of a page of a book that has been turned down to mark one's place -> nghĩa là nếp gấp đánh dấu sách; mòn, sờn.

Ví dụ
And Snoopy? That dog-eared script was awarded to Zander Martin, last at BCT in last spring's "Forever Plaid" in The Stew.

While we felt pretty snazzy (mốt, hợp thời trang) with our travel pram (= buggy, xe đẩy trẻ em) that folded up into overhead bin size, we had to tip our hats to the genius set-up of one family: dad standing in bulkhead (vách ngăn) reading a dog-eared paperback, a sleeping four-month-old strapped to his chest; mum spread across the two economy seats with her feet up #goals.

In 1661, Sweden became the first European country to print banknotes; several centuries later, it might become the first country to get rid of them. Card readers and mobile-payment apps are now used even in situations that were once reserved for dog-eared bills and pocket change, like donating in church. Buses in Sweden don’t accept cash. Neither do many street vendors.

Phạm Hạnh

Monday, May 14, 2018

Dog-cheap nghĩa là gì?

tha hồ bay đêm... Photo courtesy Kim.

Dog-cheap = for a very low price -> nghĩa là rẻ mạt, rẻ như bèo.

Ví dụ
For its dog cheap P1,288 price tag, the Starmobile Play Click provides a decent, bare-minimum, no frills smartphone that doesn’t look like a total eyesore.

Any time I try to look for something vintage that I think I might be able to retrofit for smaller playing-card sizes (because they’re dog cheap in bulk), I wind up pulling a ton of results for scrapbooking punches.

"Pills and condoms are dog cheap here at the NFPB," said Thomas, who explained that one month's supply of oral (đường miệng, uống) contraceptives (thuốc tránh thụ thai) cost only $20, and condoms are for $10 each.

Higher interest rates hurt bond proxies, bad-balance sheets dog cheap stocks and lofty valuations haunt companies with strong earnings growth, pushing investors to the momentum trade by default.

Phạm Hạnh


Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Kakistocracy nghĩa là gì?

President Trump with his daughter and adviser Ivanka. Photo courtesy wikipedia.

Kakistocracy (hat tip to anh Nguyễn Phương Văn) = a system of government which is run by the worst, least qualified, or most unscrupulous citizens -> nghĩa là chính phủ do người kém cỏi nhất lãnh đạo. Từ này được dùng sớm nhất tháng 8 năm 1644.

Ví dụ
Kakistocracy, a 374-year-old word that means ‘government by the worst,’ just broke the dictionary.

Merriam-Webster wrote a short explainer. Kakistos is Greek for “worst,” so kakistocracy means government by the worst people.

Kleptocracy means a government by thieves (quân ăn cướp), or plutocracy, rule by the rich, and autocracy means government by one person. Both of those terms have been used liberally by Trump’s critics in the last year or so, but kakistocracy … was that like a government of cack (cứt), as in dung (phân)? Actually, yeah, kind of.

Former CIA director John O. Brennan tweeted at President Trump: “Your kakistocracy is collapsing after its lamentable (thảm hại; đáng thương, ai oán) journey. As the greatest Nation history has known, we have the opportunity to emerge from this nightmare (cơn ác mộng) stronger & more committed to ensuring a better life for all Americans, including those you have so tragically (bi kịch, bi thảm, thảm thương) deceived (lừa dối, làm thất vọng).”

Phạm Hạnh

Bài trước: Carpool nghĩa là gì?

Sunday, April 1, 2018

Carpool nghĩa là gì?

Carpooling is the sharing of car journeys so that more than one person travels in a car, and prevents the need for others to have to drive to a location themselves. By having more people using one vehicle, carpooling reduces each person's travel costs such as: fuel costs, tolls, and the stress of driving -> đi chung xe,

nghĩa mới là lái xe (car) vào bể bơi (pool),

cha và con gái kịp thoát ra khỏi xe, khi vợ/mẹ lùi xe vào bể bơi khi quay về nhà lấy tiền, vì quên ví đi chơi công viên...
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Photo credit: Okaloosa County Sheriff's Office, foxnews.


A father and daughter in Florida ended up taking an unexpected (không ngờ, bất ngờ) dip in the pool on Tuesday, after the man's wife reportedly failed to put the family car in park and it ended up rolling into the water.

"New meaning to the term carpool - Mom thought she put the car in Park when she ran back in to the apartment to grab (chộp, tóm, tước đoạt, vồ lấy...) money," the sheriff's office said. "Apparently it didn't go all the way into park."

The sheriff's office said despite the plunge into the pool, everyone was "ok" and no injuries reported.

Sunday, March 11, 2018

"Middle-age spread" nghĩa là gì?

cách giảm mỡ bụng sau sinh tại nhà chị em nên biết :) Photo courtesy Hamza Butt.

'Middle-age spread' có từ spread là sự sổ ra, phình ra (của cơ thể) -> từ này có nghĩa là sự sổ người ra khi đến tuổi trung niên (the fat that may accumulate around the areas of the abdomen and buttocks during one's middle age)

-> ad đã hiểu có tập bao nhiêu cũng không quay trở lại thời "6 múi" huy hoàng được nữa ;)

Ví dụ
Moderate training can help keep middle age spread in check.

Middle-age spread raises risk of dementia (chứng mất trí), study suggests.

Aging and weight gain go hand in hand, regardless of gender or menopausal (mãn kinh) status. A slower calorie burn because of a decrease in muscle mass, and an increased tendency for calories consumed to get stored as fat contribute to that middle-age spread.

Just wanting to change isn’t enough. It also takes planning and action. Begin by identifying habits that require altering or adjusting, then start setting goals, monitoring behaviours, acknowledging setbacks, making adjustments and celebrating successes. The goal isn’t to lose that middle-age spread in six weeks, but rather to be trimmer, happier and healthier during your middle years and beyond.

Phạm Hạnh

Thursday, November 9, 2017

"Bookish knowledge" nghĩa là gì?

TX Austin Bookish Destinations. Photo courtesy Barbara Brannon.

'Bookish knowledge' nghĩa là kiến thức do sách vở mà có, chứ không phải qua thực tế (consisting of or forming opinions or attitudes through reading rather than direct personal experience; knowledge obtained through hearsay, has no sound basis); kiến thức từ chương.

Ví dụ
It's time to go on over and benefit from the deep bookish knowledge these people hold in their heads and hearts, and decide which noisy slice of magic to wrestle into my bag and take home.

Civil society groups such as KCSDS need to pressurize upon J&K Bank to start the concept of interest-free banking. CUK’s department of management studies is going to launch a Diploma in Islamic Banking as part of economics and we already have one paper regarding this subject but only bookish knowledge won’t help.

Learning should not be limited inside the four walls; the students should be given enough time to spend on extra-curricular activities. Sports are not the only extra-curricular activity that the schools can adopt. There are various activities that can be inculcated for quality learning. Bookish knowledge will not bring development and progress in our society as the quality of mind will remain stagnant. If we expect the young minds to bring solution to the problems faced in the state, then the goal of education should not be just ‘marks’ but on knowledge, skills and understanding of the changes taking place around us and how to evolve positive changes in future.

Phạm Hạnh

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

"Chicken-shit" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Kitty Terwolbeck.

'Chicken-shit' = cứt gà -> nghĩa là chuyện vụn vặt, chuyện linh tinh (worthless or contemptible).

Ví dụ
Luckily for Barça fans, the board is often as incompetent as it is chicken-shit, so the club bungled its way out of signing Paulinho and Lima.

I may not know much, but I know the difference between chicken shit and chicken salad.”-Lyndon B. Johnson 36th President of the United States of America from 1963 to 1969.

More than a lack of leadership, the utter legislation failure betrays the display and incompetence of the new president, and the chicken shit character of lawmakers who blithely (vô tình) ignore the blundering (quản lý tồi) president rather than incur his wrath on Twitter.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

"Chicken livered" nghĩa là gì?

Blood Moon, The Hague Kijkduin 03.30 AM. Photo courtesy Maurits Verbiest.

'Chicken livered' = chicken hearted (gan gà), nghĩa là nhút nhát, nhát gan (easily frightened; cowardly).

Ví dụ
Miranda: 10 months to get MILF to disband and become part of AFP, then do the job against the terrorist that Duterte is too chicken livered to finish.

Writer-director-actor Nate Parker's mission in The Birth of a Nation is to describe the whys and wherefores of the bloody Nat Turner rebellion of 1831. Some audiences and a few chicken-livered critics gagged at the sight of slavery's cruelties — imagine how they would have felt in Nat's place.

Halloween is here again. That means your co-workers have planted surprise spiders around the office. You’ve been invited to a haunted hayride. Your neighbor’s yard has a full cemetery, rigged with motion detectors and pop-up zombies. Chicken-livered from the start, I have always dreaded this time of year. Haunted houses, ghost tours and horror film fests are not my thing, and why people love having the daylights scared out of them completely escapes me.

Phạm Hạnh

Thursday, September 28, 2017

"Dower chest" nghĩa là gì?

Lạc trôi. Photo courtesy Waqas Mustafeez.

'Dower chest' có từ dower = của hồi môn, chest = rương, hòm, két -> từ này nghĩa là tráp đựng của hồi môn.

Ví dụ
A storied and lavishly (phung phí, hoang tàng) decorated Lancaster County, Penn., dower chest was a standout (cái xuất sắc, nổi bật) at Pook & Pook’s Americana auction  (bán đấu giá) Saturday, October 8, selling during a three-session sale for $90,000, plus the buyer’s premium, for a total of $108,000. Antiques (đồ cổ) dealer (người buôn bán, người chia bài) and show manager Diana Bittel was the determined bidder, beating out competition from a phone bidder to acquire it for a young collector in Texas.

Our Christian faith can also be seen readily in PA Dutch folk art manuscripts, which proclaimed their steadfast love of Christian folkways in Fraktur birth certificates and dower chests decorated in Germanic motifs that can escalate to $100,000 or more at current public art auctions.

Sometimes these early 18th and 19th Century folk art decorated frakturs were made several years after the child was born, as a memento (vật kỷ niệm, lưu niệm) of love and compassion (lòng thương, lòng trắc ẩn) paid for by their parents; a keepsake (vật lưu niệm) item which was often pasted under the lid of the child’s dower chest.

Phạm Hạnh