Journey in Life: word
Showing posts with label word. Show all posts
Showing posts with label word. Show all posts

Thursday, August 30, 2018

"Blood sport" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Ralf Steinberger.

'Blood sport' nghĩa là môn thể thao đẫm máu (môn thể thao trong đó động vật sẽ bị giết, ví dụ như môn đấu bò hoặc môn săn bắn).

Ví dụ
From Washington, last week's events might just look like another round of blood-sport in a parliament beset by repeated political coups.

With the Kremlin now playing a third-party shadow role in U.S. elections, the usual game seems to be shifting from blood sport to cold war.

In Washington, where protecting bureaucratic turf is a blood sport, few are enthusiastic about the idea. We already have an Air Force and a National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The logical way to pour more money into space exploration, or even to colonize the moon, would be to increase their budgets.

The announcement comes as the academy struggles with declining ratings for its all-important Oscars telecast, which plummeted to an all-time low this year, and represent a clear effort to address perennial (lâu năm, luôn tái diễn) criticism, which has become a kind of annual social-media blood sport, that the show itself has grown too bloated (vênh váo, kiêu ngạo), tedious (chán ngắt, buồn tẻ, nhạt nhẽo) and out of touch with the interests and tastes of many mainstream moviegoers.

Phạm Hạnh

Wednesday, August 29, 2018

"Blood plasma" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Patrik Theander.

'Blood plasma' nghĩa là huyết tương, huyết thanh (Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells. It makes up about 55% of the body's total blood volume).

Ví dụ
Global Blood Plasma Derivatives Market Is Projected to Reach 52000 Million US$ by 2025

Blood plasma is the liquid component of blood constituting of water along with plasma components such as immunoglobulin (globulin miễn dịch), electrolytes (chất điện phân), glucose, clotting factors, electrolytes, and hormones. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the electrolyte and osmotic (thấm lọc) balance while preventing infection (nhiễm trùng; tiêm nhiễm, đầu độc) and blood disorders in the body.

The growth of the global blood plasma derivatives market is majorly driven by increase in prevalence of life-threatening disorders, especially hemophilia (bệnh ưa chảy máu, chứng huyết hữu). Other factors boosting the market growth include rise in adoption of blood plasma derivatives products, upsurge (đột ngột tăng lên/bùng lên, bột phát) in geriatric (lão khoa) population across the world, and increase in awareness about blood & plasma donation.

A nano-tech diagnostic tool that can indicate cancer or thrombotic risk from one drop of blood has been developed by international researchers led by Prof Martin Hegner from the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin. They exploited micro­-resonators for real-time measurements of the evolving strength of the blood plasma clot. They reported “a novel strategy for quick, reliable and quantitative diagnostics of expression patterns of non-coding short (ribonucleic acid) RNA in blood plasma or cell cultures”.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, August 28, 2018

"Blood fluke" nghĩa là gì?

Red worm? Photo courtesy Alan Levine.

'Blood fluke' nghĩa là sán lá trong máu (a schistosome is a parasitic (sống ăn bám, ký sinh) trematode (sán lá) worm).

Ví dụ
Blood flukes, or schistosomes, are parasitic flatworms that can live inside people for decades (hàng thập kỷ), and they make a rather gruesome journey to get there — after hatching in water contaminated by feces, the parasites hitch a ride into the human body on a tiny snail host that burrows through skin.

Discovered by biologist Thomas Platt last year, B. obamai is a blood fluke, a tiny flatworm that resides in the blood vessels of the lungs of its hosts, Malaysian freshwater turtles. Its presence can cause at best mild inflammation and at worst paralysis or death.

If you go wading into a blood fluke-infested pond, the missile-shaped flukes will sniff their way to your skin and drill in. Once they reach a blood vessel they surf the sanguine tide until they reach your intestines (ruột non). They take up residence in the blood vessels there, producing eggs that they nudge into the intestinal walls. The eggs get washed out of the body with their host’s stool, perhaps to infect a freshwater snail. Sometimes, however, the eggs get swept off in the wrong direction and wind up in the liver (gan), where they cause chronic inflammation (viêm kinh niên).

Phạm Hạnh

Monday, August 27, 2018

"Blood feud" nghĩa là gì?

Juliet waiting for Romeo. Photo courtesy Prairie Kittin.

'Blood feud' nghĩa là mối thù truyền kiếp (a feud, usually between families, with a cycle of retaliatory violence; vendetta).

Ví dụ
1000-year-old blood-feud victim found in Jerusalem hills.

Karunanidhi and Jayalalithaa: Divided by blood feud, united in federalism. They were both staunch warriors of federalism. And the people of Tamil Nadu voted for them over and over again. The future of politics here is the future of the cause of federalism.

Will it be another hum-drum year where Celtic outclasses all domestic challengers? Or is the Celtic-Rangers blood feud back and fostering competition in the Premiership? Let’s look at some of the in-game storylines to see what might shift the tide of the tie.

Let’s just say 20.5 million people have spent five minutes bumbling with the checkout in a browser every year. That would mean people waste over 1.7 million hours in a year because of this problem. This isn’t so much a blood feud in which these companies are trying to mortally wound each other, it’s more like a competition to inflict paper cuts that only hurt users.

Phạm Hạnh

Sunday, August 26, 2018

"Blood brother" nghĩa là gì?

劉備/Liu Bei/刘备, 関羽/Guan Yu/关羽, 張飛/Zhang Fei/张飞 Photo courtesy kanegen.

'Blood brother' nghĩa là anh em máu mủ ruột thịt; anh em kết nghĩa trích máu ăn thề.

Ví dụ
A man has killed his blood brother in the Jaman North District of the Brong Ahafo Region following a quarrel between them.

It was a dark hour for the world, particularly the couple, indeed. The tyrant, Kansa, Devki’s blood brother, had let loose a reign of terror, dethroning his gentle father, Urgrasena, and putting both Devki and her husband, Vasudev, into prison.

The story follows the relationship between two neighbours, Raj and Zilu who are not blood brother and sister but support each as one of their own. Growing up in Muslim and Hindu families respectively, this tells the tale of the differences and objections that come in the way of their sibling bond.

Phạm Hạnh

Saturday, August 25, 2018

"Blood pudding" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Alpha.

'Blood pudding' nghĩa là dồi (lợn...) (blood sausage).

Ví dụ
Chefs are baying for blood. They love it. They're baking it into bread and turning it into sausages. At the new Poly wine bar in Sydney's Surry Hills, Mat Lindsay is making blood pie; a ball of dark malt pastry as big as your fist, filled with a dense, dark blood pudding. Apart from the hit of hot mustard, it's like eating flourless chocolate cake.

So the fried Vietnamese blood pudding with ginger, lettuce and herbs at Melbourne's Anchovy is kissing cousin to the crisp slab of boudin noir with caramelised apple at Sydney's Restaurant Hubert.

You fill a giant bowl with half water and half pig blood, add a chicken egg and a little seasoning, put it in a steaming pot for half an hour, then you have delicious blood pudding.

Phạm Hạnh

Friday, August 24, 2018

"Blood poisoning" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Mattia Belletti.

'Blood poisoning' nghĩa là ngộ độc máu, nhiễm trùng máu (Blood poisoning is a serious infection. It occurs when bacteria are in the bloodstream. Despite its name, the infection has nothing to do with poison. Although not a medical term, “blood poisoning” is used to describe bacteremia, septicemia (nhiễm trùng máu), or sepsis. Still, the name sounds dangerous, and for good reason.)

Ví dụ
People often refer to sepsis as “blood poisoning” but that term doesn’t accurately capture the true nature of the condition. Sepsis is actually caused by the body’s “revved-up” immune system used to fight infections that happen when germs enter a person’s body and multiply.

Patients often develop septicemia or blood poisoning, which can be acquired by eating contaminated (bị ô nhiễm, làm độc) or raw seafood and having open wounds exposed to contaminated seawater.

I knew you risk getting things like athlete's foot from trying on shoes but blood poisoning is far more serious. You don't know whose feet have been in the shoes before you. Sienna has been really ill, the infection was moving up her leg and spreading to the rest of her body. I'm so glad I got her to the hospital quickly. With mums and dads doing back-to-school shopping I would advise them to take a spare pair of socks with them.

Phạm Hạnh

Thursday, August 23, 2018

"Blood money" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy photographymontreal.

'Blood money' nghĩa là tiền công cho kẻ giết mướn; tiền bồi thường cho gia đình của nạn nhân.

Ví dụ
A diving instructor in Khor Fakkan was fined Dh20,000 and was ordered to pay Dh200,000 in blood money to the family of his employee.

Former Radio 1 DJ Tim Westwood and YouTube were accused of making blood money from the deaths of drill rappers fighting bloody gang wars.

Families of 18 Nepali migrant workers who died in road accidents in Saudi Arabia have received Rs 70 million blood money from the Saudi government.

U.S. Senate candidate Geoff Diehl made his criticisms shortly after Massachusetts law enforcement discovered a man who was offering $500 in blood money for anyone willing to kill an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agent.

Phạm Hạnh

Wednesday, August 22, 2018

"Blood lust" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Peter Kudlacz.

'Blood lust' nghĩa là sự si mê chém giết (uncontrollable desire to kill or maim others).

Ví dụ

Don’t let his white beard and diminutive (nhỏ xíu, bé xíu) frame fool you, John Walsh is a stone cold murderer (sát nhân máu lạnh) with an insatiable (không thể thỏa mãn được) blood lust.

He killed his wife with an axe (rìu), bludgeoned (đánh bằng dùi cui) one grandchild with a hammer (búa) and drowned another. Ten years on John Walsh’s blood lust is as strong as ever.

Just when the blood lust seems about sated, along comes news like Monday’s bombshell that the United States and Mexico are about to kiss and make up with a trade deal to replace NAFTA.

As a teenager, William was deluged (tràn ngập) with complaints from anti-fieldsports campaigners after he brought down his first stag (hươu đực, nai đực) with a single shot, prompting the late Labour MP Tony Banks to brand it ‘disgusting’ that a 14-year-old boy was indulging in ‘blood lust’.

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

"Blood bath" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy Ralph Thompson.

'Blood bath' nghĩa là vụ giết người hàng loạt, vụ thảm sát; cuộc "tắm máu".

Ví dụ
“It's like a blood bath”: Inside the student protests (sinh viên biểu tình) rattling (ầm ầm, huyên náo) Bangladesh.

A love triangle (cuộc tình tay ba) ended in bloodbath after a man took his lover (tình nhân) to his matrimonial ((thuộc) hôn nhân) home where he killed her and seriously injured his wife.

The battle for the Al-Safa Mountain in the Sweida Governorate has turned into a blood bath after several days of intense clashes (đụng độ) between the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) and Islami State (ISIS).

Since announcing her retirement from politics, there has been some controversy around her actions, including a variety of statements about whether Bennett could handle the “blood-bath” that is politics. However, shouldn’t the question really be why have we accepted politics to be such a hazardous (mạo hiểm, nguy hiểm) and hostile (thù địch) environment? This complacency (tính tự mãn) has fostered (khuyến khích hoặc tăng cường; thúc đẩy, cổ vũ) a toxic (độc hại) workplace (nơi làm việc) that the average person would not accept in their own place of employment.

Phạm Hạnh

Monday, August 20, 2018

"Blood and thunder" nghĩa là gì?

Red cross. Photo courtesy aivas14.

'Blood and thunder' nghĩa là kịch tính (của một câu chuyện, sự kiện...).

Ví dụ
Taking place just three weeks after World Cup final, the Community Shield will not be a blood-and-thunder contest (trận đấu, trận giao tranh) between the strongest line-ups (đội hình) Manchester City and Chelsea can field.

We are by now used to blood and thunder rhetoric (hùng biện, hoa mỹ, khoa trương) between Washington and Tehran. But this time White House policy is clearly being directed by pro-Israel American neocons (người thuộc phái tân bảo thủ) who want the US military to crush Iran as it did Iraq.

Former Rangers starlets Steven and Robbie swap­ped the blood and thunder of Scottish football for a crack at the land of Thor. The pair opted for fresh starts in Iceland after teenage dreams of starring in the Light Blues’ first XI stalled.

Phạm Hạnh

Sunday, August 19, 2018

"Blood and iron" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy yeowatzup.

'Blood and iron' nghĩa là chính sách vũ lực tàn bạo.

Ví dụ
Bloodshed was necessitated on the belief that, “to make the individual sacred we must destroy the social order which crucifies him. And this problem can only by solved by blood and iron.”

The current non-initiation of combat operations (NICO), to give the ceasefire (ngừng bắn, hưu chiến) a more precise name, comes in a confused and chaotic circumstance, in the middle of the government’s blood and iron strategy to finish off militancy (tính chiến đấu) for good in the state.

I clearly envisioned the manifesto (bản tuyên ngôn) as a kind of rolling tsunami (cơn sóng thần), made up in equal parts of blood-and-iron industrialised steampunk, apocalyptic John Martin and mounting fury that builds up to a climax at the end of Section One: Bourgeois (giai cấp tư sản) and Proletarians (giai cấp vô sản), before breaking on the beach of History and turning into straightforward standup comedy.

Evans had to deal with the aftermath of Balibo. He was friendly with the Indonesian foreign minister Ali Alatas, and he tried to move as skilfully as he could in the midst of blood and iron and murder (giết người). He has always been consciously pro-Asian, but refused to admit anything but universal human values when it came to human rights and says Chris Patten, the last governor of Hong Kong, is his soulmate.

Phạm Hạnh

Friday, August 10, 2018

"Weight of numbers" nghĩa là gì?

Queer Dance Party - Ivanka Trump's House - Washington. Photo courtesy Ted Eytan.

'Weight of numbers' nghĩa là ưu thế của số đông, sức mạnh của số đông.

Ví dụ
The won the argument by sheer weight of numbers.

With each participant required to stare at the play button to start the programme, the sheer weight of numbers pushed the process to its limits in terms of the timings and skill sets.

Ours are the first major societies in history where the elderly dominate the youth simply by weight of numbers. Stretching back to ancient Greece, democracy (nền dân chủ) was always primarily (chủ yếu là) a politics (chính trị) for young people (người trẻ tuổi). The constitutional safeguards (bảo hiến) that were put in place sought to protect against their excesses.

I've a petition online and I want to get a weight of numbers that would allow me to show the local authorities that I have a mandate from the people to run and then be able to debate with the others.

Phạm Hạnh

Monday, July 23, 2018

"Conscientious objector" nghĩa là gì?

Coretta Scott King (l) and Dr. Ralph Abernathy (c) honor Muhammad Ali (r) after his win in a boxing match against Jerry Quarry. Photo courtesy Tullio Saba.

'Conscientious objector' = 'người phản đối theo đúng lương tâm' -> nghĩa là người từ chối nhập ngũ vì cho rằng điều đó trái đạo lý (a person who for reasons of conscience objects to serving in the armed forces).

Ví dụ
The Israeli army discharged conscientious objector Ayelet Brachfeld on Tuesday after imprisoning her for 100 days.

A South Korean conscientious objector was sentenced to a jail term Tuesday, despite the recent Constitutional Court order for the government to introduce civilian forms of service for them.

The film highlights a moment in Ali's career where he was set to stage a world comeback. He had been recently released from prison after refusing to join the Vietnam War as a conscientious objector.

The latest sentence is also against the United Nations Human Rights Council, which recognizes the right of everyone to have conscientious objection to military service as a “legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.”

Phạm Hạnh

"Boat people" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy San José Public Library.

'Boat people' nghĩa là người tị nạn chính trị bỏ xứ ra đi bằng thuyền; thuyền nhân.

Ví dụ
Although most of the refugees on Nauru have been there for five years, some of the children are younger than five years old. They were born there to refugee women. They are classified in Australia’s Migration Act as “transitory children”. They are treated as boat people, even though they have lived their entire lives in detention on Nauru.

The territory (Hong Kong) has seen rapid changes to its humanitarian policies since the days of so-called “Vietnamese boat people” – a term used to describe the 200,000 refugees arriving following the Fall of Saigon in 1975 – which prompted the city to declare itself a “port of first asylum.”

During this time, as governor of Iowa, Ray personally kept the culture of the Tai Dam ethnic group from Laos intact by offering them a home in Iowa in which they could resettle as a people. He was the first governing leader anywhere in the world to step forward to accept the “boat people” refugees from Vietnam who were drowning and dying at sea.

The 1979 Geneva meeting took place at a moment of crisis. In the months leading up to it, an exodus of boat people fleeing the south of Vietnam had escalated dramatically, driven in large measure by nationalization (quốc hữu hóa) of private enterprises (doanh nghiệp tư nhân) in the south of Vietnam, mistreatment (ngược đãi) and crackdowns (đàn áp) on religious communities, continued repression (trấn áp), and official encouragement of departure as well as expulsion (trục xuất) of ethnic Chinese (Hoa kiều).

Phạm Hạnh

Tuesday, July 3, 2018

"Big dick energy" nghĩa là gì?

= đường hoàng, tự tin, phóng khoáng, tràn đầy năng lượng... như thể có một cái CUTO.

Big dick energy – you know it when you see it. Not physically – well, not necessarily. It’s an attitude (thái độ). A swagger (dáng điệu nghênh ngang, vênh váo; vẻ đường hoàng tự tin, vẻ phóng khoáng; vẻ bảnh bao, lịch sự). A vibe (sự rung cảm, cảm xúc).

BDE has always been with us, even if we haven’t the phrase to describe it: it’s charisma (uy tín; đức tính gây được lòng tin; sức thu hút/hấp dẫn của người lãnh đạo) and confidence (tự tin), coupled with the ability to almost instantly make other people feel good. In some ways, it’s the opposite of toxic (độc) masculinity (tính chất đàn ông, nam tính).

The Cut described it as “a certain gait (dáng đi, bước đi của ngựa) – sort of like you’ve got a massive dick (cái cu/chim) swinging (lủng lẳng) around – but also a twinkle (tia lấp lánh trong mắt) in the eye, like if you look right at that twinkle you can see a dick swinging in the eye.”

...It will be a great day when the female equivalent is a thing: let’s call it Powerful Vagina  (âm đạo) Energy. When women are celebrated for their feminine power, and when all those beta men out there get recognised for their awesome PVE.

Bài trước: Em ạ nữ tiến sĩ

Saturday, June 30, 2018

"Breast wheel" nghĩa là gì?

chuẩn breast wheel... Photo courtesy micadew.

'Breast wheel' là guồng nước đầu nguồn, guồng nước lòng suối (a waterwheel onto which the water is led at about axle height and which acts partly by impulse and partly by the weight of the descending water in the buckets).

Ví dụ
There have been some changes since the old days. The mill’s gone from an overdraft wheel system to a breast wheel. And the main wheel is no longer powered by the flow of Rock Creek, whose waters are too unreliable: anemic one day, overpowering the next. Instead, buttons are pushed and switches are thrown to release city water. That’s right: Peirce Mill is run by a giant tap. Because the water is chlorinated, it can’t be released into the creek. So it’s a closed loop, recirculated to power the wheel.

From the storehouses we passed into the factory, and there we were first led to see the huge water-wheel which drives the powerful machinery that is required in the various processes. A large door opened on the site of the wheel-pit, and we stood within a few feet of an immense breast-wheel, 50 feet in diameter, said to be the largest in the world; we could well believe it, as we saw its vast dark beams dripping with cool water drops, and revolving heavily before us, with an appearance of irresistible force which was wholly new.

Phạm Hạnh

Friday, June 29, 2018

"Pig iron" nghĩa là gì?

Power can turn you into a pig. Photo courtesy Ralf Steinberger.

'Pig iron' = crude iron as first obtained from a smelting furnace, in the form of oblong blocks -> nghĩa là gang, mẻ kim loại.

Ví dụ
Brazilian pig iron export prices remained unchanged this week, but rumors of shipments being booked at lower prices have started to be heard.

We believe the increased competitiveness may prompt Chinese steelmakers to boost merchant pig iron (MPI) imports in times when local pig iron/hot metal production slows down.

Buyers in the US, the largest global consumer of merchant pig iron, started to restock in mid-May, when scrap prices became clear for May. All cargoes were booked at $405-410 per tonne cfr from CIS and Brazilian suppliers.

Following a month-long market consultation, the European and CIS pig iron prices have been amended to include manganese content in the pig iron. Payment terms and minimum order size have been revised in line with current market conditions.

Phạm Hạnh

Thursday, June 28, 2018

"Mutatis mutandis" nghĩa là gì?

mối nguy cho xã hội tự do... Photo courtesy

'Mutatis mutandis', trong phân tích kinh tế/luật pháp, nghĩa là 'cho phép những thứ khác thay đổi tương ứng' hoặc 'những thay đổi cần thiết đã được thực hiện' ((used when comparing two or more cases or situations) making necessary alterations while not affecting the main point at issue).

Ví dụ
what is true of undergraduate teaching in England is equally true, mutatis mutandis, of American graduate schools.

He argues that “The tech giants are menacing democracy, privacy, and competition” and asks: “Can they be housebroken?” Thus, the successful exponents of Agile are becoming so dominant in the marketplace that they are now emerging as a threat to a free society, in the much same way, mutatis mutandis, that the big industrial companies of the late 19th Century (rail, oil, steel) became a threat to society and had to be broken up the trust-busters like President Theodore Roosevelt.

In the mid-1960s fewer than 10 per cent of Cambridge undergraduates were female. But opening the doors to women didn’t solve the question of inequality; it simply posed it anew. As Helen McCarthy observed in reviewing Malkiel’s book, parity of numbers masks continuing structural inequalities, manifest, for instance, in the lower share of firsts at Oxbridge, and persistent under-representation in student leadership positions. The same analysis applies, mutatis mutandis, to schools. As a recent Economist article made clear, the advantages of boys’ schools going co-ed seem to accrue exclusively to the boys. In fact, boys benefit in direct proportion to the number of girls in a class. For the girls, on the other hand, the educational advantages remain elusive.

Phạm Hạnh

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

"Ceteris paribus" nghĩa là gì?

sẽ còn giảm sâu... Photo courtesy Richard Patterson.

'Ceteris paribus', trong phân tích kinh tế, nghĩa là 'tất cả những thứ khác bằng nhau' hoặc 'giữ các yếu tố khác không thay đổi' ("all other things being equal" or "other things held constant" or "all else unchanged".)

Ví dụ
In our sensitivity analysis, every US$5/bbl increase in crude oil prices would reduce our earnings forecast by 18.5% for FY18, ceteris paribus.

Most coins are in red again as the recovery momentum proved to be too weak to take prices above critical resistance levels. While no one knows for sure when this bear market hit the bottom, ceteris paribus, we will continue hitting new lows for the foreseeable future. Bitcoin is changing hands at $6,080, down 2.4% on daily basis.

Earnings of a company comprise equity and have a high holding cost. If there are no investment opportunities, why not pay higher dividends? In a ceteris paribus regulatory environment, corporates will retain just sufficient cash for their working capital and short-term investment requirements. Long-term investment capital will be raised when the requirement arises. The balance of earnings will be paid out as dividends, which can then be consumed or invested by the shareholder as he or she sees fit. But we tax companies at 28% of earnings and a further 20% on dividends paid. The incentive to hoard cash for unknown long-term investment requirements lies in the desire to avoid the dividend tax, despite the higher holding cost of equity capital.

Phạm Hạnh