Friendshoring nghĩa là gì?

Friendshoring -> nghĩa là chuyển sản xuất sang các nước bạn bè thân thiện.

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Biden’s ‘friendshoring’ chips push hits a snag as Hanoi ‘cannot decouple from China’

Brought up at the Atlantic Council over a year ago by the US Secretary of the Treasury, Janet Yellen, friendshoring was a new approach (cách tiếp cận mới) to organising global supply chains (tổ chức chuỗi cung ứng toàn cầu) in order to “achieve free but secure trade (thương mại tự do và an toàn hơn) by favouring trusted countries. At the time, Yellen emphasised the need to turn away from China and move supply chains to US partners such as Taiwan, India, Vietnam, and Mexico. But did this shift really work?

Friendshoring happens when a government pushes businesses to restructure supply chains (tái cấu trúc chuỗi cung ứng), shifting production away from geopolitical rivals (đối thủ địa chính trị) to friendly powers. The Biden administration’s ban on American investment in Chinese technology this month is one example. Friendshoring is similar to nearshoring, which moves production closer to home. Both policies aim to strengthen trade security. They have a cost: when politics rather than profit determines where goods are made, production is likely to be less efficient.

If US efforts focus largely on domestic decarbonisation, aided by selective friendshoring, developing countries will view the world’s largest historical emitter as shirking its obligations under the Paris Agreement. This will exacerbate (làm trầm trọng thêm) existing fragilities (dễ đứt gãy, mỏng manh) in the global geopolitical landscape.

Phạm Hạnh

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