Vì sao quân đội Afghanistan sụp đổ quá nhanh trước Taliban?

... hơn 17.000 nhà thầu bảo trì và hậu cần rời đi -> các phương tiện thiết giáp, trực thăng nằm im trên mặt đất hết...

đã thế còn gỡ/xóa các phần mềm quan trọng -> hệ thống phòng thủ tên lửa die... 

tình trạng độc quyền quá mức ở Mỹ, phụ thuộc vào các nhà thầu độc quyền (trong quân sự), cứ tưởng tượng đến cái iPhone bạn còn không được tí toáy, nông dân không được sửa máy cày, thì các thiết bị quân sự sẽ như nào...

người dân Mỹ cần sửa luật, vote for "right to repair"...

...Going back to the last significant victory, the allies won World War II in large part for two reasons. First, the Soviet Union sacrificed 27 million people defeating the Nazis, and second, the U.S. military, government, labor, and business leaders were exceptionally good at logistics. The U.S. military had at least a dozen suppliers for each major weapons system (ít nhất hàng chục nhà cung ứng cho mỗi hệ thống vũ khí lớn), as well as the ability to produce its own weaponry (tự sản xuất vũ khí), the government had exceptional insight into the U.S. economy, and New Dealers had destroyed the power of the Andrew Mellon and J.P. Morgan style short-term oriented financiers (nhà tư bản tài chính) and monopolists (kẻ độc quyền) who had controlled the industrial sinews (sức mạnh, nghị lực, nguồn tiếp sức, rường cột, tài lực vật lực) of the country.

...Two days ago, Afghan General Sami Sadat published a piece in the New York Times describing why his army fell apart so quickly. He went through several important political reasons (nguyên do chính trị), but there was an interesting subtext about the operational capacity of a military that is so dependent on contractors for sustainment and repairs. In particular, these lines stuck out.

Contractors maintained our bombers (máy bay ném bom) and our attack and transport aircraft throughout the war. By July, most of the 17,000 support contractors had left. A technical issue now meant that aircraft — a Black Hawk helicopter, a C-130 transport, a surveillance drone — would be grounded.

The contractors also took proprietary software and weapons systems with them. They physically removed our helicopter missile-defense system. Access to the software that we relied on to track our vehicles, weapons and personnel also disappeared.

It’s just remarkable that contractors removed software and weapons systems from the Afghan army as they left. Remember, U.S. generals constantly talked about the strength of the Afghan forces, but analysts knew that its air force - on which it depended - would fall apart without contractors. The generals probably hadn’t really thought about the logistical problems of what dependence on contracting means. It’s just stunning that NATO forces would be trying to stand up an independent Afghan army, even as NATO contractors disarmed that army due to contracting arrangements.

...Last month, I noted that American soldiers are constantly complaining that bad contracting terms prevent them from fixing and using their own equipment, just as Apple stops consumers from repairing or tinkering with their iPhones. In 2019, Marine Elle Ekman noted that these problems are pervasive in the U.S. military.

Besides the broken generator in South Korea, I remembered working at a maintenance unit in Okinawa, Japan, watching as engines were packed up and shipped back to contractors in the United States for repairs because “that’s what the contract says.” The process took months.

With every engine sent back, Marines lost the opportunity to practice the skills they might need one day on the battlefield, where contractor support is inordinately expensive, unreliable or nonexistent…

While a broken generator or tactical vehicle may seem like small issues, the implications are much larger when a combat ship or a fighter jet needs to be fixed. What happens when those systems break somewhere with limited communications or transportation? Will the Department of Defense get stuck in the mud because of a warranty?

Post a Comment

Tin liên quan

    Tài chính

    Trung Quốc