Ấn Độ dành 1/3 số ghế trong Quốc hội cho phụ nữ
là bình quyền, trao quyền cho phụ nữ...?
hmm, cũng tâm tư lắm,
sẽ ra sao, nếu 1/3 đó là các em chân dài, và đằng sau vẫn là đại gia điều khiển hết ở quốc hội... ;)
Indian lawmakers passed landmark legislation on Thursday that would reserve (dành) one-third of all seats for women in the lower house of Parliament and in state legislatures, a move aimed at improving gender parity among lawmakers (nhà lập pháp). But the new rules will not apply to next year’s national elections (cuộc bầu cử).
The legislation was passed by the upper and lower houses of the Parliament after two days of deliberation (thảo luận, bàn cãi) and lengthy speeches by lawmakers from the governing party and the political opposition (phe đối lập chính trị). The bill now requires approval from at least half of the country’s 28 state legislatures before it becomes law, after which it would come into force.
Passage in both houses of Parliament virtually guarantees its implementation. Because representatives from India’s different political parties — both at the national and regional levels — already voted in favor of the bill in the two houses of the Parliament, the measure is likely to pass in the state legislatures.
...About half of India’s 950 million registered voters are women, but they make up only about 15 percent of lawmakers in Parliament and just 10 percent of lawmakers in the state legislatures. Across the world, the overall share of parliamentary seats occupied by women is about 26 percent. In India, the largest number of female lawmakers entered the lower house of Parliament in 2019, when 78 women were elected.
...Leaders in India first introduced the idea (đưa ra ý tưởng) of reserving one-third of seats for women in 1992, when the concept was tried in local civic bodies in towns and villages. But those efforts were marred by allegations (cáo buộc) that women were just being used to win elections while the men continued to run daily affairs (điều hành các công việc hằng ngày).