Trung Quốc yêu thích xe hơi đến mức nào

cuốn sách mới của Zhang Jun khám phá niềm đam mê của người dân Trung Quốc đối với ô tô cá nhân như thế nào.


Car ownership (sở hữu xe hơi) is a relatively recent phenomenon (hiện tượng) in China. The mass market (thị trường đại chúng) for private automobiles only predates Zhang’s internship by a little more than a decade. By 2010, however, China was the largest producer and seller of light cars — those with an engine capacity (công suất động cơ) of less than 1.5 liters — in the world. Industry-affiliated organizations triumphantly (hân hoan, đắc thắng) declared the emergence (sự nổi lên) of a “car society.”

In 2022, Chinese bought more than 26 million light cars (xe hơi hạng nhẹ), nearly double the total of the United States. The country is even exporting aspects of its car culture abroad, thanks in part to a world-leading new-energy vehicle sector.

But the side effects (tác dụng phụ) of this culture shift (chuyển đổi văn hóa) are becoming hard to ignore. Traffic jams have become the norm in major Chinese cities. In 2021, more than 70% of surveyed cities in China saw an increase in the number of residents commuting over an hour to work, highlighting the growing divide between residential areas and business districts.

According to Zhang, whose “Driving Toward Modernity (hiện đại): Cars and the Lives of the Middle Class (tầng lớp trung lưu) in Contemporary (đương thời) China” came out in Chinese translation earlier this year, members of China’s middle class have come to view car ownership as vital to navigating (điều hướng) both their family and social lives. Their perceptions (quan điểm) of different makes and models are informed by parallel discourses (diễn ngôn song song) concerning consumption, decency, and traditional family values.

source: Sixth Tone, 

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