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Volkswagen và BASF, hai gã khổng lồ của Đức, đang đánh giá lại các hoạt động của họ trong khu vực, nơi chính phủ Trung Quốc đã đàn áp các nhóm thiểu số Hồi giáo.

Volkswagen said last week that it was in discussions with one of its main joint venture partners in China, the state-owned (thuộc sở hữu nhà nước) Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation, in the wake of allegations of human rights violations (sau những cáo buộc vi phạm nhân quyền) at their joint venture (liên doanh) in Xinjiang.

The companies are examining “the future direction of the J.V.’s business activities in Xinjiang,” VW said, adding that “various scenarios (viễn cạnh) are currently being examined intensively.”

BASF of Germany, the world’s largest chemical company (công ty hóa chất), disclosed on Feb. 9 that it began moving late last year to divest its stakes in two manufacturing joint ventures in Xinjiang.

The Chinese government has strongly opposed (phản đối) any move by multinational corporations (tập đoàn đa quốc gia) to distance themselves from commercial activity (hoạt động thương mại) in Xinjiang, a sparsely populated region four times the size of California.

VW and BASF, which have had extensive investments (đầu tư mở rộng) and sales in China for decades, are among the companies increasingly caught between Beijing on one side and Western governments, shareholders and human rights groups on the other. The scrutiny on German companies is particularly sharp now as European governments grapple (vật lộn) with how to become less reliant on China.

A further problem may lie ahead for VW and other automakers in China. Human Rights Watch issued a report on Feb. 1 asserting widespread (khẳng định rộng rãi) use of forced labor by companies in Xinjiang that produce over 15 percent of China’s raw aluminum (nhôm thô). The group accused automakers of not wanting to know where their suppliers of many aluminum parts actually obtain the metal.

source: nytimes,

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