Thúc đẩy sinh con thứ ba đầy tinh vi như Trung Quốc

so với việc triển khai chính sách một con một cách rõ ràng, người dân Trung Quốc thấy rằng việc thực hiện thúc đẩy chính sách ba con diễn ra theo cách tinh vi hơn.


Since 2021, the Chinese government has permitted couples to have three children, after five years of permitting two children and more than three decades of a one-child policy (chính sách một con), which officials say was needed to control population growth (tăng trưởng dân số) and facilitate (tạo điều kiện) economic growth... According to the latest data from the National Bureau of Statistics (Cục Thống kê Quốc gia), China’s birth rate (tỉ lệ sinh) hit a record low (đạt mốc thấp kỷ lục) in 2023 as its population fell for a second consecutive year (năm thứ hai liên tiếp).

The government has therefore made encouraging people to have more children a priority. But compared to the straightforward (thẳng thừng) slogans of the one-child policy, officials today are finding it more challenging to encourage people to do something they do not have to do.

Instead, officials are trying out more subtle methods of promoting the policy. Netizens have identified several instances of the authorities alluding (ám chỉ) to the three-child policy in official content, including a video reposted by state-run China Youth Daily in April 2022 celebrating the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (Hải quân Quân đội Giải phóng Nhân dân Trung Quốc) 73rd anniversary. In the video’s post-credits scene, a call between a navy personnel and his mother ends with him saying “a third one,” hinting at the arrival of a third aircraft carrier (tàu sân bay) as well as a reference to the newly introduced three-child policy.

These subliminal (ngầm) methods also existed during the two-child policy era. In early 2021, local media reported that education officials had updated the cover of a “moral education” (giáo dục đạo đức) textbook for third-grade students, depicting a couple and their child, to include a sibling. 

Speculation about clues of family planning policy directions (phương hướng chính sách) hidden in official content and materials has been going on for years. For example, in 2019, new official stamps commemorating the year of the pig and showing two adult pigs with three piglets were interpreted as a sign of an imminent loosening of the two-child policy.

Yang believes such subtle promotion will be more effective than direct calls to have more children. 

source: Sixth Tone, 

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