Biden hành động để ngừng bán dữ liệu cá nhân nhạy cảm cho Trung Quốc và Nga

nỗ lực hạn chế hành vi tống tiền và tác hại khác, Tổng thống Biden ban hành lệnh hành pháp yêu cầu Bộ Tư pháp viết các quy định hạn chế bán dữ liệu cho sáu quốc gia

President Biden issued an executive order Wednesday seeking to restrict the sale of sensitive American data to China, Russia and four more countries, a first-of-its-kind attempt to keep personally identifying information from being obtained for blackmail (tống tiền), scams (lừa đảo) or other harm.

The president asked the Justice Department to write rules restricting the sale of information about Americans’ locations, health and genetics to China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, Cuba and Venezuela, as well as any entities linked to those countries. The restrictions (hạn chế) would also cover financial information (thông tin tài chính), biometric data and other types of information that could identify individuals and sensitive information related (liên quan) to the government.

The new restrictions would be the United States’ first-ever broad prohibition on the sale of digital data to individual countries in an era when companies known as data brokers assemble huge amounts of information on people, from favorite hobbies to household income and health conditions, and then typically sell it to marketers that target them with ads.

The executive order is also the latest escalation of a digital cold war between Washington and Beijing. The United States has cut Chinese hardware manufacturers off from crucial supplies and tried to force the sale of TikTok, which is owned by the Chinese internet company ByteDance. In August, Mr. Biden put restrictions in place to make it harder for American investors to put money into the development of sensitive technology, like artificial intelligence and quantum computing, inside China.

Government officials who spoke to reporters on Tuesday tried to dispel the idea that the executive order was a sign that approach (tiếp cận) was flagging. They said that the United States remained committed to the free flow of data around the world and that the rules would exempt the flow of data needed for multinational companies to conduct normal activities (tiến hành hoạt động bình thường) like handling payrolls.

Beyond forbidding the sale of sensitive individual data to brokers that could send it to China or other countries, the administration is considering a tight ban on the sale of genomics data. It is also weighing restricting companies from providing sensitive data under other circumstances like through an investment deal. Companies could bypass those restrictions if they took steps to protect Americans’ privacy, like encrypting the data (mã hóa dữ liệu).

source: nytimes,

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