Châu Âu có thể cứu rừng mà không làm mất việc làm ở Malaysia?

quy định mới nhằm mục đích loại bỏ chuỗi cung ứng dầu cọ nhập khẩu từ đất rừng trước đây. Quốc gia Đông Nam Á cho rằng điều này đe dọa sinh kế

The European Union’s upcoming ban (lệnh cấm sắp tới) on imports linked to deforestation has been hailed as a “gold standard” in climate policy: a meaningful step to protect the world’s forests, which help remove planet-killing greenhouse gases (loại bỏ khí nhà kính giết chết hành tinh) from the atmosphere.

The law requires traders to trace the origins of a head-spinning variety of products — beef and books, chocolate and charcoal, lipstick and leather. To the European Union, the mandate, set to take effect next year, is a testament to the bloc’s role as a global leader on climate change.

The policy, though, has gotten caught in fierce crosscurrents (vướng vào dòng chảy khốc liệt) about how to navigate the economic and political trade-offs demanded by climate change in a world where power is shifting and international institutions are fracturing.

In addition, many government officials, industry representatives (đại diện ngành) and farmers contend (nông dân tranh giành) that the European Union’s rules are really a form of economic protectionism, a way to shield European farmers who grow competing oilseed crops like rapeseed or soybeans.

The European Union’s law, which was passed last year, bars products that use palm oil (dầu cọ) and other commodities like rubber and wood (cao su và gỗ) that come from forestland that was converted to agriculture after 2020.

The effort has had some success. In its annual 2022 survey, the World Resources Institute found that Malaysia was one of the few places where deforestation did not get worse.

A new task force that includes the European Commission and government ministers from Malaysia and Indonesia is meeting to work on putting the deforestation rules (cuộc họp đưa ra các quy tắc phá rừng) into practice. Malaysian officials have asked the commission to accept the country’s own certification system, and to exempt smallholders from the law.

source: nytimes,

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