Cơ quan gián điệp Trung Quốc trỗi dậy để thách thức C.I.A.

bộ An ninh Nhà nước đầy tham vọng triển khai A.I. và công nghệ tiên tiến để đối đầu với Mỹ, ngay cả khi hai quốc gia cố gắng ăn cắp bí mật khoa học

The Chinese spies wanted more. In meetings during the pandemic with Chinese technology contractors (nhà thầu công nghệ), they complained that surveillance cameras (camera giám sát) tracking foreign diplomats, military officers and intelligence operatives in Beijing’s embassy district fell short of their needs.

The spies asked for an artificial intelligence (trí tuệ nhân tạo) program that would create instant dossiers on every person of interest in the area and analyze their behavior patterns. They proposed feeding the A.I. program information from databases and scores of cameras that would include car license plates, cellphone data, contacts and more.

The A.I.-generated profiles would allow the Chinese spies to select targets and pinpoint their networks and vulnerabilities (lỗ hổng), according to internal meeting memos obtained by The New York Times.

The Chinese agency, known as the M.S.S., once rife with agents whose main source of information was gossip at embassy dinner parties, is now going toe-to-toe with the Central Intelligence Agency in collection and subterfuge (thoái thác) around the world.

The Ministry of State Security gradually improved its tactics, got bigger budgets and even built business expertise. Some M.S.S. officers who would be working under cover as business people were sent to private sector offices for training, said Peter Mattis, a former C.I.A. analyst and co-author of a book on Chinese espionage.

Part of the problem is that U.S. intelligence agencies favor information from satellites, intercept programs and human spies. One senior U.S. official said analysts were overlooking valuable insight from nonclassified sources in China.

“The U.S. intelligence community can do amazing things on focused targets,” said Mr. Mattis, the former C.I.A. analyst. “But it sometimes can struggle with broad-based awareness like understanding China’s technology prowess.”

source: nytimes,

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