Tòa án Tối cao cho biết Trump có thể xuất hiện trong lá phiếu năm 2024, lật ngược phán quyết của Colorado

Tòa án Tối cao Mỹ cho biết các bang không thể cấm cựu Tổng thống Donald Trump tham gia cuộc bỏ phiếu bằng cách sử dụng điều khoản hiếm khi viện dẫn trong Tu chính án thứ 14

In December, the Colorado Supreme Court determined that Trump was ineligible (không đủ điều kiện) for the presidency due to his conduct surrounding the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol. The Colorado court's divided decision rested on the Section 3 of the 14th Amendment, known as the insurrection (nổi loạn) clause, which bars (cấm) oath-taking (tuyên thệ) insurrectionists from holding public office.

In its opinion on Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court said only Congress can enforce the clause. The ruling resolves challenges to Trump's eligibility for office pursued by voters in several other states and comes one day before Super Tuesday, when voters in 15 states will cast their ballots (lá phiếu) for the Republican presidential nomination (đề cử tổng thống).

The opinion from the Supreme Court, which has a 6-3 conservative (khuynh hướng bảo thủ) majority, was unanimous (nhất trí) in reversing the Colorado Supreme Court's decision. The high court did not address the Jan. 6 Capitol assault or Trump's actions in the wake of the 2020 election.

The decision was expected, since most of the justices raised concerns during oral arguments about allowing a lone state to disqualify a presidential candidate and what would follow in future presidential contests. Still, the dispute raised a number of novel legal issues and marked the first time the Supreme Court weighed the application of Section 3 of the 14th Amendment.

In a brief, one-page concurring opinion (ý kiến đồng tình), Barrett said the challenge, which was brought under state law in state court, did not require the Supreme Court to address the "complicated question" of whether federal legislation (luật liên bang) is the sole vehicle through which Section 3 can be enforced. But she highlighted the agreement among the nine justices, particularly given the politically fraught nature of the case.

The Supreme Court's ruling is a rare courtroom win for Trump in his post-presidency legal woes that stretch from New York to Florida. And it is the first of several cases before the justices with ramifications for the former president.

The justices are poised to decide whether Trump can be criminally prosecuted (truy tố hình sự) for conduct that allegedly involved official acts while in the White House, with arguments set for late April and a ruling expected (phán quyết dự kiến) by the end of June. A three-judge panel of the federal appeals court in Washington found he is not entitled to broad immunity from federal prosecution (truy tố liên bang).

source: cbsnews,

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