Mỹ kiện Apple với cáo buộc hãng duy trì sự độc quyền về iPhone

vụ kiện kết thúc nhiều năm giám sát theo quy định đối với bộ thiết bị và dịch vụ phổ biến của Apple, vốn thúc đẩy sự phát triển của hãng thành công ty đại chúng trị giá gần 3 nghìn tỷ USD

The federal government’s aggressive crackdown on Big Tech expanded on Thursday to include an antitrust lawsuit by the Justice Department against Apple, one of the world’s best-known and most valuable companies (công ty có giá trị nhất).

The department joined 16 states and the District of Columbia to file a significant challenge to the reach and influence of Apple, arguing in an 88-page lawsuit that the company had violated antitrust laws (vi phạm luật chống độc quyền) with practices that were intended to keep customers reliant on their iPhones and less likely to switch to a competing device. The tech giant prevented other companies from offering applications that compete with Apple products like its digital wallet, which could diminish the value (giảm giá trị) of the iPhone, and hurts consumers and smaller companies that compete with it, the government said.

Apple is the latest company the federal government has tried to rein in under a wave of antitrust pressure in recent years from both the Justice Department and the Federal Trade Commission, to which the Biden administration has appointed heads sharply (bổ nhiệm người đứng đầu một cách sắc bén) focused on changing the laws to fit the modern era. Google, Meta and Amazon are all facing similar suits, and companies from Kroger to JetBlue Airways have faced greater scrutiny of potential acquisitions and expansion.

The Justice Department, which began its investigation into Apple in 2019, chose to build a broader and more ambitious case than any other regulator has brought against the company. Rather than narrowly focus on the App Store, as European regulators have, it focused on Apple’s entire ecosystem of products and services (toàn bộ hệ sinh thái sản phẩm và dịch vụ).

The lawsuit filed Thursday focuses on a group of practices that the government said Apple had used to shore up its dominance.

Apple has defended itself against other antitrust challenges by arguing that its policies are critical to make its devices private and secure. In its defense against Epic Games, it argued that restraining the distribution of apps allowed it to protect the iPhone from malware and fraud. The practice benefited customers and made the iPhone more attractive than competing devices with Android’s operating system.

source: nytimes,

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