Mỹ và Anh cáo buộc Trung Quốc thực hiện chiến dịch gián điệp mạng

hành động ở bờ Đại Tây Dương, bao gồm biện pháp trừng phạt, nhấn mạnh leo thang xung đột mạng giữa đồng minh phương Tây và Bắc Kinh

The United States and Britain imposed sanctions on China’s elite hacking units on Monday, accusing Beijing’s top spy agency of a yearslong effort to place malware in America’s electrical grids, defense systems and other critical infrastructure (cơ sở hạ tầng quan trọng), and of stealing the voting rolls for 40 million British citizens.

Taken together, the actions on both sides of the Atlantic underscored the escalation of cyberconflict between the Western allies and Beijing, in vastly different spheres (lĩnh vực).

American intelligence agencies (cơ quan tình báo) have warned that the malware found in U.S. infrastructure appeared to be intended for use if the United States were coming to the aid of Taiwan. The theory is that Americans would be too tied up worrying about their own supplies of electricity, food and water to help a distant island that Beijing claims as its own.

The motive behind the British intrusion was more mysterious (bí ẩn). That attack involved stealing the voter registration data — mostly names and addresses — of tens of millions of people, as well an attempt to hack into the accounts of members of Parliament. Britain had revealed the voter hack long ago but never said who was responsible.

In addition to the infiltration of the Electoral Commission, Mr. Dowden confirmed that the Chinese had tried unsuccessfully to hack email accounts belonging to several members of Parliament.

Although he did not name the lawmakers, they are thought to include Iain Duncan Smith, a former leader of the Conservative Party; Tim Loughton, a former Conservative education minister; and Stewart McDonald, a member of the Scottish National Party — all of whom have a record of making hawkish statements (tuyên bố) about China.

source: nytimes,

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