Chiến tranh ở Ukraine giúp Trung Quốc kiếm tiền

thương mại của Trung Quốc với Nga vượt quá 200 tỷ USD và nhà sản xuất ô tô, xe tải hưởng lợi lớn

On China’s snowy border (biên giới) with Russia, a dealership (đại lý) that sells trucks has seen its sales double in the past year thanks to Russian customers. China’s exports to its neighbor are so strong that Chinese construction workers built warehouses and 20-story office towers at the border this summer.

Russia, in turn, has sold oil and natural gas (dầu và khí tự nhiên) to China at deep discounts. Russian chocolates, sausages and other consumer goods have become plentiful in Chinese supermarkets. Trade between Russia and China surpassed $200 billion in the first 11 months of this year, a level the countries had not expected to reach until 2024.

China has filled a critical import need for Russia, which many European and American companies shunned after Mr. Putin started his war in February 2022. China has pursued its role as a substitute supplier of goods despite risking its close economic ties with many European nations (quan hệ kinh tế chặt chẽ với nhiều nước châu Âu).

The sales helped China overtake Japan this year as the world’s largest car exporter. German manufacturers like Mercedes-Benz and BMW used to be strong sellers in Russia, but they have pulled out in response to sanctions on the country by Europe, the United States and their allies.

Russia has been ramping up (tăng tốc) natural gas shipments through its Power of Siberia pipeline to China, and has been negotiating to build a second one that would carry gas from fields that served Europe before the Ukraine war. China and Russia also agreed less than three weeks before the Ukraine war to build a third, smaller pipeline that would carry gas from easternmost Russia to northeastern China, and construction (thi công) on that project has raced ahead.

The newest pipeline (đường ống) will cross land that Russia seized from China in the late 1850s and never returned. As recently as the 1960s, China and the Soviet Union were quarreling over the placement of their border and their troops skirmished (quân giao tranh). In a village near Heihe, a larger-than-life-size statue of an imperial Chinese general still glares across the Amur River.

source: nytimes,

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