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người nuôi chó có thể phải chịu trách nhiệm ngay cả trong trường hợp chó của họ không tiếp xúc với những người bị thương.


Following a series of high-profile (nổi tiếng) dog attacks (tấn công) on humans, China’s top court has called for owners of banned (cấm) dogs to be held responsible for (chịu trách nhiệm) attacks in most instances (trường hợp), regardless of the circumstances (trường hợp) of the attack.

In a batch of “model cases” involving pet attacks released on Monday, the Supreme People’s Court (Tòa án Nhân dân tối cao) affirmed (khẳng định) the application of strict “no-fault liability” (trách nhiệm không cần lỗi) to cases of attacks by banned dogs, whereby their owners will be deemed liable (có trách nhiệm về pháp lý) even if they were not negligent (lơ đễnh) per se. 

The Supreme People’s Court regularly publishes (công bố) model cases for lower courts (tòa sơ thẩm) to refer to, although they are not binding. 

In one of the six model cases, a person surnamed Liu was ordered to pay compensation (bồi thường) of more than 30,000 yuan ($4,183) in 2019 after his Alaskan Malamute, a banned breed in the unspecified city, injured a 7-year-old child’s face. 

The local court found Liu liable for the injury even though the child had initiated (bắt đầu) contact by playing with the dog. 

At a press conference on Monday, a Supreme People’s Court judge said that owners can only be exempt from liability (miễn trừ trách nhiệm) if their dogs were raised in accordance with local laws and regulations, and evidence is provided showing the victim alone provoked the attack. 

source: Sixth Tone, 

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