Thị trường lao động Nhật Bản có một bài học cho Fed: Phụ nữ có thể làm bạn ngạc nhiên

việc Nhật Bản cải thiện sự tham gia lực lượng lao động của phụ nữ là lời nhắc nhở đừng cho rằng giới hạn thị trường việc làm là rõ ràng và hữu hạn

Japan’s economy has rocketed into the headlines this year as inflation returns (lạm phát trở lại) for the first time in decades, workers win wage gains (công nhân được tăng lương) and the Bank of Japan raises interest rates for the first time in 17 years.

But there’s another, longer-running trend happening in the Japanese economy that could prove interesting for American policymakers: Female employment has been steadily rising (tăng đều đặn).

Working-age Japanese women have been joining the labor market for years, a trend that has continued strongly in recent months as a tight labor market ((thị trường lao động gắt gao) prods companies to work to attract new employees.

It’s a surprise that could serve as an important reminder to economic (kinh tế) officials around the world. Economists often try to guess how much a nation’s labor force can expand by extrapolating from history — and they tend to assume that there are limits to how many people can be lured into the labor market, since some are likely to stay home as caretakers (người chăm sóc) or for other reasons.

But history has served as a poor guide in Japan over the past decade as social standards, marriage rates and fertility rates have shifted. And the lesson provided by the Japanese experience is simple: Women may be a bigger potential labor force than economists typically count on.

source: nytimes,

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