Trong cuộc tấn công ở Moscow, một số ít nghi phạm nhưng hàng triệu người Tajik bị nghi ngờ

nghi phạm chính trong vụ tấn công chết người gần Moscow đều đến từ Tajikistan. Giờ đây, nhiều người Tajik khác, người đảm nhận công việc trong nền kinh tế thời chiến của Nga bị trục xuất và sách nhiễu

Muhammad said he had found a better life in Russia. After emigrating from Tajikistan last fall, he began driving delivery vans in Siberia, enrolled his children in a local school, applied for a Russian passport and started planning to buy an apartment with the savings from his much higher salary.

The arrest of a group of Tajik citizens accused of carrying out the attack (thực hiện cuộc tấn công) that killed 145 people at a Moscow concert hall last month has upended those plans, filling Muhammad with fear of being swept up in the ensuing crackdown on the Central Asian migrants who prop up Russia’s economy.

The attack, he said, has erased all the efforts his family made to fit into society (hòa nhập với xã hội). In a phone interview from the city of Novosibirsk, he added that he would move back to Tajikistan if the police or nationalist radicals (người theo chủ nghĩa dân tộc cấp tiến) were to target him.

The official crackdown has been accompanied by a spike in xenophobic attacks across Russia, according to local news media and rights groups, which have documented beatings, verbal abuse and racist graffiti directed against migrants.

The crackdown has exposed one of the main contradictions (mâu thuẫn chính) of wartime Russia, where nationalist fervor promoted by the government has brought xenophobia to new highs even as foreign workers have become an irreplaceable part (phần không thể thay thế) of the country’s war effort.

Russian migration experts say the concert hall attack (tấn công phòng hòa nhạc) is likely to further shift the country’s migration debate toward national security priorities, at the expense of the economy. Various policymakers and conservative commentators have called for new laws to restrict migration as supporters of foreign labor in the economic ministries and big business have largely stayed silent.

The need for soldiers and military factory workers pushed Russian unemployment to a record low of 2.8 percent in February, creating acute labor shortages that are fueling inflation and destabilizing the economy, according to the Central Bank of Russia. The country’s rapidly declining population (dân số giảm) makes these shortages impossible to solve without foreign workers, migration experts say.

source: nytimes,

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