TSMC nhận 6,6 tỷ USD để củng cố hoạt động sản xuất chip của Mỹ

công ty Sản xuất Chất bán dẫn Đài Loan có kế hoạch xây dựng thêm nhà máy và nâng cấp cơ sở khác theo kế hoạch ở Phoenix bằng nguồn tài trợ của liên bang

The Biden administration will award up to $6.6 billion in grants to Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, the leading maker of the most advanced microchips, in a bid to bring some of the most cutting-edge semiconductor technology (công nghệ bán dẫn tiên tiến) to the United States.

The funds, which come from the bipartisan (lưỡng đảng) CHIPS and Science Act, will help support the construction of TSMC’s first major U.S. hub, in Phoenix. The company has already committed to building two plants at the site and will use some of the grant money to build a third factory in Phoenix, U.S. officials said on Sunday. TSMC will also increase its total investments in the United States to more than $65 billion, up from $40 billion.

The award is the second largest by the federal government under a program intended to re-establish the United States as a leader in semiconductor manufacturing (sản xuất chất bán dẫn). It was unveiled a few weeks after President Biden announced that Intel, another major chipmaker, would receive $8.5 billion in grants and up to $11 billion in loans during a tour of battleground states meant to sell his economic agenda.

But since TSMC started construction in 2021, various stumbling blocks have delayed the start of production. Last summer, TSMC pushed back initial production at its first factory to 2025 from this year, saying local workers lacked expertise in installing some sophisticated equipment. In January, the company said the second plant would not meet its original schedule of beginning manufacturing in 2026.

Though the planned addition of two-nanometer technology represents a substantial advance (tiến bộ đáng kể), that does not necessarily mean that TSMC’s U.S. factories will offer the latest technology at the same time as its factories in Taiwan. The company carries out research on new technologies on the island, and adapting those processes to high-volume manufacturing is typically done first in nearby buildings to speed the transition and reduce travel time for engineers.

It remains possible that Intel, which is racing to regain its lead in manufacturing technology, will offer the most advanced production technology (công nghệ sản xuất tiên tiến) in the industry by 2028 at U.S. factories. The company carries out its manufacturing technology research in Oregon.

source: nytimes,

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