Journey in Life: ideas
Showing posts with label ideas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ideas. Show all posts

Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Tháp nước

trên nóc các tòa nhà (hay đỉnh đồi ở nhiều làng/thị trấn) luôn có một tháp nước,

việc đẩy/bơm nước lên tháp nước, chầm chậm, nhưng nhất quán, tận dụng trọng lực, sẽ hữu hiệu hơn rất nhiều so với bơm công suất cao, tốn năng lượng để đáp ứng (nếu) nhu cầu tăng đột biến,

chúng ta luôn cần có một "tháp nước" ở đâu đó trong công việc...
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Water towers // Seth Godin

On the top of many apartment buildings (and on a hill in many towns) you’ll find a water tower (tháp nước), a large wooden or metal container holding tons of water.

Why bother?

It turns out that a pump (bơm) that slowly and consistently pumps water uphill (lên đỉnh đồi) is way more efficient than the high-powered, high-capacity pump you’d need to meet spikes (tăng đột biến) in demand (nhu cầu). By using gravity (trọng lực) to assist during times of heavy load (quá tải), the consistent and more efficient pump gets the job done by planning ahead (lên kế hoạch từ trước).

We all need a water tower somewhere in our work.

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Tư vấn mua xe mới

thích thì nhích, mua đại đi, đừng ngại lỡ sau này phát hiện ra là quyết định/lựa chọn tồi vì, về ngắn hạn thì thế, nhưng về dài hạn sẽ tiếc/hối hận nếu ko mua xe mình thích...
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Dear Dan,

I’m shopping for a new car and I’ve been finding it hard to make a decision. Which would I regret more—buying a car I really want but later finding out that I made a bad choice, or not buying the car I really want and later finding out I should have bought it?

—Warren

Research shows that in the short term, we tend to regret actions—in this case, buying a car—more than inactions. But in the long term, we’re more likely to regret the things we didn’t do. Psychologists suspect that this is because the consequences of inaction are uncertain and take much longer to make an impact. So while you might have regrets at first if you buy a car you don’t like, choosing not to buy a car you love would be worse in the long run.

Chủ nghĩa tiêu thụ đang ảnh hưởng giá trị sống giới trẻ

ko muốn ai mua/tặng quà cho mình, ko muốn nhận quà dịp lễ, tết thì phải làm sao?

-> lên danh sách các món đồ trong nhà vẫn còn dùng tốt, nhưng bản thân ko còn dùng nữa, nói bạn bè cũng làm điều tượng tự, và trao đổi đồ cho nhau, vào ngày black friday, v.v..., để vẫn có cái thú mua sắm/mặc cả
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Hi, Dan.

I’ve told my family and friends that I don’t want them to buy me any gifts for the holidays this year—I already have everything I need. I’ve also learned about the bad working conditions for store employees during the holiday season and don’t want to contribute to the problem. Still, I’m worried that by cutting out gifts, I’ll miss the fun and energy of the season. Do you have any suggestions for other ways to show generosity?

—Name

Your commitment (cam kết) to avoiding (tránh) consumerism (chủ nghĩa tiêu thụ) this holiday season (mùa lễ) is admirable (đáng khâm phục), but naturally (theo tự nhiên, thường thì) it would be disappointing to see all your friends having fun and getting gifts while you don’t.

Why don’t you make a list of items you have at home in good condition but don’t want, and ask your friends to make a similar list. On Black Friday weekend, instead of hitting the sales, you could all get together and exchange (trao đổi) things on your lists. If you want to have the fun of hunting for bargains (mặc cả), you could even hold an “auction” (đấu giá) where you negotiate which items you are willing to trade. This way you will get some new things for the holidays, you will experience some of the fun of shopping and looking for deals, and you will be sticking to your principles.

Dọn dẹp mớ hỗn độn sau bữa tiệc một cách dễ dàng

mởi bạn bè cùng dọn dẹp, rửa bát -> họ cảm thấy hài lòng vì góp phần giúp đỡ chủ nhà, một cách bày tỏ lời cảm ơn, thắt chặt thêm mối quan hệ xã hội,

nên dọn ngay, và sau đó cùng uống trà, để ấn tượng buổi tối đẹp hơn...
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Dear Dan,

When I host friends for dinner, can I ask them to help with cleaning up afterward? I hate doing dishes, but maybe it’s impolite to ask guests to share the load.

—Evelyn

I think that you should ask your friends to help. Doing dishes isn’t fun, but if your guests pitch in they will derive satisfaction from knowing they are helping you out. Not only is it a way for them to express appreciation for the meal, but working together on a task is a way of increasing social bonds.

But since the end of an experience is important in determining how we remember and evaluate it, you may want to avoid ending the evening with this chore. Instead, try cleaning up together right after the meal and then invite everyone for a final drink. Of course, that would create a few more glasses to wash, but you would end the evening on a positive note.

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Dẹp cảnh hỗn loạn ở 'xóm đường tàu'

ở ấn độ, dùng 'thần chết' làm cảnh báo nguy hiểm, cấm xâm phạm đường sắt
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Yamraj, lord of death, has been deployed to discourage people from trespassing on Western Railway’s heavily used suburban lines in Mumbai.

The costumed member of the Railway Protection Force provides safety awareness information to the public and intervenes to stops people from walking on the tracks.

‘If you cross the track in an unauthorised way, Yamraj will be standing in front of you’, the Ministry of Railways warned.

Mức phạt chạy quá tốc độ cho ô tô và xe máy

là 1 tiếng đồng hồ đứng nói chuyện với csgt nhé,

thử nghiệm ở estonia, ko phải nộp phạt bằng tiền, mà bằng thời gian (lãng phí), xem người vi phạm thấy có quý thời gian mà đi đúng tốc độ hay không,
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Make them stand by the road for an hour

On the desk of a government building, a diorama ((hội họa) tranh tầm sâu, cảnh tầm sâu) is laid out. Little vehicles sit by the side of a road, watched over by little policemen. On two recent mornings, this scene was recreated in real life. Drivers caught speeding along the road between Tallinn and the town of Rapla were stopped and given a choice. They could pay a fine, as normal, or take a “timeout” instead, waiting for 45 minutes or an hour, depending on how fast they were going when stopped.

The aim of the experiment is to see how drivers perceive speeding, and whether lost time may be a stronger deterrent than lost money. The project is a collaboration between Estonia’s Home Office and the police force, and is part of a programme designed to encourage innovation (đổi mới sáng tạo) in public services (dịch vụ công). Government teams propose a problem they would like to solve—such as traffic accidents caused by irresponsible driving—and work under the guidance of an “innovation unit”. Teams are expected to do all fieldwork and interviews themselves.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Người bán và người tạo ra sản phẩm: phần lớn lợi nhuận thuộc về ai?

(có lẽ) hơn 90% lợi nhuận thuộc về người bán, nhé

phần khó (# phần quan trọng) là giành được sự chú ý của khách hàng...
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If you’ve ever bought a mattress (nệm, đệm) online, or a private label product from Amazon, you’ve experienced the value created by the last step.

That mattress company didn’t make the mattress.

And Amazon doesn’t make light bulbs.

There are countless factories vying to sell generic products to the companies that own the customer relationship. Perhaps 90% (sometimes 100%) of the profit goes to companies that make the sale, not the ones who actually made the product.

That’s because while they make the thing, they don’t do the work. The hard part is earning attention and trust (giành được sự chú ý và niềm tin). The hard part is helping someone make the choice. (There’s a difference between the hard part and the important part. Without the factory, there’s nothing to sell. Making it is important. But increasingly, it’s not the hard part.)

The Broadway producer makes a profit, the chorus (những người hát, dàn hợp xướng) member ekes out (kiếm sống một cách khó khăn, có thu nhập ít ỏi) a living. Fair pay is related to the scarce work of engaging with the customer.

Either you’re doing the hard part or you’re left out of the transaction.

Sunday, October 13, 2019

Thêm niềm vui trong bữa ăn gia đình

đi ăn với bố mẹ (đã về hưu) vào cuối tuần, đừng nghĩ đến việc trả tiền hết (tất cả các lần), đây là dịp (như) 'trao quà' (đi lại),

nếu muốn, có thể thanh toán các hóa đơn khác (của bố mẹ) hoặc quà tặng cuối năm
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Dear Dan,

My retired (nghỉ hưu) parents and I usually go out for lunch every other Sunday. We have been taking turns (lần lượt) paying the check, but I know that I make more money (kiếm nhiều tiền hơn) than they do. Should I start paying for all the meals or at least cover the tip when they are paying?

—Andrew

Since you’ve established a custom (tục lệ) of taking turns paying for meals, I think you should continue on that basis. Think of these meals as gifts that you are giving each other: The purpose of gift-giving is to help strengthen relationships (củng cố/đào sâu mối quan hệ) rather than a strictly financial exchange (trao đổi/giao dịch tài chính). If you are worried about potential strain (căng thẳng (về tài chính...)) on your parents, you can offer to pay some of their other bills or give them a yearly cash gift, but I would separate the issue of their finances from the weekly tradition that you have established.

Friday, August 30, 2019

Du lịch sao cho vui, an toàn

những người sống nội tâm, thích du lịch, nhưng cũng muốn tự do, một mình, để nạp lại năng lượng,
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Since launching IntroverTravels in South Dakota nearly three years ago, Marek has planned a wide array of trips for his clients, from tours of Vietnam and Thailand focused on cuisine (cách nấu nướng), to more adventurous (thich phiêu lưu, mạo hiểm) wildlife-watching (ngắm động vật hoang dã) itineraries (hành trình) in South Africa and the Galapagos. “They tend to be remote places where there’s an absence of people or external stimuli. You can get back to nature, contemplate history or experience the culture of a new place,” Marek says.

His clients tend to be “social introverts,” people who enjoy activities but need to be alone afterward to recharge.

And:

When the group meets, Renzi has them all agree to a few specific principles, including, she says, “Honour one another’s needs and preferences for personal time and space and right to silence, and encourage one another to take personal time and skip group activities as needed. Be open to different belief systems, ways of behaving, communication styles.”

The trips are usually capped at 16 people, and many now have waiting lists. “The demand has certainly been growing,” Renzi says.

Saturday, August 24, 2019

Tín dụng đỏ cho sinh viên

trường nữ sinh ở kigali (thủ đô Rwanda) đang cộng tác với quỹ chancen international của đức áp dụng chương trình chia sẻ thu nhập cho sinh viên: sinh viên nhận tiền (tín dụng) trước, ra trường trả % lương tháng (có thể tới 180% khoản vay ban đầu), nếu không có việc thì không phải trả đồng nào.
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...Several African countries have introduced state loan schemes. But governments have struggled to chase up debts. The private sector is now trying to do a better job. Kepler and Akilah, an all-female college in Kigali, are working with Chancen International, a German foundation, to try out a model of student financing popular among economists—Income Share Agreements. Chancen pays the upfront costs of a select group of students. Once they graduate, alumni pay Chancen a share of their monthly income, up to a maximum of 180% of the original loan. If they do not get a job, they pay nothing.


Saturday, August 17, 2019

Giải pháp cho việc 'tiền cứu trợ bị xà xẻo'

google cộng tác với givedirectly: đưa trực tiếp tiền (khoảng 1.500 usd ~ 35 triệu vnd) cho người dân vùng lũ, vùng bão, bằng thẻ debit (card),

-> tiền được chi nhanh và hiệu quả hơn,
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GiveDirectly is a charity that does exactly what its name implies: It gives poor people money directly, no strings attached. It primarily targets the poorest populations in the world, where money goes the farthest: GiveDirectly organizers go to villages, get residents signed up, and then transfer them about $1,500 cash each in installments.

A few years ago, GiveDirectly decided to test its cash model in a different domain: disaster relief. Instead of trying to rebuild homes or provide food, they’d do what they do best: give the survivors money.

Yesterday, the organization announced that it will be doing its disaster relief work on a larger scale, in partnership with Google.org, Google’s philanthropic arm.

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Tương lai các nhà văn

...sẽ là những cái máy như thế này này (máy bán dạo, ấn nút cái là tuồn ra truyện đọc trong 3-5 phút)

Đau đớn sáng tạo bế tắc writer’s block làm gì cho lắm?
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Once upon a time, in one of the busiest parts of one of the busiest cities in the world, the people were so busy, they didn’t have time to finish reading lengthy works of fiction.

So three vending machines were set up, dishing out not chocolate bars or cans of drink, but free short stories to those rushing by.

In other words, the UK’s first short story vending machines have been installed in London’s Canary Wharf, issuing one, three and five-minute reads by authors from Virginia Woolf to Charles Dickens at the touch of a button.

Created by French company Short Édition, the vending machines feature thousands of stories printed on scrolls of eco-friendly papyrus paper at no cost - and even feature a specially commissioned crime story, Mr Robinson, by bestselling novelist Anthony Horowitz.

Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Giải pháp thúc đẩy ngành du lịch Việt Nam phát triển bền vững

du lịch cùng người nổi tiếng, diễn viên, ca sĩ... cho tới giáo hoàng :)
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TITUSS BURGESS doesn’t like to travel and says he knows “zero” about South Africa, which would seem to make him an unlikely host for a 10-day tour of that nation, especially one that costs nearly $27,000 a head. But on a chill March night, the actor, best known for his role as Titus Andromedon on the Netflix series “Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt,” patiently posed for selfies with travel journalists at a Manhattan wine bar to kick off Heritage Tours’ new Spotlight Series of trips. The company describes the tours as “immersive small-group experiences enhanced by the presence of expert personalities and influencers.”

…While Mr. MacMillan says that the hosts for his trips were chosen for their connection to the destinations, the link can seem tenuous (có ít thực chất, ít ý nghĩa, rất mong manh, hời hợt). Courtney Reed, who played Princess Jasmine in Disney ’s “Aladdin” on Broadway will be hosting a trip to Spain focused on wine, fashion and food. She’s never been to Spain, but is “extra thrilled” about going. “I think my role is just to provide social ambience,” she said. “I’m a very easygoing person and I can create extra flair just having fun and appreciating our surroundings. I’m like a cheerleader….We’re going to have a blast!”

…Other travel companies are hitching their wagons to stars who don’t merely gild the travel experience, but add bona fide (không lừa dối, không gian dối, ngay tình) knowledge or expertise. “There’s only so much caviar and champagne you can give passengers, so we like to enrich their experience in an intelligent way,” said Barbara Muckermann, chief marketing officer of Silversea Cruises. The cruise line, which has at least one expert lecturer on each of its ships, invited nine artists, writers and other creative types including authors Paul Theroux, Pico Iyer and Saroo Brierley to make appearances during its 133-day World Cruise 2019. Besides giving lectures, each is contributing to a commemorative (để kỷ niệm, để tưởng niệm) anthology (hợp tuyển) that Silversea line is creating for the passengers.

Bài trước: Hay phết

Monday, April 22, 2019

Hay phết

phân huỷ xác chết thành phân bón cho cây luôn,

người chết được mai táng kiểu "phân rã tự nhiên" ở washington,
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The process of recomposition essentially turns dead bodies (xác chết) into soil (đất), a practice colloquially known as "human composting." According to the bill's language, this is the practice of "contained, accelerated conversion of human remains to soil."

..."While the dead body is being broken down, Spade said families of the deceased (người quá cố) will be able to visit the facility and will ultimately receive the soil that remains of their loved. It is up to the family how they want to use that soil, Spade said.

"And if they don't want that soil, we'll partner with local conservation (bảo tồn) groups around the Puget Sound region so that that soil will be used to nourish (nuôi dưỡng) the land here in the state," she said.

Monday, January 28, 2019

Chuyện thật như đùa khi gửi xe ở sân bay

có robot đưa xe vào bãi hộ, du lịch xong về robot lại lấy ra cho từ trước,
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Valet-parking droids will go on trial at Gatwick in August, called STAN

Stan isn’t some ghostly valet (đầy tớ, người hầu) from a budget (ngân sách, eo hẹp về tiền nong) American horror (kinh dị) film though, but a small forklift-style robot that will literally pick your car up and drop it into an ultra-tight space without even needing to see your keys.

Created by Stanley Robotics and set to be trialled at Gatwick Airport in August this year, the little droid will then use your flight numbers to ensure that your car is ready and waiting back at the drop-off/pick-up cabin on your return from holiday.

...The main aim for Stan is to increase the number of cars that can be parked in any given area, and the trial at Gatwick should allow space for 270 robotically parked cars where you and I could only fit 170.

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

Bế tắc ý tưởng kinh doanh

các tập đoàn lớn (như ford, nike, intel...) thuê (hoặc tự hình thành) nhóm/công ty tư vấn về phim (hư cấu) khoa học viễn tưởng, lên ý tưởng về thế giới tương lai vận hành như thế nào, để neo theo đó đón đầu xu hướng, và cho ra sản phẩm mới đáp ứng nhu cầu...
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…the business world has been increasingly aware of the genre's potential. In 2017, PricewaterhouseCoopers, the professional services firm that advises 440 of the Fortune 500 companies, published a blueprint for using science fiction to explore business innovation. The same year, the Harvard Business Review argued that "business leaders need to read more science fiction" in order to stay ahead of the curve…

A number of companies, along with a loose constellation of designers, marketers, and consultants, have formed to expedite the messy creative visualization process that used to take decades. For a fee, they'll prototype a possible future for a [corporate] client, replete with characters who live in it, at as deep a level as a company can afford. They aim to do what science fiction has always done — build rich speculative worlds, describe that world's bounty and perils, and, finally, envision how that future might fall to pieces.

Alternatively referred to as sci-fi prototyping, futurecasting, or worldbuilding, the goal of these companies is generally the same: help clients create forward-looking fiction to generate ideas and IP for progress or profit. Each of the biggest practitioners believe they have their own formulas for helping clients negotiate the future. And corporations like Ford, Nike, Intel, and Hershey's, it turns out, are willing to pay hefty sums for their own in-house Minority Reports.


Tuesday, December 4, 2018

Kỷ niệm nào vội tan

sống vui vầy với cún cưng 14 năm, nhưng 6 tháng cuối cùng (trước khi cún chết) rất khó khăn/nặng nhọc, dù chỉ chiếm 3% thời gian bên nhau, nhưng khi nghĩ đến nó, chỉ nhớ những tháng ngày cuối cùng vất vả này mà không nhớ tới thời gian vui vẻ/dễ chịu trước đó -> vì sao?

-> như các nhà tâm lý đã phân tích, điều tương tự xảy ra với ngày cuối cùng kỳ nghỉ, cảnh phim cuối v.v...; -> muốn thay đổi, viết ra những kỷ niệm đẹp về chú cún, mời bạn bè cũng thêm câu chuyện của họ, và dành thời gian hồi tưởng lại những kỷ niệm này...
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Hi, Dan.

My dog lived to be 14 years old, but the last six months of his life were really hard. This only amounted to about 3% of his time with me, but when I think about him now, it's his bad last days that I remember most vividly, not the healthy and happy years we had together. Why is this?
—Jeremy

Psychologists (nhà tâm lý học) have found that our memories (ký ức) of an experience (trải nghiệm) are strongly influenced (bị ảnh hưởng mạnh) by the way it ends (cách chúng kết thúc)—the last day of a vacation, the last scene of a movie. So it's no wonder that your memories of your dog are colored by the end of his life. I'd suggest that you try to give yourself a new ending to focus on. Write down your good memories about your dog, ask friends to add their own stories and then spend some time just going over these positive memories. They'll become the new conclusion of your dog's story.

Monday, November 12, 2018

Tìm đường sang Mỹ

để làm gì?

ví dụ dưới đây, thanh niên mỹ, mắc món nợ tiền học đại học 20.000 usd, bỏ sang... ấn độ sống, ở nhà 50usd/tháng, trồng dừa và nuôi gà (có khác gì nông dân việt nam đâu ;), thề ko muốn bước vào walmart một lần nào nữa :D
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Chad Haag considered living in a cave to escape his student debt. He had a friend doing it. But after some plotting, he settled on what he considered a less risky plan. This year, he relocated to a jungle (rừng rậm) in India. "I've put America behind me," Haag, 29, said.

He now lives in a concrete house in the village (ngôi làng) of Uchakkada for $50 a month. His backyard is filled with coconut trees (cây dừa) and chickens (gà). "I saw four elephants (voi) just yesterday," he said, adding that he hopes to never set foot in a Walmart again.

His debt is currently on its way to default. But more than 9,000 miles away from Colorado, Haag said, his student loans don't feel real anymore.

"It's kind of like, if a tree falls in the woods and no one hears it, does it really exist?" he said.

The philosophy major concedes that his student loan balance of around $20,000 isn't as large as the burden shouldered by many other borrowers, but he said his difficultly finding a college-level job in the U.S. has made that debt oppressive (đè nặng, nặng trĩu) nonetheless. "If you're not making a living wage," Haag said, "$20,000 in debt is devastating (tàn phá, phá hủy, phá phách)."

Friday, October 26, 2018

Giải pháp giao thông đô thị của Singapore

taxi bay, sẽ được thử nghiệm nửa đầu năm 2019,
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Millions of commuters in the region’s cities have to contend with chronic (kinh niên, mạn tính; ăn sâu, bám chặt, thâm căn cố đế) gridlock (tình trạng ùn tắc giao thông/kẹt xe) every day, sparking a race to develop new ways to avoid the snarl-ups (tình trạng ùn tắc giao thông/kẹt xe).

While the developed city state of Singapore does not suffer major congestion (đông nghịt, tắc nghẽn (đường sá...); sung huyết; nghẽn mạng), it is seen as a perfect test-bed for new technologies due to its compact size and openness to innovation.

German firm Volocopter said on Tuesday it will conduct the test flights in Singapore in the second half of next year with the support of the government.

Resembling a helicopter (giống máy bay trực thăng), Volocopter’s electric air taxis take off and land vertically (cất/hạ cánh lên xuống theo chiều thẳng đứng). They are based on drone (thiết bị bay không người lái) technology and can fly two people for around 30km...


Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Liệu bạn có đang tự đánh mất bạn bè?

nhất quyết ko viết nhận xét tốt cho cuốn sách tự xuất bản của bạn trên amazon (vì sách quá dở),
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Dear Dan,

I have several friends who have self-published books on Amazon. After reading the books, I am usually aghast at the poor quality of the writing, and sometimes there is even a gross (thô bạo, trắng trợn, hiển nhiên, sờ sờ) twisting (bóp méo, xuyên tạc, cố ý làm sai nghĩa) of the truth in the retelling of a life experience that I have seen firsthand. Even so, I try to say something positive—without getting into too many details—but then my friends ask me to submit an online review, to go along with all the other five-star reviews they somehow managed to get. I care about my friends, but I also don't want to give a false recommendation. How would you handle this conflict?
—Jerry

Life is full of situations where we are asked to trade our integrity (chính trực, liêm chính) for other interests, such as sparing the feelings of a friend. But once we start giving up our integrity, it is a slippery slope: We are likely to do it more and more until at some point we stop feeling bad about it. What does this mean in your case? Writing a positive review of a book you don't like may seem like a one-time sacrifice of honesty for the sake of friendship. But given that your long-term integrity is also on the line, I would not give it up. Gently decline your friend's request for a review—but do keep on investing in your friendship.