"High policy" nghĩa là gì?

Tự do hàng hải là lợi ích quốc gia của Mỹ*. Photo courtesy U.S. Navy.

'High policy' theo langdu hiểu là chính sách ngoại giao, bạn đọc có nghĩa nào chính xác hơn thì comment nhé.

Ví dụ
As a matter of high policy, for 70 years the United States has never shown much regard for either Korean or Chinese historical claims against Japan.

The application did not relate to the exercise of sovereign or legislative prerogative in matters of high policy such as sovereign immunity (sự miễn trừ), deployment of troops overseas, boundary disputes or recognition of foreign governments. Hence, the issues raised in the application were justiciable.

Richelieu developed a radical approach to international order. He invented the idea that the state was an abstract and permanent entity existing in its own right. Its requirements were not determined by the ruler’s personality, family interests, or the universal demands of religion. Its lodestar (nguyên tắc chỉ đạo) was the national interest (lợi ích quốc gia) following calculable (tính toán được) principles — what later came to be known as raison d’état (lợi ích quốc gia, tiếng Pháp). Hence it should be the basic unit of international relations. Richelieu commandeered (tước đoạt, trưng dụng) the incipient (chớm nở, phôi thai) state as an instrument of high policy.

Sơn Phạm

* Members of the U.S. Navy Ceremonial Guard practice parading the flags before the U.S. Navy Band Concerts on the Avenue series at the U.S. Navy Memorial. Concerts on the Avenue is a free event open to the public where the U.S. Navy Band performs a set of various traditional military tunes as well as popular songs.
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