Journey in Life: 07/02/15

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Thursday, July 2, 2015

"Fall on" nghĩa là gì?

The Battle of Prairie Dog Creek by Ralph Heinz. Photo courtesy The National Guard.

'Fall on' nghĩa là nhập trận, tấn công ác liệt/bất ngờ (attack fiercely or unexpectedly; assail, assault, fly at, set about, set upon; pounce upon, ambush, surprise, rush, storm, charge; jump, lay into, have a go at). Ngoài ra còn có nghĩa là trách nhiệm (của ai, rơi vào/đặt lên vai ai).

Ví dụ
The army fell on the besiegers (kẻ bao vây).

The cost of tuition should not fall on the student.

The fragmentation (tan thành từng mảnh) of Central Europe was perceived by Richelieu as a political and military necessity. The basic threat to France was strategic, not metaphysical (lý thuyết, siêu hình, trừu tượng) or religious: a united Central Europe would be in a position to dominate (thống trị) the rest of the Continent. Hence it was in France’s national interest to prevent the consolidation (hợp nhất) of Central Europe: “If the [Protestant] party is entirely ruined, the brunt (gánh nặng chủ yếu, sức mạnh chính) of the power of the House of Austria will fall on France.” France, by supporting a plethora of small states in Central Europe and weakening Austria, achieved its strategic objective.

Phạm Hạnh

Máy pha cà phê Keurig K45 Elite

muốn chụp với cái máy mà vợ con đang ngủ trưa, nên thôi chụp máy không vậy :)

hàng xách tay từ bãi biển Miami, Florida (nơi Jeb Bush là thống đốc) nhé, ở Việt Nam đang bán là 150USD,

thông số: 120V, 60Hz, 1500W, mua thêm biến áp tự ngẫu LiOa là ok,

cafe nay thêm ngon, liệu có thể thêm 50B Châu Long vào địa chỉ các quán cafe sành điệu ở Hà Nội :)

"High policy" nghĩa là gì?

Tự do hàng hải là lợi ích quốc gia của Mỹ*. Photo courtesy U.S. Navy.

'High policy' theo langdu hiểu là chính sách ngoại giao, bạn đọc có nghĩa nào chính xác hơn thì comment nhé.

Ví dụ
As a matter of high policy, for 70 years the United States has never shown much regard for either Korean or Chinese historical claims against Japan.

The application did not relate to the exercise of sovereign or legislative prerogative in matters of high policy such as sovereign immunity (sự miễn trừ), deployment of troops overseas, boundary disputes or recognition of foreign governments. Hence, the issues raised in the application were justiciable.

Richelieu developed a radical approach to international order. He invented the idea that the state was an abstract and permanent entity existing in its own right. Its requirements were not determined by the ruler’s personality, family interests, or the universal demands of religion. Its lodestar (nguyên tắc chỉ đạo) was the national interest (lợi ích quốc gia) following calculable (tính toán được) principles — what later came to be known as raison d’état (lợi ích quốc gia, tiếng Pháp). Hence it should be the basic unit of international relations. Richelieu commandeered (tước đoạt, trưng dụng) the incipient (chớm nở, phôi thai) state as an instrument of high policy.

Sơn Phạm

* Members of the U.S. Navy Ceremonial Guard practice parading the flags before the U.S. Navy Band Concerts on the Avenue series at the U.S. Navy Memorial. Concerts on the Avenue is a free event open to the public where the U.S. Navy Band performs a set of various traditional military tunes as well as popular songs.

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