Journey in Life: 07/23/18

Monday, July 23, 2018

"Conscientious objector" nghĩa là gì?

Coretta Scott King (l) and Dr. Ralph Abernathy (c) honor Muhammad Ali (r) after his win in a boxing match against Jerry Quarry. Photo courtesy Tullio Saba.

'Conscientious objector' = 'người phản đối theo đúng lương tâm' -> nghĩa là người từ chối nhập ngũ vì cho rằng điều đó trái đạo lý (a person who for reasons of conscience objects to serving in the armed forces).

Ví dụ
The Israeli army discharged conscientious objector Ayelet Brachfeld on Tuesday after imprisoning her for 100 days.

A South Korean conscientious objector was sentenced to a jail term Tuesday, despite the recent Constitutional Court order for the government to introduce civilian forms of service for them.

The film highlights a moment in Ali's career where he was set to stage a world comeback. He had been recently released from prison after refusing to join the Vietnam War as a conscientious objector.

The latest sentence is also against the United Nations Human Rights Council, which recognizes the right of everyone to have conscientious objection to military service as a “legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.”

Phạm Hạnh

"Boat people" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy San José Public Library.

'Boat people' nghĩa là người tị nạn chính trị bỏ xứ ra đi bằng thuyền; thuyền nhân.

Ví dụ
Although most of the refugees on Nauru have been there for five years, some of the children are younger than five years old. They were born there to refugee women. They are classified in Australia’s Migration Act as “transitory children”. They are treated as boat people, even though they have lived their entire lives in detention on Nauru.

The territory (Hong Kong) has seen rapid changes to its humanitarian policies since the days of so-called “Vietnamese boat people” – a term used to describe the 200,000 refugees arriving following the Fall of Saigon in 1975 – which prompted the city to declare itself a “port of first asylum.”

During this time, as governor of Iowa, Ray personally kept the culture of the Tai Dam ethnic group from Laos intact by offering them a home in Iowa in which they could resettle as a people. He was the first governing leader anywhere in the world to step forward to accept the “boat people” refugees from Vietnam who were drowning and dying at sea.

The 1979 Geneva meeting took place at a moment of crisis. In the months leading up to it, an exodus of boat people fleeing the south of Vietnam had escalated dramatically, driven in large measure by nationalization (quốc hữu hóa) of private enterprises (doanh nghiệp tư nhân) in the south of Vietnam, mistreatment (ngược đãi) and crackdowns (đàn áp) on religious communities, continued repression (trấn áp), and official encouragement of departure as well as expulsion (trục xuất) of ethnic Chinese (Hoa kiều).

Phạm Hạnh