Journey in Life: 06/09/20

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Tuesday, June 9, 2020

"Fancy-dress ball" nghĩa là gì?

"Fancy-dress ball" nghĩa là buổi khiêu vũ, trong đó mọi người mặc "fancy-dress" (bộ trang phục dạ hội độc đáo, đặc trưng, có phần kỳ quặc) và đeo mặt nạ.

Ví dụ
For a gentleman, the fancy dress ball allowed him to become the peacock (con công).

"So I'd like to inspire all the women at every awards ceremony from now on. Come in your pants! Come in comfortable shoes! Come as a Ghostbuster!" Or just a general fancy dress theme?

Mr Ewins, 37, and Ms Sukys, 39, were engaged in a sex act at the Sinners and Saints fancy dress ball at the Inflation Nightclub in the CBD in July 2017 when police stormed in and fired at the former couple.

This dedication (cống hiến) to dressing up has been passed to the UK’s former colonies (thuộc địa) like Australia, Canada and even the US, which has put its own spin on it by developing Halloween into a major fancy dress event.

Thu Phương

"Fancy goods" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Naim Benjelloun from Pexels

"Fancy goods" nghĩa là đồ lưu niệm được trang trí đẹp, quà tặng nhỏ xinh, đồ lặt vặt.

Ví dụ
They bought black sheets at a fancy goods store, which they combined carefully to reproduce (tái tạo) a large traditional station blackboard.

Mr Benjamin's jewellery, fancy goods and tobacco warehouse (kho hàng) had a considerable amount of goods saved but a lot of damage was sustained (duy trì).

Before her lucrative (sinh lợi) first book deal in her fifties, Sheila had a vast array (danh sách) of jobs which included working in clothing factories, as an Avon rep and as a market trader selling toys and fancy goods.

Restaurant Dan Arnold has been turning heads with its Saturday morning grocery store service, which offers fancy goods such as smoked butter (bơ hun khói), canelés, molasses (mật mía) bread and sourdough (men chua tự nhiên).

Thu Phương

"Fancy dance" nghĩa là gì?

Văn hóa pow-wow. Photo by Genaro Servín from Pexels

"Fancy dance" nghĩa là những động tác nhảy điêu luyện, công phu của pow-wow dance style truyền thống được biên đạo và trình diễn bởi thổ dân châu Mỹ, những dancer mặc trang phục thổ dân màu sắc kèm theo tiếng trống đệm.

Ví dụ
He was this big-time fancy dancer and was so confident in so many other ways. I felt like I kind of knew my way around the set a little bit better than he did... But it was also approximately 1 million degrees in that loft (gác xép).

Tony and Violet are no strangers to the art form: They are both regular competitors (đối thủ) at the annual Heard Museum Hoop Dancing Competition. (Violet is a Plains Cree and Taino dancer specializing in the fancy, hoop, and jingle (leng keng) dress styles, while Tony is a Hidatsa/Mandan/Apache hoop and fancy dancer as well as a five-time world champion.)

The grounds feature staples (món chính) of Indigenous cuisine like fry bread and buffalo stew (trâu hầm), as well more familiar festival foods like hot dogs and hamburgers. Vendors (người bán) will sell hand-made Native American crafts and wares, from dreamcatchers to beadwork (kết hạt thủ công) and beyond. The programming includes various kinds of dances, including the fancy dance for which Colston once won championships.

Thu Phương

"Fancy footwork" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Preillumination SeTh on Unsplash

"Fancy footwork" nghĩa là động tác chân phức tạp, độc đáo (vũ công, cầu thủ...). Nghĩa bóng là hành xử/chiến lược thông minh, giải quyết tốt vấn đề phức tạp.

Ví dụ
Russell Wilson shows off some fancy footwork drills, Tua has the perfect gift for his mom and Shaq sinks some shots from long range.

"She always jokes she's got two left feet but she would love to do it." They added: "Katie is absolutely open to Strictly talks, showing off her fancy footwork with a sassy (mạnh mẽ) Pricey Tango."

Bruce Logan's run had some mistakes, but included fancy footwork, which impressed the announcers. The judges (giám khảo) liked it too, and awarded three nines out often, putting him into the lead over Davey Hilton.

Goals from Naby Keita and Sadio Mane won it for the ‘reds’ against their team-mates in the away top! This piece of skill has got a lot of attention on Twitter, partly because of the fancy footwork, but also because of the horror-miss (vào trượt) at the end of it!

Thu Phương

"This doesn't quite suit me" nghĩa là gì?

Đẹp rồi, ngắm hoài. Photo by yulia pantiukhina on Unsplash

"This/it doesn't quite suit me" nghĩa là điều đó không phù hợp với tôi/không phải điều tôi muốn/không khiến tôi hài lòng.

Ví dụ
This communal house (nhà chung) doesn't quite suit us. It was, and it remains, alien to us. We have no other home, but for us, Israelis not quite home.

In reply to your question as to how I like this kind of life, I own to you that it doesn't quite suit me. Maybe I'm too old in years, maybe too old in my notions (quan niệm), but it doesn't do, Tom.

Anyway, they kept me on. I thought about moving on anyway, since the life doesn't quite suit me, but his lordship decided I should be his primary driver. And I like the travel just fine. So I'm staying. For a while.

When I first try something new, it may feel as if I am trying on an article of clothing (đồ mặc) that doesn't quite suit me. But there is nothing wrong with acting “as if.” I may need to practice new behaviors in order to become comfortable with them.

Thu Phương

"Suit up" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Achraf Talha on Unsplash

"Suit (oneself) up" nghĩa là lên đồ, mặc đồ vào (thường những bộ đồ theo dịp quan trọng, đồng phục...).

Ví dụ
West Virginia University president E. Gordon Gee vows (thề) that the Mountaineers will play football this fall “even if I have to suit up.”

I would try to suit up but I kept having problems with the uniform. I was trying so hard to hurry up. By the time I was suited, the season was over.

She says the most important thing to do is “suit up and show up.” What happens next is God's business! When we “suit up,” we have to be ready for anything.

When your feet are in, stand up and pull the suit over one calf and then the other calf. Then pull your suit up to one thigh and then up to the thigh on the other leg. Proceed slowly and don't yank (kéo mạnh) your suit from the waist.

Thu Phương

"It suits me fine" nghĩa là gì?

Ở đâu cũng được, tôi dễ tính ấy. Photo by André Cook from Pexels

"(It) suits me (fine)" nghĩa là điều đó ổn với tôi, tôi không có vấn đề gì với nó.

Ví dụ
For me, the simple life with basic necessities and local Mexican neighbors suits me just fine
My plan is to make myself as ready as I can for when gigging (biểu diễn) and touring are realistic things. It’s going to take a lot of work, but I have a lot of time on my hands now so that suits me fine

Rhys Darby: Big in Japan, which premieres (ra mắt) next week, will see Darby embark on a hilariously off-beat (kỳ lạ) journey through the weird and wonderful things the Land of the Rising Sun has to offer. "It is weird. Wonderful and weird," Darby told Seven Sharp host Jeremy Wells. "Suits me fine."

I’m getting asked lots of questions on how I iron a massive bed sheet on this tiny ironing board - I don’t guys. That’s why I buy Seersucker bedding, because this has even been tumble dried (sấy khô bằng máy). But when it goes back on to the bed, it bounces back perfectly fine so I don’t iron my bed sheets, I don’t iron my pillowcases. So this little ironing board suits me fine down here.

Thu Phương

“Not for the life of" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Aubrey Rose Odom

“Not for the life of (one)” = không dành cho cuộc đời ai -> câu này thường được dùng khi bạn không thể làm điều gì dù cố gắng nhiều đến đâu.

Ví dụ
“I just could not, for the life of me, go to bed.” Later that morning, Creech called her mother, who is a health care provider in Nashville, Tennessee.

“When Dirk got sick and I mean he was sick,” Butler said. “Me personally I did not for the life of me, for the life I did not think that Dirk was going to be able to play. And I’ll never forget him being mocked by a good friend of mine, the godfather to one of my kids, Dwyane Wade, and LeBron James. We saw the video, like we saw the visual, of like them coughing and making fun of the whole situation.

Then I thought about small business owners and employees whose jobs also require close personal contact. These include my sons’ martial arts instructor (người dạy, người hướng dẫn võ thuật). He still can’t operate normally. I thought about hair stylists, manicurists (thợ cắt sửa móng tay), massage therapists, etc., who still can’t reopen. I could not for the life of me figure out why professional sports was chosen over the others.

Ka Tina

“Mark for life” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Markus Spiske

“Mark (one) for life” = đánh dấu cả đời -> nghĩa là điều gì đó tác động/ảnh hưởng đến tâm trí ai suốt đời.

Ví dụ
While I spent my whole teenage years scared into submission by wearing a back brace, worried that if I failed to complete my treatment I would be cut open and put back together with a “nasty scar” to prove it, Eugenie went ahead and had the operation which she knew would mark her for life.

“You can do whatever you want later in your existence, but these things mark you for life,” she recounts. She started attending the Italian Communist Party’s (PCI) meetings alongside her father, and then joined local unions to fight against the illegal gangmaster (đội trưởng) system in agriculture, which at the time was particularly harsh against women.

Since I was a small boy during WWII, the war did mark me for life. Much of Hitler’s army had grown up under Hitler’s youth programs in which military training played a dominant role (vai trò ưu thế, nổi bật). I’m guessing that Hitler could not imagine what a tremendous (to lớn) fighting force a democracy like America — whose youth were exposed to playing baseball, football and basketball versus training for military combat (cuộc chiến quân đội) — would prove to be on the battlefield (chiến trường).

Ka Tina

“Make life difficult" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Jay Wennington

“Make life difficult (for one) -> nghĩa là khiến cho cuộc sống của ai gặp khó khăn, rắc rối và áp lực.

Ví dụ
Furthermore, competition like Atlético Madrid and Bayer Leverkusen would make life difficult for the Premier League side, who are in no position to currently offer Milik European football.

The new version of Android will make life difficult for fans of installing applications bypassing Google Play. According to informed sources, with the release of Android 11, installing third-party apps will become much more difficult.

He’s making an issue of this as another way to make life ­difficult for us. During the song, when the words were, ‘sent him ­homeward (trở về nhà), to think again’, he directed it at me and sang, ‘Send the b******* home to think again.

Ka Tina

"Zoot suit" nghĩa là gì?

Vì bộ quần áo mà bạo động. Photo by istolethetv

"Zoot suit" nghĩa là bộ quần áo dút, một loại trang phục phổ biến ở nam giới những năm 1930 - 1940, xuất phát từ những vũ công Harlem. Bộ trang phục bao gồm áo khoác ngoài dài đến đầu gối với ve áo rộng và vai độn, quần baggy cạp cao và thường đội cùng mũ fedora hoặc mũ pork pie.

Ví dụ
Elsewhere, African-American jazz musician Cab Calloway was instrumental in the popularisation (truyền bá) of the baggy zoot suit, which dominated the wardrobes (tủ quần áo) of men of all colours in the 1930s.

One of the most iconic aspects of a pachuco (nhóm người Mỹ gốc México) is the zoot suit, which was almost made illegal in Los Angeles due to its association with Hispanic (người Mỹ gốc La tinh và Tây Ban Nha) gang members.

“I’m honored (tôn vinh) to be Mexican and wear my zoot suit,” Alcaraz said. He and his friend Art Zamora came up with the idea for the Zoot Suit cruise (tuần tra) in 2017. This year would have been their third cruise. “But 1943, that was a sad, sad time.”

In 1943, Los Angeles saw the beginning of its “Zoot Suit Riots” as white servicemen clashed with young Latinos wearing distinctive-looking (trông khác biệt) zoot suits; the violence (bạo lực) finally ended when military officials declared the city off limits to enlisted personnel.

Thu Phương

“Make a life for" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Kawin Harasai

“Make a life for (oneself)” = tạo dựng cuộc sống cho chính mình -> nghĩa là tự thiết lập, phát triển nghề nghiệp và lối sống mà mình yêu thích, cảm thấy vui và hài lòng vì nó.

Ví dụ
“I was able to make a life for myself,” she said. Hamilton's grandfather served in the Vietnam War and received a Purple Heart for his service.

Along the way, they discover that their enemy (kẻ thù) is hiding a sinister (gở, điềm xấu) secret that ties back to past seasons of the series. “Ashoka’s Journey” focuses on Anakin Skywalker’s apprentice (người mới vào nghề, nghề học việc), Ashoka Tano, as she tries to make a life for herself after leaving the Jedi Order. Along the way she meets the Martez sisters and gets caught up in a spice shipment that lands the trio (bộ ba) right in the crosshairs (con trỏ dạng chữ thập) of a notorious crime syndicate (nghiệp đoàn tội phạm khét tiếng).

The thought of leaving the Royal Family bubble can be either an incredibly brave or incredibly stupid thing to do. But either way, if pushed hard enough, some have cracked under the pressure, the limitations, and prejudices (định kiến). It becomes a question of would you want to stay in a family and carry on performing royal duties for the greater good, or make a life for yourself because you want to live a normal life, marry who you want, and ultimately do what you want instead. It's a gray area whether which one is the right thing to do.

Ka Tina

"Suit yourself " nghĩa là gì?

"Cậu muốn làm gì thì làm, đừng gọi cho tôi nữa!" Photo by Gustavo Fring from Pexels

"Suit oneself" nghĩa là hành động tùy ý, muốn làm gì thì làm.

Ví dụ
I should not mind if such a man paid attention to me, but suit yourself. If you don't care for his company, tell him as much.

Beans are anchors in blogger Deb Perelman’s casserole (thịt hầm) — a stand in for pasta, to which you add chopped onions, carrots, celery (cần tây), curly kale (cải xoăn), tomato sauce, a splash of red or white wine (suit yourself)...

I will suit myself, you impudent baggage (con ranh con), and you may think yourself well off I don't send for a policeman and give you in charge, for this is not the first time the money has gone, and how am I to be sure you had not gone to the front door as a cloak?

“Hand me those cups in the basket,” she said.
“I’m serious, Gwen. I’m not going to kill a bottle of vino (một loại rượu rẻ tiền) with you in the middle of the day while I’m wearing my uniform.” 
“Suit yourself.” She reached into the basket and pulled out two red Solo cups.

Thu Phương

“Low-life” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by frankie cordoba

“Low-life” = cuộc đời thấp hèn -> nghĩa là những người bần tiện, bị khinh thường trong xã hội; hoặc tầng lớp/giai cấp những người như vậy.

Ví dụ
All the rotten low life welfare (phúc lợi xã hội, tiền trợ cấp) losers in town ! Report Add Reply. Ginger Jun 2, 2020 2:59pm. Long over due for either the National Guard or the Army to move in.

“My husband is devastated, as he has spent over $10,000 on paintwork and interior,” Morrison said. She says while the car is insured, the incident has left the family nervous to take it out should “some low life” strike again.

Bear in mind that some who are looting and creating mayhem (tình trạng cực kỳ lộn xộn) are bands of opportunists and low-life thieves. But many others belong to organizations that are well-funded and have plans of action. Such groups, including Antifa, plan and direct acts that require logistics, funding, equipment, weapons, and the moving of tools of destruction to various cities in an attempt to foment (xúi giục, khích) unrest.

Ka Tina

“Live out the rest of life” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Clint McKoy

“Live out the rest of life” -> nghĩa là sống/dành hết phần đời còn lại cho việc gì hoặc ở đâu.

Ví dụ
"She was very happy about that decision," Davis said of her mother. "I don't talk to her too much about politics currently. She's 94 and I think she has the right to live out the rest of life with a little bit of peace, which cannot be found in the current political scene. But you know, I don't think she's too happy about anybody on the current roster (bảng phân công) right now. I mean, there's nobody presidential. Not in that group anyway."

And that’s the real tragedy (bi kịch). For unless Trump is eventually brought down by his legal troubles, he’ll probably live out the rest of life in comfort, surrounded by a retinue (đoàn tùy tùng) of sycophants (người ăn bám, kẻ nịnh hót), supplicants (người van xin, năn nỉ), and other lowlifes (hạ lưu, tầng lớp dưới) of the sort he cultivated throughout his life. It’s the rest of us who will end up footing the bill for this train wreck of a presidency (nhiệm kỳ tổng thống).

Ka Tina

“Like life depends on it” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by bruce mars

“Like (one’s) life depends on it” = như cả cuộc sống phụ thuộc vào nó -> nghĩa là cố gắng tối đa, gần như liều mạng như thể sẽ chết nếu thất bại.

Ví dụ
People have been urged to continue to “wash you hands like your life depends on it” by Health Minister Robin Swann.Mr Swann was speaking at an NI Executive Covid-19 press briefing as he repeated the vital public health messages on preventing the spread of the virus.

Sickle cell has cost me many things, but I have received more just because of the same sickle cell. It has taught me what is acceptable and what self-mastery means. I work like my life depends on it when I am fine and see my sick days as my off days. In my work as a sickle (cái liềm) cell advocate, I have met many sickle cell warriors who were once like me.

"You're talking about all these guys in the top 10 fighting, and then me and Kelleher are both streaking right now -- huge fight for bantamweight (võ sĩ hạng gà trong quyền anh)," Stamann said. And a fight in which he'll carry with him a heavy heart, one he'll enter the cage for in honor of his brother. "[It means] everything," Stamann said. "What else can I do? I've just gotta go out there and fight like my life depends on it, because it does."

Ka Tina

“Life-or-death” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Fer Nando

“Life-or-death” = sống hoặc chết -> nghĩa là liên quan đến rủi ro hay khả năng ai đó sẽ tử vong.

Ví dụ
The lockdown means that we are unable to generate (phát sinh, tạo ra) any profits during our best season, which is essential to carry us through the winter months. The money from the insurance could mean life or death to this business.

Making life or death decisions has been brought into sharp relief by the COVID-19 pandemic. For the estimated 500,000 people on dialysis (sự thẩm tách) in the US, that is a bridge already crossed. Having chosen a life requiring continuous life support, do any of them have second thoughts?

Not surprising opposition to another huge government handout to debt-ridden Thai Airways International (THAI) is mounting, as far as public sentiment (tình cảm) is concern there is a change (excuse the pun) in the AIR. When Thailand’s Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha said Thai Airways will be given one last chance to turn itself around calling it a “matter of life or death” for the company and its employees, he was being deadly serious “I gave THAI five years to fix the problems, but it still has not succeeded,” he said after a cabinet meeting in early May 2020.

Ka Tina

“Life saver” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Corey Hearne

“Life saver” = người cứu rỗi/vị cứu tinh -> nghĩa là ai/điều gì đem đến sự trợ giúp quan trọng trong một tình huống khó khăn. Thuật ngữ này thường được dùng trong những tình huống không thật sự đe dọa đến tính mạng ai (theo nghĩa đen).

Ví dụ
“This is going to be a life-saver,” Epley said, noting that PCFP has been receiving calls from those who have received assistance, thanking the pantry (kho chứa) for the help.

A FBI agent based in Flagstaff was a life-saver last week while traveling to Page. Officials say Special Agent John Garcia was heading toward Page on Copper Mine Road last Tuesday when he came upon a single-vehicle accident.

As much of Oregon entered phase two of re-opening on Friday, bars and restaurants are now allowed to extend their hours of business till midnight. One local bar owner says the expanded hours have been a life saver for his business and noted that capacity was reached multiple times this weekend.

Ka Tina

“Life jacket” nghĩa là gì?

“Life jacket” -> từ này nghĩa là áo phao, áo cứu đắm nhưng trong tiếng lóng nghĩa là bao cao su.

Ví dụ
It comes after Abbie revealed on her sex-themed podcast, It's A Lot, that she doesn't like using life jackets during sex.

Police said Gordon later messaged the girl stating that he was concerned he may have impregnated (thụ thai, thấm) her because he did not use a
life jacket.

Obeng’s work profile, called Menz Corner, reads: “A good life starts with good health. Contact me for free HIV testing and STI screening with utmost confidentiality (sự cẩn mật) and lots of freebies (quà tặng),” and lists a phone number. Sometimes people write and ask how to use a life jacket; some send photos of their genital infections or want free flavoured condoms and lubricant. Others ask, “is the place discreet? Can I come?” Obeng said.

Ka Tina

"Form an opinion" nghĩa là gì?

Cậu đừng có suy nghĩ tiêu cực như vậy! Photo by Charles Deluvio on Unsplash

"Form an opinion" nghĩa là hình thành ý nghĩ, có ý nghĩ.

Ví dụ
“Honestly, I think it’s best when people stop and talk to us because there are a lot of people who, I wouldn’t say don’t know what they’re talking about but, don’t have enough education to know, even form an opinion,” Bixby says.

The state education minister while speaking to the media addressed that the Union HRD Ministry has hinted that the schools can reopen after August 15, 2020, further adding that Karnataka is in no hurry to reopen. The ministry will be conducting a meeting with the officials after June 20, 2020, to form an opinion regarding reopening the schools.

He was a travelling salesman (người bán hàng nam) and could only form an opinion as to what caused the accident. A similar accident has not occurred during my term of employment of twelve years with the firm. The engine was a 26 break hp worked from a pulley on to an intermediate counter shaft. The engine had worked on a full load and bricks had been made.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Be of the opinion that" nghĩa là gì?

"Be of the opinion that" nghĩa là gì?

Trời về đêm luôn là lúc đẹp nhất đối với tôi! Photo by www.zanda. photography on Unsplash

"Be of the opinion that" nghĩa là nghĩ rằng, có quan điểm rằng.

Ví dụ
You might be of the opinion that you want a big, strong power hitter who can club 40-50 homers a season, or you might be of the elk to want to go pitching first, grabbing a thrower who can get 15-20 wins with 200 K’s a year.

Trombetti can also be of the opinion that couples should chorus from oversharing particulars of their relationship on social media. “A relationship must be personal and between two folks. Somethings are simply particular and it’s good to maintain it that means,” she advises.

The government may be of the opinion that there may not be enough resolution applicants in the market at this point, leading to a large number of liquidations (tình trạng vỡ nợ), which may not benefit the economy. The Code was established with an objective of maximization of value and not the maximization of ‘price’.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Base opinion on" nghĩa là gì?

"Base opinion on" nghĩa là gì?

Tụi em vẫn nghĩ là cần phải có chính sách quan tâm đến nhân viên hơn ạ!
Photo by Christina @ on Unsplash

"Base (someone's) opinion on something" nghĩa là giữ nguyên quan điểm về điều gì đó.

Ví dụ
Using FN's recent FN 509 releases as a guide to base opinion on, we suspect that the new pistol will be their answer to sub-compact striker fired guns.

“No matter how critical you want to be, you must base opinion on real events. My columns are not ‘funny’ but are often absurd. That’s because much of what happens in Colombia is ‘absurd’”.

“Justice Bromberg’s ruling did not deny free speech to anyone. He said that you cannot base opinion on racial prejudice. You have to have facts to support what you write. It’s about professional journalism. Bolt can say what he wants. He can have an opinion, but he has to be answerable to that.”

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Make them available to" nghĩa là gì?

"Price gouging" nghĩa là gì?

đừng bắt em đeo xịp lên mặt :D Photo by Irene Strong on Unsplash.

'Price gouging' có từ gouge là khoét ra, moi ra, móc ra, lừa đảo, lừa gạt -> từ này nghĩa là tăng giá quá đáng khi nhu cầu (về hàng) tăng cao; nâng giá cơ hội.

Ví dụ
First it was price gouging with hand sanitizer (sát khuẩn tay) and toilet paper. Now the issue is coming up with rental housing (nhà cho thuê).

A San Francisco woman is suing Safeway's parent company in a California district court alleging price gouging on items including toilet paper in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic.

Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a bill Saturday that expands New York’s price gouging statute after complaints of jacked-up prices during the COVID-19 pandemic. The measure broadens the state’s price gouging law to include “essential medical supplies (thiết bị y tế) and services,” along with “any other essential goods and services used to promote the health or welfare of the public.”

Cuomo says the legislation will ban price gouging on personal protective equipment (thiết bị bảo vệ cá nhân), in turn helping the public and health care workers have access to the items. The third-term governor said in a statement that there have been too many examples of retailers charging exorbitant prices (giá cao quá đáng, cắt cổ) when it comes to critical (quan trọng, thiết yếu) medical supplies.

Phạm Hạnh

Lý do các quỹ tư nhân không nên tồn tại?

ko bị kiểm soát, nên mua các công ty sản xuất và dùng những thủ thuật tài chính như trả cổ tức cao, trả lãi vay cho "chủ", "bòn rút" cho đến khi sập tiệm và đẩy công nhân ra đường hết, gây hại cho nền kinh tế...
Earlier this month, a former Toys “R” Us employee named Sarah Woodhams confronted (đối chất) Democratic Presidential candidate Julian Castro. Woodhams told Castro about her experience at the corporation. She worked there for seven years, and then was laid off with no severance (trợ cấp thôi việc) because a set of private equity firms bought the company and looted (cướp phá) it. What she described is not an isolated instance (không phải trường hợp riêng lẻ), but an increasingly common one in America. Woodhams told Castro that “dozens of retail companies (công ty bán lẻ) controlled (bị kiểm soát bởi) by Wall Street have gone into bankruptcy (phá sản), including RadioShack, Payless, and Kmart,” with 15,000 jobs alone in Pennsylvania having disappeared (biến mất).

“Billionaires buy up these companies, make huge profits on our backs, and get away with it because there’s no financial regulation,” Sarah Woodhams explained. “As president, what will you do to hold private equity firms and hedge funds accountable for the destruction of our communities and livelihoods?”

...A private equity fund is a large unregulated pool of money run by financiers (nhà tư bản tài chính) who use that money to invest in and/or buy companies and restructure (tái cấu trúc) them. They seek to recoup (thu lại được; bù lại, bồi thường; tự bù đắp) gains (lợi nhuận) through dividend pay-outs (trả cổ tức) or later sales of the companies to strategic acquirers  (cổ đông chiến lược) or back to the public markets through initial public offerings (chào bán công khai lần đầu). But that doesn’t capture the scale of the model. There are also private equity-like businesses who scour (sục sạo, sục tìm; lùng sục) the landscape for companies, buy them, and then use extractive (bòn rút) techniques such as price gouging (lừa đảo, lừa gạt) or legalized forms of complex fraud to generate cash by moving debt and assets like real estate among shell companies. PE funds also lend money and act as brokers, and are morphing into investment bank-like institutions. Some of them are public companies.

While the movement is couched in the language of business, using terms like strategy, business models returns of equity, innovation, and so forth, and proponents refer to it as an industry, private equity is not business. On a deeper level, private equity is the ultimate example of the collapse of the enlightenment concept of what ownership means. Ownership used to mean dominion (quyền thống trị, quyền chi phối, quyền chiếm hữu) over a resource (tài nguyên), and responsibility for caretaking that resource. PE is a political movement whose goal is extend deep managerial controls (quyền kiểm soát điều hành) from a small group of financiers over the producers in the economy. Private equity transforms corporations from institutions that house people and capital for the purpose of production into extractive institutions designed solely to shift cash to owners and leave the rest behind as trash. Like much of our political economy, the ideas behind it were developed in the 1970s and the actual implementation was operationalized during the Reagan era.

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