Journey in Life: 03/22/21

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Monday, March 22, 2021

Chia rẽ

Source: Geographical,

Hữu Hoàng dịch, Quỳnh Anh hiệu đính,

Vì sao chúng ta đang sống trong thời đại của những bức tường?

Theo tác giả Tim Marshall, việc Bức tường Berlin sụp đổ là ngoại lệ nằm

ngoài quy luật. ‘Ở khắp nơi, chúng ta đang thấy những bức tường biên giới được dựng nên,’ tác giả viết.

Các số liệu càng củng cố cho nhận định này. Tường ngăn biên giới kiên cố hầu như không tồn tại vào cuối Thế chiến II, nay đã lên đến con số khoảng 70, phần lớn trong số đó chỉ mới

"Lay on, Macduff" nghĩa là gì?

Umit Y Buz on Unsplash

"Lay on, Macduff" -> nghĩa là cứ làm đi, hãy cố hết sức!

Ví dụ
Even madness (điên rồ) and loss cannot stifle (đàn áp) Macbeth’s ambition. And yet, despite all his crimes, when we come to the final struggle and he cries, “Lay on Macduff and damned be him, that first cries, ‘Hold, enough,’” the fearsome power of his unyielding spirit is a palpable, emotional force.

The kids grow more confident with the archaic (cổ xưa) language, more excited about the delivery as their instructor urges them on. "Lay on Macduff!" he yells, and one of the boys yells it back. "Good!" The instructor grins, signalling the next boy. "Bigger!" "LAY ON MACDUFF!" the boy bellows.

This is an infernally (ghê gớm) difficult play to activate, despite its perpetual (bất diệt) revival. Kurzel's solution, to mixed results, is to lay on with crimson and orange color saturations, the bone-crunching and this-knob-goes-to-11 sound effects. By the time Fassbender actually says the famous line "Lay on, Macduff," you think: Lay off! The movie's been laying on the whole time.

Ngọc Lân

"Turf war" nghĩa là gì?

René Ranisch on Unsplash

"Turf war" có turf là làng xóm, đất đai riêng -> từ này nghĩa là cuộc chiến tranh giành địa bàn giữa các băng đảng; nghĩa khác là tranh giành chức vụ, địa vị.

Ví dụ
Legislative research, in an analysis (phân tích) of the bill sponsored (ủng hộ) by Sen. Tony Luetkemeyer, said the impact would be revenue neutral because St. Joseph is part of MCC’s service area but not its taxing district. That means we’re talking about a turf war.

A turf war between two ruling Awami League factions (bè phái) has left at least five people injured in Narsingdi. Violence erupted (nổ ra) at the Chardighaldi union near the district town in the early hours of Friday, said the local police.

It took a lot of effort to get community college resources to St. Joseph. Rather than diminish (giảm bớt) this with a turf war, all sides are advised to work together to find what, if any next step is needed to continue meeting the educational needs in St. Joseph.

Police have yet to confirm if the fires are related, or identify suspects. These two fires are the latest in a series of incidents linked (liên kết) to a violent turf war battling for control of Toronto’s lucrative collision tow business.

Ngọc Lân

"Throw into disarray" nghĩa là gì?

Ricardo Viana on Unsplash

"Throw into disarray" có disarray là xáo trộn -> cụm từ này nghĩa là gây rối, náo loạn, gây bất bình trong nhóm, tổ chức. 

Ví dụ
Be that as it may, Munya’s entry stands to throw into disarray, plans by the pack of bigwigs (quan to) seeking to be the ones negotiating (thương lượng) the region’s share of the national cake.

If the legislation (dự luật) doesn’t become law, it will mark the end of a streak (chuỗi liên tiếp) of 59 consecutive years of success for the defense budget policy measure, and throw into disarray hundreds of planned Pentagon reforms, program starts and specialty pay reauthorizations.

The resistance—unusual among Disney’s famously loyal workforce—could throw into disarray plans that Disney executives have spent months crafting (gây dựng) and are in the early stages of executing. The first wave of workers has been told they will be called off furlough (nghỉ phép) and expected to report back to work in the coming weeks.

The new education policy will throw into disarray the present education system and inconvenience general students. It will also throw open the education sector to private players and they will make it out of the reach of the poor students who solely depend on state-run educational institutes.

Ngọc Lân

"Worm in the apple" nghĩa là gì?

Arturo Mendez on Unsplash

"Worm in the apple" = con sâu trong quả táo -> nghĩa là điều tưởng như tốt đẹp thực ra lại tồi tệ, xấu xa. 

Ví dụ
In an opinion piece that appeared in the local newspapers on Wednesday 10 and Friday 12 March 2021, Unam Emeritus Professor André du Pisani asked in a thought-provoking way if the country’s project of nation-building is dead.  For this, he referred to patriotic (yêu nước) history as the very worm in the apple of nation-building and reminded us of the ‘morally dangerous’ patriotic pride.  

The worm in the apple is critical race theory. This has been defined (định nghĩa) by Professor Derrick Bell as “a body of legal scholarship . . . ideologically committed to the struggle against racism, particularly as institutionalized in and by law.

At the same time, efforts need to be redoubled (gấp đôi) to excoriate (phê bình) the 'worm in the apple' – inflation – before it hurts the impulses of growth that are taking root.

The worm in the apple is that the Europeans can act independently, whether as individual nations or in concert (phối hợp) through the EU. The more independent they are, the less they want advice from Americans.

Ngọc Lân

Sáng nay bạn thế nào?

mọi việc ok bạn tôi, 

ko như anh chàng ở siberia bị... gấu đuổi hút chết :D
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If snow and bears are quintessential (thí dụ hoàn hảo của) for any video from Russia, this one definitely makes the cut. An agitated animal was filmed chasing a man down the street of a chilly Siberian city… shortly after escaping from a local hotel.

The bizarre (kỳ lạ, kỳ quái) story, with some truly crazy visuals, emerged from Nizhnevartovsk in Western Siberia on Wednesday. Locals were puzzled after they witnessed a brown bear roaming (đi lang thang, rong chơi) the streets downtown in the morning. The animal was very out of place, given it’s a pretty big city with some 280,000 residents and no forests nearby.

The footage (cảnh quay), caught on camera by eyewitnesses (nhân chứng), shows a man clearly aware of the bear while anxiously talking to somebody on the phone as it gets ever closer. There’s a dramatic moment when the creature appears to get agitated and rushes at him, launching an intense, if short competition in who can run faster. After quite some chase, the quick-thinking man then makes a successful break by crossing the road and setting up his pursuer to be hit by an oncoming bus.

Bạn bè như cái bẹn bà

thủ tướng parkistan nhiễm covid-19 sau khi tiêm vắc-xin china... :D
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...Khan, 67, was vaccinated as part of the nationwide anti-coronavirus vaccination campaign which is underway in its first phase. The COVID-19 vaccine is being provided to people 60 years of age and above and to front-line health workers.

Pakistan on Wednesday received half a million doses of coronavirus vaccines donated by China. The second consignment (chuyến hàng) of the Sinopharm vaccine was received at the Nur Khan airbase (căn cứ không quân) in Rawalpindi.

Đúng là dê

do covid-19, dê ở bắc wales bùng nổ dân số vì... ko được tiêm tránh thai đúng hẹn... :D
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When food is scarce in spring, the Kashmiri goats venture down from the Great Orme into Llandudno, Conwy, in search of something to eat.

But there are fears for their safety after numbers spiked and they started exploring further in lockdown.

...While the goats are wild animals, they normally get contraceptive injections (tiêm tránh thai) to manage their numbers but due to the pandemic, this did not happen last year.

Bài trước: Tối qua say quá

Có muốn khoai tây chiên ở đó không?

em gái florida bị bắt giữ ở cửa hàng McDonald vì... giấu rượu trong xu-chiêng :D
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...An officer (sĩ quan) dispatched (phái, cử) shortly before 8 p.m. found Stanley “idling” in the driver’s seat of her Pontiac with “glassy” eyes, “flushed” face, and smelling of alcohol.

The cop asked Stanley if she needed medical attention (chăm sóc y tế) or whether she’d been drinking and she said no to both.

Upon exiting the car, as instructed by the officer, Stanley began “swaying from side to side,” (đi xiêu vẹo) and on the way to Lake County Jail “continued to utter, ‘she wasn’t driving,’ ‘just take me home let’s forget about this’ and ‘I’m so stupid I should know better,’” the report noted.

"Be crowned with glory" nghĩa là gì?


"Be crowned with glory" có crown là đội vương miện, đội vòng nguyệt quế, glory là sự vẻ vang, niềm vinh dự -> cụm từ này nghĩa là được hưởng vinh quang.

Ví dụ
The Hebrew writer draws attention to Christ’s status as God’s Son. Because of that status, it is appropriate that he be crowned with glory and honor.

It is time to tell those in mourning (những ai đang than khóc, đang chịu thống khổ) that the time of God's favor has arrived! All who still feel enough to shed a tear in Edmonton will soon be crowned with glory.

The government is conscious (biết rõ) that it will not be crowned with glory if its police clear the path, for the first time, for women devotees aged between 10 and 50 to climb the 18 steps that lead to the inner sanctum (thánh đường) of the Sabarimala temple.

Thùy Dương

Tử hình mới đúng

ủy ban truyền thông liên bang mỹ phạt hai nhà telemarketer ở texas 225 triệu usd (lớn nhất trong lịch sử) vì gọi gần... 1 tỷ robocalls...
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The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has issued the largest fine in its history. Two Texas-based telemarketers are on the hook for $225 million after making approximately 1 billion robocalls to people across the US. They ran at least two businesses that illegally spoofed other companies to try and sell people on short-term insurance plans, claiming they were from well-known providers like Cigna.

One of the people involved in the scheme admitted to making "millions" of robocalls per day, even going so far as to go out of his way to call numbers on the Do Not Call list because he believed it would be more profitable to do so. According to the FCC, "a large portion" of the more than 23.6 million health insurance robocalls that crossed US wireless networks in 2018 came from Rising Eagle, one of the companies the two telemarketers ran.

A fine, even the biggest in the agency's history, is unlikely to rein in robocalls. In fact, there's evidence to suggest they haven't been effective at all. Two years ago, a report from The Wall Street Journal found that between 2015 and 2019, the FCC had ordered violators of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act to pay $208.4 million in penalties. By the end of that period, the agency had only collected $6,790. That number may have changed in the years since the WSJ's report came out. All the same, it's not encouraging.

Tối qua say quá

em gái 27 tuổi cứ tưởng bị lao, chạy chữa suốt 6 tháng không khỏi, cuối cùng các bác sĩ phát hiện ra là... bao cao su trong phổi... :D
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A 27-year-old woman showed up to hospital with a cough (ho), fever (sốt), and thick mucus (đờm) that had been persistent for six months (dai dẳng suốt 6 tháng). Four months prior to attending hospital, she had been prescribed antibiotics (kháng sinh) and anti-tuberculosis treatment, which appeared to have no impact on her symptoms (triệu chứng), doctors write in a case report published in the National Library of Medicine.

The school teacher's sputum (nước dãi, đờm) was tested for TB and was found to be negative. However, when her chest was scanned they found a lesion in the right upper lobe of her lungs. Upon further investigation, it appeared to be "an inverted bag-like structure ‘sitting’ in the bronchus (phế quản)".

The team removed the mysterious "bag". Though most of it was destroyed by the process, it was still identifiable as a condom.

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