Journey in Life: 11/17/20

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Tuesday, November 17, 2020

"Struggle along under" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Xenia Bogarova

"Struggle along under" có struggle là chiến đấu/vùng vẫy -> cụm từ này nghĩa là tiếp tục đối mặt/xoay xở khi đang giải quyết vấn đề hoặc khó khăn đè nặng.

Ví dụ
The State Department continues to struggle along under the oft-demonstrated incompetent leadership of Rex Tillerson. Though the House has approved a restoration of all but one percent of the draconian (hà khắc) Trump administration cuts to the department’s budget, the Senate has not yet acted, and the organizational structure of the department is still a shambles (dáng đi lóng ngóng).

Some hotels have even turned the practice into a business model, Ald. (42nd Ward) Brendan Reilly said Tuesday at a City Council budget hearing. He accused those establishments of profiting off bar and restaurant closures as hospitality businesses bear the brunt of regulations and penalties when they allow similar behavior. Reilly’s comments come as Chicago’s COVID-19 test positivity rate reaches 13.6 percent and the city’s hospitality industry continues to struggle along under pandemic safety restrictions.

Ka Tina

"Pull the carpet from under his feet" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Sina Saadatmand

"Pull the carpet (out) from under one's feet" = rút thảm dưới chân -> nghĩa là đột ngột ngưng hỗ trợ, giúp đỡ hoặc đẩy ai trong thế bế tắc.

Ví dụ
"What has been happening in the market recently may pull the carpet from under his feet during the critical year of the presidential election," Ipek Ozkardeskaya, senior analyst at Swissquote Bank, said in a morning note.

Perhaps a new narrative is emerging. Bitcoin is volatile, yes, but so are a lot of other more mainstream investments that populate even conservative portfolios (danh mục đầu tư bảo tồn). And the volatility differential seems to be narrowing; this might continue. If so, bitcoin could become less a market hedge and more a volatility diversifier. As more investors embrace volatility, they will hopefully do so with a variety of tools. You’ll have heard the saying: “They can pull the carpet out from under your feet, or you can learn to dance on a moving carpet.”

It was particularly humiliating for Advani, who had built up Modi as his successor, not as the man who would pull the carpet from under his feet. The writing, however, had been on the wall for a long time. Except that Advani did not read it at all. Soon, the Loh Purush was to be reduced to a candle without a wick (bấc đèn), and Modi’s star burned bright. Back in 2006, there was a meeting with the RSS chief K.S. Sudarshan, which should have served as a sign of things to come. Advani had gone to meet Sudarshan in Nagpur, ostensibly (có vẻ là) to talk of another yatra, his pet subject whenever his career floundered. At the meeting, Sudarshan is said to have given the veteran leader a dressing down.

Ka Tina

"Lie down under" nghĩa là gì?

"Lie down under" -> nghĩa là nghỉ ngơi/nằm nghỉ.

Ví dụ
Before going out to dinner, we’ll go take Frankie for a run. On Porter Street, there’s a street that has no end. There’s a hill and an old stone house. If you keep going, there’s a huge hill, so Andrew will kick the ball around and Frankie runs like crazy. I will lie down under the tree and read a book for a while. We have a book club at Call Your Mother.

In other deadline day fallout it is being reported that the out-of-favour and out-of-sorts Manchester City defender John Stones turned down a move to Tottenham because he did not want to uproot his family, while the Liverpool midfielder Xherdan Shaqiri will remain at Anfield until January at least due a lack of interest from elsewhere. In the meantime, your humble Rumour Mill is off for a long lie-down under a blanket in a cool and darkened room.

The victim of Hollyoaks ' shocking murder on Monday as the soap returned from its lockdown break has been confirmed as Lisa Loveday, played by Rachel Adejei, in a case of mistaken identity. Viewers had been left guessing because during Scott and Mitchell's wedding, Mitchell Devereux had fallen out with his brother Toby Faroe. Mitchell then went to lie down under a sheet in the hotel room to calm down. Toby was seen entering a room wielding a cane and and furiously smashing it over a lump under a sheet in a bed.

Ka Tina

“Labor under the delusion of" nghĩa là gì?

“Labor under the delusion of/that" = lao động dưới sự ảo tưởng -> nghĩa là sống, làm việc và hoạt động theo niềm tư hư ảo/không thực tế.

Ví dụ
People tend to labor under the delusion that if they suddenly became rich, or if they were born wealthy, then that would solve or prevent all their problems.

Many of these pastors labor under the delusion that all they have to do is come out against the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision and this gives them the moral high ground. They deliberately ignore the unprecedented and extreme moral depravity (đồi bại đạo đức) they see in the White House with endless falsehoods (sai lầm) and rationalizations (sự hợp lý hóa). Such well-known pastors as Franklin Graham, Tony Perkins, and Pat Robertson are big-time liars to claim that they are followers of Christ.

My self-discovery probably might not seem relevant to your upcoming decision, but I hope it conveys that the seeming immensity of your choice is enormous only in appearance. The idea that where you go to college is the first step in some long-term strategy is erroneous (sai sót). Plans change … and they change again, and again, and again. I don’t want to labor under the delusion that my career plan is written in ink, because doing so may blind me from other opportunities that come up in the next few years. Any certainty you may feel right now (or think you ought to feel right now) might not be true, and that shouldn’t induce fear — it should actually do the opposite. It should assure you that even though this decision will close some doors, walking through one of them will open a new set of doors that you couldn’t even have imagined. Planning every single door that you need to go through is impossible, and choosing one door over another isn’t going to derail your life. So, how do you decide which door to enter?

Ka Tina

“Knock the props from under” nghĩa là gì?

“Knock the props from under” có prop là cái chống đỡ/trụ cột -> cụm từ này nghĩa là hạ gục tinh thần, phá hủy hoặc làm suy yếu.

Ví dụ
I came to Oklahoma 63 years ago to work in the industry. If you are ready for a mass migration of families from Oklahoma, then vote for the Democrats who will knock the props from under our economy.

Make no mistake. Lukashenka is popular with a sort of electoral love that Vladimir Putin enjoys in Russia. The elections are not fake entirely. Because he controls the money, the media, the parliament (quốc hội), the army, and the police, "Daddy" wins elections and basks in widespread support. Once you knock the props from under him, the support should crumble (sụp đổ).

The spreading coronavirus and Trump’s inept (vô lý, vớ vẩn) response to its growing danger look like the Dems’ most promising current chance to knock him off his perch: Maybe the stock market will tank and knock the props from under Trump’s major claim to worthiness for re-election. But if you’re the Democrats and that’s your best political shot, you may be in some serious political trouble.

Ka Tina

"Dragged kicking and screaming" nghĩa là gì?

"Dragged kicking and screaming" = bị lôi (xềnh xệch) vừa đá vừa la hét -> nghĩa là ép ai phải làm gì, đi đâu trong khi họ không muốn chút nào.

Ví dụ
With the election result still hanging in the balance, a US media report claims President Donald Trump has signalled (ra tín hiệu) the Secret Service may have to drag him from the White House "kicking and screaming".

But Carter, like Gerald Ford before him and George H.W. Bush after him, accepted the humiliating (đáng xấu hổ) loss. We suspected that Donald Trump would not be so graceful about accepting defeat. But he is turning out to be the first president who will be dragged kicking and screaming into the Presidents Club.

Pause for a moment, and let's take ourselves back to November 2017, when the then Turnbull government was dragged kicking and screaming to hold a royal commission (ủy ban) into the banks.

For years, the RBA has been determined to remain aloof (tách biệt) from the rest of the developed world's dalliance with radical (triệt để) monetary policy. It now has been dragged kicking and screaming into the void (hư vô).

Ngọc Lân

Ai mà chưa từng

bị kẹp phec mơ tuya vào chim :D, lần đầu tiên ghi nhận hồ sơ bệnh án năm 1936,

khoảng 2.000 người bị mỗi năm...
Injuries to the penis from zipper entrapment (đánh bẫy, lừa) are actually the most common cause of penile (tác động đến dương vật) trauma (chấn thương, tổn thương; sự việc đã qua gây đau buồn) in adults, with roughly 2,000 reported cases yearly. When they occur, the individual often presents to the emergency department with the prepuce (bao quy đầu; nếp gấp tương tự ở đầu âm vật) caught in the zipper after having unsuccessfully tried home management. It will often present with swelling, pain, bruising (thâm tím), and edema (chứng phù) related to the injury. Adult patients are often extremely reluctant (rất ngại ngần) to come to the hospital for this type of problem, due to extreme embarrassment (rất xấu hổ), which can cause delays in presentation and treatment. The majority of affected patients are children.[1][2] The condition of the penile skin or foreskin becoming caught in a zipper is technically described as a "zipper related penile injury" (ZIRPI) and was first reported in JAMA in 1936.

Zippers were first patented about 100 years ago by Gideon Sundback, a Swedish - Ameican engineer, as an improved clasp locker. At the time of its development, Sundback reportedly had some reservations about "possible genital mishaps". In 1923, B. F. Goodrich was the first company to use the new fastener commercially on their rubber galoshes. It was originally called a "separable fastener" but was soon given the catchy name of "zipper".

Penile rings are intended to improve and maintain erections and are typically used for erotic or auto-erotic purposes. Various types of constricting bands and the injuries they can produce have been reported, but the first case of penile strangulation from such a ring was described by Gauthier in 1755. When a ring becomes trapped either at the base of the penis or behind the penoscrotal junction, it can become quite serious. Such events, called penile ring entrapments, are quite rare. When distal venous engorgement and edema prevents their removal, the penis can progressively become quite swollen, ischemic, and painful. If left untreated, this can progress to ischemia, infarction, necrosis, and even gangrene. For these reasons, penile ring entrapments are considered urological emergencies and need to be dealt with promptly.[3]

"Take a drag on" nghĩa là gì?

Giới trẻ hay gọi các smokers là mồm như bát hương :)) Photo by Quinten de Graaf on Unsplash

"Take a drag on" -> nghĩa là hít khói từ cái gì, nhất là thuốc lá.

Ví dụ
The product works as advertised (quảng cáo). Take a drag on a vape or joint or cigarette and exhale (thở) through the filter. The little filter then grabs all the particulate and, I guess, stores the bad stuff, leaving very little exiting the other side of the filter. Even the most considerable clouds of vapor disappear.

When you take a drag on a cigarette, you’re inhaling thousands of chemicals, including one very potent (mạnh mẽ) and very addictive chemical called nicotine. But you knew that, right? What you may not know is that nicotine is one of the most addictive substances on Earth. It’s so potent that it falls into the same category of addiction as heroin, alcohol, barbiturates, and cocaine.

In the minutes before his life-saving surgery, he smoked one last roll-up. It was the last time Henry would ever take a drag on a fag (điếu thuốc), and he’s proud to say he has never smoked since. Henry’s cancer scare came just a few years after his wife Tina was diagnosed with lung cancer. Now the couple are urging other smokers to kick the habit

Exposing the dark realities of the underbelly (khu vực dễ bị tấn công) of the crime world, ‘Trackers’ begins in Loxton, Karoo, as three motorcycles dart across a dirt road. The tale dives right into a bar where feisty (dễ quạu) men take a drag on a cigarette. 

Ngọc Lân

"Clip over the ear" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Andrew Le on Unsplash

"Clip over the ear" có clip là đánh, nện -> cụm từ này nghĩa là cái tát, bạt tai vì hành vi xấu. 

Ví dụ
Not that it takes that long for Nathan Brown to get under the skin of his opponents, nor does it take much for Jake Friend to react, but when Brown kicked the ball away and Friend gave him a clip over the ear, tensions (căng thẳng) boiled over.

Port Adelaide great Kane Cornes has given Crows director and club great Mark Ricciuto a clip over the ear for "spruiking (diễn thuyết) rumours" about Brisbane making a play for Power star Charlie Dixon.

There is plenty to love about Junior MasterChef – the ability of the miniature (thu nhỏ) cooks is utterly gobsmacking, for a start. These kids aren't just cooking at a level adults would be proud of, they're cooking at a level that kind of makes you want to give them a clip over the ear and tell them to stop showing off. 

“A lot of actions would come under that. It didn’t deserve a week. It wasn’t hard or malicious (độc ác). Probably just a fine and clip over the ear would have been enough. My daughter has hit me harder than that. “I was more laughing at Ryan’s reaction and falling over like a sniper had got him.”

Ngọc Lân

"Bull session" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Kiski Flickr

"Bull session" = phiên nói chuyện hão -> nghĩa là cuộc thảo luận, tọa đàm, nói chuyện thân mật, ngẫu hứng, thường trong một nhóm nhỏ.

Ví dụ
"If Filson were a whiskey, what would it be?" Doug Thielen, Filson's marketing chief, said, characterizing a typical bull session at the company. "If Filson were a vehicle, what would it be?" The answer was a vehicle that could access the wild.

What tends to go on in a bull session is that the participants try out various thoughts and attitudes in order to see how it feels to hear themselves saying such things and in order to discover how others respond, without it being assumed that they are committed (cam kết) to what they say.

That night, Harvard was holding forth one of his patented (được cấp bằng sáng chế) bull sessions. These were impromptu (ngẫu hứng) affairs usually held in Harvard's cubicle (phòng ngủ nhỏ) among a half dozen of the Trick infatuated (mê hoặc) by the pronouncements (tuyên bố) of the resident intellectual.

Kissinger did not talk religion with his roommates. "We never, ever discussed our Jewishness (tính chất Do thái)," said Gilman. But in late-night bull sessions, Kissinger strongly opposed (phản đối) the creation of Israel. "He said it would alienate (xa lánh) the Arabs and jeopardize (gây nguy hiểm) U.S. interests. I thought it was a strange view for someone who had been a refugee from Nazi Germany."

Thu Phương

Có phải thi đấu không?

nghiên cứu mới nói, chính chị em mới là người ngủ ngay sau khi sex... ;)
A team of evolutionary psychologists led by Gordon Gallup of the University at Albany, State University of New York found that women are more likely to fall asleep after sex than men. Their rationale? Because it increases the chances of conception (thụ thai).

“The phrase ‘sex is nature’s sleeping pill’ (tình dục là thuốc ngủ của thiên nhiên) is often used to capture the idea that sexual intercourse (quan hệ tình dục) may have sedative (giảm đau, an thần) properties, but there has not been much research on this effect,” state the authors. “We found that women were more likely than men to report falling asleep after sexual intercourse and that post-copulatory (sau giao cấu) somnolence (buồn ngủ, lơ mơ, mơ màng) was enhanced by orgasm (cực khoái) in both women and men.”

While this finding may seem out of step with common sense, there's actually quite a bit of logic behind it. Here’s how the theory goes: Humans evolved an upright posture and bipedal movement as a means to navigate their environment in an optimally efficient way. One of the downsides of an upright posture is that it puts the female reproductive system (hệ sinh sản) at a downward angle with respect to gravity. This is not ideal for retaining sperm (tinh trùng) and, by extension, maximizing the chances of conception (thụ thai) during sex. To overcome this problem, evolutionary psychologists note that “missionary position” (làm tình kiểu truyền giáo, truyền thống) has become a cross-cultural universal. But they argue there is another mechanism through which evolution has enhanced the odds of conception: by imbuing seminal fluid with sedative-like properties. This encourages women to remain lying down after sex, which allows more sperm to be retained in the reproductive tract and further increases the chances of conception.

Bài trước: Quá dễ

Chắc gì đã hạnh phúc hơn

nghiên cứu mới nói những người thường xuyên ăn ớt sống lâu hơn...

Chilli eaters may have a “significantly reduced risk of dying from cardiovascular disease (bệnh tim mạch) or cancer (ung thư)”, according to preliminary research which will be presented this week at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2020.

While previous research has found consuming chillies has an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer and blood-glucose regulating effect due to capsaicin – which gives chilli its characteristic hot taste, the study is the first large scale effort to compare reported consumption of chilli with disease mortality (tỉ lệ tử vong).

Bài trước: Cố làm gì

Đã đọc chưa?

những người theo đuổi chủ nghĩa bảo hộ có đọc đoạn dưới chưa?

đọc xong có nghĩ lại ko?
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from pages 140-141 of the 2015 Fourth Edition of Dartmouth economist Douglas Irwin’s superb volume, Free Trade Under Fire:

Because exports increase the number of workers in relatively more-productive, high-wage industries, and imports reduce the number of workers in relatively less-productive, low-wage industries, the overall impact of trade in the United States is to raise average wages
. Conversely, any policy that limits overall trade and reduces both exports and imports tends to increase employment in low-wage industries and reduce employment in high-wage industries. Restricting trade would shift American workers away from things that they produce relatively well (and hence export and early relatively high wages in producing) and towards things that they do not produce so well (and hence import and earn relatively low wages in producing) in comparison to other countries.

DBx: Indeed. And so when a protectionist (theo đuổi chủ nghĩa bảo hộ) or a proponent (ủng hộ, tán thành) of industrial policy (chính sách công nghiệp) tries to sell you on a scheme (kế hoạch) to use subsidies (trợ cấp) and protective tariffs (thuế bảo hộ) to enrich ordinary people, point that person to Doug’s book (now deservedly in its fifth edition). Ask that person if he or she has read it.

That question will end the conversation, for you can be sure that the (honest) answer is “no.” Peddlers of protectionism – past and present – almost never bother really to learn the case for free trade; they never study carefully the works of scholars such as Adam Smith, Jean-Baptiste Say, David Ricardo, Frédéric Bastiat, Richard Cobden, Henry George, Jacob Viner, Gottfried Haberler, Fritz Machlup, William Allen, Harry Johnson, Leland Yeager, Robert Mundell, Jagdish Bhagwati, Arvind Panagariya, Pierre Lemieux, Dan Griswold, Doug Irwin, Dan Ikenson, Scott Lincicome, and Johan Norberg. Instead, protectionists content themselves with their straw-man concoctions of the case for free trade. After all, straw men are so much easier to slay than are the real McCoys.

Bài trước: Nông cạn

Nông cạn

nhìn đời qua báo chí, thì cũng như nhìn (mỗi) bàn chân để đánh giá một người con gái đẹp thôi... :)
trích dẫn hôm nay… is from page 185 of the late Hans Rosling’s 2018 brilliant book, Factfulness:

Forming your worldview (thế giới quan) by relying on the media would be like forming your view about me by looking only at a picture of my foot. Sure, my foot is part of me, but it’s a pretty ugly  (xấu xí) part. I have better parts. My arms are unremarkable (không nổi bật, tầm thường) but quite fine. My face is OK. It isn’t that the picture of my foot is deliberately lying about me. But it isn’t showing you the whole of me.

DBx: The news media disproportionately (không tương xứng, không cân đối) focus on, and portray (vẽ chân dung, miêu tả sinh động), those events that vividly grab emotional attention. The news media enlarge that which is seen and amplify that which is heard. In doing so, the new media ignore that which is unseen and that which is silent, or even merely quiet.

Bài trước: Ghê quá

"There are no flies on" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Syed Ali on Unsplash

"There are no flies on someone" = đến ruồi cũng không đậu được -> nghĩa là người nhanh nhẹn, thông minh, sắc sảo. 

Ví dụ
My dad who lived to 93 had a favorite saying “There are no flies on him!” Which meant that the individual without flies was clever, quick moving, on top of things, sharp, and did their own thinking. If he saw the Harris-Pence-fly debate last night from some galaxy far, far away, I can hear his laugh and the follow-up “flies are all over that guy“ that is, Pence showed none of the qualities that fly-free folks (người) have. 

There is certainly some truth to the argument that free trade is a civilizing force. There are no flies on Adam Smith. But its beneficent (có ích) effects depend absolutely on a principle that Donald Trump has been quick to insist upon: reciprocity (nguyên tắc có đi có lại).

The whole concept was wrong from the get-go (khởi đầu) anyway. They should never have called it a smartphone. Right away, you feel intimidated (đe dọa) because you know it knows way more than you do. But there are no flies on me. I quickly learned to send texts and to phone people. Answering was a bit trickier, and I decided to ignore voice mail. 

But there are no flies on Spider-Man, either, who figures out that Mysterio's "powers" are just tricks, and secretly plants a "spider tracer" on that big, purple cape (yes, they had tracking devices in 1964). Ambushing Mysterio, Spider-Man defeats him and gets him to spill that he did, in fact, impersonate (giả danh) Spider-Man and framed (dàn dựng) him by committing crimes. Spidey caught it all on a tape recorder (yes, they had those, too, in 1964), and Mysterio is arrested.

Ngọc Lân

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