Journey in Life: 12/27/20

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Sunday, December 27, 2020

"Call away his attention" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Tim Foster on Unsplash

"Call away one's attention" có call away là gọi đi, mời đi -> cụm từ này nghĩa là làm cho đãng trí, làm cho không chú ý.

Ví dụ 
Nothing can call away his attention from the project he is now working at.

She is engaged in studying an important problem, and nothing can call away her attention.

It was difficult for her dentist to call away her attention so that she could pull out her decayed tooth.

Even the clatter and clicks of the nearby treadles can't call away his attention from his loom (khung dệt). His hank of yarn (sợi tơ) grows smaller on its swift as his finished.

Thùy Dương

“Turn of phrase” nghĩa là gì?

Photo by OSPAN ALI on Unsplash

“Turn of phrase” -> nghĩa là phong cách diễn đạt.

Ví dụ
We left no Glaswegian turn of phrase left unturned, from that habit of finishing our sentences with the word 'but' to the old 'werselves', to name just a few.

Durrani’s prose is turgid (buồn tẻ) though he often compliments the main character for wit and turn-of-phrase. Instead of focusing on the Osama mystery te book drones endlessly on Barakzai's court appearances. It is a real bore, and avoidable.

At the start of lockdown, I interviewed the virologist (nhà virus học) Dr Jane Greatorex. She was superb, with a gunslinging turn-of-phrase (“corona is the only pathogen in town”) and full of advice that rammed home, like no shambling government press conference ever could, the gravity of our situation. 

Anh Thư

“Drop your bundle” nghĩa là gì?

“Drop (one's) bundle” = rơi bó (não) -> nghĩa là lo âu khoắc khoải, tuyệt vọng.

Ví dụ
Well in December 2019, I had word that my son had been missing for two weeks, which really dropped the bundle, or I dropped my bundle.

India got the worse of the umpiring (quyết định của trọng tài), but didn’t drop their bundle. They took their catches, including three in-close behind square leg, an outcome not often seen south of Chennai.

Northampton director of rugby Alan Gaffney: “At 19-8 down, it is really easy to drop your bundle and let it slide. It may have happened previously, but they dug in very deep, and when you have been on a losing streak for some time it would have been easy to give in. The players just dug deep and clawed the win out.”

Anh Thư

Chắc quên khoai tây chiên

nam thanh niên cầm cưa máy đuổi đánh nhân viên McDonalds...
...Officers say 26-year-old Alice Sweet of Portland entered McDonald's with a chainsaw (cưa máy), went behind the counter and stole a drink and some food while revving the chainsaw.

Police say when the manager confronted Sweet in the parking lot, Sweet chased the manager with the chainsaw and damaged two vehicles.

Sweet is charged with Robbery, Criminal Mischief, Refusing to Submit to Arrest and Violation of Conditions of Release.

Không biết điều

china điều tra tập đoàn Alibaba vì độc quyền...
...The country’s market watchdog (người kiểm soát) said on Thursday that it had opened an investigation (điều tra) into whether the e-commerce group Alibaba had engaged in monopolistic practices (hành vi độc quyền), such as restricting (hạn chế) vendors (người bán dạo) from selling merchandise (hàng hóa) on other platforms (nền tảng). Separately on Thursday, four Chinese financial regulatory agencies (cơ quan giám sát tài chính), including the central bank, said they would meet soon with Ant Group, Alibaba’s finance-focused sister company, to discuss new supervision.

...The stepped-up scrutiny of Alibaba and Ant — the pillars of the business empire of Jack Ma, China’s most famous tycoon (ông trùm) — coincides with efforts by the United States and European Union to curb the power of Western internet powerhouses such as Google and Facebook.

...Alibaba is a Goliath by any measure in China. More than 750 million people — equivalent to over half of the country’s population — shopped on its platforms in the 12 months that ended in September. The group’s main marketplaces are Taobao, where merchants set up electronic stands to sell to customers, and Tmall, which caters to larger Chinese and global brands.

...The new investigation could be a much bigger deal. China’s antimonopoly law allows for a maximum fine of 10 percent of a company’s sales from the previous year, which in Alibaba’s case would be billions of dollars.

"In the land of the living" nghĩa là gì?

"In the land of the living" = vùng đất của sự sống -> nghĩa (bóng, hài hước) là vẫn còn tỉnh.

Ví dụ
Keep on holding your head up high, for you shall see the Goodness of the Lord in the land of the living. 

I just hope people take it seriously. This was a life changing event for me. I didn't know what was going to happen, how it was going to go. I'm just really grateful to be in the land of the living.

Norman Lippa, now aged 96, was pictured celebrating Hersz Friedman’s 100th birthday party held at COA. “She saw the photo and thought, ‘That’s him, he is still in the land of the living!’” exclaimed Norman.

Thùy Dương

"Spy out the land" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Tyler Casey on Unsplash

"Spy out the land" = do thám vùng đất -> nghĩa là tìm ra hoặc hiểu rõ tình huống cụ thể, cách vấn đề tồn tại và tiến triển, trước khi có bất kỳ hành động mang tính quyết định nào.

Ví dụ
The Lord gave the command, but the idea to send men to spy out the land seems to have come from the people.

Did you know that after the Israelites (người Do thái) flee (chạy trốn) slavery (chế độ nô lệ), they make their way from Egypt to the Promised Land in short order? Nope, no, 40 years of wandering. When they arrive at Canaan, Moses chooses 12 men to spy out the land.

We think we know the story. Moses sent 12 spies to spy out the land. Ten of them came back with a negative report. The land is good, but unconquerable (không thể xâm chiếm). The people are strong, the cities impregnable (bất khả xâm phạm), the inhabitants (cư dân) are giants, and we are grasshoppers (châu chấu).

Thùy Dương

"The lay of the land" nghĩa là gì?

"The lay of the land" = địa thế -> nghĩa (bóng) là trạng thái, sự sắp xếp hay tình trạng cụ thể của điều gì; cách một tình huống tồn tại như vốn là và tiến triển.

Ví dụ 
There are policymakers (người hoạch định chính sách) who switch jobs at least once every two years and as such make an art form out of never knowing the ins and out or the lay of the land.

Overlanding, as the pastime is called, usually is not something that people can dabble in. A sturdy vehicle and tons of gear is a must, as is knowing the lay of the land and how to navigate it.

My parents were atheists (người theo thuyết vô thần); I knew almost nothing about Christianity as a child, although I got the lay of the land when I was sent to Catholic school in sixth grade.

Thùy Dương

"Land in your lap" nghĩa là gì?

"Land in one's lap" = đáp vào lòng -> nghĩa là tình cờ đạt, nhận được điều gì mà không cần nhiều cố gắng.

Ví dụ 
As a difficult year comes to a close, give some thought to what you want out of life and how you intend going about it because things won’t just land in your lap, you have to actually go out and get what you want.

In the current market landscape, the perfect job is probably not going to land in your lap. I encourage you to stay active and engaged in the interview process. If you continue with self-reflection (phản ánh bản thân) and remain diligent (siêng năng) in researching organizations for alignment of your core values.

I look back now, to be honest, and I do know. I can tell that possibly, in that moment, there was a struggle with the words that you were about to say, and what you're possibly dealing with, and the questions that lie in all of our hearts when difficult things land in your lap that you can't make sense of. 'Why am I dealt this deck? Why did this happen to me?'

Thùy Dương

"Land of plenty" nghĩa là gì?

"Land of plenty" = vùng đất dồi dào -> nghĩa là vùng đất hư cấu, tưởng tượng, nơi có mọi thứ cần thiết để tồn tại và phát triển.

Ví dụ 
The skulls of two baboons, mummified more than 3,000 years ago, have helped narrow down the location of a fabled (hư cấu, bịa đặt) "land of plenty", which once supplied ancient Egypt with gold, frankincense, myrrh and monkeys.

Yesterday at the grocery checkout counter in my local store, the clerk asked me if I would like to donate to a hunger fund. This led me to ponder how our land of plenty could be in such dire straits regarding such basics as feeding its citizens.  

The World on Monday stated that never before did the hotels and restaurants of Vancouver lay themselves out for such an excellent spread for their guests as they did (Christmas Day). To show people abroad that Vancouver is neither in a desert or a wilderness, but in a land of plenty, we publish a few of the bills of fare.

Thùy Dương

"An ambulance at the bottom of a cliff" nghĩa là gì?

"An ambulance at the bottom of a cliff" = xe cứu thương ở đáy vực -> nghĩa là điều chỉ có ích khi ai đó đã bị thương hoặc gặp rắc rối.

Ví dụ
A new child-safety initiative aims (ngắm tới) to offer help before trouble starts, instead of being an ambulance at the bottom of a cliff. The Ngā Tini Whetū​ programme was unveiled on Friday and is a collaboration between multiple agencies aimed at supporting North Island whānau.

“So it’s like an ambulance at the bottom of a cliff. It’s a very expensive ambulance, it does help people who have severe (gay gắt) problems like Uaina, but it’s not an answer to obesity (béo phì) in society,” he said.

So while New Zealanders will now take their grocery shops home in reusable (tái sử dụng) bags, much of that same shop will end up in landfill. Yes, you can recycle the packaging but it's an 'ambulance at the bottom of a cliff' solution (giải pháp). For a variety of reasons, much of what we recycle ends up in landfill anyway.

This is partly because gambling mechanisms are ubiquitous (khắp mọi nơi) in Australia, and partly because responsible gambling measures are unconcerned with preventing harm. At best, these measures act as an ambulance at the bottom of a cliff – not the fence at the top.

Ngọc Lân

"Slow his roll" nghĩa là gì?

Keep calm = giữ bình tĩnh!. Photo by WanderLabs on Unsplash

"Slow his roll" -> nghĩa là bình tĩnh.

Ví dụ
But Dez tells him to slow his roll, because, as he says, he’s “happy as a clam (yên tĩnh)” doing what he does. 

Trumka had just finished a lengthy rant (bài diển văn khoa trương) about how President Trump and his administration have heartlessly (vô tâm) bungled the response to the pandemic when Cavuto wrapped the segment by telling the labor leader to slow his roll because: "Not all of us are dying."

Tight end stinks, so I'm not sure why Logan Thomas is available in nearly 40% of Yahoo leagues. Thomas has seen a massive 31 targets across his last three games, and the switch to Dwayne Haskins didn't slow his roll one bit as Thomas caught 13 of 15 targets for 101 yards in Week 15.

Thùy Dương

Bài trước : "Roll up your sleeves" nghĩa là gì?

"Roll up your sleeves" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Lumin on Unsplash

"Roll up your sleeves" = xắn tay áo -> nghĩa là sẵn sàng làm điều gì khó khăn, cường độ cao.

Ví dụ 
Nearly 4,000 doses of Pfizer and BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine have been allocated to Stanislaus County, but don’t roll up your sleeves just yet.

The early admissions and National Letter of Intent signing have recently passed, and most 2021 prospects have made their college commitments. For those prospects who remain actively engaged with recruiting, it's time to roll up your sleeves and get busy.

"He agreed to do remote learning before remote learning was cool," Joel said. "He shipped me VHS tapes when I was on co-op up in Michigan, and that made it possible to stay on schedule to graduate. He was a roll-up-your sleeves, get-it-done, no-nonsense person."

Thùy Dương

Bài trước : "Roll in wealth" nghĩa là gì?

"Roll in wealth" nghĩa là gì?

"Roll in wealth" -> nghĩa là cực kỳ giàu có; được hưởng lợi ích, xa hoa.

Ví dụ
Now, the poverty riddled Kim family roll in wealth and luxury. 

The ‘Madams’ roll in wealth. With their trade and wealth they also buy influence in high places, and are able to get away lightly. 

The general introduction of spendthrift (hoang phí) trusts would be to form a privileged (có đặc quyền) class, who could indulge (lạm dụng) in every speculation (sự đầu cơ), could practise every fraud, and, provided they kept on the safe side of the criminal law, could yet roll in wealth. They would be an aristocracy (quí tộc), though certainly the most contemptible aristocracy with which a country was ever cursed.

Thùy Dương

"Be ready to roll" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Erol Ahmed on Unsplash

"Be ready to roll" = sẵn sàng cuốn gói -> nghĩa là chuẩn bị di cư.

Ví dụ
"Kendall is ready to go if he’s the guy," Stefanski said. He’s prepared every week as if he’s getting ready to start. He’s the swing tackle. This is when those guys have to be ready to roll.

The quarter pipe is in, the rails (đường ray) are ready to go and the concrete (bê tông) is almost finished being poured - the first ever Sisters Beach skatepark should be ready to roll in the new year.

Dallas County Health Department (Sở Y tế Quận Dallas) Director Dr. Philip Huang tells NBC 5 he would be ready to roll up his sleeve to get the COVID-19 vaccine that’s headed for FDA approval. Huang also discussed plans to roll out the vaccine in Dallas County.

Thùy Dương

"Rolling on the floor laughing" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Stormy All on Unsplash

"Rolling on the floor laughing" -> nghĩa là cười lăn lộn trên sàn, cuồng loạn, không kiểm soát được; dân mạng hay viết tắt là rotflmao (rolling on the floor laughing my ass off).

Ví dụ
The Good American founder clearly found the comment funny as she responded to the comment with a series of rolling on the floor laughing emojis. 

To whoever said women can’t be funny, Indian women ruled the game and continue to do so. Here are five women that kept netizens rolling-on-the-floor-laughing entertained. 

Moreover, both of them will be seen in a role reversal act in between various performances. Seems to us that this jodi is going get everyone rolling on the floor laughing with their comic timing. 

They even released a bunch of beta filters for everyone to try out and give feedback on, and while there are some features that are genuinely helpful, there are others that will have you rolling on the floor laughing.

Thùy Dương

"Bottom of the ninth" nghĩa là gì?

"Bottom of the ninth" -> nghĩa là giây phút cuối cùng/quyết định của tình huống quan trọng, căng thẳng. 

Ví dụ
As the game progressed to a tie (hòa) in the ninth inning, fans didn’t know if Jeter would be taken out of the game to give him his moment in the bottom of the ninth. 

There was certainly no shortage (thiếu thốn) of offense in this Aug. 7 game between the Tigers and Pirates at PNC Park. Pittsburgh rallied to close a late five-run deficit, eventually tying the game at 12-12 on Adam Frazier's two-run homer in the bottom of the ninth.

But after the raucous (khàn khàn) celebration in the stands died down, the Mets squandered (lãng phí) a bases loaded chance in the bottom of the sixth, fell behind in the top of the ninth, and couldn't muster (tập trung) any magic in the bottom of the ninth as they fell to the St. Louis Cardinals.

Picture this. It’s the bottom of the ninth and the Yankees are on the cusp of playoff elimination. They’re squaring off against a rival with really bad blood, and animus (thù oán) that stretches back beyond this season. 

Ngọc Lân

"You could cut the atmosphere with a knife" nghĩa là gì?

"You could cut the atmosphere with a knife" = có thể cắt không khí bằng một con dao -> nghĩa là tình huống rất căng thẳng, dễ xảy ra xung đột.

Ví dụ
The fear was palpable (có thể cảm nhận được). I know what it means to say you could cut the atmosphere with a knife. Living through the Troubles takes its toll I believe. So many bad things, they build one on the other, year after year. I still have dreams about being in Belfast in vaguely (ngờ ngợ) perilous (hiểm nghèo) situations, yet I know I was one of the lucky ones. 

The place was like a boxing ring. You could cut the atmosphere with a knife and I remember asking myself: ‘What the hell am I letting myself in for here?’ But eventually, Jock walked towards me and said just three words. Two of them were ‘You’re on!’ And I was.

Our bodies literally vibrate (rung lên). How we feel sends off the vibration - an energy that leaves our bodies. Eg, have you ever walked into a room and you feel like you could cut the atmosphere with a knife?

Ngọc Lân

"Figure of speech" nghĩa là gì?

"Figure of speech" -> nghĩa là dùng từ khác nghĩa thông thường, nói khoa trương, đao to búa lớn. 

Ví dụ
The authors treat character as an essential muscle group that can be strengthened with targeted exercise. It’s more than a figure of speech. Just as the physical body can get flabby (mềm dẻo), so can a person’s ability (or at least willingness) to make honest decisions.

We have to resist the urge to deflect (làm lệch hướng) from this, to insist that it’s not just white people, to shout that it’s really the other side, to claim that it’s serious when they do it but just a figure of speech when we do it. That way of thinking is intellectually dishonest and morally bankrupt.

I wonder why my sister and so many others self-soothe (tự làm mình vui) with sweets, while the rest of us seek solace (an ủi) in other foods. Is a “sweet tooth” just a figure of speech, or does it have a biological basis? Is a sweet tooth actually a thing?

Sadly, we live in an imperfect world — one in which “pants on fire” is merely a figure of speech, not what happens when your half-undressed boyfriend says (with a totally straight face): “Amber and I were just about to have a work meeting.” You: “In our bed?” 

Ngọc Lân

"Choice bias" nghĩa là gì?

đã chọn... Photo by Carol Oliver on Unsplash.

"Choice bias" = định kiến chọn lựa -> nghĩa là có cái nhìn tích cực về những chọn lựa trong quá khứ trong khi lại quá chú ý những mặt tiêu cực của các phương án mình không chọn.

Ví dụ
When criticized in the past, Lichter and other defenders of the school cited an anti-school-choice bias they believe exists in the education establishment (giới lãnh đạo).

However, scientists did not know whether the SC helped filtering out other sensory stimuli to help focus on the target visual inputs (increased choice bias), or if it was enhancing visual sensitivity.

The researchers built the game so that for every character a player could choose, there was an equally rewarding one had merely been given to them. On average, players showed a clear choice bias in that they were more likely to prefer rewarding characters that they had chosen over equally rewarding characters they had been given.

As it turned out, the Millennials in the Etgar and Tamir data didn't show that default choice bias. When given two choices (default vs. alternative), the majority chose the alternative. When given three choices (default vs. two alternatives) they tended to be less likely to stick with the default as well. Both sets of students divided their preferences between the two alternatives, suggesting that they weren't overburdened by the cognitive load of the task.

Phạm Hạnh

Bão nổi lên rồi

When anger rises, think of the consequences.
~ Confucius

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