Journey in Life: 08/17/19

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Saturday, August 17, 2019

"The short straw" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Christian Hebell on Unsplash

"The short straw" = cọng rơm ngắn -> nghĩa là kết quả ít thuận lợi/mong muốn/ít may mắn nhất.

Ví dụ
Jessica keeps drawing the short straw for some reason and winding up on the outside of everything, which has to feel personal (cá nhân) and so hurtful (đau đớn). With Nicole and Cliff being invited into the "new six," Jess is now the only HG in the house to have not been a part of that power alliance (liên minh) at one point or another and now she must feel truly alone ... unless, of course, Nicole is only pretending (giả vờ) to be a part of it.

The final will be played in the UK in June 2021‚ after 71 matches (trận đấu) in 27 series. And‚ much like they did in the 2019 World Cup‚ when they played three games — including against joint favourites England and India — in the opening week‚ SA have drawn the short straw.

Manchester United manager (quản lý) Ole Gunnar Solskjaer believes English clubs have "picked the short straw" when it comes to the transfer window closing next week, despite most teams in Europe having until the end of August.

Ngọc Lân

"Walk on water" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Saksham Gangwar on Unsplash

"Walk on water" = đi trên mặt nước -> nghĩa là làm một việc phi thường hoặc bất khả thi. Câu này đề cập tới câu chuyện Tin Mừng, trong đó chúa Jesus đi trên mặt nước.

Ví dụ
"Australians think they walk on water, but really, they were catching up all the time. New Zealand were sort of controlling that game, and that was a great feeling to have. "I felt wherever they get, they're working for it, and I felt good about it. "I did not feel agitated (bối rối)."

JJ Hairston’s new album, Miracle Worker, debuted at no. 2 on Billboard’s Gospel chart. We don’t expect the Grammy-nominated (vinh danh) songwriter and author to walk on water at this Riverview gig, but we have faith (niềm tin) he’ll play songs from the effort and talk a lot about a new book, A Miracle Marriage, in which he and his wife drop real talk on hard questions about relationships.

Can Mahomes walk on water again this season? What about the departure (ra đi) of Kareem Hunt? What about Tyreek Hill? Those questions are all important, but they pale (lu mờ) in comparison (so sánh) to the most important one: Can they improve that ghastly (khủng khiếp) defense?

Ngọc Lân

"Like oil and water" nghĩa là gì?

Anh em một nhà thì phải hòa thuận chứ :) Photo by: Ashton Bingham on Unsplash

"Like oil and water" = như nước với dầu -> nghĩa là không thể hoặc không muốn hòa hợp với nhau dễ dàng, thường nói về hai yếu tố, hai lực lượng hoặc con người. 

Ví dụ
When I met Jen Tullock at a birthday party a decade (thập niên) ago, we were like oil and water; we didn’t understand each other and had very little interest in trying. After a week of sharing dead lunch shifts at the same Brooklyn diner, however, it became clear that we were just different sides of the same anxious (lo lắng) , theater nerd (mọt sách), ex-homeschooler coin.

Pablo Sandoval and the Boston Red Sox mixed like oil and water. When Sandoval signed (kí) a five-year, $90 million contract (hợp đồng) with the Red Sox prior to the 2015 season, he was supposed to bring a championship pedigree (dòng dõi) and a solid bat (gậy bóng chày). Instead, the veteran (cựu chiến binh) third baseman was a complete flop, batting .245 in 2015 and appearing in just three games over the next two seasons before Boston released him in July 2017.

Nicknames like the “Intimidator” and “jokester” go together like oil and water. But Michael Waltrip’s bright light and the rough, country edge of Dale Earnhardt created a friendship (tình bạn) that chased (theo đuổi) victories both on and off the track.

Ngọc Lân

"The salt of the earth" nghĩa là gì?

Hãy là muối của đất và ánh sáng của thế gian. Photo by Sweet Ice Cream Photography

"The salt of the earth" = Muối của đất -> Cá nhân hoặc nhóm người được cho là tốt lành và cao thượng trong xã hội.

Ví dụ
New York City's top music blog, Pancakes and Whiskey, has called National Reserve's music “a salt of the earth sound.

Kimberly Domick relates the history of humanity's use of salt - and some cooking tips - in her food column. You are the salt of the earth.

There’s a reason being called “salt of the earth” is a compliment (lời khen ngợi). Salt — more specifically, salt water — can offer some considerable perks for your hair, skin, mouth, and body in general. With that said, there are some caveats (sự báo cho biết trước). It’s important to know what salt water can and can’t do, so you can reap all the benefits, without hurting yourself in the long run.

In June 2018, Buttigieg and his husband Chasten Glezman were married in St. James. The readings included including a passage from the Supreme Court decision legalizing same-sex marriage (hợp pháp hóa hôn nhân đồng giới) and an excerpt (trích dẫn) from Jesus' Sermon on the Mount. In the excerpt, Jesus urges his followers not to "hide their lamps beneath a bushel ("(Có ai) đem đèn sáng đặt trong thùng hay dưới gầm giường chăng?, một trích dẫn trong kinh thánh -> không giấu nghề, giấu tài)," but to be the salt of the earth and light of the world. "Let your light shine before others," he says, "that they may see your good deeds and glorify (làm sáng danh) your Father in heaven."

Bin Kuan

"Long drink of water" nghĩa là gì?

Khát thì làm một ngụm cho sảng khoái!! Photo by: Boxed Water Is Better on Unsplash

"Long drink of water" = ngụm nước dài -> nghĩa là dáng người cao, mảnh khảnh. Có thể hiểu theo nghĩa khác là một người tẻ nhạt, nhàm chán/không thú vị.

Ví dụ
The funeral (đám tang) was a time to remember and to be thankful. I'm thankful for many things. Most of all that I'm married to Diane's cousin. I'm a long drink of water. My wife isn't. On our first date, my future mother-in-law (mẹ vợ) looked at us and said we didn't match. I'm becoming shorter just to please her.

He's what used to be called a long drink of water—six-foot-one and still thin (gầy) at the age of 76, a vegan (người ăn chay) who exercises daily, meditates (thiền), and does yoga.

Taylor Noll is what some might call a long drink of water. The tall, lanky (gầy, cao lêu nghêu) 23-year-old Oregon resident keeps his shock of brown hair tamed beneath (bên dưới) a white cowboy hat and describes himself humbly as “just a pig farmer.”

Ngọc Lân

"Break with tradition" nghĩa là gì?

Hãy chill lên nào... Photo by Maxime Bhm

"Break with tradition" = Phá bỏ truyền thống -> Làm một điều theo cách khác biệt, mới lạ và độc nhất.

Ví dụ
The RAF is set to break with a tradition dating back more than a century next month when it allows personnel to grow beards (nuôi râu) for the first time in its history.

If Meghan and Prince Harry were to go the adoption route, they would be keeping with their trend of breaking the rules. While there is "no law that prevents" them from adopting a child, it has never been done by any member of the British royal family, according to Bustle, and would result in the couple simply breaking tradition, not protocol (nghi lễ).’s Adam Barnhardt spoke to Russo about the upcoming Mortal Kombat movie and asked how the writer approached the new film. The many games and two movies offer their own sources of inspirations and it can be hard to break from tradition. Russo is a lifelong fan of Mortal Kombat. He's played the games and seen the films. Russo said the movie’s mission statement is to not repeat anything people have already seen somewhere else.

Bin Kuan

"Have stars in your eyes" nghĩa là gì?

Ngắm sao lung linh cũng là một niềm hạnh phúc giản đơn trong đời. Photo by  Sweet Ice Cream Photography

"Have stars in your eyes" = Vì sao trong đôi mắt bạn -> Rất lạc quan về tương lai, trong lòng đầy ắp hy vọng, niềm vui và sau này trở thành một minh tinh hoặc người nổi tiếng. Cụm này cũng được dùng để thể hiện sự quan tâm và thích thú của bạn tới điều gì đó.

Ví dụ
A group of Denny High School pupils had stars in their eyes recently when they visited the Open University's (OU) Observatory in Spain.

There’s no doubt that a show with a name or two draws in a big crowd and that pattern is sure to follow suit as the cast for Big The Musical is stars-in-your-eyes worthy! Stepping into the big shoes left by Tom Hanks is The Wanted’s Jay McGuiness who will reprise the role of Josh Baskin.

New moon rises for athletes with stars in their eyes. The numbers are as incomprehensible as it is wondrous (đáng kinh ngạc) to gaze skywards (về phía bầu trời) and appreciate that precisely half a century heretofore (trước đây), man actually shuffled across the lunar surface.

Bin Kuan

"Shake your fist" nghĩa là gì?

Rước về nhà rồi mới biết vợ tôi cũng là một con sư tử hà đông. Photo by  Brooke Lark

"Shake your fist" -> vung vẩy nắm đấm, dứ dứ nắm đấm (vào mặt ai/điều gì) vì quá tức giận.

Ví dụ
Letter: Reckless pedestrians (người đi bộ) shouldn't shake their fists at me if they ignore signals.

"Tribal Ink & A Little Limelight" presents the words and actions of seventeen vital, informed and engaged human beings who have embraced artistic expression (biểu hiện nghệ thuật) as a means of reaching out to lost members of the tribe (bộ tộc). There are moments to make you smile, make you sigh (thở dài), shake your head and shake your fist. The magic is the performers’ willingness to draw upon their own life-long experiences to show understanding and tell truths. The miracle is the message — hope.

I’ve had more seasons to adjust to the loss of my dad and, if the circle of life is to be embraced, his passing was expected. He had nine full decades. He was abundantly loved and cared for by my sibs and me. He died as the patriarch (gia trưởng) of our family in a room full of people who loved him. You simply cannot shake your fist at God over a passing such as his. The blessing comes in the missing of a beloved parent as tender memories fill the gaps of our grief.

Bin Kuan

"A Pyrrhic victory" nghĩa là gì?

Chiến tranh đã qua, nhưng hậu quả để lại thì nhiều quá :( Photo by: Daniel Ioanu on Unsplash

"A Pyrrhic Victory" -> nghĩa là chiến thắng không đáng đạt được vì thiệt hại gây ra cho người chiến thắng là quá mức.

Ví dụ
Some investors (nhà đầu tư), realizing that a fund’s share prices are bloated (phồng lên) relative to its holdings (cổ phần), might consider shorting it in anticipation (hoạt động) of a decline (giảm sút) or total evaporation (bốc hơi) of the premium. But those adopting that strategy should be prepared for a Pyrrhic victory, cautioned Brett Owens, chief investment strategist at the CEF Insider.

Of course, this is a Pyrrhic victory, since the reason the president wants the Fed to cut rates is that he hopes it will boost short-run economic performance by doing so. Instead, all he gets is a Fed that does its best to offset (đền bù) what he does to dampen (làm nản chí) economic performance.

I campaigned for Scotland to stay in the UK in the independence referendum (trưng cầu dân ý) in 2014 and even though we won, it was a pyrrhic victory. It stirred (khuấy lên) the loins of nationalism north and south of the border (biên giới) and fuelled a simplistic yet powerful emotionally driven argument that separation would magically solve all our problems.

Ngọc Lân

"Past my prime" nghĩa là gì?

Tôi muốn tắt nắng đi cho màu đừng nhạt mất, tôi muốn buộc gió lại cho hương đừng bay đi. Photo by Timur Romanov

"Past (someone's or something's) prime" -> Thời huy hoàng của ai/điều gì đã qua đi và không còn nữa.

Ví dụ
“I now weigh 289 pounds and on August 24 I make my Wrestling debut with Northland Wrestling,” he said. “I am maybe a little past my prime as a wrestler (người đấu vật) but I plan on giving them a good run for their money.”

Granted, this is nothing like the .946 OPS and 37 homers that Donaldson averaged from 2015 to 2017. And while it's still good, Donaldson's defense is also past its elite (ưu tú, xuất sắc) prime. Given his age and injury history, it also can't be taken for granted that his good health will last into 2020 and beyond.

Dileep K, freelance media person, said, “I worked in a steady job for 18 years and for the last 10 years have been on my wife’s visa. She works for a leading national airline. While I am past my prime age to work, I feel this new rule will be able to help many other husbands who are sponsored by their wives to be able to contribute to the family kitty and have a more economically sound life. It will also help young undergraduates (sinh viên chưa tốt nghiệp) being sponsored by other family members who can earn a modest amount as a stipend (lương) and support themselves. This will make every adult in the family productive. Besides providing the government with an already available talent pool for jobs, it is also providing the families here a better spending power which will contribute towards strengthening the economy.”

Bin Kuan

"Get away scot-free" nghĩa là gì?

Ổn hết rồi, đi thôi... Photo by Harley-Davidson

"Get away scot-free" -> Thoát khỏi một tình huống rắc rối, bị cáo buộc hoặc làm điều gì sai trái mà không bị trừng phạt hay phạt tiền gì cả.

Ví dụ
Edge users didn’t get away scot-free either. There’s a similar bug (CVE-2019-1131, -1139 to -1141, and CVE-2019-1195 to -1197) in that product’s Chakra Scripting Engine. It allows for remote code execution in the current user context, and it’s exploitable via malicious websites.

Todd Chrisley proclaimed his innocence (sự vô tội) in an Instagram post before he and his wife Julie were indicted on 12 counts of tax evasion, wire fraud and other financial crimes. And the official charges haven’t rattled the Chrisley Knows Best stars, as can exclusively reveal (tiết lộ độc quyền) they are convinced (tin rằng) they will walk away scot-free!

That’s not to say that many violent criminals get away scot-free. For one, many of those responsible for shootings may be arrested for other crimes, including other shootings and murders. Also, a high proportion of V.I. homicides (tội giết người) are retaliations (sự trả thù) or vigilante (đội viên dân phòng) violence. Those who live by the gun often die by the gun.

Bin Kuan

"Yeoman's service" nghĩa là gì?

Tình bạn nơi đồng vắng. Photo by  Warren Wong

"Yeoman's service" = Dịch vụ của tiểu điền chủ -> Dịch vụ đảm bảo tốt mà không tốn nhiều chi phí hoặc điều gì đó giúp đỡ ai một cách tận tình trong lúc gian khó (do yeoman's service).

Ví dụ
And while the single-aisle Boeing 757 has given yeoman's service since the mid-1980s over medium-distance -- including trans-Atlantic -- routes, airlines that still operate the plane are looking to update their fleets.

“The Cabinet commended the police on this major breakthrough (sự đột phá). The intermediaries (đóng vai trò trung gian, hòa giải) that facilitated this historic development have done yeoman’s service for our beloved country,” Prime Minister and Minister of National Security, Dr. the Honourable Timothy Harris, said in his remarks.

The Narendra Modi government would do a yeoman’s service to India’s public finance management if it undertakes to amend Article 266 of the Constitution to institutionalize the principle that such receipts only be used for investment. The fund should be used by the government of the day to invest as equity (tính công bằng) or debt in projects in the same way that multilateral funding works for national and sub-national projects (các dự án thuộc tiểu quốc gia).

Bin Kuan

"Cock of the roost" nghĩa là gì?

Sự oai phong của ta ai sánh bằng? Photo by JOHN TOWNER

"cock of the roost" = Gà trống của chuồng gà -> Người kiêu ngạo, tự cao tự đại và rất hãnh diện về bản thân mình, đặc biệt là nam giới.

Ví dụ
The corner now is the time to start paying extra attention to your flock if you want to walk away from the poultry pavilion (trại gia cầm) cock of the roost.

In the broader sense, manxiety is the result of the aspects of life that modern men worry about – ie. their appearance to others, their well-deserved loss of societal entitlement (quyền trong xã hội), their long-since-coming workplace emasculation (thiến, làm suy nhược). Man is no longer the cock of the roost, and he's not taking the demotion (sự giáng cấp) very well.

For the first time, the study looked at how well regions are equipped to adapt to a digital future. Munich was the only city to be awarded the top grade of five plus, but Berlin was given five stars, along with Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart and 12 other regions. But when it came to the best of the best, the south was still cock of the roost, with Bavaria in particular earning a gleaming report.

Bin Kuan

"Drive a hard bargain" nghĩa là gì?

Rất vui khi được hợp tác với anh :) Photo by: Sebastian Herrmann on Unsplash

"Drive a hard bargain" = thương lượng giao kèo khó -> nghĩa là người đàm phán hoặc giao dịch viên khéo léo, kiên định/không khoan nhượng.

Ví dụ
Mr Henig argued (tranh luận) a post-Brexit deal could benefit both countries' leaders ahead of a possible early UK general election (bầu cử) and the 2020 US Presidential elections. But he warned US President Donald Trump would drive a hard bargain on trade.

Nasser Al-Khelaifi, PSG's president (chủ tịch), is known to want Neymar gone asap ("as soon as posible" càng sớm càng tốt), which is a complete about turn from his initial (ban đầu) position, but given the French side are cash rich, they can still drive a hard bargain.

As Griffith told Miningmx in April: the company is always likely to pay above inflation (lạm phát) wage (tiền lương) increases – a view he modified at the firm’s interim results presentation on July 22 when he observed that prices go up; and prices go down, suggesting the group will continue to drive a hard bargain.

Ngọc Lân

"Bend the law" nghĩa là gì?

Sức mạnh của công lý. Photo by Bill Oxford

"Bend the law" = Bẻ cong luật pháp, lách luật -> Làm điều gì đó không trái luật pháp/quy định nhưng vẫn được coi là một việc không phù hợp, không công bằng hoặc ăn gian.

Ví dụ
State law requires a hand recount of races with margins of 0.25 ... are now hoping courts “bend the letter of the law”

Fuck the system, I'm that nigga, bend the law, cut the rules I'm about to risk it all, I ain't got too much to lose Y'all been eatin' long enough, it's my turn to cut the food Pass the plate! Where my drink? This my day, lucky you Fuck you too, woo!

Laws are of no more use here. Our government no longer operates under the “rule of law” in any meaningful way; it’s only about raw political power now. The Republicans will do whatever they can get away with. At least four Supreme Court justices will go along with those efforts, no matter what. The fifth, John Roberts, thinks his job is to bend the law to the Republican will as much as he can without “breaking it,” with the understanding that he believes himself to be the final arbiter (phân xử) on when things are broken.

Bin Kuan

"Funny bone" nghĩa là gì?

Ơ, ngại quá cơ... Photo by  Mathew Schwartz

"Funny bone" = Khuỷu tay, phần rất nhạy cảm với các tác động bên ngoài. -> Có khiếu hài hước.

Ví dụ
Friendships will be put to the test in this play that’s sure to tickle (cù, kích thích) your funny bone.

That’s how it went last Saturday. That’s how those in attendance described him, the opening to our conversations dependent on the source. I’d hear first that Roos was nutty (bảnh, diện), then told he was noble (quý tộc). Or Roos was a man of integrity tính chính trực), followed by Roos was a man with an active funny bone.

Contrary to popular belief, whacking the ‘funny bone’ does not produce laughter. It is extremely painful. That tingling (ngứa ran) sensation that comes from hitting your elbow is caused due to the compression of the ulnar nerve (dây thần kinh khuỷu) against the humerus. It is perhaps no coincidence that the ulnar nerve, the longest unprotected nerve in the human body, runs around the humerus, AKA the ‘funny bone’. And so it is that when truth is weaponized through humour, the sting of satire, much like the scorpion’s bite causes blinding pain, ideological paralysis and emotional agitation (tâm trạng lo âu).

Bin Kuan

"All sizzle and no steak" nghĩa là gì?

Nhìn thôi cũng thấy thơm rồi Photo by Skitterphoto from Pexels

'All sizzle and no steak' = tất cả cháy xèo xèo và không có thịt nướng -> thất vọng, không như vẻ bề ngoài mà do phóng đại, thêu dệt lên.

Ví dụ 
Often times, a play can be all sizzle and no steak (especially musicals); conversely, it can fall into the trap of all substance and no style.

The Tampa Bay Rays exploring the possibility of splitting their 81-game home schedule between two cities fits the criteria. Anything you read about the Rays considering both Tampa Bay and Montreal simultaneously is all sizzle and no steak.

These stylings range from the bold midnight green and silver of the Philadelphia Eagles to the signature patriotic (yêu nước) red and blue of the New York Giants and the iconic black and yellow of the Pittsburgh Steelers. They’re not all sizzle and no steak either: each boasts all the performance features that’s made the Pegasus line so popular, like an engineered mesh upper,

Bích Nhàn

"Go the way of the dinosaur" nghĩa là gì?

Chị mà lại sợ khủng long à? Photo by clark cruz from Pexels

'Go the way of the dinosaur' = đi theo con đường của khủng long -> bị tuyệt chủng, lỗi thời hay không còn được sử dụng nữa.

Ví dụ
Anyway, these stocks are falling pretty fast and if they don’t do something radical, brick and mortar may well go the way of the dinosaur.

Doomsayers claim that auto sales have peaked (ở trên đỉnh) forever, and that technological factors as well as a preference for cities mean the auto industry is going to go the way of the dinosaur.

Libraries have been an enduring part of human history for centuries, but in this new digital age, there are some who believe that traditional libraries are doomed to go the way of the dinosaur.

Have you got any thoughts and information as to where we’re heading? Do you think DSLR’s are dying off? Is Mirrorless (không gương lật) the Future? Or will all “clunky” (rườm rà, nặng nề) cameras go the way of the dinosaur in place of the smartphone or something even more “sci-fi-esque”?

Bích Nhàn

"Seal the deal" nghĩa là gì?

Người ta gọi đây là đôi bên cùng có lợi. Photo by Chris Liverani

"Seal the deal" -> Làm chắc chắn/chốt lại một sự thương lượng hay một cuộc thỏa thuận.

Ví dụ
Bayern chief executive Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and sporting director Hasan Salihamidzic travelled to Barcelona this week to seal the deal.

Starting at the 20-minute mark, EG and OG were trading blows and the lead kept changing hands until the Europeans finally struck gold. A quick turnaround from N0tail pushed his team forward to the high grounds where ana helped seal the deal with a Reverse Polarity to EG’s backline.

Port of Spain: After a convincing show in the second ODI, Virat Kohli and boys will look to seal the deal in the final ODI of the three-match series at the Queen's Park Oval on Wednesday. With the opening game washed out, the Indians have taken a 1-0 lead and the last game of the series will decide if India will lift the ODI trophy as well after a clinical show in the T20I series.

Bin Kuan

"And so on and so forth" nghĩa là gì?

Cứ nhắm mục tiêu mà tiếp tục chạy. Photo by Anna Utochkina

"And so on and so forth" -> Vân vân, cứ tiếp tục như thế, tương tự như vậy. Dùng như một cái kết khi liệt kê cái gì đó theo một danh sách.

Ví dụ
The rules are pretty simple: if an actor loses his face-off, he's out, so you ... on to the Sweet 16, and then on to the Elite 8, and so on and so forth.

Then there was the ‘plot.’ You really don’t want to know. Look, I mean, the lead character, ‘Billy Shears,’ played by Frampton, had a girlfriend named ‘Strawberry Fields.’ He later had a fling with a singer called ‘Lucy,’ in the sky, whose backing band is called ‘The Diamonds.’ And so on and so forth.

“I don’t even watch the ball, I watch one kid. So when he’s off the field, I just watch the game like any other fan. I follow the ball. But when he is on the field, I can hear the crowd roaring, because someone has broken a big play. I don’t pay attention to any of that. I’m still watching how he finishes the play. How he conducts himself so forth and so on. When he’s on the field, I’m a fan like anybody else,” said Clapp.

Bin Kuan

"Do me a favour" nghĩa là gì?

Anh giúp em giả làm người yêu của em nhé. Photo by  Dineslav Roydev

"Do me a favour" -> Yêu cầu ai đó giúp đỡ bạn việc gì.

Ví dụ
I said, 'Do you have a record collection?' He said yes. I said, 'OK, before you jump John, will you just will them to me? Do me a favor.

"So I got my roommate Sammy Loxton, who was a good mate of Don's, I said to him 'Sammy, do me a favour and go to the boss and ask him what I'm doing wrong'.

Plumb joked that Tarantino must be wondering where his royalties are, but it doesn't seem like the director is losing sleep over it. "They're doing me a favor, they're keeping me pop-culturally relevant. Priceless," he said.

Emma Kennedy wrote: "Do me a favour and Google Alan Turing, the Enigma machine and the brilliant minds at Bletchley who single handedly saved millions of lives simply because they were experts. Not all heroes carry guns."

Bin Kuan

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"Shake the pagoda tree" nghĩa là gì?

Bác Vũ đã nói "Tiền nhiều để làm gì?" nhưng bác không nói "Làm gì để nhiều tiền?"... buồn bác thật. Photo by Rob Mulally

"Shake the pagoda tree" = Rung cây đẻ ra tiền vàng/đồng Pogôt thời Ấn Độ xưa -> Làm giàu một cách nhanh chóng.

Ví dụ
For European merchant (thương gia) adventurers, the phrase, 'shaking the Pagoda tree', was a euphemism (uyển ngữ) for keeping a percentage of the loot (của cải, tiền bạc).

According to the 18th-century eccentric (theo quỹ đạo lệch tâm) Horace Walpole, “No man ever went to the East Indies with good intentions.” So long as the East India Co. oversaw British interests on the subcontinent (tiểu lục địa) (ca. 1600-1858), India’s chief inducements (tiền đút lót, hối lộ) were quickly made fortunes (“shaking the pagoda tree”), restricted opportunity at home and, not least, refuge from disgrace. William Hickey, one of the 19th century’s most original memoirists (người viết hồi ký), called an EIC cadetship “the last resource of ruined profligates (phóng đãng).” Later, after the 1858 Government of India Act, whereby authority passed from the EIC to the British crown, imperialist (tên đế quốc) and missionary zeal (lòng sốt sắng) and family tradition became more common pulls (sức lôi cuốn).

He was born Michael Weinstein in Islington, an area that in the brothers' 1976 autobiography (tự truyện), Shake a Pagoda Tree, he remembered as one of the toughest in London; the family later moved to Tottenham. His grandfather, who had arrived in Britain from Russia aged 16, ran a restaurant in Parfett Street, Whitechapel. Samuel, Mike's father, was a boxer and gambler; his mother, Rachel, came from a circus family. Mike went to Tottenham grammar, and represented Tottenham schools against Edmonton schools at rugby. During the second world war, he was evacuated to relatives in Oxford, where he attended the City of Oxford high school for boys.

Bin Kuan

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