Journey in Life: 05/14/20

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Thursday, May 14, 2020

"Golden handshake" nghĩa là gì?

Nghỉ hưu sớm để mà hưởng thụ sớm. Photo by Huy Phan from Pexels

"Golden handshake" = cái bắt tay vàng -> nghĩa là số tiền được trả trước khi nghỉ hưu, trợ cấp nghỉ việc (thường là một khoản lớn để khuyến khích nghỉ hưu danh dự).

Ví dụ
The proposed (đề xuất) three-year tenure (nhiệm kỳ) will form part of the existing strength of officers’ cadre (cán bộ). In the long run, since these officers will go out with a golden handshake, there will be reduction in pension (lương hưu) bill.

The Federal Court (Tòa án Liên bang) will hear next month an appeal (kháng cáo) by two former senior staff of former Selangor menteri besar Khalid Ibrahim who were ordered (được lệnh) to return their “golden handshake” payments amounting to RM1.219 million.

We are doing everything we can not to cut services. We will need to reduce our budget (ngân sách) in this next year and we’re working on identifying how we’re going to do that. All of last week and this week we’ve been, as a team, really analyzing our expenditures (chi tiêu) and our personnel (nhân sự). I think we have put out a request to all staff if they’re interested in doing what we call a “golden handshake” — basically, to retire early.

Thu Phương

"Golden age" nghĩa là gì?

Ngày nay, chụp ảnh đẹp là một lợi thế và biết chỉnh ảnh lại càng lợi thế lớn hơn. Photo by Thorn Yang from Pexels

"Golden age" nghĩa là thời đại hoàng kim, thời vàng son, thời oanh liệt.

Ví dụ
It’s far from a done deal, but the pieces are in place and with courage (can đảm), the UK now has an opportunity to bring in the “golden age of cycling” the prime minister (thủ tướng) has promised.

As far as violin and bow making are concerned, we are now living in a golden age, and perhaps have been since the late 1990s. Violin making has shifted from a regional craft (thủ công khu vực) to a truly global one.

My guess is that if the famous photographers of old were born into today’s digital age (thời đại kỹ thuật số) that the medium (phương tiện) and equipment (thiết bị) wouldn’t matter to them. They would embrace it and use the technology (công nghệ) and techniques (kỹ thuật) as tools for their creativity (sáng tạo). Don’t pine (mong) for the halcyon days (ngày thanh bình) of old, the golden age of photography is now. Go out and take advantage of it.

Thu Phương

"Golden opportunity" nghĩa là gì?

Đại dịch tạo ra thách thức và cơ hội. Photo by Victor He on Unsplash

"Golden opportunity" nghĩa là cơ hội vàng, cơ hội lý tưởng, cơ hội hiếm có.

Ví dụ
Rory Gallagher believes the coronavirus lockdown has provided Derry with a “golden opportunity” to close the gap (khoảng cách) on the top counties in the country.

It is a golden opportunity to create local supply chain (chuỗi cung ứng) in India, offer incentives (ưu đãi) and encourage research and development (R&D) in EV technologies (công nghệ).

“But we are in a new paradigm (mô hình) and that means both franchisee (bên được nhượng quyền) and franchisor (bên nhượng quyền) may see this as a golden opportunity to engage,” added Smith.

But the cleaner air that followed the coronavirus outbreak (bùng phát) does represent a golden opportunity: our last best chance to shift our economies away from fossil fuels (nhiên liệu hóa thạch) and reset the governance (quản trị) and institutional (thể chế) rules we need to deepen international cooperation (hợp tác quốc tế).

Thu Phương

"Golden sombrero" nghĩa là gì?

Chiếc mũ đặc trưng của văn hóa Mexico. Photo by Antti Rastivo

"Golden sombrero" = mũ rộng vành vàng. Thực tế, đây là thuật ngữ trong môn bóng chày, khi vận động viên đánh bóng trượt/để thua 4 lần trong một trận đấu thì sẽ phải đội mũ sombrero.

Ví dụ
On Aug. 27, Braden struck (đánh bại) him out in all four matchups, granting (trao cho) Baker the rare Golden Sombrero.

The only Rockies player not to get on base (căn cứ) all night was Sim Sam Hilliard, who finished 0-for-6 with a golden sombrero.

Side Note: My only memory of Buchanan in a Twins jersey (áo) was a fateful game against the Cleveland Indians on August 8, 2001. As a young boy just starting to fully understand and appreciate (đánh giá cao) baseball, I watched Buchanan go 0-5 and achieve the dreaded (đáng sợ) Golden Sombrero.

He allowed three hits (đánh bóng) and no walks in the complete game; the only Seattle run came via a Gorman Thomas dinger (home run) with two outs in the seventh inning (hiệp đấu). Six Mariners struck out multiple times, including Phil Bradley with a golden sombrero by going 0-for-4 with four Ks.

Thu Phương

"Golden rule" nghĩa là gì?

Sống là phải dựa trên nguyên tắc. Photo by elaine

"Golden rule" nghĩa là (kinh thánh) quy tắc xử sự chuẩn mực, khuôn vàng thước ngọc.

Ví dụ
As we strive (cố gắng) to rebound (phục hồi) from this global hardship, we must be mindful not only of the golden rule, but also of its inverse (nghịch đảo).

The Golden Rule may be the most basic moral (đạo đức) approach to dealing with others. It seems universal across cultures (văn hóa) and religions (tôn giáo). The Golden Rule is instinctive (bản năng). We all know it, even as children without education.

You all know the golden rule, “He who has the gold, makes the rules.” The years of central bank experimentation (thử nghiệm) are starting to show the flaws (lỗ hổng) in the system. Gold miners (khai thác) are certainly making money off the move toward gold.

As I mentioned in my column two weeks ago, knowing what to write about during these difficult days is very challenging. What I want to do this week is to update an article written in April 2015. Living and applying the Golden Rule is more important than ever and, in some cases, more demanding (đòi hỏi khắt khe).

Thu Phương

"Golden hello" nghĩa là gì?

Gia nhập công ty bạn sẽ được hưởng nhiều quyền lợi. Photo by Van Tay Media on Unsplash

"Golden hello" nghĩa là khoản tiền thưởng cho nhân viên mới/ thành viên mới khi được tuyển dụng/tham gia công việc.

Ví dụ
I’ve always said there shouldn’t be a lack of funding to the upcoming club: there should be a golden hello.

For Senior Practitioners (PO3 level) in hard to recruit (tuyển dụng) roles, a £5000 ‘golden hello’, subject to eligibility (đủ tư cách).

CtW specifically called attention to Khosrowshahi’s “golden hello” sign-on package when he joined Uber in 2017. Under the plan, he would receive an equity (vốn sở hữu) award worth $100 million if Uber’s market worth reaches $120 billion and manages to stay there for longer than 90 days.

There is no doubt that hoteliers that decide that now is the time to undertake (đảm đương) major capital works are brave, but many may see now as the time to access key money from the bigger franchise (nhượng quyền) groups to do just that. For many franchisors (bên nhượng quyền) this could also be seen as a unique time to offer independents a ‘golden hello’, using that key money to support cash flow as opposed to capital investment (vốn đầu tư) in the short term.

Thu Phương

"Golden opinions" nghĩa là gì?

Tưởng niệm vị tổng thống đáng kính. Photo by Josue Aguazia on Unsplash

"Golden opinions" nghĩa là sự tán dương, sự tôn trọng, ca ngợi.

Ví dụ
Smith was bound (bị trói) and stretched (kéo) upon the earth, his head resting upon a great stone. The mighty club was uplifted to dash out his brains. But Smith was a man who won golden opinions of all.

His abilities (khả năng) and acquirements (tài năng) indeed were such that this crawling process of his was at least equal to the ordinary walk of an able man, so that, as Chairman of the Excise for many years, he won golden opinions from all those who were brought into contact with (thường gặp/liên lạc) him.

The question is, "What is your opinion of our worthy (xứng đáng) President, Mr. Scott?" It has been answered in very few words but in a very substantial manner. They replied with one accord (chấp nhận), "He's a jolly good fellow." They also declared, " He has won golden opinions from us, and we have such solicitude (mong ước) for his future welfare (phúc lợi) that we desire to 'watch' over him.

Thu Phương

"Do unto others as you would have them do unto you" nghĩa là gì?

Bạn tôn trọng tôi, tôi cũng sẽ tôn trọng bạn. Photo by Omar Lopez on Unsplash

"Do unto others as you would have them do unto you" nghĩa là đối xử với người khác theo cách mà bạn muốn bản thân mình được đối xử. Bạn muốn được tôn trọng, hãy tôn trọng mọi người trước tiên. Đây chính là Nguyên tắc Vàng (The Golden Rule) theo lời răn của Chúa.

Ví dụ
Try and find a job that you like and stick with it. It can make life so much better if you can do something that you enjoy. Try and be a good citizen and remember and try to live by the golden rule. "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you."

Three suggestions (gợi ý) for a happy life. Live by the golden rule: “Do unto others as you would have other do unto you.” Read God’s word daily, be a doer of it and obey (tuân theo) the Ten Commandments (Mười điều răn). “Believe nothing you hear and only half you see,” an old adage (ngạn ngữ) my mother taught me.

Last, I want to say that we often forget to do less talking and more listening, both to what people are telling us and not telling us. Being a good listener requires further introspection (nội quan) into the other person’s needs and desires and being able to empathize (đồng cảm) with them. Ultimately, it comes down to treating others with respect and decency (thích hợp), according to the well-known quote that you must “do unto others as you would have them do to you.”

Thu Phương

"Follow the golden mean" nghĩa là gì?

Quả nhiên, nuôi trẻ không phải chuyện nhỏ. Photo by Polina Tankilevitch from Pexels

"Follow the golden mean" = làm theo phương pháp vàng -> nghĩa là tuân theo/áp dụng quy tắc chung về sự dung hòa, cân bằng, không nhiều quá cũng không ít quá.

Ví dụ
Many of us are constantly on a diet, minimizing (giảm) our food intake; at home, we minimize our housework; at school, we must minimize our errors (lỗi). We don't follow the golden mean of the acient Greeks or the middle way (trung đạo) of the Buddhists (Phật tử).

I hope that Your Majesty (Đức Vua) will carefully reflect on this earlier incident (sự cố) and not allow the lowborn (người thấp kém) to put the noble (cao quý) to shame, but will follow the Golden Mean by separating slaves and masters. Generally people who hold high office are reasonable (hợp lý) and few commit illegalities (phạm pháp).

Children sometimes enjoy being ill because they get extra attention (chú ý). While it is important to give legitimacy (hợp pháp) to their feelings, be careful not to pamper (nuông chiều) them too much, or feel sorry for them. Once again one should follow the golden mean. One should neither show too much anxiety (lo lắng), nor accuse the child of being “spoiled” or “seeking too much attention."

Thu Phương

"Worship the golden calf" nghĩa là gì?

Bức họa "The Adoration of the Golden Calf" của Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665), 1633. Photo by René

"Worship the golden calf" nghĩa là thờ phụng đồng tiền, một cách tôn thờ không phù hợp/không chính đáng. "Golden calf" là một hình tượng thờ cúng và sùng bái động vật dưới dạng con bê do người Do Thái đúc ra để thờ khi Moses lên núi Sinai, đây là động vật được nhắc đến trong Kinh Thánh. Trong tiếng Do Thái, vụ việc này được gọi là Tội lỗi của con Bê. Nó được đề cập lần đầu tiên trong Xuất hành. Trong Công giáo đã chỉ trích người Do Thái vì tội thờ con Bò vàng như chuyện kể trong sách Xuất Hành.

Ví dụ
Once again, white Christian nationalists (chủ nghĩa dân tộc) prioritize (ưu tiên) profits over lives. This time, they worship an unholy triumvirate (chế độ tam hùng tội lỗi) of the Golden Calf, White Jesus and Donald Trump.

Instead, he added, a “state theology (thần học)” replaces the Church’s mission and “makes the state to become the Kingdom of God and makes politicians (chính trị gia) to become the saints that will ever be correct and can never be corrected.” Such a focus on the state to bring hope, he noted, is an idol like the “golden calf” in Exodus.

Breaking down disciplinary divisions (khu vực) and creating a more multidisciplinary educational (giáo dục đa ngành) experience for students won’t be easy, given the way our university and so many others are structured, funded and managed. But returning to the old ways would be more like worshipping a familiar golden calf than embracing (nắm lấy) a new golden opportunity. Our task is to figure out how to seize (nắm bắt) it.

Thu Phương

"Golden handcuffs" nghĩa là gì?

Trói buộc bằng tiền tuy đau khổ nhưng khó để từ bỏ. Photo by Shane on Unsplash

"Golden handcuffs" = còng tay vàng -> nghĩa là hợp đồng hấp dẫn, lương lậu hấp dẫn (với người ở vị trí cao) hoặc phúc lợi trở thành công cụ để công ty giữ chân nhân viên, khiến họ không thể bỏ việc.

Ví dụ
Next, you get to have an entry-level (cấp đầu vào) job. Don’t worry, you will get those golden handcuffs later, don’t worry. Being a single person on an entry-level salary is actually fun. You have a lot of money for your age. That’s the hook.

Seasoned pharmacists (dược sĩ dày dạn kinh nghiệm) are used to the high paychecks and have the ‘golden handcuffs,’ so they take more abuse (lạm dụng),” Paul said. “I suspect (nghi ngờ) companies try to get away with overworking the employees, who feel they need to stay because they may not be able to find another position, which leads to burnout (kiệt sức).”

I was very famous for being on TV; I was famous for not being me. … It's a weird situation. I was at a 7-Eleven one night, I remember, at the height of TV fame (nổi tiếng), and I had this thought: I had my head down and I was paying and I was like, ‘I'm the loneliest person on the planet.’ And the guy behind the counter just goes, ‘You must have the happiest life!’ I looked at him and I was like, ‘Um, yeah.’ It's just like, ‘Oh, poor me,’ but it is like the golden handcuffs in a way. It's a very strange life.”

Thu Phương

"Golf widow" nghĩa là gì?

Chờ chồng đi chơi về chi bằng chơi cùng chồng luôn. Photo by Jopwell from Pexels

"Golf widow" = góa phụ golf -> nghĩa là người phụ nữ có chồng thường xuyên vắng nhà (để đi chơi golf).

Ví dụ
I’m what you’d describe as a golf widow. Since my husband retired last year we’ve spent hardly any time together. He’s always off playing golf, during the week and at weekends.

Having lived as a golf widow for a number of years, Mitzi later decided to do something about it and took up the sport herself. She became an avid (cuồng nhiệt) golfer and was a member of the Davis Women’s Golf Club.

Barbara Reining, a widow—but not a golf widow, as she enjoyed the game until a few years ago—got things started by rallying (tập hợp) CCNC members to the cause. At 77, Reining alone sees to the needs of nine fellow widows in the community.

Fiona started sewing as a little girl when her mother helped her make a rag (khăn rách) doll. Sewing took a back seat until her 20s when she became a “golf widow” and needed something to occupy her time when her partner was on the course.

Thu Phương

"Golf clap" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by kendall hoopes from Pexels

"Golf clap" nghĩa là vỗ tay âm thầm, lặng lẽ, vì khi chơi golf luôn phải đảm bảo yên tĩnh để người chơi tập trung. Cụm từ cũng được sử dụng theo ý mỉa mai, chế giễu.

Ví dụ
In our sport, the golf clap is a sign of respect (tôn trọng) and gratitude (biết ơn). It's a beautiful sound that we can't wait to hear.

That being said, we grudgingly applaud (miễn cưỡng khen ngợi) the governor with a golf clap for loosening (nới lỏng) the restrictions on businesses that he, and he alone, imposed (áp đạt).

Organizers of the TPC Colorado Championship at Heron Lakes, a pro golf tournament (giải đấu) in Berthoud, have decided that this year’s version will be held without fans. The golf clap will have to wait.

The number of new coronavirus cases in the Florida Keys may have leveled off (chững lại) a bit in recent days, but the Florida Department of Health in Monroe County and county officials do not plan to ease restrictions (lệnh hạn chế) any time soon. That deserves a “golf clap.”

Thu Phương

"Glance back" nghĩa là gì?

Ai gọi thế? Photo by Diana Jefimova from Pexels 

"Glance back" nghĩa là nhìn lại, nhìn về quá khứ, hoặc nhìn người đằng sau/ cái nhìn đáp trả (kẻ đang lườm bạn chẳng hạn).

Ví dụ
With the passing of Jerry Stiller at age 92, we take a glance back at one of his classic Frank Costanza moments and lines from the show.

A quick glance back shows us all the ups and downs we’ve traveled together. And we’ve come through, time after time — always better for having learned to do things cheaper, better, faster.

When I glanced back at him, his smile looked truly sympathetic (đồng cảm). “I know you don't believe you are the same person.” My head jerked (giật mạnh) back up in surprise. I wanted to deny it but my mouth refused to obey (nghe lời).

As you glance back, do you recall how some people were hard at work even though they didn’t seem to do any? Do you remember how others emanated (phát ra) a light and, in doing so, you felt like you were receiving a gift when in their presence?

Thu Phương

"Rise with the lark" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Jan Meeus on Unsplash

"Rise with the lark" = dậy cùng chim chiền chiện -> nghĩa là dậy sớm.

Ví dụ
Rise with the lark and you can expect a happier, more productive life, researchers suggest. And if you’re a woman you seem less likely to suffer from breast cancer (ung thư vú).

Rise with the lark to catch the first lift - the handsomely groomed pistes (đường trượt tuyết) that await are worth every last second of lost sleep.

If you ever feel frustrated by people who seem to be able to exist on just a few hours kip (trên giường), you might be glad to hear that new studies suggest it may be better to stay in bed. People who rise with the lark are more likely to lie and cheat in the evening, American researchers have found.

Ngọc Lân

"Glance through" nghĩa là gì?

Điểm tin mỗi ngày. Photo by Ivan Samkov from Pexels

"Glance through" nghĩa là nhìn qua, lướt qua nhanh mà không để tâm đến.

Ví dụ
Let's glance through the tumultuous (biến động) past couple of months that the promotion endured due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

The opening curtain (màn sân khấu) is starting to creak away from the floorboards (ván sàn), letting just the smallest sliver of light glance through.

Yet despite these illuminating additions (bổ sung làm sáng tỏ) from around the world, a quick glance through the author biographies (tiểu sử tác giả) confirms that this is largely an anthology (hợp tuyển thơ/văn) of US American writing in English.

A preliminary (sơ bộ) glance through the COVID-19 numbers across the country, as appeared in the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare website, indicate that with 519 positive (dương tính) cases and 9 deaths when the lockdown was imposed on March 24, the total number of coronavirus cases in India as on April 24 evening climbed to 23,456, including 4,814 cured (khỏi) and discharged (xuất viện) and 723 deaths, in 34 States and UTs. In fact, the coronavirus cases increased by 41 times and deaths increased by 76 times in a month.

Thu Phương

"Glance off" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Anton Belitskiy from Pexels

"Glance off (of) (someone or something)" nghĩa là nảy bật ra (= ricochet off), đi chệch hướng.

Ví dụ
The newer Corsair's shell is rounder and smoother than previous iterations (bản lặp) for improved glancing off of objects in the event of a crash.

It glanced off Jackson's foot and caromed (đánh một cú trúng liên tiếp nhiều hòn bi) into short left. There was no pursuit (bắt kịp) and the game was over.

On Feb. 7, Lightning forward Steven Stamkos, blessed with one of the NHL’s more furious one-timers (cú đánh nhanh), had a shot glance off of Penguins forward Zach Aston-Reese’s stick and deflect into Marino’s face.

Robert Thomas took the face-off (trực diện) win and headed for the net, slyly turning loose a shot that forced Bishop to the ice and the puck (bóng băng) to glance off a nearby post (cột). Maroon, trailing Thomas, basically had to tap the puck into the net. Game over.

Thu Phương

"Without a backward glance" nghĩa là gì?

Cho đi không mong nhận lại chính là lòng tốt thực sự. Photo by Victória Kubiaki on Unsplash

"Without a backward glance" = không ngoái lại nhìn -> nghĩa là không thèm nhìn lại (nơi nào), hoặc không hối hận, không hối tiếc.

Ví dụ
The EU, from which the British have sneaked away without a backward glance, while Italy and Spain are seriously discussing secession (ly khai), is not making a single move to show that it is taking this unravelling (làm sáng tỏ) seriously.

“A most generous man who had complete faith in a person’s ability to do all they were meant to,” said Laurel Baker, executive director (giám đốc điều hành) of the Palm Beach Chamber. “He helped so many people without a backward glance or expectation (mong đợi) of thanks. He was the consummate (hoàn hảo) gentleman.”

In the spring of that year, he and his wife, Helene, and sons David and Kenny came to the Butte to visit Bob’s friend since grade school, John Levin, part of a consortium (hiệp hội) of New Yorkers who had bought the Grubstake Restaurant in 1970. By mid-summer, the Teitlers had completely relocated to Crested Butte; Bob left his career and his suits without a backward glance, bought a big red tow truck and began a new life.

Thu Phương

"Happy as a lark" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Lidya Nada on Unsplash

"Happy as a lark" = vui như chim chiền chiện -> nghĩa là rất hạnh phúc, hài lòng.

Ví dụ
In his own words, Ed was “happy as a lark” when gardening (làm vườn), a kind of work that allowed him to day dream (mơ mộng), one of his primary passions (đam mê).

My husband is happy as a lark working on machinery in the shed (nhà kho) and keeping busy. He does miss NASCAR races, and no, reruns are not the same thing. I however, am about to climb the walls though I have plenty to do deep cleaning the house. And no, cleaning his machine shed is not on my list.

“While you’re out there riding these vintage (cổ điển) bikes, you’re cruising down the road happy as a lark one minute, next thing, BAM! and next thing you know, you’re coasting (lao xuống) to the side of the road,” he said. “Then it’s like, what do I have to do to make one more mile? At the end of that mile, I’ll figure out what I’ve got to do to make one more mile.”

Ngọc Lân

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