Journey in Life: 12/26/19

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Thursday, December 26, 2019

''Set you back on your heels" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Juan Alexis Mora on Unsplash

"Set/rock (someone) back on (someone's) heels" nghĩa là khiến ai bất ngờ hoặc sửng sốt.

Ví dụ
But there are some surprises that may just set you back on your heels in wonder. Much differently than fish like halibut (cá bơn lưỡi ngựa) or salmon (cá hồi), sharks “shrug their shoulders” to swallow. And, so do we humans.

La Jolla Playhouse’s area premiere of “Rock Band” brings Yee — a University of California San Diego grad turned national playwriting sensation — back to town with her most celebrated piece (so far). And it’s a piece that manages both to get in your face and set you back on your heels.

Hats in the air and “Olé!” for the In Series team that has delivered an inspired staging of an extremely challenging one-act opera, Goyescas. Written in 1915 by Enrique Granados, it that will confront you with its energetic vitality, its celebration of life and at the same time, set you back on your heels with its tragic ironies (tình huống trớ trêu đầy kịch tính).

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Sit back and let happen" nghĩa là gì?

"Sit back and let happen" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Max on Unsplash

"Sit back and let happen" nghĩa là để cho cái gì xảy ra hoặc lộ ra mà không can thiệp hoặc tham gia.

Ví dụ
Love can grow and change, Lehrer says — it's not something we can sit back and let happen to us. And that may be the most exciting thing about it.

Yossi Mekelberg, a professor of international relations (quan hệ quốc tế) at Regent’s University London, says the attacks on vital installations represent a “really dangerous development” that Saudi Arabia and the wider world cannot afford to “sit back and let happen.”

Students at a local high school, are taking a stand, after learning their teacher who's touched their lives, won't return next year. It's a movement., Ericka Biekert and her classmates, couldn't just sit back and let happen. After finding out their history teacher Jesse Glim didn't get his contract renewed due to budget cuts, she along with other students at Oregon High School are banding together to change that.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Be back on the rails" nghĩa là gì?

"Be back on the rails" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Balazs Busznyak on Unsplash

"Be back on the rails" = trở lại đường ray -> cụm từ này nghĩa là tiếp tục tiến độ hoặc lấy đà tiến tới.

Ví dụ
IRELAND'S World Cup campaign train seems to be back on the rails after a hard-fought, emphatic (rõ ràng, rành rành) 35-0 victory against Russia.

While the company’s annual meeting heard what sounded like a justified moan about the way shopping mall and other landlords are trying to raise rents, pre-meeting update suggests the retailer (nhà bán lẻ) may be back on the rails.

Could passenger service in northern Ontario be back on the rails? In the recent budget from the Ford government, no money was allocated (phân bổ) for Ontario Northland to renew passenger rail service, but it was mentioned briefly (ngắn gọn), and now CTV News has learned the company is in talks with Ontario's finance minister, Vic Fedeli, about the issue.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Your back is turned" nghĩa là gì?

"A back number" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Julian Larcher on Unsplash

"A back number" nghĩa là một cái gì đó đã lỗi thời, lạc hậu, không còn phù hợp, thường là để chỉ một tạp chí hoặc ấn phẩm định kỳ; ai đó không hữu ích hoặc không thành công.

Ví dụ
“The Yankees is simple,” Gompers said. “It’s just a back number. One color.”

He occupied the 93 as a back number, he stands to his origin – that he visited his buddies and his family in every national team break. “So difficult, my youth was not, I forget, where I come from.”

Those Congress leaders who had previously worked with him in the Non Cooperation and the Civil Disobedience (Bất tuân Dân sự) movements — Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Rajendra Prasad, Govind Ballabh Pant and others — were now eager participants in a negotiated transfer of power that pivoted on Partition. Gandhi knew his own isolation (sự đơn độc). He described himself in 1947 as a “back number”.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Back-order" nghĩa là gì?

"Your back is turned" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Marvin Meyer on Unsplash

"(Someone's) back is turned" = (ai) quay lưng đi -> cụm từ này nghĩa là ai đó đang nhìn hướng khác; ai đó bị xao nhãng, không tập trung; vắng mặt; quan tâm đến chuyện gì khác.

Ví dụ
Some pets can help themselves to our festive treats by raiding (lục lọi) the bin or sneaking into cupboards while your back is turned, so it’s important to keep festive food well out of your pet’s reach.

‘They’re loving and cuddly (thích được vuốt ve) and always excited to meet new people. They’ll do anything for a belly tickle. It’s hard to believe the little demons they turn into when your back is turned.’

Having a plan is just as important. Just in case someone comes at you, you need to be prepared to fight them off. Walk to your car with your keys in your fist (nắm tay). Have the keys coming out between your fingers, it makes an easy weapon. And you don’t want to give thieves a chance to steal from you while your back is turned. That’s why they say to lock your car when you return your buggy at the grocery store.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "A short back and sides" nghĩa là gì?

"A short back and sides" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Binh Ly on Unsplash

"A short back and sides" nghĩa là một kiểu tóc được cắt rất ngắn quanh tai và trên cổ.

Ví dụ
"He had dark hair in a short back and sides style, with a Corby/Scottish accent (giọng).

"This cut is super short, with a soft, textured short fringe around the face and a short back and sides. Keep away from any hard lines to keep it soft and summery for 2020."

Some hairstyles – such as an undercut, or a short back and sides – can actually give the appearance of a fuller head of hair, says Sam Hickey, head barber at Murdock London.

A little bit of hair gel and a short-back-and-sides cut and he's good to go. The singer wore this hairstyle at the Billboard Latin Conference at Ritz Carlton South Beach in April 2017.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "At the back of beyond" nghĩa là gì?

"At the back of beyond" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by sofia wang on Unsplash

"At the back of beyond" nghĩa là nơi xa xôi khuất nẻo, nơi khỉ ho cò gáy.

Ví dụ
Even though it was at the back of beyond for people commuting from Delhi, a visit to 32 Milestone was a moment to embrace.''

"Even though we're located at the back of beyond, people care about this restaurant," Hill says. "They are very loyal, they support us, and they want us to do well."

“Their first port of call will be Harare for a week-long ideological workshop on pan-Africanism, followed by seven long weeks in a secluded facility somewhere at the back of beyond, but here in Zimbabwe.”

This cooling cinder called Earth, spinning in the darkness at the back of beyond, is a minor speck of residue (phần sót lại) from the Big Bang, which lasted less than a billionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a second 13.8 billion years ago.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Back into circulation" nghĩa là gì?

"Bolt upright" nghĩa là gì?

Chụp nhanh đi! Tôi đứng thẳng nhất có thể rồi đó! Photo by suzie maclean on Unsplash

"Bolt upright" là từ dùng để miêu tả một tư thế có thể là đứng hoặc ngồi mà lưng luôn thẳng.

Ví dụ
I remember when it finished I was sat bolt upright.

When the pooch (=a dog) realises he is being watched he stands bolt upright and stares down the worker who is videoing him.

The 81-year-old says he sat bolt upright on hard chairs for close to 17 hours and at one point he felt like he was going to die.

I’ve been faster, but in such calm conditions and flat water, to hiss (rít lên) past dozens of conventional keelboats sitting bolt upright as they ghosted along was a surreal (kỳ dị/không thực) experience.

Hậu Giang

Bài trước: "Slow going" nghĩa là gì?

"Back into circulation" nghĩa là gì?

Và con tim đã vui trở lại! Photo by Jonathan J. Castellon on Unsplash

"Back in/into circulation" nghĩa là tham gia vào hoạt động, nhất là sau khi vắng mặt một thời gian; tiếp tục hẹn hò sau khi kết thúc mối quan hệ với người cũ.

Ví dụ
Others against the re-emergence of the symbol charged school officials with trying to sneak it back into circulation. Merrimack Valley High School Principal David Miller said this was false.

The video came back into circulation this week when Mathew Knowles posted it on Instagram. He was using the throwback clip to promote his upcoming (sắp tới) book, Destiny's Child: The Untold Story. Soon, his followers were reposting it, asking if they were really seeing Jenner.

Peter Schindler, founder and owner of the Wireless Alliance, a Colarado based electronics recycler and refurbisher, stated that he receives anywhere 4000 to 6000 locked iPhones every month. These devices can still be easily refurbished and put back into circulation but “have to get parted out or scrapped” due to the anti-theft feature.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Boys in the back room" nghĩa là gì?

"A pearl of wisdom" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Aaron Burden on Unsplash

"A pearl of wisdom" = hạt ngọc thông tuệ -> nghĩa là những lời khuyên quý giá, đôi khi được dùng với nghĩa châm biếm.

Ví dụ
Federer’s answer is not only reflective (phản chiếu) of the things that he would have wanted to change about himself but is also a pearl of wisdom for aspiring tennis players who are just at the threshold (ngưỡng cửa) of their careers.

Morgan Stark articulates (nói rõ ràng) her emotions with such clarity; she, in a matter of minutes, reveals a pearl of wisdom and societal grasp way beyond her years — a grasp on sacrifice (hi sinh), the meaning of life, and more. And, in the same instant, she displays a far-reaching selflessness that Tony Stark did not come to possess until years into his life.

“I do not get overly optimistic when the market is good, nor overly pessimistic when the market is down” is a pearl of wisdom all investors (nhà đầu tư) should heed.

Ngọc Lân

Nên mua son môi gì tặng bạn gái?

màu gì sao cho hợp với... đầu ti là chuẩn nhất nhé :)
chụp thấp xuống nữa mới biết hợp hay không... Photo by Ali Pazani on Unsplash.

"I was driving my daughter home from school, and she was reading something called 'Uncle John's Bathroom Reader'" Moomjian recalls. (Uncle John's Bathroom Reader, by the way, is a trivia book). "And it was very quiet, and then all of a sudden, she said, 'Hey, Mom. Did you know your perfect lipstick color is your nipple color?'"

To which Moomjian responded. "WHAT?"

And so it goes.

...The beauty trend seems to have taken off in spring 2017 when a segment on the talk show "The Doctors" made the connection between a person's nipple color and her ideal nude lipstick. The internet went crazy, and beauty magazines including Marie Claire and Refinery 29 tried it out, with mixed results. Some people loved the lipstick shade they picked and others, not so much.

Tư vấn mua xe mới

thích thì nhích, mua đại đi, đừng ngại lỡ sau này phát hiện ra là quyết định/lựa chọn tồi vì, về ngắn hạn thì thế, nhưng về dài hạn sẽ tiếc/hối hận nếu ko mua xe mình thích...
Dear Dan,

I’m shopping for a new car and I’ve been finding it hard to make a decision. Which would I regret more—buying a car I really want but later finding out that I made a bad choice, or not buying the car I really want and later finding out I should have bought it?


Research shows that in the short term, we tend to regret actions—in this case, buying a car—more than inactions. But in the long term, we’re more likely to regret the things we didn’t do. Psychologists suspect that this is because the consequences of inaction are uncertain and take much longer to make an impact. So while you might have regrets at first if you buy a car you don’t like, choosing not to buy a car you love would be worse in the long run.

Chủ nghĩa tiêu thụ đang ảnh hưởng giá trị sống giới trẻ

ko muốn ai mua/tặng quà cho mình, ko muốn nhận quà dịp lễ, tết thì phải làm sao?

-> lên danh sách các món đồ trong nhà vẫn còn dùng tốt, nhưng bản thân ko còn dùng nữa, nói bạn bè cũng làm điều tương tự, và trao đổi đồ cho nhau, vào ngày black friday, v.v..., để vẫn có cái thú mua sắm/mặc cả
Hi, Dan.

I’ve told my family and friends that I don’t want them to buy me any gifts for the holidays this year—I already have everything I need. I’ve also learned about the bad working conditions for store employees during the holiday season and don’t want to contribute to the problem. Still, I’m worried that by cutting out gifts, I’ll miss the fun and energy of the season. Do you have any suggestions for other ways to show generosity?


Your commitment (cam kết) to avoiding (tránh) consumerism (chủ nghĩa tiêu thụ) this holiday season (mùa lễ) is admirable (đáng khâm phục), but naturally (theo tự nhiên, thường thì) it would be disappointing to see all your friends having fun and getting gifts while you don’t.

Why don’t you make a list of items you have at home in good condition but don’t want, and ask your friends to make a similar list. On Black Friday weekend, instead of hitting the sales, you could all get together and exchange (trao đổi) things on your lists. If you want to have the fun of hunting for bargains (mặc cả), you could even hold an “auction” (đấu giá) where you negotiate which items you are willing to trade. This way you will get some new things for the holidays, you will experience some of the fun of shopping and looking for deals, and you will be sticking to your principles.

Dọn dẹp mớ hỗn độn sau bữa tiệc một cách dễ dàng

mởi bạn bè cùng dọn dẹp, rửa bát -> họ cảm thấy hài lòng vì góp phần giúp đỡ chủ nhà, một cách bày tỏ lời cảm ơn, thắt chặt thêm mối quan hệ xã hội,

nên dọn ngay, và sau đó cùng uống trà, để ấn tượng buổi tối đẹp hơn...
Dear Dan,

When I host friends for dinner, can I ask them to help with cleaning up afterward? I hate doing dishes, but maybe it’s impolite to ask guests to share the load.


I think that you should ask your friends to help. Doing dishes isn’t fun, but if your guests pitch in they will derive satisfaction from knowing they are helping you out. Not only is it a way for them to express appreciation for the meal, but working together on a task is a way of increasing social bonds.

But since the end of an experience is important in determining how we remember and evaluate it, you may want to avoid ending the evening with this chore. Instead, try cleaning up together right after the meal and then invite everyone for a final drink. Of course, that would create a few more glasses to wash, but you would end the evening on a positive note.

Thủ thuật kế toán của Boeing

hạch toán tiền nghiên cứu phát triển theo... số máy bay (dự kiến) bán được -> tính luôn lợi nhuận tương lai về kỳ hiện tại,

vậy 737 Max giờ bị cấm bay, ko đâu mua nữa, thì che giấu lỗ như nào? liệu có sắp phá sản ko?
the 787 Dreamliner, was budgeted to cost $7 billion for development, but ultimately cost between $30-50 billion (which was both development and manufacturing). That’s a lot of money! Where are the losses?

One hint comes in this headline of a Wall Street Journal story from 2016, before the 737 Max scandals started: "Boeing's Unique Accounting Method Helps Improve Profit Picture." Unique is doing a LOT of rhetorical work in this headline. Here's the nut paragraph:

Boeing is one of the few companies that uses a technique called program accounting. Rather than booking the huge costs of building the advanced 787 or other aircraft as it pays the bills, Boeing—with the blessing of its auditors and regulators and in line with accounting rules—defers those costs, spreading them out over the number of planes it expects to sell years into the future. That allows the company to include anticipated future profits in its current earnings. The idea is to give investors a read on the health of the company's long-term investments.

"Back-order" nghĩa là gì?

Chị có thể đặt và 2 ngày nữa có hàng ạ! Photo by Clay Banks on Unsplash

"Back-order" nghĩa là một mặt hàng hiện không có sẵn để bán nhưng có thể đặt hàng; đặt hàng một mặt hàng hiện không có sẵn để bán.

Ví dụ
"And it's on back order and it should be on the next truck. That's the main excuse (lý do, cỡ) he uses, that it should be on the next truck," she said.

If you haven’t purchased (mua) an Oculus Quest headset yet, you might have to wait a bit longer. It’s currently on back-order and units aren’t expected to arrive until February.

I mean, he - I think he really faces two huge problems. First, he's got to get the 737 Max up in the air again. And it's not clear when that's going to happen because as long as the plane is grounded, Boeing is losing billions of dollars. I mean, it has thousands of these jets on back order, and it can't sell them.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Back o' Bourke" nghĩa là gì?

Qualcomm độc quyền như thế nào?

theo cách Rockefeller làm với dầu mỏ, và Bill Gates với hệ điều hành thôi, tính phí dùng (sản phẩm) đối với cả đối thủ...
The story of how Qualcomm monopolizes (trở nên độc quyền) is pretty simple. The corporation does what Bill Gates did to computer manufacturers and what John D. Rockefeller did to railroads. Rockefeller’s oil was critical to railroads, and Gates’s operating system software was critical to computer makers. Both of them thus forced their dependents to give them a fee not just for every Rockefeller barrel (thùng) of oil or Microsoft OS license, but a fee for every one of their competitors’ as well. They taxed their competition and made it impossible to compete.

Qualcomm does this as well. As its competitor Intel explained, Qualcomm “refuses to sell [phone makers] any chipsets unless those manufacturers also purchase separate patent licenses that require them to pay exorbitant (cao quá đáng; cắt cổ) royalties (tiền trả cho người chủ một bản quyền hoặc bằng sáng chế; tiền bản quyền tác giả; tiền nhuận bút; tiền do một công ty mỏ hoặc dầu lửa trả cho sở hữu chủ của miếng đất đang được khai thác; tiền thuê mỏ) for every handset they sell, regardless of whether the handset contains a Qualcomm chipset.” In other words, it’s the Gates/Rockefeller playbook. Find an essential chokehold (điểm nghẽn), and use it to control the industry.

Qualcomm uses a few other anti-competitive tactics. It refused to license its patents - essentially standard and necessary for the industry - to competitors. And it cut exclusive deal arrangements with customers to box anyone else out of the market.

"Boys in the back room" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Science in HD on Unsplash

"Boys in the back room" or "back room boys" = những chàng trai ở hậu trường -> cụm từ này nghĩa là những người nghiên cứu bí mật.

Ví dụ
Daines inherited a nightmare because a momentum of politics and development had already been established by “the boys in the back room” and she knew it.

Karahalios, a Progressive Conservative (đảng viên đảng bảo thủ) MPP (= Member of Provincial Parliament: dân biểu quốc hội tỉnh bang), says the rules are necessary as there are currently no laws preventing "a bunch of old boys in the back room deciding, 'Hey, we think this candidate can be better' than what party membership would choose.

Indeed, in 2015, an independent assessment of paramilitary activity (hoạt động bán quân sự) in Northern Ireland reported that the ‘army council’ still existed, but had a ‘wholly political focus’. ‘The boys in the back room’ are still there and will still be there, so we should not be expecting any significant change as a result of Gerry’s impending retirement.

Thảo Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Fit on the back of a postage stamp" nghĩa là gì?

"Raised in a barn" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Pixabay on Pexels

"Raised in a barn" = lớn lên/được nuôi dạy ở chuồng bò -> nghĩa là bất lịch sự, vô văn hóa, và không có kĩ năng ứng xử xã hội.

Ví dụ
The nerve! Was she raised in a barn!? In a profound (sâu sắc) rebellion (nổi loạn) against bad manners, I returned to my callback wearing the same amount of blush, if not more.

“Get your feet off the couch! Were you raised in a barn??” joked another follower. Another person got a little distracted by the positioning of the lamp, stating, “The perspective (góc nhìn) of that lamp is making me question my sanity (sự sáng suốt, đúng mực)…..”

Your momma always scolded (rầy la, trách mắng), “you act like you’re raised in a barn,” but the music in the Loy Show Barn this weekend will make you wish she was right.

Ngọc Lân

"Raise an eyebrow" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Garin Chadwick on Unsplash

"Raise an eyebrow" = nhướng mày -> nghĩa là thể hiện sự ngạc nhiên, hoài nghi hoặc không tin tưởng/không tán thành.

Ví dụ
The supposed lewdness (dâm dục) that provoked (làm dấy lên) such outrage (oán hận) would not even raise an eyebrow in the West. But that is not the point. In all cultural exchanges, there is a balance to be struck; both sides should add to and gain from the collaboration.

Asking about portion (phần ăn) sizes while out at a restaurant may raise an eyebrow from a friend or two, but the knowledge can save you from an unpleasant surprise when your plate arrives.

President Trump has lied so regularly and gas lit the American public so often that talk of lies barely raise an eyebrow at times. Lying seems to be the order of the day.

Ngọc Lân

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