Journey in Life: 09/06/20

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Sunday, September 6, 2020

"Battery against himself" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

"Battery against oneself" có từ "battery" là sự hành hung, bạo hành -> cụm từ này nghĩa là gậy ông đập lưng ông, tự vả.

Ví dụ
Agreeing, as we do, with the substance (nội dung) of these remarks, we shall not take notice of their tone, otherwsie than by printing two or three of the expressions in Italics. But we shall take leave to turn Mr. Brougham's battery against himself.

Trump! You can't steal my Buddhism tools or destroy my property by your evil plot (âm mưu) because of your vile (hèn hạ) action just make my fortune in advance! Despite you use any your bad tactics (thủ đoạn)! I know how to turn your battery against yourself! Don't make a fool on me!

Professor Lee, though you have 'made this canon (quy tắc) for your own cause, I will wrest (giành lấy) it from you, and turn the battery against yourself. I take it for granted that all men will admit, that in establishing a rule by which the translator, whose defence (bảo vệ) you have undertaken (bảo đảm), is to be tried, you would form it as favourable to yourself as truth would admit.

Thu Phương

"To the forefront" nghĩa là gì?

Hãy nói không với nhựa sử dụng một lần! Photo by Stijn Dijkstra from Pexels

"At/in/to the forefront (of something)" nghĩa là ở tuyến trên, tuyến đầu (trận chiến) hoặc ở vị trí dẫn đầu/quan trọng nhất.

Ví dụ
It is, then, somewhat of a historical irony (trớ trêu) that it was his insistence upon the principle for which he has been ridiculed (chế nhạo)—his rejecting the conformity (tuân theo) in nature—that allowed him to bring the museum to the forefront. 

Small entrepreneurs (doanh nhân) and businesses were at the forefront of this industry in the 1970s in response to the energy crisis (khủng hoảng năng lượng) of that time. Today this commercial enterprise (doanh nghiệp thương mại) is still evolving and still being driven by small entrepreneurs and businesses.

“Africa is at the forefront of the war on plastics, with 34 out of 54 countries having adopted some regulation (quy định) to phase out (loại bỏ) single-use plastic,” said Fredrick Njehu, Greenpeace Africa Senior Political Advisor. “The Kenyan government should not backslide (tái phạm) on the progress made in its plastic-free ambitions (tham vọng) by folding to pressure from fossil fuel giants, because it stands to derail (chệch hướng) the progress made across the entire continent.” 

Thu Phương

"Aptitude test" nghĩa là gì?

Trông khá căng thẳng. Photo by Roxanne Minnish from Pexels

"Aptitude test" có aptitude là khả năng hoặc kỹ năng tự nhiên; năng khiếu -> từ này nghĩa là cuộc trắc nghiệm khả năng của những người dự tuyển vào một công việc; bài kiểm tra năng lực.

Ví dụ
KVPY Aptitude test will be conducted on 31 January 2021. Application process is live now and last date of online application is 5 October 2020.

National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) result 2020 for the first test has been released by Council of Architecture online at Candidates who have appeared for the test can check their scores with the help of their email address and password.

Have a student undecided on a career or college major? Set them up for success with Career Vision’s Career Readiness Program for a 16-20 year old, including specialized aptitude tests, personalized consultation (tư vấn cá nhân) and career recommendations (giới thiệu nghề nghiệp) to ease the decision-making process.

During a battery of aptitude tests administered (tổ chức) at nearby Clemson, Kissinger scored well enough (in fact, the highest of his entire unit) to be assigned to the Army Specialized Training Program. Those who qualified (đủ tiêu chuẩn)-more than one hundred thousand nationwide-were yanked (loại) out of combat (chiến đấu) training and sent to college at government expense. Kissinger was assigned to study engineering at Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, an idyllic (thôn dã) campus less than a hundred miles from Washington Heights.

Thu Phương

Dở à

tăng chi tiêu công sẽ làm tăng gdp = tăng thuế làm tăng gdp, chuyện vô lý ngớ ngẩn,
Identity economics is bad economics. The excellent Nick Rowe puts it well:

Animals can be divided into Carnivores and Non-Carnivores: A = C + NC. Therefore, if we add some wolves (sói) to an island of sheep (cừu), the number of animals on that island will increase.

It’s easy to see why that argument might not be right. Wolves kill sheep. But if you didn’t know that fact about wolves and sheep, the argument looks very appealing. But the equation A = C + NC tells us absolutely nothing about the world; it’s an accounting identity that is true by definition. The only thing it tells you is how I have chosen to divide up the world into parts. And I can choose an infinite number of different ways to divide the world up into parts.

Here are two more examples:
1. Y = C + I + G + X – M. Therefore an increase in Government spending will increase GDP.

2. Y = C + S + T. Therefore an increase in Taxes will increase GDP.

My guess is that you are much more uncomfortable with the second of those two examples than the first. You have probably seen the first argument before, but have probably not seen the second. But they are both equally correct accounting identities and are both equally rubbish (rác rưởi, vật bỏ đi, vật vô giá trị, ý kiến bậy bạ, chuyện vô lý ngớ ngẩn, chuyện nhảm nhí) arguments.

As Nick notes, the identities we write down frame our thinking. Write an identity in a different way to check whether the frame really fits.

Chống ùn tắc giao thông ở Hoàn Kiếm

tính phí những ai vào hồ giờ cao điểm nhé, new york làm rồi đấy...
New York recently approved congestion (ùn tắc) pricing, a plan to make it more expensive to drive into the heart (trung tâm) of Manhattan. Officials in New Jersey are enraged (nổi giận, nổi khùng; hóa điên) and have griped (phàn nàn, kêu ca), half-jokingly, that it will cost less to travel to California than to cross the Hudson River.

And they are vowing revenge (trả thù).

The mayor of Jersey City suggested that New Jerseyans should toll New Yorkers entering their state.

"Battery chicken" nghĩa là gì?

Cũng thật đáng thương. Photo by Alison Burrell from Pexels

"Battery chicken" có "battery" là dãy chuồng nuôi gà nhốt -> từ này nghĩa là gà nhốt vỗ béo. Còn "battery farm" nghĩa là trại gà chuồng.

Ví dụ
Battery chicken can never taste good.

Chicken brings the message that you can hold your head proudly right now. There isn't anything about you that is barren (khô khan) or unsavoury (vô vị). Even if you feel like a battery hen who is seen as nothing but a number, you can still save yourself.

I didn't want to see all the other abused (ngược đãi) chickens I wasn't rescuing, though. And on the Friday after my birthday—which fell on a clinic (khám bệnh) day—I waited in the car as Mum and Dad disappeared into the long grey sheds of the battery chicken farm.

Amy knew what a battery hen was. All chickens did. It was the one thing they feared becoming more than anything else. Battery hens were forced to live in cramped (chật hẹp) cages in dark warehouses, laying egg after egg after egg and never ever going outside once in their whole entire lives.

Thu Phương

Soi mức tiền ăn trưa của học sinh các trường xịn xò

hack vào website của công ty đối thủ để tìm dữ liệu thỏa thuận hợp đồng với hiệu trưởng các trường nhé... :D
After a year-long investigation (điều tra), a top California exec (tgđ) has been arrested (bị bắt giữ) by the FBI for allegedly hacking into a competitor’s website and stealing their customer data (dữ liệu khách hàng) in an effort to ruin their business.

There is an unusual twist, however: this isn’t the high-stakes world of big tech or high finance, but American school lunches (ăn trưa ở trường).

Chief financial officer of Choicelunch, Keith Wesley Cosbey, 40, was collared (tóm cổ) last month over claims that he illegally (phi pháp) grabbed (lấy) details from competitor The LunchMaster on what precisely youngsters across the San Francisco Bay Area like to eat and are allergic to.

He has been charged with unlawful computer access and fraud, and identity theft. If found guilty, Cosbey faces up to three years behind bars (sau song sắt).

According to the criminal complaint against him, filed in San Mateo County, Cosbey stole data on hundreds of students, and then sent it anonymously (ẩn danh) to the local government department that oversees the school lunch program in an apparent effort to undermine his competitor.

"Boot camp" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by Maël BALLAND from Pexels

"Boot camp" có "boot" là giày ống, "camp" là doanh trại -> từ này nghĩa là trại huấn luyện lính thuỷ mới tuyển.

Ví dụ
Kissinger was still a solitary figure (đơn độc), quiet and reticent (trầm lặng) as he went through basic training. But as always, he was observant (tinh ý).

I think that a military boot camp, with the right structure and with leaders who have a passion to bring the best out of people, is the answer for the rehabilitation (phục hồi) of people who have gotten on the wrong road in life.

I will continue to implement the steps and strategies (chiến lược) of boot camp until they become my habitual (theo thói quen) way of thinking, responding, and acting in my life. I want to take it from here and become a skilled values-based meaning-maker. 

Consequently, he survived boot camp well, displaying the normal hatred of his lieutenant (đại úy hải quân) ("we hated him beyond description and probably for no real reason"), but allowing the exhilaration (niềm hồ hởi) of a new life to resonate in his letters home.

Thu Phương

"In the clutch" nghĩa là gì?

Dùng người trong thi đấu rất quan trọng. Photo by IMG_1979 from Pexels

"In the clutch" nghĩa là vào thời điểm quan trọng, trong thời khắc quyết định hoặc nguy cấp (trong thi đấu thể thao). Thường sử dụng ở Anh.

Ví dụ
AD needed a IV at halftime (giờ nghỉ giữa hiệp) but was still able to shut down Murray and Jokic down in the clutch. Expect more from your DPOY.

Good thing Anthony Davis is on the Lakers to save Lebron's legacy (di sản) THIS year, since Lebron has CHOKED in the clutch recently. Without AD, the Lakers are a lottery team LOL. 

He can lead a team he just needs a guard that can be a closer and shoot in the clutch when the opponent (đối thủ) stacks the paint. Giannis is about to earn a MVP with his DPOY in the same season he deserves respect.

This Giannis is a Pippen stuff is dumb. Giannis is the modern day Shaq in a evolved modernized (hiện đại hóa) shooting small ball league. He needs his Kobe, a perimeter (xung quanh khu vực 3 điểm) player who can get certified buckets in the clutch. Give him Booker or a Tatum or put him on the Heat the league is done.

Thu Phương

Nghịch lý thật

trump phát động chiến tranh thương mại với china, thì dân china lại mua Cadillacs nhiều hơn là người mỹ, giúp General Motors tăng trưởng lợi nhuận...
Chinese consumers for the first time last year bought more Cadillacs than Americans did, helping drive profits at General Motors. And though the designs for those Cadillacs may have been drafted in Detroit, nearly all of the luxury automobiles were assembled (lắp ráp) in China by some of GM’s nearly 60,000 local workers (công nhân china).

This growing dynamic — of American companies serving Chinese consumers with products made in China — marks a shift in global trade (chuyển dịch trong thương mại toàn cầu) that could pose a significant challenge (đặt ra thách thức đáng kể) to President Trump’s “America First” agenda.

Trump has based his campaign to refashion economic relations with China on the well-established notion that the country undercut American workers through low-wage manufacturing of goods exported to the United States.

Bài trước: Là bản chất rồi

Có nên nhổ răng khôn?

nên chứ, để bác sĩ tăng hoa hồng doanh thu từ thuốc giảm đau :)
Dozens of medical professionals in seven states were charged Wednesday with participating in the illegal (phi pháp) prescribing of more than 32 million pain pills, including doctors who prosecutors said traded sex for prescriptions (đổi tình lấy kê đơn thuốc) and a dentist who unnecessarily pulled teeth from patients to justify giving them opioids

The 60 people indicted include 31 doctors, seven pharmacists, eight nurse practitioners and seven other licensed medical professionals. The charges stem from the government’s largest prescription-opioid takedown. It involves more than 350,000 illegal prescriptions written in Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and West Virginia, according to indictments unsealed in federal court in Cincinnati.

“That is the equivalent of one opioid dose for every man, woman and child” in the region, Brian Benczkowski, an assistant attorney general in charge of the Justice Department’s criminal division, said in an interview. “If these medical professionals behave like drug dealers, you can rest assured that the Justice Department is going to treat them like drug dealers.”

Another Alabama doctor allegedly prescribed opioids in high doses and charged a “concierge fee” of $600 per year to be one of his patients.

Bài trước: Dám cãi à

"No rest for the wicked" nghĩa là gì?

Chăm chỉ luyện tập, không ngừng tiến bộ. Photo by William Choquette from Pexels

"No rest/peace for the wicked" nghĩa là người làm điều sai trái có (và phải chờ đợi) một cuộc sống đầy sợ hãi, lo âu; ở ác ngủ cũng không yên, đã làm kẻ xấu thì phải chăm chỉ. Cụm từ bắt nguồn trong Kinh thánh với ý nghĩa rằng kẻ ác sẽ phải đối mặt với hình phạt suốt đời.

Ví dụ
If it's true that there's no rest for the wicked, then pickup truck product planners must be the worst, because they can't ever sleep. 

There's no rest for the wicked. And the same mantra (thần chú) applies to Floyd Mayweather. The boxing legend continues to tease fight fans from around the globe about a potential return to the ring (sàn đấu).

When I’m more interested in some actual sausage than anything else Tyler is frying up, it’s definitely time to end yet another column. Since there’s no rest for the wicked, I’ll keep cooking up content for – the site that will whet more than just your appetite (thèm ăn). 

She's making a sensational (cảm động) comeback to the ITVBe show after a nine-year absence to celebrate its milestone 10th anniversary. And Amy Childs proved there's no rest for the wicked as she continued to film scenes for The Only Way Is Essex in the county late last month.

Thu Phương

Không thích bị chấm công bằng nhận diện khuôn mặt?

suy nghĩ tích cực nào, qua phần mềm phân tích (độ rộng của xương hàm), công ty xem bạn có tố chất làm tgđ ko đấy... :)
In fact, recognising a face is only the first step of biometric surveillance (giám sát sinh trắc học), he suggests. “It’s really like an entry-level term to much broader, deeper analysis of people’s biometrics. There’s jaw recognition — the width of your jaw can be used to infer success as CEO, for example. Companies such as Boston-based Affectiva are doing research that analyses faces in real time, to determine from a webcam or in-store camera if someone is going to buy something in your store (phân tích camera trong cửa hàng để xem ai sẽ mua hàng).”

Other analyses, he adds, can be used to determine people’s tiredness (sự mệt mỏi), skin quality (chất lượng da) and heart rate (nhịp tim), or even to lip-read (đọc môi) what they are saying. “Face recognition is a very deceiving term, technically, because there’s no limit,” he concludes. “It ends ultimately only with your DNA.”

Lương của Thủ tướng năm 2020 là bao nhiêu?

nếu ít quá, có thể bắt chước thủ tướng bhutan, cuối tuần làm bác sĩ mổ phẫu thuật cứu người :)

“Some people play golf, some do archery (bắn cung), and I like to operate (phẫu thuật),” Tshering told AFP as he tended to patients (chăm sóc bệnh nhân) one Saturday morning at Jigme Dorji Wangchuck national referral hospital, describing his moonlighting (làm đêm ngoài giờ) medical work as a “de-stresser”.

“I will continue doing this until I die and I miss not being able to be here every day,” he added. “Whenever I drive to work on weekdays, I wish I could turn left towards the hospital.”

Far from finding the two roles hard to juggle, Tshering said he had found that there was unexpected crossover between prime minister and surgeon. “At the hospital I scan and treat patients. In the government, I scan the health of policies and try to make them better,” he said. He has also put healthcare reform at the heart of his political agenda.

"By guess and by golly" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Roberto Nickson on Unsplash

"By guess and by golly" -> nghĩa là bằng mọi cách, không có suy nghĩ cẩn thận/kĩ lưỡng, dựa vào phỏng đoán và may mắn.

Ví dụ
These days, germination (nảy mầm) data is just a mouse click away. We have corn hybrids that will do everything but pick themselves and haul the grain to the bin. We’ve come a long ways from Grandpa’s “by guess and by golly” seed selection technique, which is primitive compared to my “heads or tails” decision-making system.

“I just went by guess and by golly,” Leitner said of painting before Thomas’ tutelage (giám hộ). “Now, I know about light source and now I know about fundamentals. I only had a grade-school education, but I know the biggest trouble is the American people don’t use language. They don’t know the difference between a period and a comma and need to start learning language again.”

With many photos on the Internet of it, there was plenty of material (vật liệu). I improvised a little, by guess and by golly, but it worked out okay. I design stuff in CAD (Computer Assisted Design) instead of making a bunch of cardboard cutouts. It’s easier to draw in CAD and that data I use throughout the process.

Ngọc Lân

"Whistling past the graveyard" nghĩa là gì?

Không được nhìn, không được nhìn!!! Photo courtesy: BostonBill

"Whistling past the graveyard" = huýt sáo khi đi qua nghĩa địa -> hành động tự trấn an bản thân để tỏ vẻ bình tĩnh nhưng thật ra rất sợ hãi hoặc lo lắng.

Ví dụ
Though the economy was in the grips (trong vòng kìm kẹp) of the coronavirus spawned (xuất hiện) depression, the Trustees chose to whistle past the graveyard and claim that the OASDI fund would become insolvent (vỡ nợ) in 2034; the same date given by the 2019 report.

In short, “The Brotherhood” has zeroed-in (tập trung vào) with laser focus on its own brand of performance — an intoxicating blend of seismic (địa chấn) Hemi V8 power, usability (tiện lợi) and day-to-day comfort. Not to mention a pallet of crazy colours. Dodge could very well be whistling past the graveyard, but for now it’s damn the torpedoes (ngư lôi) and full speed ahead.

However, companies like Exxon that continue to value their oil and gas assets based on 'business as usual' government policies could be whistling past the graveyard. This is the case because these companies are working on the assumption (giả định) that governments will not take any "forceful action" in a bid to combat climate change.

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Walk the green mile" nghĩa là gì?

"By a wide margin" nghĩa là gì?

 Bàn cờ to thật!! Photo by: Graham Ruttan on Unsplash

"By a wide margin" -> nghĩa là rất nhiều, với số lượng lớn. 

Ví dụ
A courtesy photo of Jim Talen. Talen has filed for a single-precinct recount (thuật lại) after losing by a wide margin in the Democratic primary for the county's 15th District.

If Trump ultimately loses by a wide margin, he’s already indicated (cho biết) that he will not leave office. He’ll falsely blame his loss on a combination of in-person voter fraud and fraudulent (giả dối) mail-in ballots (bỏ phiếu kín).

For now, at least, Mr. Trump finds himself in an unenviable (không đáng để ghen tị) position: He trails by a wide margin, even at a moment that usually represents the high-water mark for the president’s party in the polls.

Ngọc Lân

"Bust a gut" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: bruce mars on Unsplash

"Bust a gut" = vỡ ruột -> nghĩa là dồn hết sức làm việc, nghĩa khác là cười rất lớn, 'cười vỡ bụng' đó các bạn.

Ví dụ
These interactions (tương tác) between Perry the Platypus and Doofenshmirtz, with Doofenshirtz’s idiotic plans and catastrophic (thảm khốc) failures to execute them, were the funniest part of the original show. In "Candace Against the Universe," Doofenshmirtz again falls into comic mishaps that will make you bust a gut laughing.

This was a man who could bust a gut for 90 minutes, covering more ground (lĩnh vực) than anyone else, yet ensure all the sweat from his endeavours (nỗ lực) was able to concentrate around his face in case he had to dash straight off to a gala dinner or awards presentation upon the final whistle.

Honestly, that's what I loved about it. It's full of what former Citizen Times columnist (người phụ trách) Bob Terrell used to call "good yarns" — colorful tales that really convey what it's like to grow up and live in a place. And these tales usually make you smile, if not outright bust a gut.

Ngọc Lân

"Walk the green mile" nghĩa là gì?

Photo courtesy: bostankorkulugu

"Walk the green mile" = đi dặm xanh -> sự việc chắc chắn xảy ra.

Ví dụ
What followed was a further, harsher crackdown (trừng trị thẳng tay) on illegal riding (chạy xe bất hợp pháp), and the kidnappers were sentenced to life in prison (tù chung thân). However, before they walked the green mile, they were forced to compete in one of the televised weekly death races. None survived. At least they died doing what they loved.

When they’re not defending the homefront, they’re head-butting (cụng đầu) our hands off of keyboards and then looking away as if searching for the miscreant (kẻ vô lại) who dared to do that. After bathroom breaks in the back yard, they droop their heads and slowly inch their way back into the house as if we just ordered them to walk the green mile.

Then, just when you’re ready to walk the green mile yourself, Dern states her case as Liz Gilbert, a Houston-based playwright (nhà viết kịch) with two kids and a dying ex-husband. For somewhat muddy (mập mờ) reasons, Liz becomes Todd’s pen pal. Eventually, they meet, connect and Liz discovers she suddenly has a purpose: Clearing Todd. Dern wears her character’s unbridled (buông thả) urges and vulnerabilities (mềm yếu) well, but she’s powerless to alter (thay đổi) a succession (chuỗi) of paint-by-numbers (khuôn mẫu) scenes of Liz glued to her circa 1999 iMac, pouring through legal documents and rousting (khích động) crucial witnesses, including Todd’s sleazy ex-wife, Stacy (Emily Meade). Frankly, Liz’s kids aren’t the only ones tiring of her samaritanism (quý nhân). It’s exhausting.

Ngân Nguyễn

Bài trước: "Queer the pitch" nghĩa là gì?

"It's not over until it's over" nghĩa là gì?

Photo by: Eugene Chystiakov on Unsplash

"It's not over until it's over" = chưa kết thúc cho đến khi kết thúc -> nghĩa là kết quả không thể đoán được trước cho đến khi sự việc/tình huống hoàn toàn kết thúc.

Ví dụ
“It just kind of shows you that it’s not over until it’s over in a lot of those cases,” Elliott said. Elliott’s playoffs would end in the third round after three finishes of 32nd or worse. He’s yet to advance (tiến tới) to the championship race in four previous playoff appearances.

"It’s not over until it’s over." Those words were spoken by Flyers defenseman Ivan Provorov after the team lost, 3-2, to the Islanders on Sunday night.

Developing defenceman Ivan Provorov of the Flyers said it’s not over until it’s over. “We have a great team. We know how to battle with adversity (nghịch cảnh).”

Ngọc Lân

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